no image

Louis Du Bois (1622 - bef. 1697)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Louis Du Bois aka DuBois
Born in Wicres, Lilloise Flanders (now Nord, France)map
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Mannheim, Kurfürstlich rheinische Pfalzgrafschaft (now Baden-Württemberg, Germany)map
Descendants descendants
Died before in Kingston, Ulster County, English Colony of New Yorkmap
Profile last modified | Created 14 Sep 2010 | Last significant change: 28 Jun 2018
05:05: Jessica (Bartram) McKee posted a message on the page for Louis Du Bois. [Thank Jessica for this | 1 thank-you received]
This page has been accessed 6,648 times.

Categories: Famous People of the 17th Century | New Netherland Main Profile | New Netherland Settlers | New Netherland Huguenots | Huguenot Emigrants.

The Prince's Flag.
Louis Du Bois was a New Netherland settler.
Join: New Netherland Settlers Project
Discuss: new_netherland

Note: Most online trees have birth as October 1626 or 1627, but the latest research indicates that he was baptized on June 17, 1622. Some online trees also have 1693 instead of 1696 as death year (the CD of Heidgerd's work has conflicting dates: died June 23, 1696 and will proved March 26, 1696[1]). And . . . that's not actually a conflict if you give the March 26 date the old/new style treatment - e.g., 1696/7. I think the Netherlands had already converted, but it would explain the died June 1696 & will proved March 1696.[2]

Contents

Biography

Louis Du Bois was a Huguenot emigrant (1540-1790).

Louis du Bois was born in Wicres, France to Chrétien and Françoise (le Poivre) du Bois in 1622.[3] Chrétien was a prosperous linen merchant and devout Protestant. Along with other Huguenot refugees, Louis moved from his home outside of Lille to Mannheim on the Rhine River (near modern-day Heidelberg, Germany). This area, Kurfürstlich rheinische Pfalzgrafschaft,[4] was called die Pfalz.

While in Germany, Louis married another French Huguenot, Catherine Blanchan, on October 10, 1655.[5] They emigrated to America in 1660 and traveled 90 miles up the Hudson River to a small community in the Kingston-Hurley area where he obtained a land grant in 1663.

Louis du Bois was a Huguenot colonist in New Netherland who, with two of his sons and nine other refugees, founded the town of New Paltz, New York.[6] A 1677 deed "from the Esopus Indians to Louis du Bois and associates, of a [40,000-acre[7]] tract of land" ... "For this purchase a patent was granted...Sept. 29th [1677], on which was founded the settlement known as New Paltz. The patentees were 'Louis du Bois, Christian Doyou, Abraham Hasbroucq, Andrié le Fevre, Jean Hasbroucq, Pierre Doyou, Louis Bevier, Antonie Crespel, Abraham du Bois, Hugo Freer, Isaac du Bois and Simon le Fevre, their heirs and others.' They were all French Huguenots. The government of the patent was entrusted to the care of twelve trustees known colloquially as 'the Duzine'[8].... It was the first of the large patents issued in the county, and covered, by later survey, 92,126 acres."[9]

Louis du Bois died on June 23, 1696[1] in Kingston, Ulster, New York.[10]

~biographical information summarized from DuBois Family History, by the DuBois Family Association (DBFA), with additional information from other sources as noted.[11]
See the 1875 biography of Louis DuBois (in five parts) presented by Anson DuBois at the DuBois bi-centenary reunion.
In addition, Wikipedia maintains a biography of Louis du Bois.

Vitals

Surname

A paper by Dr. Henry A. DuBois included in DuBois & DuBois, Bi-Centenary Reunion of Descs. of Louis and Jacques DuBois[12] states that Louis and Jacques wrote their surname, "as it was invariably written six hundred years previously, with a small "d", and a capital "B":
  • Louis du Bois
No middle name is given in available records, but one profile had "W."[13] and two others had Louis "The Walloon" Du Bois.[14][15] Other profiles had just Louis (DuBois, Du Bois, or Dubois).[16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23]

Birth and Baptism

Most online trees have October 1626 or 1627, but the latest research indicates that he was born in Wicres, Lilloise Flanders (now Nord, France) and baptized on June 17, 1622.[24]

The Correct Birth Order of Chrétien's Children

Though christening records of some of Chrétien's children were found in the 19th century, it is difficult to determine exactly which child is described by which record as they had been defaced, being records of a Protestant family. Part III of Horton, "The Memory of the Just is Blessed"[24] begins with an extract from a document in the Archives du Nord, and commentary:

"Louis du Bois fils de feu Crestien de stil couturier dem(eurant) à Herlÿ ...at par ceste vendu cede et t(ran)sporte audict Franchois du Bois ... touttes tel part droict et action quil poeut ... avoir des suscessions et hoiries à luy venu ... par les trepas dudict Crestien son père et de Franchoise le Poivre sa mere ..." (2E3/3572-110 (August 12, 1643)).
On this day in 1643, our future Patentee sold his interest in his parents’ estate to his uncle "Franchois du Bois fils de feu Anthoine dem(eurant) à Wicre" (for 3,600 livres parisis). Ibid. Although he was already a 'dressmaker' by profession ("de still couturier"), he would have been on that date, according to our tradition, aged merely 16 years. The reader is justifiably struck by the singularity of this professional status and contractual capacity at such a tender age. There is no suggestion of record, for example, that he was operating under any tutelage or guardianship in this sale of his birth right. Nor does it indicate that Louis was merely a couturier’s “apprentice” or the like. When presented with the new evidence from Lille, readers will likely agree that American traditions regarding the birthdates of the three known Huguenot children of Chrétien du Bois — Louis, Françoise, and Jacques — should be revisited, and, perhaps, accordingly revised.

The article proposes the following revision of the birth order of Chrétien’s known children:
— 17 Jun 1622 at Wicres, Louis and Antoine (apparently twins),
— 13 Nov 1625 at Wicres, Philippe,
— 21 Oct 1626 at Wicres, Toussaint (previously thought to refer to Louis),[25]
— c.1628 prob. at Herlies, Anne,
— c.1630–32 prob. at Herlies, Françoise,
— c.1633–35 prob. at Herlies, Jacques.

The WikiTree profiles for this family follow these revised dates for Louis, Antoine, Philippe, Toussaint and Françoise. But we accept that Jacques was christened 28 Oct 1628 at the Reformed Church at Lille (though we haven't seen the record — can you help?). And we believe that Anne was probably born in 1623 or 1624. ~KGE

Immigration

  • Chrétien’s family moved from Wicres to Herlies after Toussaint was baptized in Wicres on October 21, 1626.[26] The villages are very close (see the map excerpt showing them in lower left corner and Lille in upper right corner).
  • Louis DuBois emigrated from Mannheim, Germany to New York in 1660. He was a French Huguenot.[27]
    • He married Catherine Blanchan in Mannheim, October 10, 1655.
    • Two sons were baptized in Mannheim - Abraham on January 3, 1658 and Isaac on May 20, 1660[1]
  • Arrival: New Netherland, between December 25, 1660 and October 9, 1661[28] (when son Jacob was baptized in Kingston[1])
    • Louis du Bois was "not recorded as being at the communion celebrated by Dom. Blom on 25 Dec 1660 at Kingston - which did include his father-in-law Mathieu Blanchan."[28]
    • He could not have sailed with his father-in-law's family out of Amsterdam aboard The Gilded Otter in April 1660;[29] Louis's son Isaac was baptized in Mannheim in May.
    • Louis du Bois and his family (Catherine and two sons) "probably followed aboard the ship St. Jan Baptist, arriving at New Amsterdam on August 6, 1661."[30] Swain agrees: "A reasonable guess would be that he came on the St. Jan Baptist with his sister and his brother-in-law Pierre Billiou. This ship left 9 May 1661 and arrived 6 Aug 1661."[28] This supposition is also given by James Riker in Revised History of Harlem (footnote, pp 183-184).

Marriage

  • October 10, 1655 to Catherine Blanchan at the French Protestant Church at Mannheim, in the Pfalz, German Palatinate (Baden-Württemberg, Germany)

[1][31]

Children

Louis and Catherine (Blanchan) du Bois had twelve children (several died young):[32][33][1]
  • Abraham (b 1656 DSP[34])
  • Abraham ‎(b 1657 mar Margaret Deyo and had 8 children)‎
  • Isaac ‎(b 1659 mar Maria Hasbrouck and had 3 children)‎
  • Jacob ‎(b 1661 mar Geertje Gerritsen and had 11 children)‎
  • Sara (b 1662 mar Joost Jans Van Meteren and had 9 children[35])
  • David ‎(b 1667 mar Cornelia Vernooy and had 6 children)‎
  • Solomon ‎(b 1669 mar Tryntje Gerritse Foochen and had 9 children)‎
  • Rebecca ‎(b 1671 DSP)‎
  • Rachel ‎(b 1675 DSP)‎
  • Louis Jr. ‎(b 1677 mar Rachel Hasbrouck and had 7 children)‎
  • Mattheus ‎(b 1678/1679 mar Sarah Matthysen and had 12 children)‎
  • Magdalena (b 1680)[36]
Abraham and Isaac were baptized in Mannheim. Jacob and his younger siblings were baptized in Kingston.[1][37]

Will Abstract

DU BOIS, Louys, of Kings Towne, Ulster Co. Wife Catrina, sons Abraham, Jacob, David, Solomon, Louys and Matthew, children of son Isaacq (dec'd?),daughter Sarah, wife of Joost Jansen. Real and personal property. The wife sole executrix. Witnesses John Ward, S. Valleau, Wm. D'Meyer. No proof. DU BOIS, Louys, of Kingstowne, Ulster Co., same as preceding, revokes the former testament and makes different disposition of his estate. Farm at Hurley, house and lot in Kings, land at New Paltz. Witnesses W. D'Meyer (Major) Jacob Rutsen, Jan Burhans, Mattys Slecht. 22 Feb 1696, Proved March 26, 1696. The widow Catrina sworn as executrix July 16, 1697. Calender of NY Wills page 98 [38]

Death

  • about 1696, Kingston, Ulster, New York[39]
  • about June 23, 1696 in New York[14]
  • June 23, 1696 in Esopus (Kingston), Ulster County, New York[40][41] [22][18]

Burial

  • 13 JUL 1696, Kingston, Ulster County, New York[18][22]

Notes

  • Chief town of Artois, near Lille; Northern France[13]
  • Leader of the New Paltz Patentees.[13]
  • Louis and Catherine (Blanchan) DuBois Memorial, Old Pittsgrave Cemetery, Salem, New Jersey: Ancestry image (from DuBois-768)
  • Louis and Catherine (Blanchan) DuBois, Hugenot Cemetery, Ulster, New York Ancestry image (from DuBois-768)
  • Tombstone Louis Du Bois and Catherine Blanchan: Ancestry image (from DuBois-768)
  • In the 1660's during the Esopus Wars there were many hostile incidents between white settlers and the Esopus Indian Ancestry document (from DuBois-768)

Object

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 William Heidgerd, The American Descendants of Chrétien Du Bois of Wicres, France, 20 vols. and index, (New Paltz, N.Y.: DuBois Family Association, 1968–1984)
  2. See the WikiTree help page on dates and also Sue Roe's wThe Problem of Dates.
  3. first entry for Chrétien's sons in the Wicres parish register
  4. In English: "Electoral Rhineland Palatinate" ~ Google Translate See this G2G question, in particular, this comment.
    It was ruled by a Protestant family and welcomed Protestant refugees, fleeing the Counter-Reformation and King Louis XIV's religious persecutions in France in the 17th Century. ~ Electoral Palatinate (Wikipedia)
  5. Volume 1, History of the Huguenot Emigration to America, by Charles Washington Baird
  6. Wikipedia
  7. acerage given is Louis Du Bois' Wikipedia article
  8. from Wikipedia: In the early years, DuBois and his fellow patentees governed the land communally. In 1728, the surviving patentees and their descendants created a more formal form a government called "The Twelve Men" (later known as the Duzine). This body consisted of one elected representative for each patentee families.
  9. The History of Ulster County, New York, edited by Alphonso Trumpbour Clearwater
  10. from DuBois-37
  11. The DBFA overhauled its website in August 2016 and the cited webpage is no longer available (nor does it appear to be included in the new site).
  12. William E. DuBois and Patterson DuBois, comps., Bi-Centenary Reunion of the Descendants of Louis and Jacques DuBois (Emigrants to America, 1660 and 1675), at New Paltz, New York, 1875, (Philadelphia, Pa.: Rue & Jones, 1876), p 42
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 from DuBois-541
  14. 14.0 14.1 from Du Bois-264
  15. from DuBois-1424
  16. Source: #S-1415228328
  17. Source: #S54
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 Source: #S125
  19. Source: #S33
  20. Source: #S26
  21. Source: #S58
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 Source: #S61
  23. Source: #S22
  24. 24.0 24.1 Monte Horton, "The Memory of the Just Is Blessed": The Ancestry and Extended Family of Chrétien du Bois, bailli, lieutenant, greffier, et receveur de la Comté de Coupigny, notaire, homme de loi, laboureur et marchand; Resident of Wicres, then of Herlies, DuBois Family News, (July 2012): pp 4–7, Part III: "Birthdates of Three Huguenot Children — A New Proposal"
  25. see p 30 for details
  26. Monty Horton, "Birthdates of Three Huguenot Children — A New Proposal"
  27. from DuBois-180
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 Rootsweb post, 2002, by Howard Swain
  29. Catherine DuBois, the Blanshan Family in America
  30. Louis Dubois, Steven Butler's Genealogy Website
  31. Volume 1, History of the Huguenot Emigration to America, by Charles Washington Baird
  32. page 280, 8 children: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Sarah, David, Solomon, Louis, Matthew. "Other children died before reaching mature years."
  33. list, except for the Abraham who died young, Sarah, and Magdelena, from The Fitzgerald Sisters' Family Tree; additional names and dates from Heidgerd
  34. DSP is the abbreviation of descessit sine prole, which means died without issue (see this G2G post)
  35. Heidgerd lists 8 children (Malinda is not listed; see her profile for sources)
  36. "D.Y." (died young) noted in one profile (Dubois-435, see changes for that profile)
  37. This list of NA DRC baptisms has entries for "Salomon" and Magdalena.
  38. https://ia802703.us.archive.org/27/items/calendarofwillso01fern/calendarofwillso01fern.pdf
  39. Source: #S-1414276290
  40. from Unknown-35025
  41. from Du Bois-118
  • Ancestor list, Huguenot Society of America (includes Louis Du Bois)
  • Geni.com (from Du Bois-264)
  • S125: BillionGraves.com Burial Index (Ancestry Online Publication, 2013)
  • William Heidgerd, American Descendants of Chretien DuBois of Wicres, France 1968. (from Dubois-224)
  • Family member personal geneology, Helen Graves - hgraves [at] psln.com (from Dubois-224)
  • S22: Godfrey Memorial Library, comp. American Genealogical-Biographical Index (AGBI) (Ancestry Online Publication, 1999)
  • S26: U.S. and Canada, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s (Ancestry Online Publication, 2010). Text: Place: New York, New York; Year: 1660; Page Number: 18; Page Number: 199
  • S33: New York, Genealogical Records, 1675-1920 (Ancestry Online Publication, 2004). Text: Calendar of the N.Y. Colonial Manuscripts indorsed Land Papers - Extracts; Publication Place: Albany; Publisher: Weed, Parsons & Co.; Publication Year: 1864; Page Number: 15
  • S54: American Marriages Before 1699 (Ancestry Online Publication, 1997)
  • S58: Genealogical Research Library, comp New York City, Marriages, 1600s-1800s (Ancestry Online Publication, 2005)
  • S61: New York, Find A Grave Index, 1660-2012 (Ancestry Online Publication, 2012)
  • S-1414276290: Edmund West, comp. Family Data Collection - Deaths (Ancestry Online Publication, 2001; APID: 1,5771::0). Text with APID 1,5771::775997: Death 23 June 1696, Esopus, Kingston Ulster, NY, USA
  • S-1415228328: U.S., Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970 (Ancestry Online Publication, 2011; APID: 1,2204::0). Original data - Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970. Louisville, Kentucky: National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. Microfilm, 508 rolls. Text with APID 1,2204::545447: Birth 1626. Residence: United States.
  • Reference number (LDS?): 8XGW-NS

The DuBois Family Association

The DuBois Family Association (DBFA) has represented this family since 1966. The DBFA web site contains significant information about this family and its place in the New Netherland settlements of Kingston and New Paltz. Research and genealogical material published by the DBFA include:

William Heidgerd, The American Descendants of Chretien Du Bois of Wicres, France, 20 vols. and index, (New Paltz, N.Y.: DuBois Family Association, 1968–1984). This monumental work is the authority for descendants of Chrétien. It is not available online.

Ancestral information has been corrected in:
Monte Horton, ""The Memory of the Just Is Blessed": The Ancestry and Extended Family of Chrétien du Bois, bailli, lieutenant, greffier, et receveur de la Comté de Coupigny, notaire, homme de loi, laboureur et marchand; Resident of Wicres, then of Herlies", DuBois Family News, (June 2011 – Feb 2013): 5–7, Part I: "Beginnings"; pp 3–6, Part II: "The Crispell Connection"; pp 4–7, Part III: "Birthdates of Three Huguenot Children — A New Proposal"; pp 3–6, Part IV: "Inlaws — The Family JOIRE".

Acknowledgements

Click the Changes tab to see edits to this profile; from that list, click WikiTree IDs other than Du Bois-14 to see changes to those profiles prior to being merged. Thank you to everyone who contributed to this profile.

Notes

The following extracts are from a larger entry in Blanchan-70 from an unknown source, most of which was deleted (wholesale cut/paste is contrary to WikiTree guidelines, regardless of copyright issues).

Please note that some researchers have questioned the story about her imminent burning and her solo singing. For example, from Steven Butler's website: "Although the story about Catharine Du Bois singing psalms prior to being burnt alive at the stake by her captors is a colorful one, at least one historian, E. M. Ruttenber, has given it little credence." (Steven gives Ruttenber's reasons as well.)

Note N343
In Mannheim, in the Palatinate of the Rhine, in Germany, he married Catherine Blanchon, or Blanjean, the daughter of a burgher of that place.
...
"This little family, doubtless with other French Protestants, embarked for America in 1660, seeking in the New World, an asylum from royal and Romish persecution."
...
Early settlers of New Netherland included "Rev. Hendricus Selyns, afterwards pastor at Brooklyn, and his companion to America, Rev. Hermanus Blom.... Blom had preached at Kingston the previous year and now came to settle there, and thus became the pastor of Louis DuBois.... Mathew Blanchon, a brother-in-law, and Antone Crispell and Hugo Frere, early and intimate friends of Louis, may also have been with him."
...
"We have commonly assumed that his home was at Wiltwyck [the "Esopus country", as Dominie Blom designated the Kingston of his day], now Kingston, before going to New Paltz. This is probably incorrect. His home at this period was at Hurley three miles from Kingston, where he kept a store and traded thriftily with his neighbors and the people of the back settlements, and with the Indians. At the Indian raid of 1663, Hurley was almost entirely destroyed. Here the Indians secured most of the captives, and amongst them the wife and three children of DuBois, as will appear hereafter."
...
"After the conclusion of peace [with the Esposus Indians], the director-general was so impolite - to use no severer word--as to transport eleven Indians to Curacoa, where formerly he had been governor, to be sold as slaves [and] Esopus country was made the seat of war....
"The particulars of this war, which is called the "Second Esopus War," are fully given in Doc. Hist. N.Y., vol. IV. [At Wiltwyck], on June 7th, 1663, the Indians entered within the stockade and under various pretexts scattered themselves through the town. Suddenly, near noon, a horseman dashed through the Mill gate, now corner of North Front and Greene, crying, "The Indians have destroyed the New Village: --that is, Hurley. This was the signal for the slaughter....The torch was applied at the windward of the village...
"The women, helpless to fight or flee, were herded together with the children, and driven outside the gates. It was an extreme moment, for courage and carnage were not wanting. Those in the town, under Captain Thomas Chalmers, acted a noble part, and he, though wounded and constantly under fire, soon rallied the available force of the village. The sheriff and commissaries were fully equal to the emergency and even Dominic Blom was among the bravest in this terrific blast of savage warfare. There seem not to have been above twenty available men. "By these men," says the account, "most of whom had neither guns nor side-arms, were the Indians, through God's mercy, chased and put to flight. By a special favor of Providence, the wind changed when the flames were at their height, and spared the village from complete destruction."

"A special instance of his prowess and presence of mind may be quoted from Captain Kregier's account, which of itself is sufficient proof of what we say: "Louis, the Walloon, went to-day to fetch his oxen,which had gone back of Juriaen Westphaelen's land. As he was about to drive home the oxen, three Indians, who lay in the bush and intended to seize him, leaped forth. When one of these shot at him with an arrow, but only slightly wounded him, Louis, having a piece of palisade in his hand, struck the Indian on the breast with it, so that he staggered back, and Louis escaped through the kill (creek)."
...
"Says an account, written at the time [of the June 1663 attack]: "There lay the burnt and slaughtered bodies, together with those wounded by bullets and axes. The last agonies and lamentations of many were dreadful to hear." "The dead lay as sheaves behind the mower." Outside the walls, were not only the enemy, but with them the captive wives and children."
...
"Among the captives were the wife and three children of Louis DuBois....In that captive company were one man, twelve married women, and thirty-one children. All of the women were mothers with their children, except one who had been but lately married, and was driven from her young husband, each ignorant of each other's fate. Ten children were there without father or mother. These captives remained among the Indians for three months. They were separated from each other, and were constantly removed from place to place to avoid rescue. Some were in charge of old squaws. Others were held in particular families, and others still were required to accompany the Indians in their wanderings through the country."
...
"The first care, after guarding the town, was to send to New York for help. On June 16th, Lieut. Christian Nyssen arrived with forty-two soldiers and on July 4th came our old friend Captain Martin Kregier, and a larger force in two yachts, and ample military supplies. But the poor captive women and children were not to be rescued in a day. The summer passed in negotiating with the Indians for their return, and in guarding the gathering of the harvest."
...
"A strong detachment of military, of which Captain Kiegier had chief command,...set out from Fort Wiltwyck September 3d. There were but forty-five men, all told, under Captain Kregier, with eight horses, taken for the bearing of the wounded. In the company, besides the soldiers and two Negro slaves, were seven freemen. We have no record of their names. They were volunteers. We know, however, that Louis DuBois was one of the number, and others may have been his brother-in-law, Mathew Blanchon, his intimate friends Antoine Crispell and Jan Joosten, who stood witnesses at the baptism of some of his children, and whose wives and children were captives. And may we not think that among the seven were Martin Harmansen, who had lost a wife and four children, and Joost Ariaens, whose young bride, Fennetje, had been ruthlessly torn from his embrace?"
...
"The rescuing party pressed on its rough way with their Wappinger Indian guide, and Christofful Davids as interpreter, and on the 5th of September they reached the vicinity of the New Fort. The following is Captain Kregier's account:

above reduced; following still to go

"September 5th. Arrived, about two o'clock in the afternoon, within sight of their fort, which we discovered situated upon a lofty plain. Divided our force in two; Lieutenant Couwenhoven and I led the right wing and Lieutenant Stillwell and Ensign Niessen the left wing. Proceeded in this disposition, along the hill so as Not to be seen and in order to come right under the fort; but as it was somewhat level on the left side of the fort, and the soldiers were seen by a squaw who was piling wood there, and who sent forth a terrible scream which was heard by the Indians, who were standing and working near the fort, we instantly fell upon them. The Indians rushed forthwith through the fort towards their houses, which stood about a stone's throw from the fort, in order to secure their arms and thus hastily picked up few guns and bows and arrows; but we were so hot at their heels that they were forced to leave many of them behind. We kept up a sharp fire upon them, and pursued them so closely that they leaped into the creek which ran in front of the lower part of their maize land. On reaching the opposite side of the kill, they courageously returned our fire, which we sent back, so that we were obliged to send a party across to dislodge them. In this attack the Indians lost their chief, named Japequanchen, fourteen other warriors, four women and three children, whom we saw lying both on this and on the other side of the creek. But probably many more were wounded when rushing from the fort to the houses, when we did give them a brave charge. On our side, three killed and six wounded; and we have recovered three-and-twenty Christians, prisoners, out of their hands. We have also taken thirteen of them prisoners, Both men and women.

"The fort was a perfect square. with one row of palisades set all round, being about fifteen feet above and three feet under ground. They had already completed two angles of stout palisades, all of them almost as thick as a man's body, having two rows of portholes, one above the other; and they were busy at the third angle. These angles were constructed so solid and so strong as not to be excelled by Christians. The fan was not so large as the one we had already burned. The Christian prisoners informed us that they were removed every night into the woods, each night into a different place, through fear of the Dutch, and brought back in the morning. But on the day before we attacked them, a Mohawk visited them, who slept with them during the night. When they would convey the Christian captives again into the woods, the Mohawk said to the Esopus lndians. --'What! Do you carry the Christian prisoners every night into the woods? To which they answered 'Yes.' Whereupon the Mohawk said, 'Let them remain at liberty here, for you live so far in the woods that the Dutch will not come hither, for they cannot come so far without being discovered before they reach you.' Wherefore they kept the prisoners by them that night. The Mohawk departed in the morning for the Menacing and left a new blanket and two pieces of cloth, which fell to us also as booty; and we came just that day, and fell on them so that a portion of them is entirely annihilated."
"In this historical recital, we have followed authentic documents. But there is a history among us for which we are not dependent on State archives. The traditions of these early times have been preserved with remarkable clearness among the descendants of Louis DuBois. Most of them I have myself heard many times from my grandfather and great-uncle. We associated them with the historical narrative already given, and we think correctly. The approach of the rescuing party at the New Fort was betrayed by their dogs, which ran on in advance and centered the Indian camp. The cry was at once raised and repeated, "Swanekers and deers," "White man's dogs," and thus and stealthy approach was betrayed. (This jargon, swanekers and deers, with its translation--white man's dogs--has been preserved among us for two centuries, wholly by tradition. You may imagine, therefore, how much I was interested in discovering lately, by contemporaneous documents, that the word "swanekers" was the Indian word for "white man" among the Long Island Indians. In this instance our tradition is verified.)
It is also said, that as the whites neared the fort Louis DuBois pressed on ardently, and perhaps incautiously, in advance. Thus exposed, an Indian, from behind a tree, was about to draw his bow for the fatal shot. But, for some cause, the arrow did not rest upon the bowstring, and DuBois instantly sprang upon him with the agility and strength of a lion, and dispatched him with his sword. One tradition has it that DuBois ran him through with such force that the sword entered a log, and had to be withdrawn by placing his foot upon the prostrate body, and thus jerking it away by main strength .
"After this," says the account given in the DuBois Family Record, •' a consultation was held as to what course it was best to pursue. They agreed to wait till the dusk of the evening, that they might not be discovered at a distance, and then to rush upon them with a loud shout, as though a large force were coming to attack them, rightly judging that the Indians would flee, and leave their prisoners behind. The savages were engaged in preparations for the slaughter of one of their prisoners and that none other than the wife of DuBois. She had been placed on a pile of wood, on which she was to be burned to death. For her consolation, she had engaged in singing psalms, which having excited the attention of the Indians, they urged her by signs to resume her singing. She did so, and fortunately continued till the arrival of her friends.
In good time her deliverers came. The alarm of their approach was given by the cry of 'White man's dogs--white man's dogs;' for while they were listening to the singing of their wives, the dogs had gone on and entered the encampment. They raised a shout. The Indians fled, and, strange as it may seem, the prisoners also fled with them; but DuBois, being in advance and discovering his wife running after the Indians, he called her by name, which soon brought her to her friends. Having recovered the prisoners, they returned in safety by the way which they went.
"The recovered captives informed their husbands that they were soon to be sacrificed to savage fury, and that they had prolonged their lives by singing for their captors, and were just then singing the beautiful psalm of the 'Babylonish Captives.' when they heard the welcome sound of their delivers' voices.
The following, from William E. DuBois, will here be interesting: --
"In the psalmody of the French protestants, every psalm in French version and metro had its own tune; and not only the words, but the music written on the stave, were to be found in their books of devotion or appended to their printed Bibles. In a folio copy of the French Bible, printed at Amsterdam, the writer has found the musk and words of this very psalm, the 137th, undoubtedly the same as was sung by Catherine DuBois on this extraordinary occasion, and touchingly adapted to the very circumstances of the captives. The reader will allow us first to quote a part of the psalm as it stands in our English Bible, and then add the corresponding verses of the French, as it was sung. As to the music,it is a slow, plaintive chant, in the minor mode, beautifully adapted to the subject. It is not in accordance with the style of our modern church music; but those who have listened to the sacred music in French Protestant churches (undoubtedly the same as was used centuries ago), will agree with the writer, that it delightfully harmonizes with the solemnity and elevation of Christian worship. The following is our English version: 'By the river of Babylon, there we sat down: yea, we wept when we remembered Zion, &C. &c.'~
The following is the French version as she sang it:
Etna's assis aux rives aquatiques de Babilon,
Pleurions melancholiqucs,
Nous souvenans du pays de Sion,
Et au milieu de I' habitation,
On de regrets tant de picure epandimes.
Lors ceux qvi Ia captifs noun emrncnerent,
Dc len sonner Cart nous importunerent,
El de Sion les chansons reciter.
Las! dimes nous, qui pourroit inciter
Nos tristes cocurs a chanter Ia lotiange
Dc notre Dien en Un terra etrange.
These psalms were much in use among the Huguenots, and they had been forbidden to sing them where they could be heard by others. These very words she had sung doubtless many times in suppressed tones, when hunted by ruthless persecutors and in peril of imprisonment and death. She had sung them in her voluntary exile from kindred and country, when her husband, her babe and religious faith were her only comforts. But now she sung them with the joy of a believer about to die. Her singing proves her both a Christian and a courageous woman.
The rescue included the greater part of the captives. The Esopus tribe was now nearly exterminated. Late in the autumn they sued for peace.--which was established. The rich alluvial lands of the Wallkill Valley had attracted the favorable attention of the rescuing party. The results were of the most important character. Within three years of the rescue, May. 1666 (according to Edmund Eltinge), the purchase from the Indians of a large tract of land was effected by Louis DuBois and his associates. ...

Additional Biographical Information

"Louis Du Bois, a leader of the French Huguenot settlers at New Paltz, New York, was a son of Chretien Du Bois, a Huguenot of Wicres, near Lille, in Artois Province which now is French Flanders. Catherine Blanchan was a daughter of Matthieu Blanchan and Madeleine Joris who came to America on the Gilded Otter, which arrived in New Netherland in June 1660 from England. Louis and Catherine were married in Mannheim, Germany, on 10 October 1655 and, apparently, came to New Netherland on the ship St. Jan Baptist (St. Jean Baptiste) from England, which landed on 06 August 1661. Their sons Abraham and Isaac were aged 4 and 2, respectively, when they arrived. Louis settled his family at Hurley in Ulster County, New York, and they were there in 1670 when son Solomon was born. (HISTORY OF NEW PALTZ, NEW YORK, AND ITS OLD FAMILIES, Ralph Le Fevre, Albany, 1909, reprinted Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, 1973; BAPTISMAL AND MARRIAGE REGISTERS OF THE OLD DUTCH CHURCH OF KINGSTON, ULSTER COUNTY, NEW YORK, 1660-1809, Roswell Randall Hoes, De Vinne Press, New York, 1891, reprinted Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, 1980; WHO WAS WHO IN HARDIN COUNTY, Hardin County Historical Society, Elizabethtown, 1941, photocopy; THE VIRGINIA GERMANS, Klaus Wust, The University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, 1969; IMMIGRANT ANCESTORS, Frederick Adams Virkus, extracted from Volume VII, THE COMPENDIUM OF AMERICAN GENEALOGY, Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, 1980; SHIPS PASSENGER LISTS NEW YORK AND NEW JERSEY 1600-1825, Carl Boyer III, Newhall, CA, 1978; data of Alice Lewis Gunter, Independence, MO, Betty Meredith Peger, Brownsville, KY, and Barry W. Downs, Leitchfield, KY, 1984.)

Louis Du Bois was called Louis the Walloon because he came from the part of Flanders lying between the Scheldt and Lys whose residents were known as Walloons. (HISTORY OF NEW PALTZ.) The Walloons are a French-speaking people of Celtic descent inhabiting southern and southeastern Belgium and adjacent regions of France. The term Walloon comes from the Medieval Latin word Wallo for foreigner or Welshman. (THE AMERICAN HERITAGE DICTIONARY, Houghton Mifflin Company, New York, 1969.)

Lille was in the County of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands when Louis was born. This area was later conquered by France. (HISTORICAL ATLAS OF THE WORLD, Barnes and Noble Books, New York, 1977.)"

"The Huguenot residents of Kingston and Hurley decided to form a settlement of their own and on 26 May 1677 Louis Du Bois and eleven associates (his sons Abraham Du Bois and Isaac Du Bois, his brother-in-law Antoine Crespel, Christian Deyo and his son Pierre Deyo, the brothers Abraham and Jean Hasbrouck, the brothers Andre and Simon LeFever, Hugo Freer and Louis Bevier) purchased a tract of land from the Esopus Indians, "comprising the Paltz patent, occupying all the present town of Lloyd, about two-thirds of New Paltz, one-third of Esopus and one-fourth of Rosendale." The purchase was confirmed in a patent from Governor Edmund Andros on 29 September 1677 with the four corners of the grant being "Moggonck - now Mohonk, Juffrou's Hook, the point in the Hudson where the town line between Lloyd and Marlborough strikes the river, Rapoos - Pell's Island, and Tower a Toque, a point of white rocks in the Shawangunks near Rosendale Plains." The ancient documents, long stored in a trunk in the Huguenot Bank at New Paltz, were translated from the Dutch by the Reverend Ame Vennema: (HISTORY OF NEW PALTZ.)"

" LOUIS DU BOIS Born 21 Oct 1626 Wicres, Artois Province, Spanish Netherlands
Died 1696 Kingston, Ulster County, New York
Married 1195/2235. Catherine Blanchan 10 Oct 1655 Mannheim, Germany
Born before 1640
Died probably c1706 Kingston, Ulster County, New York
Children:
Abraham Du Bois
b. 1657 Mannheim, Germany
d. 07 Oct 1731 New Paltz, Ulster County, New York
m. Margaret Deyo 06 Mar 1681
Isaac Du Bois
b. c1659 Mannheim, Germany
d. 28 Jun 1690 New Paltz, Ulster County, New York
m. Maria Hasbrouck Jun 1683 Kingston, Ulster County, New York
Jacob Du Bois
bapt. 09 Oct 1661 Kingston, Ulster County, New York
d. 1745 Hurley, Ulster County, New York
m. (1) Lysbeth Vernoy 08 Mar 1689 Kingston, Ulster County, New York
(2) Gerritje Gerritsen van Nieukirk before 09 Jun 1695 597/1117. Sarah Du Bois
bapt. 14 Sep 1664 Kingston, Ulster County, New York
d. 1726 Salem, Salem County, New Jersey
m. 596/1116. Joost Jans van Meteren 12 Dec 1682 Kingston, Ulster County, New York
David Du Bois
bapt. 13 Mar 1667 Kingston, Ulster County, New York
d. after 1728
m. Cornelia Vernoy 08 Mar 1689 Kingston, Ulster County, New York
Solomon Du Bois
b. 1670 Hurley, Ulster County, New York
d. before 15 Feb 1759 New Paltz, Ulster County, New York
m. Tryntje Gerritsen Foecken before 27 Sep 1691
Rebecca Du Bois
bapt. 18 Jun 1671 Kingston, Ulster County, New York
d. young
Rachel Du Bois
bapt. Apr 1675 Kingston, Ulster County, New York
d. young
m.
Louis Du Bois Jr
b. 1677 Hurley, Ulster County, New York
d. after 1729

LOUIS DU BOIS -2-

Prepared by WILLIAM G SCROGGINS, revised 13 Nov 1989
718 MILL VALLEY DRIVE, TAYLOR MILL KY 41015


m. Rachel Hasbrouck 19 Jan 1701 Kingston, Ulster County, New York
Matthew Du Bois
b. 03 Jan 1679 Hurley, Ulster County, New York
d. after 1731
m. Sarah Matthysen 17 Jan 1697 Kingston, Ulster County, New York"

" Louis DuBois
Find A Grave Index
Name Louis DuBois
Event Type Burial
Event Date 1696
Event Place New Paltz, Ulster, New York, United States of America
Photograph Included Y
Birth Date 21 Oct 1626
Death Date 23 Jun 1696
Affiliate Record Identifier 8039531
Cemetery Huguenot Cemetery"

Sources

Burial:
Huguenot Cemetery
New Paltz
Ulster County
New York, USA

Created by: LynnAnne Inglima
Record added: Oct 28, 2003
Find A Grave Memorial# 8039531

NEW JERSEY MARRIAGES, 1678-1985
Indexing Project (Batch) Number M01423-4
System Origin New Jersey-EASy
GS Film number 1001855
  • Of whom I came : from whence I came - Wells-wise, Rish-wise and otherwise, a compilation of the genealogies of the families of: Bolling, Colquitt, Gable, Norman, Rish, Robertson, Weatherbee, Wells, Wofford with numerous related and connecting families by Zelma Wells Price (1959). 8 volumes, available through FamilySearch; see Vol. 4, p.180.


More Genealogy Tools



Sponsored by MyHeritage




Search
Searching for someone else?
First: Last:

DNA
No known carriers of Louis's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.



Images: 4
Lille to Mannheim to Amsterdam
Lille to Mannheim to Amsterdam

Lille - Herlies and Wicres
Lille - Herlies and Wicres

Louis Du Bois 1626 - 1693 Catherine Blanchan 1629 - 1713 memorial
Louis Du Bois 1626 - 1693 Catherine Blanchan 1629 - 1713 memorial

Louis Du Bois Huguenot Memorial erected by Du Bois Family Huguenot Association
Louis Du Bois Huguenot Memorial erected by Du Bois Family Huguenot Association

Collaboration

On 28 Jun 2018 at 05:05 GMT Jessica (Bartram) McKee wrote:

My 9th great grandfather.

On 9 May 2017 at 16:29 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

Mannheim location...

Kurfürstlich rheinische Pfalzgrafschaft

See this G2G question (in particular, this comment).

On 4 May 2017 at 13:58 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

Du Bois-397 and Du Bois-14 appear to represent the same person because: Hi! These are duplicates (both married to Catherine Blanchan with a son Louis born 1677). Chet - a head's up: the information in your profile for him (Du Bois-397) will not be retained - the account of the kidnapping is already covered/discussed in Du Bois-14, but you might want to make a copy for your files prior to the merge. Cheers, Liz

On 4 May 2017 at 08:10 GMT Roger Shepherd wrote:

It appears that Du_Bois-397 created 13 Aug 2016 is a duplicate (of a small part) of the history of this same person, including some of the dates that are rejected by this research.

In addition, there are large overlaps but significant differences in dates from a 1909 history and genealogy by Samuel Gordon Smyth, "A Genealogy of the Duke-Shepherd-Van Metre Family" in which he also mentions the Du Bois society and their extensive research.

On 24 Apr 2017 at 06:39 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

note that later research corrects the information on the memorial stone pictured (see text).

On 5 Oct 2016 at 14:08 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

Note: status indicator for birth was changed from before to certain, but no info to support that he was born the same day he was baptized (he was baptized on June 17, 1622).

On 16 Aug 2016 at 20:43 GMT Sydna (Taylor) Uteg wrote:

Excellent research for this family by the G2G forum. Thank you for your work.

On 24 Feb 2016 at 18:40 GMT Jerry Baraboo wrote:

Edited Burial Memorial Photo and added a Huguenot Memorial Photo. I included a statement in regard to both memorials that the birth dates and death dates are different then the established sources listed on this profile for Louis Du Bois. Neither photos are considered a primary record. The memorials are records of burial location and the Huguenot Memorial recognition erected by the Du Bois Family Association of the Huguenot Historical Society.

On 20 Feb 2016 at 01:34 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

another duplicate profile was recently merged with lots of information that needs to be reviewed for accuracy (for example, the added photography of a memorial stones has incorrect dates)

On 18 Feb 2016 at 20:16 GMT Katharine (Mounger) Jones wrote:

DuBois-1759 and Du Bois-14 appear to represent the same person because: Same birth location, death date, spouse. Difference is space between "Du" and "Bois".

more comments


Louis is 18 degrees from George Barnes, 22 degrees from Amy Utting and 16 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

D  >  Du Bois  >  Louis Du Bois