Born 7 DEC 1860. Bury, Lancashire, England. 
Christening: 9 DEC 1860. Manchester, Lancashire, England. 
Census: 1861 Manchester, Lancashire, England. 
Immigration: 13 OCT 1863. Timaru, South Canterbury, New Zealand. Note: The Lyttelton Times. Tuesday October 20, 1863. Timaru arrived. October 13, Victory, Barque 579 tons, Gregory, from Southampton to Timaru with 231 passengers on board, 101 of which were landed at Timaru. She had a favourable passage of 115 days. The doctor reports only one death (an infant) and four births.
The barque Victory, Captain Gregory commander, after a passage of 119 days from London, brought up off the Quarantine Ground on Saturday afternoon. On her previous visit to this port (Lyttelton) in 1860 she was in command of Captain Stevens, but since that time has changed owners, and on this voyage brings out a batch of Lancashire immigrants for Canterbury; a large number of them were landed at Timaru on Wednesday last and the remainder brought on here and landed in Camp Bay on Monday morning. Since her last visit her arrangements for accommodation of passengers has been completely altered. She has now a deckhouse amidships, with a patent distillery and cooking apparatus attached. Only one death occurred during the passage and four births. Her cargo is not very extensive and the bulk of it is consigned to the agents, Messrs. Dalgety, Buckley and Co. It is a singular coincidence that her passage in 1860 was made in 112 days, and she arrived on Saturday evening and the passengers were landed on Monday. She presents another specimen of the advantages of sending our ships out under her Majesty's emigration commissioners. Her arrangements are perfect, and the between decks a pattern of cleanliness. Dr. Holman is the surgeon in charge. On Sunday evening the ship British Crown got well away to sea, and a three-masted steamer was seen in the afternoon to cross the heads, supposed to be the Corio, bound South both had closed the south-head in by sundown. The barque Victory came up the harbour yesterday afternoon at 5, and anchored well up.
Lancashire Witch- The following imports were omitted in our report of this vessel's cargo-21/2 casks, 18cases, 2 bags groceries, 2 bales, 1 case drapery. 40 kegs nails, 3 cases hardware, 8 cases scythe stones, J. White Co.
The above are principally labourers, and the proportion of factory workers is small. In all new colonies to which the tide of emigration from the old county does not naturally set, it is necessary to incur a considerable expenditure for the purpose of introducing labour. Without a constant stream of immigration, the the resource of the county could not be developed and capital would either be wasted or withdrawn from a field where it could not be profitably employed. In most colonies this necessity is not fully recognised yet in many colonies. When a Government so far interferes with the natural influx of population as to give assisted passages to immigrants, it is an implied part of the duty it undertakes to see that the newly arrived labourer is received as a valuable addition to the community, and that his services are made available as soon as possible. In, short, the responsibility of the Government does not end, when its agent in England has collected and shipped the immigrants-then remain the important tasks of receiving them and distributing them over the county in the manner most likely to incorporate them with the population already established. All this is not to be done without proper organization, and without a cost which must be considerable part of the whole expense of immigration. In the United States of America, which absorb by far the largest proportion of emigrants from the old world, it is found that notwithstanding the best field open for labour in the interior, and the scarcity of working hands where they are not wanted, the seaboard towns are often swamped by a pauper population. The States Government do not interfere with Immigration, no bonus in the shape of assisted passages is needed to bring labour to their shores, and they do not of course conceive themselves to be directly responsible for the distribution of a population which comes uninvited to New York or Boston, or Philadelphia. But the difficulty is very apparent in America of bringing together the half-starving population, flowing into sea-board towns, and the employers of labour whose properties are lying unoccupied and untilled for want of hands. On a smaller scale the same difficulty is met in Victoria, where the Government has interfered to invite immigrants....
The Press October 19, 1863. Shipping Intelligence. Timaru, Oct 13. Arrived Victory, barque, from London. Boomerang, 104 tons, Bapp, from Auckland, with cargo of timber, bricks, shingled and building materials, consigned to B.N.Z. Passengers-R. Dickson, W. Morley, C. Chetham, J. Arminger, J, Beecroft, G, Shepard, Harding, R. Campbell, J. Young, Kemp.
Timaru, Oct 14. Crest of the Wave, schooner, 57 tons, Buxton, master, with general cargo from Lyttelton.
Sailed Victory for Lyttelton.
Victory - Sailed from London 28 June 1863. Called at Southampton en route with 240 immigrants, all from depressed county of Lancashire and all bound for Canterbury. "The cotton operatives in the Midlands of England were thrown out of work because the supply of raw material dried up with the onset of the American Civil War. Some operatives were brought out to Canterbury, as assisted immigrants, by the provincial government on the British Crown and Victory. Her Majesty's Emigration Commission, the Park Street Commissioners, not Canterbury's emigration agent, arranged for the people to come out. The provincial government archives, in the Canterbury Museum, has photocopies of important letters from the Henry Selfe papers (originals and a manuscript are at the Hocken Library, Dunedin) that describes Henry Selfe's experiences of wealthy men in charge of giving help to poverty-stricken cotton operatives. " Reference: Genealogical Advice Notes New Zealand Collection Canterbury Public Library by Robert Greenway.
Reference: The Lyttelton Times Oct 20 1863 and The Press October 19, 1863. Available on microfilm at the New Zealand Room, Christchurch City Central Library and they have lists of a large number of immigrants from Europe to Timaru and the vessels on which they came. The National Archives has the passenger list.
( ) indicates spelling in The Press October 19, 1863.
Residence 1893 Sydenham, Christchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand. 
Will: 20 OCT 1930. Christchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand. 
Probate: 4 MAR 1937. Christchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand. 
Marriage 15 DEC 1877. Christchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand. 
5 SEP 1912. Christchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand. 
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