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Abraham Dugas II (abt. 1616 - bef. 1700)

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Lt. Gen. Abraham Dugas II
Born about in Toulouse, Midi-Pyrénées, Francemap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married about in Port Royal, Acadia, Nova Scotia, Canadamap
Descendants descendants
Died before in Port-Royal, Acadiemap
Dugas-62 created 21 Nov 2010 | Last modified
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Categories: French Immigrants to Acadia | Port-Royal, Acadie | Acadians.

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Contents

Biographie

(English version below)

Abraham Dugas est né vers 1616 à France.[1] Ses parents ne sont pas connus, mais une théorie est qu'ils sont Abraham Dugas et Marguerite Carsonne.

Abraham est arrivé à Port-Royal vers 1640, où il a reçu la désignation de lieutenant-général. Il était armurier au roi.[1]

Il épousa Marguerite-Louise Doucet vers 1647.[1] Entre vers 1648 et 1667, le couple a eu huit enfants: Marie, Claude, Anne, Martin, Marguerite, Abraham, Madeleine, et Marie.[1] Abraham est mort entre 1693 et 1700 à Port-Royale.[2]

Biography

(version français ci-dessus)

Abraham Dugas is the ancestral partriarch of the Acadian Dugas family. Abraham was born around 1616 in France. His parents are not known, but one theory is that they are Abraham Dugas and Marguerite Carsonne. They have not been connected because there is no evidence to support their inclusion.

He arrived in Port Royal around 1640, where he was given the designation of Lieutenant General. He was armourer to the king.

He married Marguerite-Louise Doucet around 1647 in Port Royal.[1] Between about 1648 and 1667, the couple had eight children: Marie, Claude, Anne, Martin, Marguerite, Abraham, Madeleine, and Marie.[1] Abraham owned a lot adjoining the side of the old Fort (which, according to Stephen White was expropriated in 1701 to extend the Fort in Port-Royal). It is not clear how long the family they lived there.

When their third child Anne was born in 1654, Port-Royal was captured by Robert Sedgwick, who led 300 British soldiers and volunteers.[3]:

"The [French] soldiers at Port-Royal, who numbered about 130 … put up a brief defence against Sedgwick. Setting up an ambush between the landing site of the English troops and the fort, the Frenchmen fired on the attackers but proved no match for the experienced Roundheads. The French soon "took their heels to ye Fort." On August 16 the fort surrendered... Sedgwick granted honourable terms, allowing the defenders to march out of the fort with flags flying, drums beating, and muskets at the ready. The soldiers and employees working at the fort were offered transportation back to France and given enough pelts to cover their wages."[4]

Although the commander of Port Royal left for France, most Acadians, including the Dugas family, remained in Acadia. They were permitted to retain their land and belongings and were guaranteed religious freedom.[4] Dunn[4] describes life in Acadia during the 16 years of nominal British rule:

"During the years of British rule, most of the Port-Royal population moved upriver away from the town. Using the agricultural practices initiated under D'Aulnay, the Acadians dyked and cultivated extensive salt marshes along the river and raised livestock. Through necessity, residents had reached an accommodation with New England traders who had become their sole source for the goods that they could not produce themselves... New England traders exchanged their goods for Acadian produce and furs... There were seventy to eighty families in the Port Royal area in 1665."

By 1671 the British had ceded Acadia to France and French settlement resumed.[5] Abraham was involved with the rebuilding of Port Royal:

"In June 1673 men from the St. Jean Baptiste parish in the Port-Royal area met at the request of their church trustee, Abraham Dugas, to organize funding for construction of a parish church... Mass was being held in a borrowed room. The Acadians had maintained their faith throughout the long period of English rule."

In 1686, the children had flown the nest and Abraham and Marguerite were living on their own. Within four years, their relative peace would be shattered by King William's War (1689-1697) with France.

In May 1690, Sir William Phipps[6] captured Port Royal, destroyed the church, plundered the settlement, and forced the inhabitants to swear an oath of allegiance to the English crown. He appointed Charles La Tourasse, a former sergeant of the French garrison, to serve as English commandant and leader of a council to keep the peace and administer justice.[7] Phipps left Port-Royal within 12 days of arrival. Before the end of the summer, seaman from two ships looted Port-Royal and burned and looted between 28 and 35 homes and habitations including the parish church.[4]

An English garrison was never established, possibly because the inhabitants refused to guarantee that the Indians would not attack if one was formed.[7] Dunn describes the feelings of the residents during this unsettling time:

"Throughout this period of nominal English rule, French and English vessels anchored at Port-Royal at will, contributing to a sense of unease among the residents. New England vessels came to trade, to check on the inhabitants, and to take French prizes. When the English were not around, French privateers operated out of the port, attracting local young men as crew with the promise of plunder, and outfitting the ships from local suppliers... Port-Royal residents did not always appreciate the presence of the French privateers."[4].

In 1693, an encounter between the vessel of French privateer Pierre Masisonnat dit Baptiste and an English frigate brought further misery. English investigations into the role of Acadians' assistance of privateer Baptiste resulted in the burning of nearly a dozen homes and three barns of unthreshed grain. At that time Abraham and Marguerite were living with their son Claude and his family. Claude's farm was situated west of the Fort on the south side of the Dauphin (Annapolis) River.

Abraham lmay have lived long enough to witness the effects of the 1697 Treaty of Ryswick, when Acadia was restored to France with Port-Royal its capital'[4] He died between 1693 and 1700.[2]

Timeline

c1616 birth, in France
1632 Treaty Saint-Germain-en-Laye cedes Acadia to France; Razilly brings ~300 elite men[8]
1636 Arrival of the first families to settle permanently[9]
1640 arrival in Port-Royal
c1647 marriage to Marguerite Doucet in Port-Royal
c1648 birth, daughter Marie
1649 birth, son Claude
1654 birth, daughter Anne
1654 British capture Port-Royal; French settlement ceases[10]
1656 birth, son Martin
1657 birth, daughter Marguerite
1661 birth, son Abraham
1664 birth, daughter Madeleine
1667 birth, daughter Marie
1667-70 Treaty of Breda cedes Acadia to the French; settlement resumes[11]
1671 residence Port-Royal
1686 residence Port-Royal
1690 Phipps captures and sacks Port-Royal, coerces inhabitants' oaths of allegiance to English Crown, sets up local Peacekeeping Council and leaves within 12 days.[6][12][7] Seaman from two ships later loot and burn between 28 and 35 homes/habitations including the parish church.[4]
1693 Port-Royal raid with looting and burning.[4]
1693 residence Port-Royal
1697 Treaty of Ryswick restores Acadia to France; Port-Royal is its capital[4]
b1700 death

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 White, Stephen A., Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert. Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton, N.-B.: Centre D'études Acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 1999, Print, 562-564.
  2. 2.0 2.1 He was listed in the 1693 Acadian Census and his wife is listed as a widow in the 1700 Census
  3. William I. Roberts, 3rd, “SEDGWICK, ROBERT,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 Dunn, Brenda. A History of Port Royal / Annapolis Royal 1605-1800. Nimbus Publishing, p 23-24(1654 Capture of Port-Royal); p25-27(the English period 1654-1670); p29 (Abraham Dugas and the parish building plans).
  5. In collaboration, “MORILLON DU BOURG,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  6. 6.0 6.1 C.P.Stacey, “PHIPS, SIR WILLIAM,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003, accessed November 20, 2013
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 C.Bruce Fergusson,“LA TOURASSE, CHARLES,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003, accessed November 20, 2013
  8. George MacBeath, Biography – RAZILLY, ISAAC DE – Volume I (1000-1700) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20
  9. Massignon, Geneviève. "Les parlers français d'Acadie, enquête linguistique", Librairie Klincksieck, Paris, 1962, 2 tomes, p?.
  10. William I. Roberts, 3rd, “SEDGWICK, ROBERT,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  11. In collaboration, “MORILLON DU BOURG,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  12. Biography of William Phipps
  • 1671 Acadian Census at Port Royal: Abraham DUGAST, gunsmith, 55, wife Marie Judith DOUCET 46; Children: Claude 19, Martin 15, Abraham 10, Marie 23, Anne 17, Margueritte 14, Magdeleine 7, Marie 5; cattle 19, sheep 3, 16 arpents of land.
  • 1693 Acadian Census at Port-Royal: Abraham DUGAST 74, Marguerite DOUCET his wife 66, Claude their son 44, Francoise BOURGEOIS his wife 34, Marie their daughter 17, Claude 16, Francoise 14, Joseph 13, Marguerite 11, Anne 10, Jeanne 9, Agnes 7, Francois 5, Magdeleine 4, Cecile 1; 20 cattle, 30 sheep, 15 hogs, 26 arpents, 4 guns.
  • 1700 Acadian census at Port-Royal: Marguerite DOUCET, widow of Abraham DUGAST; Claude DUGAST 51; Marguerite BOURG; Claude 23; Francois 12; Joseph 2; Marguerite 18; Anne 17; Jeanne 16; Agnes 14; Madelaine 11; Cecille 8; Marguerite 3; 40 cattle, 25 sheep, 28 arpents, 3 guns.


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Abraham by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Abraham:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Family Tree DNA.



Images: 1
Abraham Dugas et Marguerite Doucet
Abraham Dugas et Marguerite Doucet

Collaboration

On 16 Apr 2015 at 21:54 GMT Lianne Lavoie wrote:

Donna: There just happens to be a G2G discussion happening now on that very subject! :)

In this case, as far as I can see, there is no evidence pointing to Abraham's parents. If there were evidence, but it just wasn't certain, then I'd say leave them attached and set to uncertain. But in this case, as with many of the early Acadians, the suggested parents appear to have been pulled out of thin air (and then reproduced on countless personal trees).

On 16 Apr 2015 at 21:38 GMT Donna (Friebel) Storz wrote:

Just wondering in what circumstances we would let the parents stay attached but use the "uncertain" qualifier?

On 22 Jun 2014 at 19:05 GMT Annette Cormier wrote:

Please do not add parents as there is no evidence. Their names are indicated in the biography as an unsupported theory only.

On 15 May 2013 at 21:23 GMT Lianne Lavoie wrote:

I'm disconnecting Abraham's parents, and linking to them in the bio, because I have not been able to find any evidence of them being his parents.



Abraham is 21 degrees from AJ Jacobs, 17 degrees from Isaac Kidd, 15 degrees from Greg Slade and 17 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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