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Henry Duke Sr. (1640 - abt. 1714)

Colonel Henry Duke Sr.
Born in James City, Colony of Virginiamap
Brother of and
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died about in Prince George County, Colony of Virginiamap
Profile last modified | Created 2 Feb 2014
This page has been accessed 5,621 times.
US Southern Colonies.
Henry Duke Sr. resided in the Southern Colonies in North America before 1776.
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Henry Duke (died 1713/14)[1]

Colonel Henry Duke Sr., often identified as Henry Duke, Esq., is almost certainly the son of the immigrant Thomas Duke, although no single document has been found that proves this beyond question. He was born in James City, Virginia in about 1640 and died there in 1714. He is said to have married Elizabeth Soane around 1667, although that can be disputed. [2]

Thomas Duke I owned land jointly with Thomas Hampton. William Byrd’s title book indicates that on 6 Jun 1651 Thomas Duke and Thomas Hampton received 430 acres lying on Warreny Creek on the east side of the Chickahominy River, James City County, bounded northwest and SSE on a swamp dividing it from Edward Cole, and ENE on Soane’s land. The grant was due for transportation of nine persons into the colony by William Barret. In 1671 Thomas Hampton sold this land to Daniel Parke.[3]

Several patents place the location of the land and residence of Henry Duke, Esq. Several of these are as follows:

"To John Hicks, Land Patent in James City County, 183 acres of land on the south side of the S. Swamp against the mouth of Preston's Spring Branch, to Capt. Duke's near the Quarter Swamp, September 9, 1682.[4]

"October 10, 1686, to Mr. William Peawde, Land Patent, 400 acres in upper part of County of James City; west side of Chickahominy River from Capt. Duke's corner in Gwin's line to a branch of Webb's Run, to Walter's Branch on Wormsley's line.[5]

"October 23, 1690, Land Patent to Capt. Henry Duke in James City Co., 1000 acres of land on the south side of the Chickahomoiny River, touching Webb's Run Mattatuck neck, formerly granted to Thomas Towner, form it was escheated.[6]

Together these patents demonstrate that the land of Henry Duke, Esq., was on Webb's Creek and that some of it bounded near John Hicks. This becomes important in assessing the relationship of this Henry Duke and Thomas Duke II.

Henry Duke owned land adjacent land that Mary Hampton Duke Wade, widow of Thomas Duke, had inherited from her father Thomas Hampton. .[7] The close proximity of Henry Duke to the properties of Thomas Duke and his widow Mary shows Henry Duke's association with the Thomas Duke and Mary Hampton Duke Wade family.

Henry Duke is mentioned for the first time as a public officer in 1680.[8] His appointment as Councillor was recorded on 21 MY 1702, when direction was given to "swear and admit him the said Henry Duke to be one of our Council of Colony and Dominion of Virginia."[9]

In 1694 he received 736 acres on the branches of Warrony [aka Warreny] Creek and at a marked white oak on the Burchen [aka Birchen] Swamp.[10]

In 1698 "Capt Henry Duke" is listed as an officer of the militia in James City County.[11] It is not possible to be sure whether this reference is to the Henry Duke who was a Councillor of Virginia or to his son, Henry Duke, Jr., who was later known as "Capt. Henry Duke" during the later years of his life in Prince George County.

On 12 Jan 1704/5 "honble Collo. Henry Duke one of her Maj. Honble Councill of Virga" was among those witnessing the will of Col. William Byrd. His son, "Henry Duke Junr of James City County Gent" was also a witness.[12]

In 1704 he received a grant for 1168 acres on one of the branches of Chickahomy Swamp, called the Lickinghole Swamp.[13]

In 1704 he is listed three times in the Quit Rent Rolls for Virginia as Henry Duke, Esq.,, twice for property in New Kent County and once in James City County. His presumed oldest son, Thomas, is also listed in James City County. A younger son, Henry Duke Jr., is listed in James City County.[14]

William Byrd frequently visited both Col. Duke (Col. Henry Duke) and James Duke and his wife Mary Byrd. However, Mary is last mentioned in Byrd's diary on 6 Apr 1721.[15] Between 1709 through 1712 Colonel William Byrd II of "Westover" recorded interactions with Col. Henry Duke and his son James Duke in his diary.


  1. Jamestowne Society: Duke, Henry - A2312; James City: died 1713/14; James City Co.: 1691-93, 1696-97, 1699 (Burgess); 1702-13 (Councillor). accessed 8 June 2020
  2. [1] Findagrave : Col. Henry Duke, Sr.
  3. Johnson, Rebecca. William Byrd Title Book, Concluded. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography Vol. 50, No. 3 (Jul., 1942), pp. 238-263 (P.251-252).
  4. Virginia Land Patents, Book 7, p. 183.
  5. Virginia Land Patent Book 7, p. 515.
  6. Virginia Land Patents Book 7, p. 123.
  7. ↑ Wade, Mary, Mrs. grantee. Land Office Patents No. 7, 1679-1689 (v.1 & 2 p.1-719), p. 174 (Reel 7).
  8. Colonial Papers of Virginia, Virginia Magazine of History and Biography No. 63.
  9. Council Papers, 1698-1701. (From the originals in the Virginia State Library.) The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography Vol. 23, No. 2 (Jan. 1915) pp. 40-41.
  10. Duke, Henry, grantee. Land grant 20 /april 1694. Land Office Patents No. i, 1689-1695, p. 321 (Reel 8).
  11. Virginia Militia Officers, 1698. the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography Vol. 49, No. 4 (Oct 1941), p. 305.
  12. Will of William Byrd I. the William and Mary Quarterly. Vol. 3, No. 4 (Oct. 1923) P. 247.
  13. Duke, Henry, grantee. Land grant 220 October 1704. Land Office Patents No. 8, 1698-1706 (v.1&2 p. 1-742, p. 611 (Reel 9.
  14. Smith, Annie Laurie Wright. The Quit Rents of Virginia, 1704. Baltimore, 1977.
  15. Wright, Louis B. and Marion Tinling, eds. The Secret Diary of William Byrd of Westover 1709-1712. Richmond: The Dietz Press. 1941. See Extracts from the Private Diary referencing Col Henry Duke & James Duke

Other Sources:

Necrology of Virginia Historical Society, 1898. Colonial Richard Thomas Walker Duke, The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Volume VI, 819-820:

Duke, Walter Garland, Henry Duke, Councilor, His Descendants and Connections. Richmond: Dietz Press, 1949

Early Virginia Families Along the James River: Their Deep Roots and Tangled Branches, Vol. III. Abstracts of Land Patents - James City County (first entry on page 80.)

New Kent County, Virginia St. Peter's Parish Vestry Book and Register, 1684-1786 The Vestry Book and Register of St Peters Parish 1684-1786 Appendices A

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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Henry by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Henry:

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Comments: 5

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Will you please add me as a profile manager of this profile. I am involved in a Duke Family DNA Study underway for almost 5 years with over 250 descendants participating by sharing their sources and providing their dna test results. We would like to be involved in the confirmation and/or debunking of conflicting claims by discouraging misguided merges and connection of parents and children based on outdated theories now proven as incorrect.
posted by James Dukes
Done. Thanks for taking care of these Dukes profiles.
posted by Scott McClain
Profile locked (PPP) because of disputed claims concerning origins, parents & other relationships in the early American generations of the Duke family. PPP and co-management by US Southern Colonies Project requested by James Dukes, who is involved in a Dukes Family DNA study seeking to confirm and/or debunk these conflicting claims, and approved by the US Southern Colonies Project Coordinator for Managed Profiles.
posted by Liz (Noland) Shifflett
All of these GEDmatch profiles share at least 4.3cM on 22nd chromosome. A256651 matches all kits. Is this significant at all?






Some are from a different Duke live. Lewis Duke of Nehemiah Duke.

Nothing below 7cM is significant enough to consider valid.
posted by Virginia Winslett

Rejected matches › Henry Duke (abt.1678-abt.1718)