Henry Duke (died 1713/14)
Colonel Henry Duke Sr., often identified as Henry Duke, Esq., is almost certainly the son of the immigrant Thomas Duke, although no single document has been found that proves this beyond question. He was born in James City, Virginia in about 1640 and died there in 1714. He is said to have married Elizabeth Soane around 1667, although that can be disputed. 
Thomas Duke I owned land jointly with Thomas Hampton. William Byrd’s title book indicates that on 6 Jun 1651 Thomas Duke and Thomas Hampton received 430 acres lying on Warreny Creek on the east side of the Chickahominy River, James City County, bounded northwest and SSE on a swamp dividing it from Edward Cole, and ENE on Soane’s land. The grant was due for transportation of nine persons into the colony by William Barret. In 1671 Thomas Hampton sold this land to Daniel Parke.
Several patents place the location of the land and residence of Henry Duke, Esq. Several of these are as follows:
"To John Hicks, Land Patent in James City County, 183 acres of land on the south side of the S. Swamp against the mouth of Preston's Spring Branch, to Capt. Duke's near the Quarter Swamp, September 9, 1682.
"October 10, 1686, to Mr. William Peawde, Land Patent, 400 acres in upper part of County of James City; west side of Chickahominy River from Capt. Duke's corner in Gwin's line to a branch of Webb's Run, to Walter's Branch on Wormsley's line.
"October 23, 1690, Land Patent to Capt. Henry Duke in James City Co., 1000 acres of land on the south side of the Chickahomoiny River, touching Webb's Run Mattatuck neck, formerly granted to Thomas Towner, form it was escheated.
Together these patents demonstrate that the land of Henry Duke, Esq., was on Webb's Creek and that some of it bounded near John Hicks. This becomes important in assessing the relationship of this Henry Duke and Thomas Duke II.
Henry Duke owned land adjacent land that Mary Hampton Duke Wade, widow of Thomas Duke, had inherited from her father Thomas Hampton. . The close proximity of Henry Duke to the properties of Thomas Duke and his widow Mary shows Henry Duke's association with the Thomas Duke and Mary Hampton Duke Wade family.
Henry Duke is mentioned for the first time as a public officer in 1680. His appointment as Councillor was recorded on 21 MY 1702, when direction was given to "swear and admit him the said Henry Duke to be one of our Council of Colony and Dominion of Virginia."
In 1694 he received 736 acres on the branches of Warrony [aka Warreny] Creek and at a marked white oak on the Burchen [aka Birchen] Swamp.
In 1698 "Capt Henry Duke" is listed as an officer of the militia in James City County. It is not possible to be sure whether this reference is to the Henry Duke who was a Councillor of Virginia or to his son, Henry Duke, Jr., who was later known as "Capt. Henry Duke" during the later years of his life in Prince George County.
On 12 Jan 1704/5 "honble Collo. Henry Duke one of her Maj. Honble Councill of Virga" was among those witnessing the will of Col. William Byrd. His son, "Henry Duke Junr of James City County Gent" was also a witness.
In 1704 he received a grant for 1168 acres on one of the branches of Chickahomy Swamp, called the Lickinghole Swamp.
In 1704 he is listed three times in the Quit Rent Rolls for Virginia as Henry Duke, Esq.,, twice for property in New Kent County and once in James City County. His presumed oldest son, Thomas, is also listed in James City County. A younger son, Henry Duke Jr., is listed in James City County.
William Byrd frequently visited both Col. Duke (Col. Henry Duke) and James Duke and his wife Mary Byrd. However, Mary is last mentioned in Byrd's diary on 6 Apr 1721. Between 1709 through 1712 Colonel William Byrd II of "Westover" recorded interactions with Col. Henry Duke and his son James Duke in his diary.
Necrology of Virginia Historical Society, 1898. Colonial Richard Thomas Walker Duke, The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Volume VI, 819-820:
Duke, Walter Garland, Henry Duke, Councilor, His Descendants and Connections. Richmond: Dietz Press, 1949
Early Virginia Families Along the James River: Their Deep Roots and Tangled Branches, Vol. III. Abstracts of Land Patents - James City County (first entry on page 81.)
New Kent County, Virginia St. Peter's Parish Vestry Book and Register, 1684-1786 The Vestry Book and Register of St Peters Parish 1684-1786 Appendices A
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