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Benjamin Duke (abt. 1700 - bef. 1770)

Benjamin Duke aka Dukes
Born about [location unknown]
Son of DNA confirmed and [mother unknown]
Brother of
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died before in Lancaster, South Carolinamap
Profile last modified | Created 18 Mar 2018 | Last significant change: 30 Dec 2021
01:04: Scott McClain edited the Locked Status for Benjamin Duke (abt.1700-bef.1770). (Adding PPP; disputed/unknown origins.) [Thank Scott for this | 2 thank-yous received]
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US Southern Colonies.
Benjamin Duke resided in the Southern Colonies in North America before 1776.
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Contents

Biography

The scant historical records are not sufficient to define the family of Benjamin and Mary Duke who settled circa 1750 on the Wateree River in the old Camden District of South Carolina. The records that remain after the erosion of time and the destruction of Civil War can only provide hints of Benjamin and Mary’s three sons: John Dukes of Lancaster who settled nearby and upriver from Benjamin Duke’s homestead, Robert Duke of Fairfield who settled downriver on Twenty-Five Mile Creek adjacent to lands thought to be held by Benjamin Duke’s brother Jeremiah Duke, and finally Richard Duke, the youngest son who settled by 1780 near land owned by John Duke on a branch of the Savannah River in western South Carolina. Both Benjamin Duke and his wife Mary were deceased by 1770. Proof for Benjamin and Mary Duke’s family required the historical records to be augmented by DNA results, first by 111 marker Y-DNA results which yield a probability of 98 percent for a common ancestor within the seven generations that separate the Duke male testers from Benjamin. Numerous Autosomal DNA cousin matches between the descendants continue to provide further proof for Benjamin’s family. John and Esther Dukes of Lancaster's proved children: Elijah (died early), Moses of Barnwell, SC married Elizabeth Bensen(1) and Lurany(2), John of Tattnall County, GA , Margarett married Micajah Hughes, and Martha married Isaac Hughes, Ann married William Arledge, unproved children: Harriet, Clarissa, and Sarah (suspected to have married Loveless). Robert and Nancy Duke's proved children: Thomas married Mary Dougherty, Rachel married Peter Crim, Moses of Richland, SC married Mary Faust, Aaron married Margaret (Peggy) Faust, Hester/Easter/Esther married William Wilson, Anne married Meredith Taylor, and Jesse Duke of Richland, SC. Richard and Elizabeth Duke’s proved children: Moses Duke of Kershaw, SC married Nancy Burge, Elizabeth, married Thomas L. Foster More details about the historical records for Benjamin and Mary Duke and their three sons including the DNA results for their descendants can be found in the Duke Study Report at: [1]

Research Notes

The historical records show that Benjamin Duke and his wife Mary settled on the Wateree River circa 1750 in the historical Camden District of South Carolina. Through the study of South Carolina historical records and the use of yDNA tests, three sons of Benjamin Duke are identified and are the progenitors for three of the five subgroups of the Duke yDNA group 5 descendants. Sons of Jeremiah Dukes, thought to be the brother of Benjamin Duke are the progenitors for the remaining two subgroups of the Duke yDNA group 5 descendants. Benjamin Duke’s heritage including his birth date, and place are unknown. The 1749 South Carolina survey plat for Benjamin’s homestead shows a cabin and several paths which might indicate the Duke family had arrived prior to that date. The lease and release agreement that his son John signed in 1753 indicates that John Dukes of Lancaster was likely at least an older teen by 1749. In 1765, John Dukes of Lancaster recorded the above-mentioned land transaction and both he and his brother Robert Duke of Fairfield applied for land grants of their own. This implies that their father had died by this time and a 1770 record that identifies the new owner for the Benjamin Duke homestead indicates that both Benjamin Duke and his wife Mary were deceased by that date.

Sources

DNA

  • Paternal relationship is confirmed by a triangulated group on GEDmatch consisting of A975920 Jim Jackson, GB2240182 Clint Franks, FE7231186 Berge Cox, who share 8 cM on chromosome 18 from 56,809,578 to 60,892,362 and 300 SNPs. Jim/Clint = 6C2R; Jim/Berge = 6C1R; Clint/Berge = 6C3R; . The MRCAs of Jim, Clint, and Berge are Benjamin Duke and Mary, the 8th great grandparents of Clint, the 6th great grandparents of Jim, and the 5th great grandparents of Berge.
  • Paternal relationship is confirmed through Y-chromosome DNA testing. Jerry Dukes, FTDNA kit #939963, and his 7th cousin, Charles Edward Duke, FTDNA kit #49262, match at a Genetic Distance of 2 on 37 markers thereby confirming their direct paternal lines back to their MRCA Unknown|Dukes. FTDNA indicates that the probability the two share a common ancestor within the last 8 generations is 97.28%.
  • Paternal relationship is confirmed through Y-chromosome DNA testing. James Dukes, FTDNA kit #193243, and his 6th cousin twice removed, Moses Duke, FTDNA kit #31689, match at a Genetic Distance of 2 on 111 markers thereby confirming their direct paternal lines back to their MRCA Unknown|Dukes.FTDNA indicates that the probability the two share a common ancestor within the last 7 generations is 97.73% and within the last 8 generations is 98.82%.
  • Paternal relationship is confirmed through Y-chromosome DNA testing for Charles Duke, FTDNA kit #49262, and his 6th cousin once removed, Moses Duke, FTDNA kit #31689, match at a Genetic Distance of 3 on 111 markers thereby confirming their direct paternal lines back to their MRCA Unknown Dukes. FTDNA indicates that the probability the two share a common ancestor within the last 7 generations is 97.73% and within the last 8 generations is 98.82%.
  • Paternal relationship is confirmed through Y-chromosome DNA testing. Gary Dukes, FTDNA kit #767329, and his 6th cousin twice removed, Moses Duke, FTDNA kit #31689, match at a Genetic Distance of 3 on 111 markers thereby confirming their direct paternal lines back to their MRCA Unknown|Dukes. FTDNA indicates that the probability the two share a common ancestor within the last 7 generations is 91.8% and within the last 8 generations is 95.21%.
  • Paternal relationship is confirmed by an autosomal triangulated group on GEDmatch consisting of Mary Dukes, Steven Dukes, Gerald Dukes, Betty Rodgers, Joel Skates, Steve Appling and Tim Winslett who share a 8.4 cM segment on chromosome 11. Mary and Gerald are 4th cousins once removed. Mary and Betty are 5th cousins twice removed. Mary and Joel are 5th cousins once removed. Mary and Steve are 5th cousins once removed. Mary and Tim are 5th cousins once removed. Steven and Gerald are 4th cousins once removed. Steven and Betty are 8th cousins once removed. Steven and Joel are 5th cousins once removed. Steven and Steve are 5th cousins once removed. Steven and Tim are 5th cousins once removed. Gerald and Betty are 8th cousins. Gerald and Joel are 4th cousins once removed. Gerald and Steve are 4th cousins twice removed. Gerald and Tim are 3rd cousins once removed. Betty and Joel are 8th cousins once removed. Betty and Steve are 8th cousins twice removed. Betty and Tim are 8th cousins once removed. Joel and Steve are 3rd cousins once removed. Steve and Tim are 3rd cousins once removed. Tim and Joel are 2nd cousins. Mary and Steven are siblings. The MRCA of all 7 is Unknown Dukes; 7th great grandfather of Betty and Gerald; 8th great grandfather of Joel, Mary, Steven and Tim; 9th great grandfather of Steve.
  • Paternal relationship is confident based on a triangulated group on GEDmatch consisting of Marla Coleman, Louis Caputo and Private Thrasher, who share 14.5cM and 999 SNPs on Chr 18.
    Coleman and Caputo are 4th cousins once removed;
    Coleman and Thrasher are 9th cousins once removed; and
    Caputo and Thrasher are 10th cousins.
    The most-recent common ancestor shared by all is Unknown Dukes, who is the 8th great grandfather of Coleman and the 9th great grandfather of Caputo and Thrasher.
  • Paternal relationship is confirmed by a triangulated group on Gedmatch consisting of Jim Jackson, Berge Cox, and Clint Franks who share the exact same 8.3 cM segment on chromosome 18. The most-recent common ancestors MRCAs shared by all three is Duke-2983 Benjamin Duke and Unknown-429162 Mary Unknown 6th great grandparents of Jim, 4th great grandparents of Berge, and the 8th great grandparents of Clint. Jim and Berge are 6th cousins once removed; Jim and Clint are sixth cousins two times removed, and Berge and Clint are sixth cousins three times removed.


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Benjamin by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Benjamin:

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Comments: 7

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I am wondering and questioning whether this Benjamin Duke is a brother of Elizabeth Duke (Sims). She and her husband were in Warren County, North Carolina.

On the 1784 -1787 Census list for Warren County, Edward Sims and the Sims daughters' (Frances, Mary, and Nancy) families - Towns, Mayfield, and Ellis, are listed in Capt. Twilley's District. Simon Duke and Benjamin Duke are listed in the next district, Capt. Moses' District. In the previous district - Capt. White's District., there are many Dukes: Mary Duke William Duke Matthew Duke John Duke William Duke, Jr.

In addition, the DNA triangulations do not include any of the descendants of Elizabeth Duke and Edward Sims. Would they not be likely to share DNA to Benjamin's descendants? I welcome any comments. Caroline Reid

posted by Caroline Reid
I reset some of the DNA confirmation statements from "confirmed" to "confident" since the MRCA of a triangulation would not be confirmed, according to the directions for triangulation.

John Kingman A DNA Project Coordinator

posted by John Kingman
How do we all connect?

Ron Johnston Forbus (Rp6267805)

CG5367884 (Anita Duke) A127533 (Barbara Duke)

Tony, I was reading your Notes on The Selected Families with the Duke Surname. On Page six you list a Land Deed Transfer between William Harrison and John Duke in 1753, and was located on the Wateree River. William Harrison's wife was Nancy Ann Kirkland, sister of Esther Kirkland, the Wife of John Duke. Could this Mary, Wife of Benjamin, be related to this William Harrison? Jerry
posted by Jerry Dukes
I found an Ancestry,com Family File for Benjamin that lists his Spouse as Mary Harrison, b. 1710, Ilse of Wight, Virginia, d. 1770, Kershaw, Lancaster, South Carolina. Could this be Correct?
posted by Jerry Dukes
Thank you Jerry, for your information. About 1710 DOB and before 1770 DOD and the place of death is consistent with the historical data and my opinion on the life of Mary, the wife of Benjamin Duke, Wateree River. I would need to know more about your information: the source, the place of birth, and the surname before making a determination their correctness. Meanwhile, I'll be combing through my Harrison surname atDNA cousin matches.
posted by Tony Cox
As I state in the Biography section for John Duke (Duke-990) "John married Esther, possibly née Kirkland. The surname for John Duke of Lancaster's wife is implied but not specifically named in the historical records." I hope to prove her surname is Kirkland by using Autosomal DNA. The William Harrison and Ann/Nancy Kirkland Indenture/Release that you mention is the first of many records that imply a close connection between John Duke and the Kirkland family. I found no connection between Benjamin Duke or any of his children and Ann Kirkland's husband William Harrison.
posted by Tony Cox

Rejected matches › Anonymous Duke

D  >  Duke  >  Benjamin Duke

Categories: Lancaster County, South Carolina | South Carolina Colonists