The Benjamin Duke who settled on the Wateree River circa 1750 in the historical Camden District of South Carolina is the progenitor for all the Duke yDNA group 5 descendants. Benjamin Duke’s heritage including his birth date and place is unknown. The 1749 South Carolina survey plat for Benjamin’s homestead shows a cabin and several paths which might indicate the Duke family had arrived prior to that date. The lease and release agreement that his son John signed in 1753 indicates that John Dukes of Lancaster was likely an older teen by 1749. In 1765, John Dukes of Lancaster recorded the above-mentioned land transaction and both he and his brother Robert Duke of Fairfield applied for land grants of their own. This implies that their father had died by this time and a 1770 record that identifies a new owner for the Benjamin Duke homestead indicates that both Benjamin Duke and his wife Mary were deceased by that date.
The scant historical records are not sufficient to define the family of Benjamin and Mary Duke who settled circa 1750 on the Wateree River in the old Camden District of South Carolina. The records that remain after the erosion of time and the destruction of Civil War can only provide hints of Benjamin and Mary’s four known sons: John Dukes of Lancaster who settled nearby and upriver from Benjamin Duke’s homestead, Robert Duke of Fairfield who settled downriver on Twenty-Five Mile Creek adjacent to lands held by a third brother, Nehemiah Duke, and finally Richard Duke, the youngest son who settled by 1780 near land owned by John Duke on a branch of the Savannah River in western South Carolina. Both Benjamin Duke and his wife Mary were deceased by 1770.
Proof for Benjamin and Mary Duke’s family requires the historical records to be augmented by DNA results, first by 111 marker Y-DNA results which yield a probability of 98 percent for a common ancestor within the seven generations that separate the Duke male testers from Benjamin. Numerous Autosomal DNA cousin matches between the descendants continue to provide further proof for the family.
John and Esther Dukes of Lancaster's proved children: Elijah (died early), Moses of Barnwell, SC married Elizabeth Bensen(1) and Lurany(2), John of Tattnall County, GA , Margarett married Micajah Hughes, and Martha married Isaac Hughes, Ann married William Arledge, suspected children:Harriet, Clarissa, Sarah (suspected to have married Loveless)
Robert and Nancy Duke's proved children: Thomas married Mary Dougherty, Rachel married Peter Crim, Moses of Richland, SC married Mary Faust, Aaron married Peggy Faust, Hester/Easter/Esther married William Wilson, Anne married Meredith Taylor, and Jesse Duke of Richland, SC.
Richard and Elizabeth Duke’s proved children: Moses Duke of Kershaw, SC married Nancy Burge, Elizabeth, married Thomas L. Foster
Nehemiah and Elizabeth Dukes’ proved children: Robert Duke of Marion County, MS, Samuel Duke of Fairfield married Mary Doughtery Duke(1) and Isabella(2), Sarah Duke married William Wells, Margaret Duke married Perry, Nancy Duke married Vann, Celey Duke married Horn, and Rodney Duke married Simmons.
More details about the historical records for Benjamin and Mary Duke and their four sons including the DNA results for their descendants can be found in the Duke Study Report at: 
Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.
Benjamin is 25 degrees from Vlad III of Wallachia, 18 degrees from John Carradine, 16 degrees from Lon Chaney, 22 degrees from Rutger Hauer, 22 degrees from Gloria Holden, 21 degrees from Christopher Lee, 19 degrees from Bela Lugosi, 21 degrees from Leslie Nielsen, 21 degrees from David Niven and 19 degrees from Margaret Allison on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.