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Benjamin Duke (abt. 1700 - bef. 1770)

Benjamin Duke aka Dukes
Born about [location unknown]
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died before in Lancaster, South Carolinamap
Profile manager: Tony Cox private message [send private message]
Profile last modified | Created 18 Mar 2018 | Last significant change: 22 Oct 2020
22:04: Tony Cox edited the Biography, Birth Date, Birth Place and Status Indicators for Benjamin Duke (abt.1700-bef.1770). (Correct some errors, add Research Notes, and edit Biography) [Thank Tony for this | 2 thank-yous received]
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Research Notes

The Benjamin Duke who settled on the Wateree River circa 1750 in the historical Camden District of South Carolina is the progenitor for all the Duke yDNA group 5 descendants. Benjamin Duke’s heritage including his birth date and place is unknown. The 1749 South Carolina survey plat for Benjamin’s homestead shows a cabin and several paths which might indicate the Duke family had arrived prior to that date. The lease and release agreement that his son John signed in 1753 indicates that John Dukes of Lancaster was likely an older teen by 1749. In 1765, John Dukes of Lancaster recorded the above-mentioned land transaction and both he and his brother Robert Duke of Fairfield applied for land grants of their own. This implies that their father had died by this time and a 1770 record that identifies a new owner for the Benjamin Duke homestead indicates that both Benjamin Duke and his wife Mary were deceased by that date.


The scant historical records are not sufficient to define the family of Benjamin and Mary Duke who settled circa 1750 on the Wateree River in the old Camden District of South Carolina. The records that remain after the erosion of time and the destruction of Civil War can only provide hints of Benjamin and Mary’s four known sons: John Dukes of Lancaster who settled nearby and upriver from Benjamin Duke’s homestead, Robert Duke of Fairfield who settled downriver on Twenty-Five Mile Creek adjacent to lands held by a third brother, Nehemiah Duke, and finally Richard Duke, the youngest son who settled by 1780 near land owned by John Duke on a branch of the Savannah River in western South Carolina. Both Benjamin Duke and his wife Mary were deceased by 1770.

Proof for Benjamin and Mary Duke’s family requires the historical records to be augmented by DNA results, first by 111 marker Y-DNA results which yield a probability of 98 percent for a common ancestor within the seven generations that separate the Duke male testers from Benjamin. Numerous Autosomal DNA cousin matches between the descendants continue to provide further proof for the family.

John and Esther Dukes of Lancaster's proved children: Elijah (died early), Moses of Barnwell, SC married Elizabeth Bensen(1) and Lurany(2), John of Tattnall County, GA , Margarett married Micajah Hughes, and Martha married Isaac Hughes, Ann married William Arledge, suspected children:Harriet, Clarissa, Sarah (suspected to have married Loveless)

Robert and Nancy Duke's proved children: Thomas married Mary Dougherty, Rachel married Peter Crim, Moses of Richland, SC married Mary Faust, Aaron married Peggy Faust, Hester/Easter/Esther married William Wilson, Anne married Meredith Taylor, and Jesse Duke of Richland, SC.

Richard and Elizabeth Duke’s proved children: Moses Duke of Kershaw, SC married Nancy Burge, Elizabeth, married Thomas L. Foster

Nehemiah and Elizabeth Dukes’ proved children: Robert Duke of Marion County, MS, Samuel Duke of Fairfield married Mary Doughtery Duke(1) and Isabella(2), Sarah Duke married William Wells, Margaret Duke married Perry, Nancy Duke married Vann, Celey Duke married Horn, and Rodney Duke married Simmons.

More details about the historical records for Benjamin and Mary Duke and their four sons including the DNA results for their descendants can be found in the Duke Study Report at: [1]


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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Benjamin by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Benjamin:

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Comments: 4

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Tony, I was reading your Notes on The Selected Families with the Duke Surname. On Page six you list a Land Deed Transfer between William Harrison and John Duke in 1753, and was located on the Wateree River. William Harrison's wife was Nancy Ann Kirkland, sister of Esther Kirkland, the Wife of John Duke. Could this Mary, Wife of Benjamin, be related to this William Harrison? Jerry
posted by Jerry Dukes
I found an Ancestry,com Family File for Benjamin that lists his Spouse as Mary Harrison, b. 1710, Ilse of Wight, Virginia, d. 1770, Kershaw, Lancaster, South Carolina. Could this be Correct?
posted by Jerry Dukes
Thank you Jerry, for your information. About 1710 DOB and before 1770 DOD and the place of death is consistent with the historical data and my opinion on the life of Mary, the wife of Benjamin Duke, Wateree River. I would need to know more about your information: the source, the place of birth, and the surname before making a determination their correctness. Meanwhile, I'll be combing through my Harrison surname atDNA cousin matches.
posted by Tony Cox
As I state in the Biography section for John Duke (Duke-990) "John married Esther, possibly née Kirkland. The surname for John Duke of Lancaster's wife is implied but not specifically named in the historical records." I hope to prove her surname is Kirkland by using Autosomal DNA. The William Harrison and Ann/Nancy Kirkland Indenture/Release that you mention is the first of many records that imply a close connection between John Duke and the Kirkland family. I found no connection between Benjamin Duke or any of his children and Ann Kirkland's husband William Harrison.
posted by Tony Cox

Rejected matches › Anonymous Duke

D  >  Duke  >  Benjamin Duke

Categories: Lancaster County, South Carolina