Henry Dunant

Jean Henri Dunant (1828 - 1910)

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Jean Henri (Henry) Dunant
Born in Geneva, Switzerlandmap
Son of and [mother unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
[children unknown]
Died in Heiden, Switzerlandmap
Profile last modified | Created 22 Nov 2014
This page has been accessed 717 times.

Categories: This Day In History May 08 | This Day In History October 30 | Nobel Laureates of the 20th Century | Notables | Unconnected Notables.

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Jean Henri Dunant was a Swiss businessman who became a social activist because of his experience during a business trip. He had traveled to Solferino on the evening of 24 June 1859 to appeal directly to French emperor Napoléon III, who was with his army in Lombardy at the time. Shocked by the minimal attempt to provide care for the more than 23,000 wounded soldiers left on the battlefield, he personally purchased needed materials, helped erect makeshift hospitals, and convinced local citizens to assist the injured.

When he returned home, he wrote Un Souvenir de Solferino (A Memory of Solferino) about the experience. He used his book in his travels through Europe to promote the idea of creating a neutral organization to provide care to wounded soldiers in the future, inspiring the creation of the International Committee of the Red Cross in 1863.

He was awarded the first-ever Nobel Peace Prize in 1901 for his role in founding the International Red Cross and initiating the Geneva Convention.

  • son of Jean-Jacques Dunant and Antoinette Dunant-Colladon[1][2]


  1. *Wikipedia: Henry_Dunant, accessed 27 Sept 2017
  2. MIH Podcast: 2:03 - birth, parents and siblings

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Images: 5
Henry Dunant Image 1
Henry Dunant Image 1

Henry Dunant Image 2
Henry Dunant Image 2

Battle of Solferino
Battle of Solferino

Founders of the International Committee of the Red Cross
Founders of the International Committee of the Red Cross

Henry Dunant's Nobel Peace Prize
Henry Dunant's Nobel Peace Prize


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