"Stanley Ann Dunham (November 29, 1942 – November 7, 1995) was the mother of Barack Obama, the 44th President of the United States, and an American anthropologist who specialized in economic anthropology and rural development.
Dunham's name changed several times during her life:
Stanley Ann Dunham was her name at birth
Stanley Dunham -- through high school,
Ann Dunham in graduate school
Ann Obama during her first marriage
Ann Soetoro during her second marriage
Ann Sutoro, after her second divorce, while in Indonesia
Stanley Ann Dunham was born November 29, 1942 in Wichita, Kansas, as the only child of Stanley Armour Dunham (1918-1992) and his wife Madelyn Lee Payne.  She spent her childhood in California, Oklahoma, Texas and Kansas, her teenage years in Mercer Island, Washington, and most of her adult life in Hawaii and Indonesia.
She was of predominantly English ancestry, with some German, Swiss, Scottish, Irish, and Welsh ancestry. Wild Bill Hickok is her sixth cousin, five times removed. Ancestry.com announced on July 30, 2012, after using a combination of old documents and yDNA analysis, that Dunham's mother may have been descended from African John Punch, who was an indentured servant/slave in seventeenth-century colonial Virginia.
She was an American anthropologist who specialized in economic anthropology and rural development.
Dunham studied at the East–West Center and at the University of Hawaii at Manoa in Honolulu, where she attained a bachelor's of anthropology  and master's and PhD in anthropology.
Interested in craftsmanship, weaving and the role of women in cottage industries, Dunham's research focused on women's work on the island of Java and blacksmithing in Indonesia. To address the problem of poverty in rural villages, she created microcredit programs while working as a consultant for the United States Agency for International Development. Dunham was also employed by the Ford Foundation in Jakarta and she consulted with the Asian Development Bank in Gujranwala, Pakistan. Towards the latter part of her life, she worked with Bank Rakyat Indonesia, where she helped apply her research to the largest microfinance program in the world.
In an interview, Barack Obama referred to his mother as "the dominant figure in my formative years ... The values she taught me continue to be my touchstone when it comes to how I go about the world of politics." 
1961 First marriage to Barack Obama, Sr.
While attending a Russian language class, Dunham met Barack Obama, Sr., the school's first African student.At the age of 23, Obama Sr. had come to Hawaii to pursue his education, leaving behind a pregnant wife and infant son in his home town of Nyang'oma Kogelo in Kenya. Dunham and Obama Sr. were married on the Hawaiian island of Maui on February 2, 1961, despite parental opposition from both families.Dunham was three months pregnant.  Obama Sr. eventually informed Dunham about his first marriage in Kenya but claimed he was divorced. Years later, she would discover this was false.
Obama Sr.'s first wife, Kezia, later said she had granted her consent for him to marry a second wife, in keeping with Luo customs. The Standard (Kenya). in keeping with the Luo customs, Obama Senior sought her consent to take another wife, which she granted.
Dunham filed for divorce in January 1964, which Obama Sr. did not contest.
1965 Second Marriage to Lolo Soetoro
"It was at the East–West Center that Dunham met Lolo Soetoro, a Javanese  surveyor who had come to Honolulu in September 1962 on an East–West Center grant to study geography at the University of Hawaii. Javanese often have only one name. "Lolo" was a nickname given to Soetoro in childhood. Soetoro graduated from the University of Hawaii with an M.A. in geography in June 1964. In 1965, Soetoro and Dunham were married in Hawaii, and in 1966, Soetoro returned to Indonesia. Dunham graduated from the University of Hawaii with a B.A. in anthropology on August 6, 1967, and moved in October the same year with her six-year-old son to Jakarta, Indonesia, to rejoin her husband."
While Ann and Barry were in Indonesia, they lived in Menteng Dalam, Jakarta, and were occasionally invited to the family home in Jayeng Prawiran, Jogjakarta. 
"Aunt Ann was very polite. Once upon a time she stroked the head of my grandparents. Uh, all of them smiling. Was only after the event Ann was told that stroking the head of an old man in Java was very disrespectful. Tante was shocked, then apologized. Grandmother just laughed, "Heri said. 
Although he was officially in Jakarta, Soetoro often invited Barry to Jogjakarta. "They often played at the grandparents house. Incidentally dad used to live with his grandparents., So I remember very well when Barry ran to and fro," said the father of two boys. 
Aunt Ann, said Heri, was very happy to hang out with regular people. Like a rickshaw ride to Malioboro. Like to market, principally its populace," said the husband Trisiswati. 
Young Barack's Schools and Boyhood
Barack, often known as Barry, had a scattered schooling in his early years:
1966-1967: kindergarten at Noelani Elementary School in Honolulu. 
1968-1969: Obama attended the Indonesian-language Santo Fransiskus Asisi (St. Francis of Assisi) Catholic School around the corner from their house for 1st, 2nd, and part of 3rd grade.
1970: Obama attended the Indonesian-language government-run Besuki School one and a half miles east in the exclusive Menteng administrative village of the Menteng subdistrict for part of 3rd grade and for 4th grade.
In mid-1970, between 3rd and 4th grades at the Besuki School, Obama spent the summer in Hawaii with his grandparents, Stanley and Madelyn Dunham, and interviewed for admission to the Punahou School in Honolulu.
In mid-1971, Obama moved back to Hawaii to live with his grandparents and attend Punahou School starting in 5th grade.
"I first came to this country when my mother married an Indonesian named Lolo Soetoro. And as a young boy I was -- as a young boy I was coming to a different world. But the people of Indonesia quickly made me feel at home." 
So we moved to Menteng Dalam, where -- (applause) -- hey, some folks from Menteng Dalam right here. (Applause.) And we lived in a small house. We had a mango tree out front. And I learned to love Indonesia while flying kites and running along the paddy fields and catching dragonflies, buying satay and baso from the street vendors. (Applause.) I still remember the call of the vendors. Satay! (Laughter.) I remember that. Baso! (Laughter.) But most of all, I remember the people -- the old men and women who welcomed us with smiles; the children who made a foreign child feel like a neighbor and a friend; and the teachers who helped me learn about this country.
Now, I stayed here for four years -- a time that helped shape my childhood; a time that saw the birth of my wonderful sister, Maya; a time that made such an impression on my mother that she kept returning to Indonesia over the next 20 years to live and to work and to travel -- and to pursue her passion of promoting opportunity in Indonesia’s villages, especially opportunity for women and for girls. And I was so honored -- I was so honored when President Yudhoyono last night at the state dinner presented an award on behalf of my mother, recognizing the work that she did. And she would have been so proud, because my mother held Indonesia and its people very close to her heart for her entire life. 
1972 Return to Hawaii
A year later, in August 1972, Dunham, with the help of her employer (LPPM), obtained an Asia Foundation grant to begin graduate study in anthropology at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. She and her daughter moved back to Hawaii where they rejoined Obama. 
She died November 7, 1995 (aged 52) in Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of Uterine cancer. Her ashes were scattered into the Pacific Ocean off Koko Head, Oahu, Hawaii.
President Obama talked about Dunham's death in a 30-second campaign advertisement ("Mother") arguing for health care reform. The ad featured a photograph of Dunham holding a young Obama in her arms as Obama talks about her last days worrying about expensive medical bills. The topic also came up in a 2007 speech in Santa Barbara:
"I remember my mother. She was 52 years old when she died of ovarian cancer, and you know what she was thinking about in the last months of her life? She wasn't thinking about getting well. She wasn't thinking about coming to terms with her own mortality. She had been diagnosed just as she was transitioning between jobs. And she wasn't sure whether insurance was going to cover the medical expenses because they might consider this a preexisting condition. I remember just being heartbroken, seeing her struggle through the paperwork and the medical bills and the insurance forms. So, I have seen what it's like when somebody you love is suffering because of a broken health care system. And it's wrong. It's not who we are as a people."
After her son was elected President, interest renewed in Dunham's work: The University of Hawaii held a symposium about her research; an exhibition of Dunham's Indonesian batik textile collection toured the United States; and in December 2009, Duke University Press published Surviving against the Odds: Village Industry in Indonesia, a book based on Dunham's original 1992 dissertation.
Janny Scott, an author and former New York Times reporter, published a biography about Ann Dunham's life titled A Singular Woman in 2011.
Posthumous interest has also led to the creation of The Ann Dunham Soetoro Endowment in the Anthropology Department at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, as well as the Ann Dunham Soetoro Graduate Fellowships, intended to fund students associated with the East–West Center (EWC) in Honolulu, Hawaii.
In December 2010 Dunham was awarded the Bintang Jasa Utama, the highest civilian award in Indonesia.
Barack Hussein Obama (b. 1961), son of Ann Dunham and Barack Obama, Sr. (Married 1961-1964). On August 4, 1961, at the age of 18, Dunham gave birth to her first child, Barack Obama II. Friends in the state of Washington recall her visiting with her month-old baby in 1961.
Maya Kassandra Soetoro (b. 1970), daughter of Ann Dunham and Lolo Soetoro (Married 1965-1980) . On August 15, 1970, Soetoro and Dunham had a daughter, Maya Kassandra Soetoro.
↑ 1.01.1 S. Ann Dunham – Surviving against the Odds: Village Industry in Indonesia". Dukeupress.edu. Retrieved 2014-08-20. Cited by Wikipedia. Accessed Aug 7, 2016
↑ Scott (2011), p. 6: Anyone writing about Dunham's life must address the question of what to call her. She was Stanley Ann Dunham at birth and Stanley as a child, but dropped the Stanley upon graduating from high school. She was Ann Dunham, then Ann Obama, then Ann Soetoro until her second divorce. Then she kept her husband's name but modernized the spelling to Sutoro. In the early 1980s, she was Ann Sutoro, Ann Dunham Sutoro, S. Ann Dunham Sutoro. In conversation, Indonesians who worked with her in the late 1980s and early 1990s referred to her as Ann Dunham, putting the emphasis on the second syllable of the surname. Toward the end of her life, she signed her dissertation S. Ann Dunham and official correspondence (Stanley) Ann Dunham. p. 363: modernized the spelling: The spelling of certain Indonesian words changed after Indonesia gained its independence from the Dutch in 1949, and again under a 1972 agreement between Indonesia and Malaysia... Names containing oe,... are now often spelled with a u... However, older spellings are still used in some personal names... After her divorce from Lolo Soetoro, Ann Dunham kept his last name for a number of years while she was still working in Indonesia, but she changed the spelling to Sutoro. Their daughter, Maya Soetoro-Ng, chose to keep the traditional spelling of her Indonesian surname.
↑ Peters, Susan (2009-01-27). "President Obama: from Kansas to the capital, part II (video at videosurf.com)". Wichita: KAKE 10 News (ABC). Retrieved 2009-09-12. Cited by Wikitree. Accessed Aug 7, 2016
↑ Scott (2011), p. 108. Cited by Wikipedia. Accessed Aug 7, 2016
↑ Smolenyak, Megan Smolenyak (November–December 2008). "The quest for Obama's Irish roots". Ancestry. 26 (6): 46–47, 49. ISSN 1075-475X. Retrieved December 20, 2011; Smolenyak, Megan (May 9, 2011). "Tracing Barack Obama's Roots to Moneygall". The Huffington Post. Retrieved May 19, 2011; Rising, David; Noelting, Christoph (Associated Press) (June 4, 2009). "Researchers: Obama has German roots". USAToday.com. Retrieved May 13, 2010; Hutton, Brian; Nickerson, Matthew (May 3, 2007). "For sure, Obama's South Side Irish; One of his roots traces back to small village" (paid archive). Chicago Sun-Times. Press Association of Ireland. p. 3. Retrieved November 24, 2008; Jordon, Mary (May 13, 2007). "Tiny Irish village is latest place to claim Obama as its own". The Washington Post. p. A14. Retrieved May 13, 2007; David Williamson (July 5, 2008). "Wales link in US presidential candidate's past". www.walesonline.co.uk. Archived from the original on 21 May 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
↑ Boston Genealogical Society Confirms Obama and "Wild Bill" Hickok Are Cousins New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2008-07-30. Cited by wikipedia. Accessed Aug 7, 2016
↑ Press Release: Ancestry.com Discovers President Obama Related to First Documented Slave in America: Research Connects First African-American President to First African Slave in the American Colonies. Cited by Wikipedia. Accessed Aug 7, 2016
↑ Harman, Anatasia; Cottrill, Natalie D.; Reed, Paul C.; Shumway, Joseph (2012-07-15). "Documenting President Barack Obama's Maternal African-American Ancestry:Tracing His Mother's Bunch Ancestry to the First Slave in America" (PDF). Ancestry.com. Retrieved 2013-09-10. Most people will be surprised to learn that U.S. President Barack Obama has African-American ancestry through his mother.
The University of Hawaii at Manoa Department of Anthropology says Ann Dunham received a B.A. in anthropology in August 1967 and contemporaneous correspondence in 1966 and 1967 between S. Ann Soetoro and the INS makes repeated references to her obtaining a B.A. in anthropology in 1967.
↑ 10.010.110.2 Dewey, Alice; White, Geoffrey (November 2008). "Ann Dunham: a personal reflection". Anthropology News. 49 (8): 20. doi:10.1111/an.2008.49.8.20. Archived from the original on June 10, 2010. Retrieved 2009-08-23. reprinted by: Dewey, Alice; White, Geoffrey (2009-03-09). "Ann Dunham: a personal reflection". Honolulu: University of Hawaii Department of Anthropology. Archived from the original on 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2010-11-22. "Spotlight on Alumni: EWC Alumna Ann Dunham— Mother to President Obama and Champion of Women's Rights and Economic Justice". East-West Center. Honolulu, HI, USA: East–West Center. 2008-12-09. Archived from the original on 2012-10-12. Retrieved 2013-03-09. External link in |work= (help)
↑ 11.011.111.2 Jones, Tim (2007-03-27). "Barack Obama: mother not just a girl from Kansas; Stanley Ann Dunham shaped a future senator". Chicago Tribune. p. 1 (Tempo). Archived from the original on 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2009-02-16.
(2007-03-27). "Video: Reflections on Obama's mother (02:34)". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 29 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-16.
(2007-03-27). "Video: Jim Wichterman reflects on his former student (02:03)". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 29 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-16.
(2007-03-27). "Video: She changed his diapers (01:02)". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 30 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-16.
Cited by wikipedia. Accessed Aug 7, 2016
↑ Obama, Barack (2004) . Dreams from my father: a story of race and inheritance. New York: Three Rivers Press. p. 9. ISBN 1-4000-8277-3; Mendell (2007), p. 27; Glauberman, Stu; Burris, Jerry (2008). The dream begins: how Hawai‘i shaped Barack Obama. Honolulu: Watermark Publishing. p. 25. ISBN 0-9815086-8-5; Jacobs, Sally (2008-09-21). "A father's charm, absence; friends recall Barack Obama Sr. as a self-confident, complex dreamer whose promising life ended in tragedy". The Boston Globe. p. 1A. Retrieved 2008-12-05. Cited in Wikipedia. Accessed Aug 6, 2016
↑ 13.013.1 Maraniss, David (2008-08-22). "Though Obama had to leave to find himself, it is Hawaii that made his rise possible". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2008-12-05. (online). Maraniss, David (2008-08-24). "Though Obama had to leave to find himself, it is Hawaii that made his rise possible". The Washington Post. p. A22. (print). Cited in Wikipedia. Accessed Aug 7, 2016
↑ Meacham, Jon (2008-08-23). "On his own". newsweek.com. Archived from the original on 23 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-27. (online); Meacham, Jon (2008-09-01). "On his own". Newsweek. 152 (9): 26–36. ("Special Democratic Convention issue") (print) Cited in Wikipedia. Accessed Aug 7, 2016
↑ 15.015.1 Ripley, Amanda (2008-04-09). "The story of Barack Obama's mother". Time. Archived from the original on 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2009-08-27. Ripley, Amanda (2008-04-21). "A mother's story". Time. 171 (16): 36–40, 42. Cited by Wikipedia. Accessed Aug 7, 2016
↑ Oywa, John (2008-11-10). "Keziah Obama: My life with Obama Senior".
↑ Solomon, Deborah (2008-01-20). "Questions for Maya Soetoro-Ng: All in the family". The New York Times Magazine. p. 17. Archived from the original on 12 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-13. Cited by Wikipedia. Accessed Aug 7, 2016
↑ Scott, Janny (2008-03-14). "A free-spirited wanderer who set Obama's path". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved 2009-02-13.
↑ Hoover, Will (2008-11-08). "Obama slept here". The Honolulu Advertiser. p. A1. Retrieved 2011-01-13; Dingeman, Robbie (2008-12-03). "Obama childhood locales attracting more tourists". The Honolulu Advertiser. p. A1. Retrieved 2011-01-13.
↑ San Nicholas, Claudine (2009-01-21). "Retired teachers on Maui recall young, 'cute' student Barry; Instructors worked at Noelani Elementary School on Oahu when Obama was in kindergarten class". Maui News. Wailuku. Retrieved 2011-01-13. Cited by Wikipedia. Accessed Aug 6, 2016
↑ 26.026.1 Dunham (2009), pp. xli–xliv: "January 8, 1976 letter from Ann Dunham Soetoro (Jl. Polowijan 3, Kraton, Yogyakarta) to Prof. Alice G. Dewey (Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu)." Cited by Wikipedia. Accessed August 6, 2016
↑ 27.027.127.2 (2008-12-24). "Obama bids farewell to grandmother (photo gallery)". New York Post. Retrieved 2008-12-25.
↑ "The Ann Dunham Soetoro Endowed Fund". Retrieved 2012-01-02. Cited by wikipedia. Accessed Aug 7, 2016
↑ Henig, Jess; Miller, Joe (2008-08-21). "Born in the U.S.A.". Washington, D.C.: FactCheck.org. Archived from the original on 25 October 2008. Retrieved October 24, 2008. Cited by Wikipedia. Accessed Aug 7, 2016
↑ Brodeur, Nicole (2008-02-05). "Memories of Obama's mother". The Seattle Times. p. B1. Archived from the original on 24 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-13. Box last saw her friend in 1961, when she visited Seattle...
↑ Martin, Jonathan (2008-04-08). "Obama's mother known here as "uncommon"". The Seattle Times. p. A1. Archived from the original on 7 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-13. Regarding the 1961 visit to Washington state: "Susan Blake,[Botkin] another high-school classmate, said that during a brief visit in 1961, Dunham was excited about her husband's plans to return to Kenya." Regarding her enrollment at University of Washington: "By 1962, Dunham had returned to Seattle as a single mother, enrolling in the UW for spring quarter and living in an apartment on Capitol Hill." Cited by Wikipedia. Accessed Aug 7, 2016
↑ Montgomery, Rick (2008-05-26). "Barack Obama's mother wasn't just a girl from Kansas". The Kansas City Star. p. A1. Retrieved 2009-02-13. But all doubts dissipated when she passed through Mercer Island in 1961 with her month-old son. Cited by Wikipedia. Accessedd Aug 7, 2016
↑ Fornek, Scott; Good, Greg (2007-09-09). "The Obama family tree" (PDF). Chicago Sun-Times. p. 2B. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-06-25. Retrieved 2009-02-13. Cited by Wikipedia. Accessed Aug 7, 2016
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Ann by comparing test results with other carriers of her mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known mtDNA test-takers in her direct maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Ann: