||David I (Dunkeld) of Scotland was a member of Scottish Nobility.|
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|King of Scots
23 April 1124 - 24 May 1153
By marriage he also became Earl of Huntingdon and acquired a claim to Northumbria. In the struggle between Matilda and Stephen, David fought for his niece to secure Northumbria for himself. Although defeated by Stephen in the Battle of the Standard (1138), Stephen conceded him the earldom.
As King of Scotland from 1124, he was much more successful, ruling with firmness, justice, and charity. David established Norman law in Scotland, set up the office of chancellor, and began the feudal court
Through his sister Matilda's marriage, he was brother-in-law to Henry I of England. David I used his strength to grant title to and further align himself with some of the more powerful families of Scotland such as the de Brus (Bruce ), Walter fitzAlan (Stewart), de Bailleul (Balliol), de Comines (Comyne), and many others.
David's internal rule was wise and momentous for Scotland. He made land grants to many Anglo-Norman families, thus providing the kingdom with a new feudal aristocracy. He also encouraged the commercial development of the Scottish burghs and strengthened the church by new foundations and endowments. He was succeeded by his grandson, Malcolm IV."
David accelerated the process, begun by his mother, of introducing the Roman Catholic church into Scotland, displacing the Celtic church. He founed many abbeys, including Melrose, Holyrood, Paisley, and Dryburgh. He also introduced the orders of the Knights Templar and Knights Hospitaller into Scotland.
He also learned the spirit of Cistercian monks from Ailred of Rievaulx, who for a time was David's steward. Scottish monasticism began to flower from the start of David's reign and countless almshouses, leper-hospitals, and infirmaries were established. The monasteries founded under David's patronage were superb architecturally as well as spiritually.
(Royal Ancestry) David I, King of Scots, died at Carlisle 24 May 1153 and was buried at Dunfermline, Fife.
Note. Dunfermline is a town and Royal Burgh in Fife, Scotland. The town was first recorded in the 11th century, with the marriage of Malcolm III, King of Scotland, and Saint Margaret at the church in Dunfermline. As his Queen consort, Margaret established a new church dedicated to the Holy Trinity, which evolved into an Abbey under there son, David I in 1128. The Abbey was known as the Benedictine Abbey of the Holy Trinity and St. Margaret. Much of the buildings were destroyed by the troops of Edward I in 1303. The present Parish Church of Scotland in Dunfermline occupies the site of the ancient chancel and transepts of the large medieval Benedictine Abbey, which was sacked in 1560 during the Scottish reformation and allowed to fall into disrepair, although substantial ruins remain. Some parts of the old Abbey infrastructure still remain and are in use today.
Wikipedia states that both David I and his Queen Maud were buried at Dunfermline, but Richardson in Royal Ancestry states she was buried at Scone (Abbey). (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dunfermline) (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dunfermline_Abbey)
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Categories: Scottish Royalty | Battle of the Standard | The Anarchy | Honour of Fotheringhay | Earls of Northampton | Earls of Huntingdon | EuroAristo - Profiles that need work | This Day In History May 24 | Scotland Project Managed Nobility Profiles | House of Dunkeld | Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline, Fife