David I (Dunkeld) of Scotland

David I (Dunkeld) of Scotland (abt. 1085 - 1153)

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David I "King of Scots" of Scotland formerly Dunkeld
Born about in Fordoun, Kincardineshire, Scotlandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married (to ) [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Carlisle, Cumberland, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 14 Sep 2012
This page has been accessed 13,928 times.

Categories: Battle of the Standard | The Anarchy | Honour of Fotheringhay | Earls of Northampton | Earls of Huntingdon | EuroAristo - Profiles that need work | This Day In History May 24 | House of Dunkeld | Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline, Fife.

British Aristocracy
David I (Dunkeld) of Scotland was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
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Preceded by
Alexander I
King of Scots
23 April 1124 - 24 May 1153
Succeeded by
Malcolm IV

Contents

David I "the saint" of Scotland (b. c. 1080)

  • King of Scotland (1124–53)[1]
  • Dabid mac Mael Coluim or Dabid mac Mail Choluim[2][3]
  • Prince of Cumbria[4]
  • Earl of Northampton and Huntingdon[5]
  • Saint David I or David I “The Saint”

Vitals

b. abt 1080[6]
d. 24 MAY 1153 Carlisle, Cumberland. Age 73[7]
Burial: Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland.

Early Life

p. Malcolm III and St. Margaret of Scotland.[8]

Family

m. 1113/4 Matilda of Huntingdon[9] Issue: 2 sons (Malcolm and Henry); 2 dau.(Claricia and Hodierna)[10][11]
  • 1. Malcolm, oldest son (d.Young)[12]
  • 2. Claricia, eldest dau. of David I (d. Young)
  • 3. Hodierna, youngest dau. David I (d. Young)
  • 4. 'Henry, the Earl,'[13], Earl of Northumberland and Huntingdon m. 1139 Ada[14] (d.12 Jun1152)[15][16]

The Anarchy

By marriage he also became Earl of Huntingdon and acquired a claim to Northumbria. In the struggle between Matilda and Stephen, David fought for his niece to secure Northumbria for himself. Although defeated by Stephen in the Battle of the Standard (1138), Stephen conceded him the earldom.

Reign

As King of Scotland from 1124, he was much more successful, ruling with firmness, justice, and charity. David established Norman law in Scotland, set up the office of chancellor, and began the feudal court

Through his sister Matilda's marriage, he was brother-in-law to Henry I of England. David I used his strength to grant title to and further align himself with some of the more powerful families of Scotland such as the de Brus (Bruce ), Walter fitzAlan (Stewart), de Bailleul (Balliol), de Comines (Comyne), and many others.

David's internal rule was wise and momentous for Scotland. He made land grants to many Anglo-Norman families, thus providing the kingdom with a new feudal aristocracy. He also encouraged the commercial development of the Scottish burghs and strengthened the church by new foundations and endowments. He was succeeded by his grandson, Malcolm IV."

Religion

David accelerated the process, begun by his mother, of introducing the Roman Catholic church into Scotland, displacing the Celtic church. He founed many abbeys, including Melrose, Holyrood, Paisley, and Dryburgh. He also introduced the orders of the Knights Templar and Knights Hospitaller into Scotland.

He also learned the spirit of Cistercian monks from Ailred of Rievaulx, who for a time was David's steward. Scottish monasticism began to flower from the start of David's reign and countless almshouses, leper-hospitals, and infirmaries were established. The monasteries founded under David's patronage were superb architecturally as well as spiritually.

  • refounded Melrose Abbey[17]
  • 1138: founded Jedburgh Abbey in 1138[18]
  • 1142: founded abbey at Dundrennan in Dumfries and Galloway[19]

Death and burial of David I, King of Scots

(Royal Ancestry) David I, King of Scots, died at Carlisle 24 May 1153 and was buried at Dunfermline, Fife.

Note. Dunfermline is a town and Royal Burgh in Fife, Scotland. The town was first recorded in the 11th century, with the marriage of Malcolm III, King of Scotland, and Saint Margaret at the church in Dunfermline. As his Queen consort, Margaret established a new church dedicated to the Holy Trinity, which evolved into an Abbey under there son, David I in 1128. The Abbey was known as the Benedictine Abbey of the Holy Trinity and St. Margaret. Much of the buildings were destroyed by the troops of Edward I in 1303. The present Parish Church of Scotland in Dunfermline occupies the site of the ancient chancel and transepts of the large medieval Benedictine Abbey, which was sacked in 1560 during the Scottish reformation and allowed to fall into disrepair, although substantial ruins remain. Some parts of the old Abbey infrastructure still remain and are in use today.

Wikipedia states that both David I and his Queen Maud were buried at Dunfermline, but Richardson in Royal Ancestry states she was buried at Scone (Abbey). (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dunfermline) (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dunfermline_Abbey)

Sources

  1. succeeded his brother Alexander in 1124:
    Upon his father's death, the crown passed to his father's brother. From there it went on to David's older half-brother Duncan II, and subsequently to each of David's brothers until David himself ("the ninth son of Malcolm III") became King upon Alexander's death in 1124. David I already ruled all of Scotland south of the Forth. His succession of Alexander's throne unified Scotland once more.
  2. EN: David son of Malcolm
  3. Robinson (2002). A brief history of British Kings and Queens. pp.117-20. London.
    Scottish Kings, Scot 28, p. 58-70
    Scots Peerage, Scot 2b, v. 1, p. 3-5
    Burke's Peerage, Eng. P, 1949, pref. p. 287
    Dict of Nat'l Biog., Eng. Pub. A, v. 14, p. 117-20
    Royal Lines of Succession, A16A225, p. 21
  4. own right
  5. m.2 wife's right
  6. sources seem to agree David was born about 1080 but location uncertain.
  7. At the time of death, Scotland stretched further south than ever before or since. He was succeeded by his grandson, William I "The Lion".
  8. youngest son; During the reign of his brother Alexander I, whom he succeeded, David was earl of Cumbria, ruling S of the Clyde and Forth rivers.
  9. dau. and h. Waltheof, earl of Huntingdon; granddaughter of Siward, earl of Northumberland; widow of Simon de St. Liz, about 1113-14.
  10. all predeceased father; only Henry lived to maturity
  11. In 1113, he married Matilda, the widow of the earl of Northampton, thereby becoming earl himself, and added the title earl of Cumbria when his brother Alexander I became king.
  12. strangled as a child by Donald Bane, ex-king of Scots.
  13. younger son
  14. dau. William, earl of Warenne, 2nd earl of Surrey.
  15. Burial: Kelso.
  16. Scottish kings - a revised chronology of Scottish history, 1005-1625. Published 1899 by D. Douglas in Edinburgh. archive.org
  17. on the main road from Edinburgh to the south, and it remained one of the richest houses in Scotland.
  18. filled it with monks from Beauvais, FR
  19. splendid abbey staffed with Cistercians from Rievaulx. The monks were so well managed that they even started their own shipping line and traded from the Solway Firth less than two miles away." Source: www.infoplease.com
  • Early Church. BBC
  • David I. BBC
  • Royal Ancestry 2013 Vol. I p. 278-280
  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. IV. page 578
  • Royal Ancestry 2013 Vol. III p. 299
  • Royal Ancestry 2013 Vol. IV p. 578-580
  • History of Scotland, George Buchanan. Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. Encyclopedia Britannica. Google Search.


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with David I by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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Images: 7
David I of Scotland (c.1080 - 1153)
David I of Scotland (c.1080 - 1153)

David Of Scotland
David Of Scotland

David of Scotland
David of Scotland

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David I of Scotland Image 2

David I (King Of Scotland) Caenmor Image 1
David I  (King Of Scotland) Caenmor Image 1

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Collaboration

On 9 Nov 2017 at 23:57 GMT Al Scott wrote:

On 21 Nov 2014 at 05:01 GMT Doug Lockwood wrote:

Notables
David I (Dunkeld) of Scotland is notable.
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David I is 31 degrees from Rosa Parks, 29 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 21 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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