Malcolm III (Dunkeld) of Scotland

Malcolm (Dunkeld) of Scotland (abt. 1031 - 1093)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Malcolm (Malcolm III) "Canmore, Ceannmore, King of the Scots, King of Cumbrians, Maol Chaluim mac Dhonnchaidh" of Scotland formerly Dunkeld aka MacDuff
Born about in Atholl, Perthshire, Scotlandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married about [location unknown]
Husband of — married about in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotlandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Northumberland by Morel of Bamborough, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 24 Feb 2013
This page has been accessed 22,798 times.

Categories: EuroAristo - Profiles that need work | House of Dunkeld.

British Aristocracy
Malcolm III (Dunkeld) of Scotland was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
Join: British Royals and Aristocrats Project
Discuss: british_aristo


Preceded by
Duncan I
King of Strathclyde
1034 - 1058
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Lulach I
King of Scots
17 March 1057-58 - 13 November 1093
Succeeded by
Donald III

Contents

Biography

Malcolm III of Scotland (b.1031}

  • Malcolm III Canmore, King of Scotland (1057-93)[1]
  • Malcolm Ceann Mor or Bighead
  • 27 Jul 1054: avenged family and took the crown by slaying Macbeth, who killed his father, Duncan I.[2] Malcolm was the son of Duncan I who was killed by Macbeth in 1040. He found safe haven in Northumbria and the support of its ruler Earl Siward, who led an army against Macbeth in 1054. Siward and Malcolm defeated Macbeth at the battle of Dunsinnan but although Malcolm's lands were restored to him, he did not dislodge Macbeth from the throne. It wasn't until three years later, on 15 August 1057 at the battle of Lumphanan, that Malcolm again defeated Macbeth. But it was Lulach, Macbeth's stepson and cousin who became king. After less than four months however, Malcolm had Lulach killed and replaced him on the Scottish throne.

Vitals

b. 1031
d. 13 Nov 1093 Battle of Alnwick, attack allegedly to prevent coming Norman invasion, but he was ambushed by one of his Norman friends named Morel. His wife died three days after. It is assumed that they were both buried at the Monastery of Iona. Killed at the siege of Alnwick, Malcolm was buried first at Tynemouth, before being moved to Dunfermline. A character in Macbeth, as Malcolm, son of Duncan, the King of Scotland--although Shakespeare's chronology had little to do with real life.

Early Life

p. Duncan I and Elflaed.[2]

Family

m.1 Ingebjörg ____ (d. c1070), widow of Thorfinn "the Black" Jarl of Orkney and Caithness (d. abt 1060/65). There is some evidence she is dau. Finn Arnisson.[3]
Ingibjörg gave birth to a son who became King Duncan II (King of Scotland; 1060-12 Nov 1094; m. Aethelreda of Dunbar [b. by 1094]). There is mention of additional sons, Donald and Malcolm.[3][2] m. Ingebiorg, widow of the Jarl of Orkney, in 1065. They had 2 sons and a daughter before her death in 1069.
m.2 abt 1071 Margaret of Wessex, dau. Edward "the Exile", son of Edmund Ironside. Issue: 8.[2] m.2 Margaret, dau. Edward Atheling
sons:
  1. Edward, who was killed at Alnwick defending father;
  2. Ethelred, Earl of Fife, and Abbot of Dunkeld before its erection into a bishopric, and still under Columbite rule; gave lands of Ardmore to the Culdees of Loch Leven. Buried at St Andrews;
  3. Edmund, once shared throne with uncle, Donald-bain; became a monk after Donald's deposition in the Cluniae Priory of Montague in Somersetshire, and died there in the odour of sanctity. —Sir James Balfour;
  4. Edgar, told his mother about his father's and brother's death at Dunfermline (Turgot, confessor and biographer);
  5. Alexander I, surnamed Fierce, had earldom of Innergoury - given by uncle (Donald-bain) at his baptism;
  6. David I, the Saint;
Daughters:
  1. Matilda m. Henry I, King of England;
  2. Mary m. Eustace, Count de Bulloigne, (bros. Godfrey, King of Jerusalem). Issue: dau. "Matilda" m. Stephen, King of England; From Mary also descended the Dukes de Bulloigne, of whom was the celebrated Turenne, General of Louis XIV.[4]

Timeline

1058: succeeded father.
25 Apr 1058: Crowned.
Malcolm's rule was marked by many changes when bringing the culture and civilization of England to Scotland. In 1071 however, his reign overcome when Scotland was invaded by William the Conqeror of England who forced Malcolm to pay him homage at Abernethy in Perthshire.
1072: submitted to William I, king of England.
1078: defeated Lulach's son Mael Snechta.
Aug 1093: laid the foundation stone of Durham cathedral. His oath to William didn't prevent him from raiding Northumbria on a regular basis and it was while on such a raid, in August 1093, that he laid the foundation stone of Durham cathedral.
Nov 1093: killed raiding Alnwick. Much of Malcolm's reign was spent pursuing his claim to Northumbria. On his last raid on Northumbria in 1093, he and his son were killed in a treacherous ambush. The king was 63. During his reign, Scotland became more European and cosmopolitan in outlook, due in large part to the Hungarian-raised Queen Margaret. Malcolm was succeeded by his son Edgar, who was killed in battle during the siege of Alnwick Castle, Northumberland, England. Malcolm lived in exile during the reign of his fathers murderer; Macbeth. Malcolm killed Macbeth in battle in 1057.[2]

(Royal Ancestry) Malcolm III, King of Scots, was killed by Morel of Bamborough at Alnwick, Northumberland 13 Nov. 1093. He was initially buried at Tynemouth, but his son, King Alexander I, later removed his body to Dunfermline, Fife (Scotland). His widow, Margaret, died at Edinburgh Castle 16 Nov. 1093, and was buried before the high altar in the church of the Holy Trinity at Dunfermline, Fife.

(Wikipedia) In 1250 (Margaret's) body and that of her husband were exhumed and placed in a new shrine in the Abbey. In 1560 Mary Queen of Scots had Margaret's head removed to Edinburgh Castle as a relic to assist her in childbirth. In 1597 the head ended up with the Jesuits at the Scots' College, Douai, France, but was lost during the French Revolution. Philip II of Spain had the other remains of Margaret and her husband Malcolm transferred to the Escorial in Madrid (royal mausoleum), but they cannot now be found. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Margaret_of_Scotland)

Children- Duncan II, Malcolm, Donald

COD: killed at Alnwick during invasion of England

Buried- Tynemouth, Northumberland, England

Sources

  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. III p. 299. MALCOLM III (CEANNMORE), King of Scotts, married [SAINT] MARGARET
  • Royal Ancestry 2013 Vol. IV p. 576-578
  1. Scottish kings - a revised chronology of Scottish history, 1005-1625. Published 1899 by D. Douglas in Edinburgh. archive.org The Scots Peerage, Sir James Balfour Paul, Ed., 1904 Vol 1 archive.org
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Timeline Sources:
    1. Scots Peerage, Scot 2b, v. 1, p. 1-3
    2. Keiser und Koenig Hist., Gen. Hist. 25, pt. 1, p. 96-97
    3. Ancestors of King Edward III & Queen Philippa, Eng. 117
    4. Keiser und Koenig Hist., Gen. Hist. 25, pt. 1, p. 112-13
  3. 3.0 3.1 Douglas, D. (1899). Scottish kings: A revised chronology of Scottish history, 1005-1625. Edinburgh. archive.org
  4. Scottish kings - a revised chronology of Scottish history, 1005-1625. Published 1899 by D. Douglas in Edinburgh. archive.org.

See also:



More Genealogy Tools



Sponsored Search




Memories: 1

On 21 Apr 2012 Mitchell Wawzonek wrote:

King Malcolm III of Scotland, also known as King Malcolm Canmore (c1031-November 13, 1093) and his wife Queen Margaret (c1047-November 16, 1093), who later became St. Margaret, also known as the Pearl of Scotland. They married in 1070 in Scotland and had six children. They lived in the royal palace at Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland and at Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh. King Malcolm was son of King Duncan (who was killed by Macbeth...Malcolm was just nine, and sought refuge with his kinsmen on his mother's side Earl Siward Biornsson of Northumbria) and Queen Aelflaed of Northumbria. Through his father, King Malcolm was descended from the first kings of Scotland who in turn descended from the kings of Ireland. King Malcolm also was descended from the royal line of the Picts, the indigenous peoples of Scotland. Queen Margaret was daughter of Edward Atheling and Agatha and the granddaughter of King Edmund Ironside and Ealdgyth. Queen Margaret was of royal Saxon heritage and among her ancestors are the early kings of England, including King Alfred the Great. Her lineage also includes royal lines in Scandinavian and Germany, and according to the Icelandic Prose Edda, extends even to Asia Minor, to King Priam of Troy. More information on the lineages of King Malcolm III and Queen Saint Margaret can be found in history books as well as in the royal data bases of the Internet.


In 1053 Malcolm received military support from King Edward the Confessor of England and invaded southern Scotland, where he received considerable support from nobles in Lothian. On 15 August 1057 Malcolm met Macbeth at the Battle of Lumphanan, in Aberdeenshire, and Macbeth was killed. Macbeth was succeeded by his step son Lulach, a great grandson of Kenneth III. On 17 March 1058 Malcolm caught up with and killed Lulach, becoming Malcolm III in the process. His coronation took place at Scone on 25 April 1058.

Malcolm's first wife was Ingibjörg, the widow of the Earl of Orkney, and they had three sons before her death: Donnchad (Duncan); Domnall (Donald); and Máel Coluim (Malcolm).

In 1070 Malcolm married Margaret, the great-niece of Edward the Confessor. She had fled to Scotland with her brother Edgar the Atheling, the Anglo-Saxon heir to the English throne, after William I excluded him from the English succession.

Margaret's impact was dramatic. She favoured the Roman Catholic church to the Celtic Church and brought Benedictine monks to establish an abbey at Dunfermline. To allow her to feel more at home, Malcolm decreed that the language used at court should be Anglo-Saxon rather than Gaelic. As a result Malcolm III was the first to be called "King of Scotland" in his own time. Margaret also had built what is today called St Margaret's Chapel, in the highest part of Edinburgh Castle.

Malcolm and Margaret had eight children: Edward; Edmund; Ethelred; Edgar; Alexander; David; Edith or Matilda; and Mary. The extend of Margaret's influence on the future direction of the Scottish crown and of Scotland more widely can be seen by comparing the Gaelic names of the three children from Malcolm's first marriage and the absence of any Gaelic names among the eight from his second.

Malcolm was keen to take advantage of the disruption caused by the Norman conquest of England to further Scotland's interests. More charitably, he was also interested in rolling back the Norman invasion of England to place the "rightful" Anglo-Saxon heir, his brother in law Edgar the Atheling, on the English throne.

Malcolm's repeated invasions of northern England were driven back by William I, and in 1072 Malcolm was forced by William to sign the Treaty of Abernethy. This was a highly significant document, providing a basis for later claims of dominance of the English throne over the Scottish throne. At the same time Malcolm had to give up his eldest son Duncan as a hostage against his future good conduct.

When William I was succeeded by William II in 1087 (and Duncan was released as a hostage), Malcolm decided to invade England once more, this time with fatal results. He was killed in battle against the English at Alnwick, Northumberland on 13 November 1093, aged 62. His eldest son from his second marriage, Prince Edward of Scotland, died alongside him. Margaret was told of the deaths by her second son, Edmund. She died on 16 November 1093 and was was canonised in 1249.

On his death, Malcolm was succeeded by the joint rule of his brother, Donald III, and his second son by Margaret, Edmund. Malcolm was initially buried at Tynemouth, but in 1115 he was exhumed and reburied in Dunfermline Abbey, next to Margaret.



Login to add your own memory.

Search
Searching for someone else?
First: Last:

DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Malcolm III by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.



Images: 8
Malcolm III of Scotland
Malcolm III of Scotland

Malcolm III of Scotland & Margaret
Malcolm III of Scotland & Margaret

MARGARET AND MALCOM OF SCOTLAND
MARGARET AND MALCOM OF SCOTLAND

Malcolm III Dunkeld family from stanford
Malcolm III Dunkeld family from stanford

Malcolm III and St. Margaret
Malcolm III and St. Margaret

view all


Collaboration

On 28 Sep 2018 at 17:27 GMT James LaLone wrote:

On 21 Feb 2018 at 07:58 GMT Chris Douglas wrote:

Shouldn't his place of death be Alnwick, Northumberland, England?

On 10 Nov 2017 at 00:25 GMT Al Scott wrote:

On 22 Jul 2017 at 18:44 GMT Stephanie (Gray) Carmon wrote:

FitzDuncan-16 and Dunkeld-77 appear to represent the same person because: Same person and family

On 20 Feb 2017 at 22:34 GMT C (Sälgö) S wrote:

Skottland-2 and Dunkeld-77 appear to represent the same person because: Same person please merge

On 18 Jul 2015 at 19:35 GMT Darrell Parker wrote:

Dunkeld-77 and Canmore-84 appear to represent the same person because: Appears to be the same person

On 1 Oct 2014 at 23:07 GMT Bree Ogle wrote:

Caenmore-2 and Dunkeld-77 appear to represent the same person because: Duplicate

On 27 Aug 2014 at 21:22 GMT Nichole (Sparks) Gump Jr wrote:

Married a 2nd time to Ingibiorg, with 2 children: Duncan II Canmore, and Donald Canmore.

On 10 Mar 2013 at 03:10 GMT Sheri (Petersen) Sturm wrote:

known as Ceannmor, or Great Head,

On 4 Feb 2013 at 11:55 GMT Wendy (Smith) Hampton wrote:

oops sorry you were asking about LNAB - I think it would be Finnsdotter?

However we probably also need to know how to spell her given name as well. Wendy

more comments


Malcolm III is 30 degrees from Sharon Caldwell, 27 degrees from Burl Ives and 21 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

D  >  Dunkeld  |  O  >  of Scotland  >  Malcolm (Dunkeld) of Scotland