Richard Duxford is the presumed son of John Duxford of Ashwell, Hertfordshire. This is identification was made by John Threlfall in his Fifty Great Migration Colonists. It is a presumption based on John Duxford naming his son Richard in his will in 1559, the rarity of the name, and the proximity of Ashwell to Westmill (about 10 miles). The name Duxford presumably derives from the town of Duxford, Cambridgeshire which is about 15 miles from Ashwell. Because the parish records of Ashwell do not begin until 1604 and the parish records of Westmill do not begin until 1580, the construction of this family is based entirely on the will of Richard and that of his presumed father John.
Born: Before 1540, possibly in Ashwell, Hertfordshire, England.
The date is based on his having a daughter old enough to marry in 1583; he could have been born as much as a decade earlier or even slightly later. The place of birth is not known with certainty and is based entirely on where his presumed father was living when he made his will.
Marriage and Children
Married: Joan Unknown about 1560. Her name is known from the record of her burial on 24 September 1616 in Westmill.
Date is a very rough estimate based on his daughter being married in 1583.
Steele & Related Lines (1998) p163 shows Agnes as mother of Richard Duxford; Katherine as wife of Richard Duxford and Joan as daughter (Joan is shown as daughter below)-Therefore it is uncertain whether spouse was named Agnes or Katherine. Steele & Related lines shows children as Joan b. ca1562; William b ca1565 & Katherine b.1568. Seems improbable that 2 Joan's could have been children of Richard, one b.1560 marrying a John Darde and the other b.1575 & marrying a John Darden. " Children" below also shows only 1 Joan child of Richard.
Joan Duxford, born say 1562 (1560-1565) based on her marriage to John Darde on 20 October 1583 in Westmill.
Katherine Duxford, born say 1569 (1565-1570) based on her marriage to Thomas Richardson on 25 August 1590.
William Duxford, born say 1570 (1565-1574) based on his marriage to Alice Heminge on 9 June 1595 in Westmill.
Burial: 23 April 1622 in Westmill, Hertfordshire, England
Will: of Richard Duxford of Westmill, Hertfordshire, husbandman
Dated 23 March 1618 and proved 2 July 1622
weak in body.
to daughter Joan Darde my tenement with appurtenances and one half acre of ground whereon it standeth, namely the house wherein Francis Wyman now dwelleth
to Agnes Duxford, Joan Duxford, William Duxford, Clement Duxford, Richard Duxford and Elizabeth Duxford my son William Duxford's children, to each of them 6s. 8d. , the eldest within one year, the next eldest the next year, the third eldest the third year, the three youngest at age 21, to be paid by my daughter Joan Darde out of the tenement
to Katherine Richardson my daughter one messuage or tenement called Barwicke wherein she now dwelleth
to Agnes, Joan, William, Clement, Richard & Elizabeth Duxford my son William’s children, to each of them 6s. 8d. to be paid by my daughter Katherine in same way as payments by daughter Joan
to Elizabeth Wyman the wife of Francis Wyman one chamber at the east end of the tenement wherein I now lie if she fortune to be a widow, for as long as she remain a widow
to Katherine Richardson my daughter one feather bed and bolster
rest of my movable goods unbequeathed to my daughters Joan Darde and Katherine Richardson, they to be executors.
Signed by mark. Proved 2 July 1622 by the daughters.
Footnotes and citations:
↑ 1.01.11.2 Threlfall, John Brooks. Fifty Great Migration Colonists to New England and their Origins. (1990): 535-538.
↑ New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. 139 no.2 (April 1985): 147-148. "The Duxford Ancestry of The Richardsons and Wymans", by John B. Threlfall. AmericanAncestors.org Link
New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. 139 no.2 (April 1985): 147-148. "The Duxford Ancestry of The Richardsons and Wymans", by John B. Threlfall. AmericanAncestors.org Link
Threlfall, John Brooks. Fifty Great Migration Colonists to New England and their Origins. (1990): 535-538.
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