José Maria Eça Queirós
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José Maria Eça Queirós (1845 - 1900)

José Maria "Carlos Fradique Mendes" Eça Queirós aka de Eça de Queirós
Born in Póvoa de Varzim, Porto, Portugalmap
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
[children unknown]
Died in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 14 Jun 2018
This page has been accessed 273 times.
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Summary: José Maria de Eça de Queirós ("Eça de Queirós") is thought to have been the greatest Portuguese realist writer. He studied law in Coimbra, travelled to Egypt for inspiration, was a municipal administrator in Leiria and worked in the Portuguese consular service. He eventually became the Portuguese consul-general in Paris.

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José Maria Eça Queirós was born in Portugal.

The parents of
Eça de Queirós

José Maria de Eça de Queirós (written at that time as Joze and Queiroz), commonly known just as Eça de Queirós, was born in Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal on the 25th of November 1845.[1][2] He was the natural son[3] of José Maria de Almeida Teixeira de Queirós and Carolina Augusta Pereira d'Eça.[1][2][4] José was baptized on the 1st of December 1845 in the Vila do Conde Mother Church, in Vila do Conde. Nobody from his family attended his baptism.[5] His wet nurse, Anna Joaquina Leal de Barros, was the godmother,[4] while the godfather is simply described as the Lord of the Afflicted.[1] Raised by his paternal grandparents and his Godmother[4] in the small coastal town of Verdemilho, he attended school in Oporto.[3]

Eça de Queirós started his college education at an early age, attending the University of Coimbra to study law when he was sixteen.[2] He was well traveled and later considered to be a cosmopolite. Using his skills in the law he worked as a municipal administrator in Leiria, in the Portuguese consular,[3] and eventually became the Portuguese consul-general in Paris.[2] Though his early books were considered provocative and risque, his personal life was more traditional. Eça married Emilia de Castro Pamplona Resende in 1886, at the age of forty. This marriage allowed him to mingle with prominent aristocratic families.[3] Eça and Emilia had two children; a son and a daughter.[3][6]

Not charmed by English society, Eça de Queirós was fascinated by their oddities and read widely of their literature. His own literary works were many, starting with O Mistério da Estrada de Sintra ("The Mystery of the Sintra Road") when he was twenty-five. At the age of forty-three he finished a series called Scenes from Portuguese Life which took him nearly a decade to complete.[3] Some of his works were published post-humously and his total anthology eventually translated into about twenty languages (though some are poor translations).[7] Eça de Queirós is still considered (in Portugal and Brazil) to be 'one of the greatest Portuguese novelists.'[2]

Statue of Eça de Queirós (Lisbon)

Birth and Baptism

Child: Jose Maria
Father: Joze Maria d'Almeida da Teixeira de Queiroz[1]
Mother: Carolina Augusta Pereira d'Eça[1]
Born: 25 Nov 1845, Portugal[1]
Baptised(t): 1 Dec 1845, Matriz Colegiada de Vila do Conde, Vila do Conde, Portugal[1]
(Versão em Português em baixo)
Joze Maria natural son of Joze Maria de Almeida Teixeira of Queiroz and unknown mother: the paternal grandson of Joaquim Joze Queiroz and his wife (Dona) Theodora Joaquina de Almeida Queiroz, born on the twenty-fifth of November 1845; (and) on the first of December I (the Reverend Pedro Antonio da Silva Coelho, within my jurisdiction,) solemnly baptized him in this Mother Collegiate Church of Vila do Conde, and anointed him with the Holy Oils: the Godparents were the Lord of the Afflicted, sprinkling with splendour the same baptizer, the Godmother Anna Joaquina Leal de Barros, married to Antonio Fernandes do Carmo: I declare I wrote this term (seat/record) without the signature of the father who is away in Ponte do Lima, and I was presented with a letter written by him, dated from that town on the date of the 18th of November, in which he expressively recommends what above is written, and because of that, this term remains, which I sign, the date as it was written above.
The Prior Domingos da Soledade Sillos

Literary Works

  • Barbarous texts (a series of prose poems)
  • The Mystery of the Sintra Road written in 1870 in collaboration with Ramalho Ortigão
  • The Relic written circa 1870, published 1887
  • The Sin of Father Amaro his first realist novel, 1875
  • The Sin of Father Amaro second volume, 1876
  • Cousin Bazilio 1878
  • Letters from England in the Lisbon daily at first, later published in book form
  • The Maias his masterpiece, 1888
  • The City and the Mountains, 1901 (posthumous)


Batismo em Português

(English version above)
Joze [margin]
Joze Maria filho natural de Joze
Maria d'Almeida da Teixeira de Queiroz,
e de Mae incognita: neto paterno de Joaquim
Jose de Queiroz, e de sua Mulher D. Theodo=
ra Joaquina d' Almeida Queiroz, nasceo aos
vinte e cinco de Novembro de mil oito centos
e quarenta e cinco: e no primeiro de Dezem=
bro foi solemnemente baptizado, nesta Matriz
Collegiada de Villa do Conde, com imposição
dos santos oleos, pelo R'do Pedro Antonio da
Silva Coelho, a quem deia minha jurisdi=
ção: forão Padrinhos o Senhor dos Afflictos,
rociando com o seu resplendor o mesmo bapti=
zante, e Madrinha Anna Joaquina Leal
de Barros, cazada com Antonio Fernandes
do Carmo: Declaro; que fiz este assento
sem assignatura do Pay por estar ausen=
te em Ponte do Lima, e me ser apprezen=
tada uma carta, que fica em meu pu=
der escripta pelo Mesmo, datada daquella
Villa com data de dezoito de Novembro, na
qual expreçamente reccomenda o que assima
fica escripto, e por isso fez este assento, que
assigno: era ut supra[8]
O Prior Domingos da Soledade Sillos[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 "Vila do Conde Register of Baptisms, 1843-1852," database with images, ADPorto (Vila do Conde Baptisms : accessed 4 Sep 2019), entry for Joze Maria, child of Joze Maria d'Almeida da Teixeira de Queiroz and unknown mother, 1845; citing Vila do Conde parish baptism registers, held at the Arquivo Distrital do Porto. The parents were not married, which did not prevent (in itself) both of the parents from being listed in the baptism register, as long as the union did not go against Canonical and Civil rules. Usually the mother is listed and the father is said to be 'unknown' or rather 'unnamed.' In this case only the father was listed on the baptism record.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. José Maria de Eça de Queirós: Portuguese Novelist as viewed on
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Guida, James. The Proust of Portugal ( as viewed on 13 September 2019.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Cavalcanti, Paulo. "Eça de Queiroz: Sparks Brazilian Unrest" (Recife, Brasil:Companhia Editora de Pernambuco (CEPE), 2015), pp 16-18.
  5. ["O Meu Primeiro Eça de Queiroz" by Luisa Ducla Soares]
  6. 6.0 6.1 Right click on the image and open in a new tab or window to see Eça reading to his children. This image appears on the Guida web article on
  7. 7.0 7.1 Queirós, Eça de. "Eça de Queiroz. [Obras] (Toronto: Paris Aillaud & Bertrand, 1922).
  8. era ut supra = a data como em cima (em latim)
  9. Nicholas Lezard, The Guardian, 23 December 2000, Pick of the week, viewable on
  • José Maria de Eça de Queirós on Wikipedia.

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Comments: 2

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Thanks Filipe! That will be a great addition to the profile.
posted by Mindy Silva
The baptismal record has a associated letter from the father that might be of value. I will try to transcript if if I can. The writing was extremely confusing at first, but thanks to Mindy, I'm starting to make sense of it, though some parts remain a bit confusing.
posted by Filipe Barroso

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