William (Eddye) Eddy is currently protected by the Puritan Great Migration Project for reasons described in the narrative. Join: Puritan Great Migration Project Discuss: PGM
As father of two Great Migration-era emigrants, claims about his origins affect the accuracy of profiles that fall under the Puritan Great Migration project. Because his origins are in dispute, this profile is being protected, tracked and co-managed by the Puritan Great Migration project. If you have evidence of his origins, please use the existing G2G discussion thread attached to this profile to share what you have. Thank you.
A previous version of this profile claimed, without sufficient source, that William was son of Thomas Eddye and Margaret Thomas. There is no proof of such a relationship and they have been detached.
Elizabeth became Queen of England in 1558 and reigned until 1603. William Eddye was probably born between 1558 and 1564 and died in 1616, so that basically his whole life was spent in that great period, the Age of Elizabeth. His lifespan was almost the same as Shakespeare who was born in 1564 and died in 1616.
William Eddye matriculated as “sizar” at Trinity Hall, University of Cambridge and received his B.A. In 1583. (A sizar is one who performs certain duties in part payment of his expenses at school.) In 1586 he received the degree of Master of Arts.
William was invited to accompany Robert Roades, as his assistant, to St. Dunstan Church, the Parish of Cranbrook in 1586. In Cranbrook, he met Mary Fosten, the daughter of John and Ellen (Munn) Fosten and in November of 1587 he married her. The first year of their married life was a very exciting one in the history of England, for it was the year of the war with Spain and the defeat of the great Spanish Armada. Cranbrook is not very far from the coast and must have taken an active part in providing men for the ships and other preparations for the defense of the coast on the English Channel.
On January 12, 1591, William was promoted from curate to Vicar of Cranbrook, a position he occupied for the next twenty five years until his death in 1616. His ability is demonstrated by this appointment which deemed him worthy to succeed the three previous brilliant and scholarly men who had held the office.
William and Mary had ten children; Nathaniel (died young), Mary, Phineas, John, Eleanor, Abigail, Anna, Elizabeth, Samuel, Zacharias and Nathaniel. Mary had died in 1611 in childbirth with Nathaniel, the second, who died nine days after his mother.
William married again and had a daughter, Priscilla. It is only John and Samuel who are of interest since they are the two who emigrated to America and founded the Eddy/Edy families in America.
In the latter part of the reign of Elizabeth, a desire for a simpler form of religious worship grew and spread. These dissenters were called Puritans. During the reigns of James I and Charles I, the persecution of these Puritans became so severe that a great emigration to the shores of New England began in 1620 and lasted until 1643. The first colony in New England was the Plymouth Colony with Governor William Bradford who had come with other Pilgrims on the Mayflower. (Our Edy connection to the Mayflower goes through our Carr – Wilsey – Tallman – Southworth line. Rebecca Southworth, mother of Steven Tallman, was doubly descended from John Alden who married Priscilla Mullin, daughter of Willliam and Alice Mullin, all from the Mayflower.)
The Plymouth Colony was then followed by the Massachusetts Bay Colony, headed by Governor John Winthrop, and established at Boston in 1630. John Winthrop was a cousin, by marriage, to John Eddy's wife, Amy Doggett. It would seem that the “Handmaid”, the ship John and Samuel Eddy/Edy sailed on and which left London August 10, 1630, was meant to land at Boston. However, after twelve weeks at sea the ship reached Plymouth harbour October 29, 1630 with her masts “spent” because the weather had been so severe.
The preceding was written by Jane Hughes, St. Thomas, Ontario, ancestor of Daniel & Sarah (Jones) Edy. Much of the information was derived from "The Eddy Family in America (1930)"
In spite of many years of research, it has not as yet been possible to learn the names of the parents of William Eddye. Upon the first page of the Parish Register at the Church of St. Dunstan in Cranbrook, it is written by the hand of William himself, since his signature is at the foot of the page, that he was "borne in the cittie of Bristoll." The church registers of the towns about Bristol as well as those of Bristol have been searched in vain for his birth record. Among the many wills which have been found (abstracts of which will be found in Bulletin No. 8) the two following seem to be the only ones which might throw any light on the problem. The town of Northleach is in the eastern part of Gloucestershire and the city of Bristol in the southern part of the same county.
"1. WILLIAM EDDY (1), the ancestor of all whose names are found numbered in this work, was born probably in Bristol, Eng., about 1550 ; educated at the University of Cambridge, St. John's and Trinity Colleges, from which he received his degree of Master of Arts ; m Mary Fosten Nov. 20, 1587, in Cranbrook, Eng. (she was dau of John and Ellen Munn Fosten, who were m Jan. 19, 1582); Ellen Munn Fosten, widow, m Andrew Ruck, a silk mercer, in Cranbrook, Jan. 11, 1574. He became Vicar of St. Dunstan's Church, Cranbrook, County Kent, Eng., in August, 1591, and so continued until his decease, Nov. 23, 1616. His first wife d July 18, 1611. He m second Sarah Taylor, widow, Feb. 22, 1614. All his children but one were by his first wife. He was a very methodical gentleman, a strict Episcopalian, judicious in his counsels, humane in his advice, and a reprover of immorality. Every way he appears to have been a diligent pastor over his flock, and has left a folio volume with eighty of its pages engrosed and illuminated, bearing evidence of his skill and taste, as well as care, in preserving the parish registers."
William was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge University. He graduated in 1582/3 and was licensed as the cure at Staplehurst on August 24, 1587. He was "of Staplehurst" where he was married and when his first son was born. On January 12, 1591 he was inducted as Vicar of St. Dunstan's Church and held that office until his death. The old rectory where he lived still stands. The church was founded in 1177 but little of the original building remains, though the church is still in use. Three memorial windows and a tablet, in memory of Rev. William Eddye were erected through the bequest of Robert Henry Eddy of Boston. They were dedicated by Fredrick Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury in the Festival of St. Michael and All Angel's in 1902. The tablet reads" "In memory of his ancestor, the Reverend William Eddye, Vicar of St. Dunstan's Church from 1591-1616, whose sons, John and Samuel, and whose daughter Abigail, were among the Pilgrim settlers of New Engliand and there implanted for a numerous posterity, the religious principles here taught them. Rev. Eddye took no extreme position while at Cranbrooke, but in many ways the Puritan influence had great bearings on his life. He kept the Cranbrooke Register, which was begun in 1559. Cranbrooke is a small town 45 miles southeast of London.
DNA Proof and Significance
DNA testing has been done on several descendants of William Eddye. The results show that he was not related to John Eddy of Woodbridge, John Eddy of Taunton, or Joseph Eddy of Michigan. Each family has a very different and distinct Y-DNA pattern. The EFA had a Y-DNA project at Ancestry.com for several years, many men tested there. Ancestry.com closed all Y-DNA services and support in September 2014. Men can still see their results within the DNA section of their account. The only Eddy DNA project is now at Family Tree DNA. A manual transfer can be done for $19. Or a transfer with a new test can be done for $54 (more then half off retail). You can view the project results here.
All Eddy Branches need Y-DNA testing to prove or disprove their connection to the Vicar William Eddye. Tree focus should be spent finding living male men with the surname Eddy or variant spellings and convince them to get tested. Then making sure that each man has a tree that has documented, and sourced proof of the child/parent relationship for each direct Eddy generation. These wikitree pages can be used as the storage location for those source documents with either a direct link or the actual image. For women to prove your connection, you need a Autosomal DNA test for yourself, combined with the Y-DNA test from the Male Eddy branch you are linked too, and your documented/sourced tree. 
No Proof of Parents
Thomas Addyes did not leave any male heirs and his estate went to nephews who were named Scott. He cannot be the parent of William Eddye.
Sir Degory Addyes, knt. m. Anne Pewtrell. He was succeeded by his son Thomas Addyes.
Thomas Addyes m. Mary Greenshawe. Thomas Addyes was succeeded by his third son, John Addyes.
John Addyes m. Mary Hopkins. He was succeeded by his son, Thomas Addyes, who is apparently the one listed here as William's father.
Thomas Addyes m. Ann Hopkins and had one son, John, who died young and without children, and a daughter, Mary who was unmarried. Thomas Addyes was succeeded by his "only surviving child Mary." She left her estate to her cousin Ann Scott. 
Upon the first page of the Parish Register at the Church of St. Dunstan in Cranbrook, it is written by the hand of William himself, since his signature is at the foot of the page, that he was "borne in the cittie of Bristoll."
Children of William Eddye and Mary Foster Eddye
NATHANIEL EDDYE bapt. Mar. 30, 1589, at Staplehurst, Co. Kent; d . young
MARY EDDYE, bapt. Sept. 1591, at Cranbrook, co. Kent, Eng. (Church Register); m. before 1616 SIMEON EVERNDEN. Simeon Evernden was one of the witnesses of the will of William Eddy and one of those who took the inventory of his goods. Their children were Simeon, Katherine, and Robert.
PHINEAS EDDYE, bapt. Sept. 1593, at Cranbrook, Eng. (Church Register); m(1) KATHERINE COURTHOPP, dau. of Peter and Anne (Sheaffe) Courthopp. She died before 1639. He m. (2) CHRISTIAN, who survived him (See his will.) His children were Peter, Anne, Margaret, Susanna, and Abigail. Peter died at Cranbrook Nov. 8, 1619 and Abigail between Dec. 18, 1639 and June 7, 1641. Phineas died before June 7, 1641, when his will was proved at Portsmouth.
JOHN EDDYE, bapt. 1597, at Cranbrook.
ELEANOR EDDYE, bapt. Aug. 1599; called Ellen when buried Oct. 1610
ABIGAIL EDDYE, bapt. Oct. 1601.
ANNA EDDYE, bapt. May 1603.
ELIZABETH EDDYE, bapt. Dec. 1606. She was living in 1616.
Samuel Eddy, baptized September 15, 1608
ZACHARIAS EDDYE, bapt. Mar. 1610. He was living in 1616, according to his fathers will. Is he the Eddy, who according to Savage came to New England in 1639 from Boxted, England?
NATHANIEL EDDYE, bapt. July 1611; d. i 6 n , aged 9 days.
Child of William Eddye and Sarah Taylor Eddye
PRISCILLA EDDYE, bapt. Dec. 10, 1614. She was living in 1616, but died, probably unmarried, before 1637, as she is not mentioned in her mother's will, dated Aug. I , 1637 (See Bulletin, No. 3).
In the name of God Amen the twentieth day of August 1616 and in the yeares of the Reigneof our sovereigne Lord James by the grace of God of England Scotland Fraunce and Ireland King defender of the faith &c viz' of England Fraunce and Ireland fourteenth and of Scotland then fyfteth I William Eddye Minister and Pastor of the parrish Church of Cranebrooke in the County of Kent being at this present afflicted with great bodely infirmities and weaknes whereby I doe assured he conceive that the tyme of my dissolution out of this mortal life draweth neere and is at hande have therefore determined to make and ordeine this my present last will and testament in manner and fourme followinge viz* Inprimis I commend my soule into the handes of allmighty God my heavenley father in Jesus Christ by the merritts of whose death and passion only my sines which I confesse to be many and great) being wholly remitted and forgotten I am fully persuaded in heart this mortal life ended to enjoy everlastinge life
Item: I give and bequeath unto forty poore householders of this parishe that are apparentlie knowen to resort diligentlie to y« church upon the lordes day and doe live peaceablie and godlie the sume of forty shillinges of lawful money of England to be paid unto them wt h in halfe a yere next after my decease
Item: I give and bequeath unto John Eddie my sonne the some of sixescore poundes of lawfull money of England to be payd unto him by my executor in manner and fourme following viz' threescore poundes thereof when he shall accomplish his full age of one and twentie yeares and other threescore poundes residew of his said portion w'bin one whole yeare next after his said age
Item: I give and bequeath unto Samuell Eddie and Zacharias Eddie my sonnes to either of them one hundred poundes a peece of lawfull money of England to be paid unto them and either of them when they and either of them shall severally accomplish their severall ages of two and twentie yeares And if it shall fortune that either of my said sonnes Samuell and Zacharias to departe this life to Gods mercie before the tyme that his or their said Legacie or Legacies shalbe due & my said son John then being livinge then I will that he shall have Twentie poundes of his or their legacie or legacies so deceasinge to be paid unto him at his age of twentie and two yeares if either of his said bretheren depart this life before he shalbe of the said age. And if after the said age then to be paid him w'h in one whole yeare next after the death of his brother so disceasinge And the residew to be equally devided betweene the survivor and my executor
Item: I give and bequeath unto Abigail Eddie, Anne Eddie and Elizabeth Eddie my daughters to either of them the some of one hundred poundes of lawfull money of England to be paid unto them and either of them at their severall ages of twentie yeares or at their severall dayes of marriage W* shall first happen And if any of my said daughters shall happen to departe this life to Gods mercie before the tyme aforesaid that her or their legacie or legacies shall be due then I will that my Executor shall pay unto Priscilla my daughter twentie markes thereof at her age of twentie yeares or day of marriage which shall first happen (if she shall live until her said age or day of marriage) And all so unto my sayd Sonne John Eddie twentie poundes thereof if he be then livinge and neither of his younger brethren deceased to be paid unto him as the twentie poundes above said lymitted out of his younger brothers portion Provided allwayes if he have Twentie poundes by the death of either of his younger brethren he shall not have anythinge out of any of his sisters legacies aforesaid And if either of his Sisters die first then to have nothing out of either of his said Brothers portions. And the residew of the said legacie or legacies of my said daughters soe departinge this life I will shall remaine to my executor.
Item: whereas Sara my now wife in love and kindness to me and my other children hath promised to make up a portion for Priscilla my daughter which I had by her yet I doe give and bequeath unto the said Priscilla my daughter my great new silver salt, two silver beare cupps, two new silver wine cuppes and one greene ragge coverlett all which I will shall be delivered unto the said Sara my wife imediatlie after my decease for the use of my said daughter Priscilla to be given to the said Priscilla at such convenient tymes as she in her discretion shall thynke fitt
Item: I further give and bequeath unto the said Priscilla my daughter my best greene standard cloth wrought w"> needle worke and one suite of my best needle worke Cushions belonginge thereto to be delivered to the said Priscilla by my Executour at her age of twenty yeares or day of marriage which shall first happen
Item: I give and bequeath more unto the aforesaid John Eddie my Sonne one other suite of my needle worke Cushions viz' one large and two short that were wont to lye in the chamber window over the Parlor and my greane Cupboard Cloth for the Parlor that is wrought with needle worke together also w» my Cipres table w"> boxes in i t wherein I doe use to lay the evidences of this house and one faire pewter Candlesticke set forth with a man
Item: I give and bequeath more unto Samuell Eddie my sonne one little sylver salt called a trencher salt to be delivered unto him at his age of one and twentie yeares
Item: I give and bequeath more unto Zacharias my Sonne one payer of my greatest brasse Candle stickes to be delivered unto him at his age of one and twentie yeares
Item: I give and bequeath unto my daughter Marie the wife of Simeon Evernden one needle worke Cushion that is wont to stand upon the Cupboard in the Parlor to be delivered unto her imediately after my decease
Item: I give and bequeath more unto Abigail Eddie, Anne Eddie and Elizabeth Eddie, my daughters three needle worke Cushions viz' to each of them one which were wont to stand in the large wyndow in my parlor to be delivered unto them imediatelie after my decease and to be reserved in their trunkes for them
Item: I give and bequeath unto Simeon Evernden afore said my sonne in law and to my said daughter Marie his wife twentie poundes of lawfull money of England to be paid unto them or either of them by my executor within fower yeares next after my decease and to their three children viz Simeon, Katherine and Robert each of them ten shillings to be put into or bestowed upon silver spoones for each of them one to be delivered unto them within two yeares next after my decease
Item: I give and bequeath unto Richard Taylor, Robert Taylor, Thomas Taylor, Elizabeth and Sara Taylor the sonnes and daughters of Sara my now wife ten shillings a peece to be bestowed uppon Silver Spoones for everie of them one and to be given or delivered unto them w'h in three yeares next after my decease
Item: I give and bequeath unto my good friend Mr Elmestone of Cranebrooke, one gold Ringe of the price of *** and also unto my loving brother Steven Rucke I will in like manner one gold Ringe of like valew to be delivered unto them with in one halfe yeare next after my decease
Item: I give and bequeath unto my two maid servauntes Marie Greene and Anne Goodman to either of them five shillings to be paid unto them and either of them within one month next after my decease
The residew of all and singular my moveable goods and chattells
Bookes Corne Cattell and household stuffe whatsoever before herein not willed given nor bequeathed my Debts Legacies and funerall expences discharged and paid
Item: I give and bequeath unto Phinees Eddie my Sonne whom I make and ordeine full whole and sole Executor of this my present last will and Testament This is the last Will and testament of me the aforesaid William Eddie made and declared the day and yeare afore written as touchinge the disposition of all and singular my lands Tentes and hereditaments whatsoever viz' I give and bequeath unto the aforesaid Phinees Eddie my sonne (for and towardes the better performance of my will and for the full and more absolute payment of my debts and legacies) all my messaages or Tentes, Edifices, buildings, Orchardes, gardens, rentes annuities, landes and hereditaments whatsoever w'h all and singuler their appurtnces situate lying and being in the parrish of Cranebrook aforesaid or elsewhere in ye Realme of England to have and to hold the same unto the said Phinees my sonne his heires and assignes for ever Provided alwayes and my verie will and meaning is that if the aforesaid Phineas my sonne his heires and assignes shall make default in payment of any of the foresaid legacies before given to my sonnes and daughters That then imediatelye from and after any such default of payment so made contrarie to this my will it shall and may be lawfull to and for such of my sonnes and daughters as shalbe so unpaid to enter in and upon all and singuler my foresaid lands and Tentes whatsoever w'h their appurtenances before given unto my sonne Phinees And the same to have hold and occupye and enjoy viz' my Sonne John for the full terme and space of fower whole yeares in recompence of his foresaid legacies of sixe score poundes And my other sonnes and daughters everie one of them that shalbe so unpaid to enter in and upon all my said landes and Tentes wt h their appurtences and the same to have hold occupie and enjoy everie one of them for the full terme and space of three whole yeares in full recompence of his her or their foresaid legacie or legacies of one hundred poundes And this everie one of them to doe successivelie one after another as often as any of them shalbe unpaid
Item: my will and my minde is that whereas I have an Annuitie of five poundes a yeare granted unto me and Mary my late wife now deceased and to the heires of our bodies lawfully begotten w'h said Annuitie after my decease by law will descend unto all my sonnes equally yet I by this my will have given the same unto the foresaid Phinees my Sonne now my will and true meaning is that my foresaid sonnes John Eddie, Samuell Eddie and Zacharias Eddie and everie of them in respect of their foresaid legacies to them by me given shall at all tyme and tymes after they and everie of them shall severally accomplish their severall ages of one and twenty yeares upon reasonable request to them and everie of them to be made by the said Phinees my sonne his heires or assignes and at the costs and charges of the said Phinees his heires or assignes make convey and assure unto the said Phinees his heires or assignes such assurances and conveyances for the discharging of their severall rightes tytles and demandes of in and to the foresaid Annuities as the said Phinees Eddie his heires or assignes or his or their Councell learned shall devise And if any of my said sonnes John Samuell and Zacharias shall refuse so to doe upon request made as aforesaid that then he or they shall so refuse shall loose the benefit of all his or their foresaid legacies before to them by me given
Item: I will and my mind is that the aforesaid Phinees Eddie my sonne his heires or assignes shall well and vertuouslie bringe upp the foresaid Samuell Eddie Zacharias Eddie Abigail Eddie Anne Eddie and Elizabeth Eddie my sonnes and daughters in good and vertuous education and maintaine and keepe them wt h meete and sufficient meat drinke and apparell viz* my sonnes untill they accomplish their severall ages of eighteene yeares except before that tyme he can place them forth in good services fytting for their degree and my daughters untill they shall severally accomplish their severall ages of eighteene yeares
In witness whereof I the foresayd William Eddie to everie sheet of paper of this my will conteininge sixe sheetes have set my hand and to this last sheete have also sett my seale Dated the day and yeare first above written William Eddie Sealed and published in the presence of John Elraestone and George Martin scriptor.
Probate was made of the will of William Eddie clerk late Vicar of Cranebrooke Archdeaconry Court deceased 4th day of the month of December A. D. 1616 by the oath of Phinees Eddie the Executor. Afterwards, namely the 8th day of the month of October 1617 by the Oaths of John Elmestone, George Martin, John Weller and Dence Weller the Probate was confirmed Parties to the Sentence Phinees the Son, Sara Eddie the widow, John, Samuell & Zacharias the Sons, Marie Eddie als Evernden wife of Simon Evernden, Abigal, Anne, Elizabeth & Priscilla Eddie the daughters. 
Reverend William Eddye was born about 1552 and was the Vicar of the
Puritan Church in Bristol, Somerset, England. He married Mary Fosten
and had 12 children. Two of his sons, John (born 1597), and Samuel
(born 1608) went to the American Colonies. John and Samuel Eddye left
London on the ship "Handmaid" on August 10, 1630. After a very stormy
voyage they reached Plymouth, Mass. on October 29, 1630.
Samuel Eddy was made a free man January 1, 1632. Samuel's wife
Elizabeth was fined for wringing out clothes on the Lord's Day on
October 7, 1651. The fine was ten shillings and was later remitted.
On May 1, 1660, Elizabeth was summonded to court to answer for
traveling (she walked) on Sunday to Boston from Plymouth. She
affirmed that she was necessitated to go on account of the illness of
Mistress Saffin. The Court excused her, but admonished her.
The Eddy Family Association has published a Geneology that is complete
from William Eddy (1552) through 1930.
↑ The Eddy Family in America, a Genealogy; Contributor: Eddy Family Association; First printed in 1930
↑ The Eddy Family in America, 5th Edition, 2003 by Ruth Deveraux Eddy, page 3.
↑ The Eddy Family in America, 5th Edition, 2003 by Ruth Deveraux Eddy, pg13.
↑ (Archdeaconry of Canterbury Book 61 fo. 331 District Probate Registry at Canterbury) Original copy of this will was received by Miss Clara A. Avery, July 27, 1922, from her representatives, Phillimore & Co., Ltd., London, England. Quoted from The Eddy Family in America, 5th Edition, 2003 by Ruth Deveraux Eddy, pg9.
Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III (1995), 610-614 (John Eddy), in particular, 611; digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III (1995), 614-618 (Samuel Eddy), in particular, 616; digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
Venn, John & Venn, J.A. Alumni Cantabrigienses, University Press, Cambridge, 1922. Part 1 Vol 2 p. 83 link
Genealogy of the Eddy Family By Dr. Charles Eddy, written in 1880 in Rutland, VT. Published by Tuttle Antiquarian Books and digitalized under sponsorship by Google from the collection of the University of Wisconsin at Madison. Note: This literature was suggested by Chuck Swanson , and I thank him for his contribution. This book is well written, and deeply informative. I have made only subtle changes to the information below. I have merged agreeing information, and kept all sources. Then, arranged it for readability. RC Note: Please also note that Dr. Charles Eddy's genealogy of 1880 had some errors which were later corrected in The Eddy Family in America published in 1930 by the Eddy Family Association. Specifically, he melded the families of John Eddy of Tisbury (son of Samuel) with John Eddy of Taunton (parentage unknown). His information regarding Vicar William Eddye is correct, just wanted everyone to be aware that if using this book regarding these two John Eddys, the information was later found incorrect. SJQ
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with William by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: