Otto Adolf Eichmann (19 March 1906 – 1 June 1962) was a German Nazi SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel). He facilitated and managed the logistics involved in the mass deportation of Jews to ghettos and extermination camps in Nazi-occupied Eastern Europe during World War II. In 1960, he was captured in Argentina by the Mossad, Israel's intelligence service. He was found guilty of war crimes in a widely publicized trial in Israel, and was hanged in 1962.
Otto Adolf Eichmann, the eldest of five children, was born in 1906 to a Calvinist Protestant family in Solingen, Germany. His parents were Adolf Karl Eichmann, a bookkeeper, and Maria (née Schefferling), a housewife. The elder Adolf moved to Linz, Austria in 1913 to take a position as commercial manager for the Linz Tramway and Electrical Company, and the rest of the family followed a year later. After the death of Maria in 1916, Eichmann's father married Maria Zawrzel, a devout Protestant with two sons. Eichmann's father died in 1960.
On 21 March 1935 Eichmann married Veronika (Vera) Liebl (1909–93). The couple had four sons: Klaus (b. 1936 in Berlin), Horst Adolf (b. 1940 in Vienna), Dieter Helmut (b. 1942 in Prague) and Ricardo Francisco (b. 1955 in Buenos Aires).
The Mossad captured Eichmann on 11 May 1960 near his home on Garibaldi Street in San Fernando, Buenos Aires. Eichmann was sedated by an Israeli doctor on the Mossad team and dressed as a flight attendant and smuggled out of Argentina to Israel. Eichmann was hanged at a prison in Ramla a few minutes into 1 June 1962. Within hours Eichmann's body had been cremated, and his ashes scattered in the Mediterranean Sea, outside of Israeli territorial waters.
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