Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (1879 - 1955)

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Dr. Albert Einstein
Born in Ulm, Königreich Württemberg, Deutsches Reichmap
Ancestors ancestors
Brother of
Husband of — married (to ) in Bern, Switzerlandmap
Husband of — married in Berlin, Germanymap
Died in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 20 Jan 2009 | Last significant change: 27 Nov 2018
17:11: EditBot WikiTree edited the Biography for Albert Einstein. (Renaming category: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology) [Thank EditBot for this]
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Categories: German Roots | Scientists | Physicists | Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich | American Heroes | Y-DNA Haplogroup E-Z830 | This Day In History April 18 | Notables.

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Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind.
-- Albert Einstein, more ...

Biography

Albert Einstein was born in the city of Ulm in Württemberg, Germany, on March 14, 1879 into a non-observant Jewish family.[1][2] Six weeks later his parents moved the family to Munich, where Albert spent most of his early years.[2] In 1894, Albert's family moved to Pavia, Italy (near Milan), but he chose to remain behind in Munich.[3]
Albert Einstein is Notable.

In 1901 Albert received his diploma from the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, as well as Swiss citizenship.[2] In 1914, he returned to Germany as director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Physical Institute in Berlin, a position he held until 1933.[3]

After Hitler's rise to power, life for professional Jews in Germany became very uncomfortable. Albert and his wife, Elsa, moved to the United States and settled in Princeton, New Jersey.[4][1] In 1940 he became a US citizen.[3]

Albert Einstein died April 18, 1955 at 1:15 AM in Princeton Hospital at the age of 76.[2] His body was cremated and the ashes were scattered at an undisclosed place.[2]

"All truly creative minds go beyond the limitations of space and time and the commonally dysfunctional nature of the human mind. Albert clearly recognised his 'mystical' abilities in the sphere of science, as revealed in many quotations from his writings. He remained humble, despite becoming one of the most famous people, and spoke of "a grotesque contradiction between what people consider to be my achievements and abilities and the reality of who I am and what I am capable of." [Translation by Eckhart Tolle from the Source reference.]

Timeline

The Early Years

1879 Albert was born March 14 at 11:30 AM in Ulm, Germany.[2][1]
1880 Einstein family moves to Munich.[2]
1885-1888 Pupil at Catholic elementary school in Munich. Private lessons in Judaism at home.[3]
1888-1894 Pupil at Luitpold-Gymnasium, Munich. Religious instruction at school (until 1892).[3]
1894 Parents move to Milan. Six months later, Einstein leaves Gymnasium without completing his schooling and joins his family in Pavia, Italy.[3]

The Swiss Years

1895-1896 Pupil at cantonal school in Aarau, Switzerland.[3]
1896 Renounces his German citizenship.[3]
1896-1900 Student at the Polytechnic (later the Federal Institute of Technology), Zurich. Swiss National Polytechnic in Zurich, Switzerland (later the Federal Institute of Technology graduating in 1900.[2]
1901 Acquires Swiss citizenship. Completes his first scientific paper.[3]
1901-1902 Temporary teaching position at school in Schaffhausen, Switzerland.[2]
1902 Daughter, Lieserl, born to Mileva Maric in Novi Sad, Hungary. Appointed as technical expert third class at the Swiss Patent Office in Bern.[2]
1903 Marriage to Mileva Maric in Bern. Founds "Akademie Olympia" with Conrad Habicht and Maurice Solovine. Daughter, Lieserl, probably put up for adoption.[3]
1904 Son, Hans Albert, born in Bern.[3]
1905 The Annus Mirabilis: Einstein completes papers on the Photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, Special Theory of Relativity and Mass-Energy equivalence. Receives Ph.D. from Zurich University.[2]
1906 Promoted to technical expert second class at the Swiss Patent Office.[3]
1907 Discovers the principle of equivalence.[3]
1908 Appointed lecturer at Bern University.[3]
1909 Resigns from Patent Office. Appointed Associate Professor of theoretical physics at Zurich University.[3]
1910 Second son, Eduard, born in Bern.[3]
1911-1912 Predicts bending of light. Professor of theoretical physics at German University of Prague.[3]
1912-1914 Professor of theoretical physics at the Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich. Appointed director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics in Berlin, Germany in 1913.[2]

The Berlin Years

1914 Appointed Professor at University of Berlin (without teaching obligations) and Member of Prussian Academy of Sciences. Separates from his wife, Mileva Maric - she returns to Zurich with the two sons. Signs anti-war "Manifesto to Europeans".[3]
1915 Joins pacifist "New Fatherland League". Completes logical structure of the General Theory of Relativity.[3]
1916 Publication of the General Theory of Relativity.[2]
1917 Writes first paper on cosmology. Appointed Director of Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics in Berlin.[3]
1917-1920 Suffers from a liver ailment, a stomach ulcer, jaundice and general weakness - his cousin Elsa Einstein Loewenthal takes care of him.[3]
1918 Supports the new Weimar Republic in Germany.[3]
1919 Divorces his first wife, Mileva Maric. Bending of light observed during solar eclipse in West Africa and Brazil. First discussions on Zionism with Kurt Blumenfeld. Marries his cousin Elsa. Announcement at joint meeting of Royal Society and Royal Astronomical Society that Einstein's theories have been confirmed by eclipse observations. Sensational headlines in The Times and The New York Times : Einstein becomes a world figure.[3]
1920 Mass meeting against the general theory of relativity in Berlin. Appointed special visiting professor at Leiden University.[3]
1921 First visit to the U.S. with Chaim Weizmann: fund-raising tour for The Hebrew University. Lectures at Princeton University on theory of relativity. Awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics.[2]
1922 Completes first paper on unified field theory. Visit to Paris contributes to normalization of French-German relations. Joins Committee on Intellectual Cooperation of the League of Nations. Lecture tours in Japan and China.[3]
1923 Visit to Palestine: holds inaugural scientific lecture at future site of The Hebrew University in Jerusalem, named first honorary citizen of Tel Aviv. Visit to Spain. Lecture in acknowledgment of Nobel Prize in Göteborg, Sweden. Edits first collection of scientific papers of The Hebrew University.[3]
1924 The "Einstein-Institute" in Potsdam, Germany, housed in the "Einstein-Tower" starts its activities.[3]
1925 Trip to South America: Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. Signs manifesto against obligatory military service. Joins Board of Governors and Academic Council of The Hebrew University.[3]
1927 Begins intense debate with Niels Bohr on the foundations of quantum mechanics.[3]
1928 Suffers temporary physical collapse - enlargement of the heart is diagnosed.[3]
1930 Intensive activity on behalf of pacifism.[3]
1930-1932 Three trips to U.S.: stays mainly at the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, during winter semesters.[3]
1932 Supports conservation of the Weimar Republic Public. Correspondence with Sigmund Freud on the nature of war. Appointed Professor at The Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton University. Plans to divide his time between Berlin and Princeton. Leaves Germany for the last time.[3]

The Princeton Years

1933 Flees Germany in 1933 and declares that he will not return to Germany. Resigns from Prussian Academy of Sciences. Spends spring and summer in Belgium and Oxford. Emigrates to U.S. in September. Accepts a position at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. "Why War?" published.[1][2]
1934 Collection of essays entitled "The World As I See It" published.[3]
1935 "The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox" is published.[3]
1936 Elsa Einstein dies.[4]
1938 Publication of The Evolution of Physics.[3]
1939 Signs famous letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt recommending U.S. research on nuclear weapons.[2]
1940 Acquires U.S. Citizenship.[4]
1943 Works as consultant with the Research and Development Division of the U.S. Navy Bureau of Ordnance, section Ammunition and Explosives.[3]
1944 Handwritten copy of his 1905 paper on special relativity auctioned for six million dollars in Kansas City, as a contribution to the American war effort.[3]
1945 Shattered by the extent of the Holocaust of European Jewry. Shocked by the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.[3]
1946 Becomes chairman of the Emergency Committee for Atomic Scientists. Expresses public support for the formation of a world government.[3]
1947 Intense activity on behalf of disarmament and world government.[3]
1948 Supports creation of the State of Israel. First wife, Mileva Maric, dies in Zurich. Intact aneurysm of the abdominal aorta disclosed.[3]
1949 Publication of "Autobiographical Notes".[3]
1950 Signs Last Will and Testament: Otto Nathan and Helen Dukas named co-trustees. The Hebrew University named as the ultimate repository of his personal papers. Collection of essays, "Out of My Later Years", published.[3]
1952 Offered presidency of the State of Israel.[2]
1953 Public support for individuals under investigation by the House Un-American Activities Committee.[3]
1955 Co-signs the "Russell-Einstein Manifesto" warning of the nuclear threat. Rupture of the aortic aneurysm leads to his death.[2]

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "United States World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/X55P-HMD : 7 April 2016), Albert Einstein, 1942; citing NARA microfilm publication M1936, M1937, M1939, M1951, M1962, M1964, M1986, M2090, and M2097 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 23 September 2018), memorial page for Albert Einstein (14 Mar 1879–18 Apr 1955), Find A Grave: Memorial #314, ; Maintained by Find A Grave Cremated, Ashes scattered, who reports a Scattered around the grounds of the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey, USA.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 3.27 3.28 3.29 3.30 3.31 3.32 3.33 3.34 3.35 3.36 3.37 3.38 3.39 3.40 3.41 3.42 3.43 3.44 Wikipedia contributors, "Albert Einstein," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, Wikipedia:Albert Einstein (accessed September 24, 2018).
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "United States Census, 1940," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/K4R1-Z3D : accessed 7 May 2017), Albert Einstein, Princeton Borough, Mercer, New Jersey, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 11-64, sheet 10B, line 66, family 267, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 - 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 2357.

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Images: 6
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein

Maja Einstein
Maja Einstein

Mileva Einstein
Mileva Einstein

Charlie Chaplin & Albert Einstein
Charlie Chaplin & Albert Einstein

Jersey 2016 Albert Einstein stamp
Jersey 2016 Albert Einstein stamp

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On 26 Sep 2018 at 18:48 GMT Alison Gardner wrote:

There is a photo my grandfather took of Einstein speaking in Pasadena; probably at Cal Tech. He's very small in the photo, as it was taken from far away. If there's interest, I can see if my cousin can e-mail me a copy I could post.

On 26 Sep 2018 at 12:45 GMT C Ryder wrote:

Thank you German Roots Project!

Einstein also spoke out on racial segregation and racism. Wouldn't it be good to add this to the timeline? https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/einstein-at-lincoln/

On 14 Sep 2017 at 19:39 GMT Lisa (Kelsey) Murphy wrote:

... reality. It is enough if one tries merely to comprehend a little of this mystery every day. Never lose a holy curiosity."

Meltzer, Brad, Heroes for my son, pgs 32-33, Harper Collins Publishing

On 14 Sep 2017 at 19:37 GMT Lisa (Kelsey) Murphy wrote:

HE did not even speak until he was 3 and was the worst behaved student in school. He was fascinated by a simple compass that his father showed him when he was very sick while in grade school. He knew there was something invisible/hidden in how it worked. Everyone disagreed. He as called a foolish dreamer and they requested for him to drop out. He would hide pages with his thoughts on them when his bosses would go by him. he disagreed with the status quo and conventional wisdom. He knew everything was full of energy. His theory showed us the universe. He is quoted "The important thing is not to stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for existing. One cannot help but be in awe when he contemplates the mysteries of eternity, of life, of the marvelous structure of ...

On 29 Jun 2017 at 17:23 GMT Helmut Jungschaffer wrote:

1. I would question the marriage date for Albert and Elsa. He would not have been able to marry without a divorce degree, and he only got divorced in 1919. The generally accepted date in June 2, 1919.

2. Baden-Württemberg came into being only on March 9, 1952. Hard to have been born there in 1879. Ulm at that time was in the Königreich Württemberg, and that was part of Deutsches Reich.

On 29 Jan 2015 at 18:52 GMT Sheila x wrote:

a small detail - declaration of intention to become citizen of USA says he married Elsa on Apr 6, 1917 in Berlin, Germany - different date from wikipedia entry

http://research.archives.gov/description/596270



Albert is 45 degrees from Rosa Parks, 41 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 24 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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