Albert Einstein was born in the city of Ulm in Württemberg, Germany, on March 14, 1879 into a non-observant Jewish family. Six weeks later his parents moved the family to Munich, where Albert spent most of his early years. In 1894, Albert's family moved to Pavia, Italy (near Milan), but he chose to remain behind in Munich.
In 1901 Albert received his diploma from the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, as well as Swiss citizenship. In 1914, he returned to Germany as director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Physical Institute in Berlin, a position he held until 1933.
After Hitler's rise to power, life for professional Jews in Germany became very uncomfortable. Albert and his wife, Elsa, moved to the United States and settled in Princeton, New Jersey. In 1940 he became a US citizen.
Albert Einstein died April 18, 1955 at 1:15 AM in Princeton Hospital at the age of 76. His body was cremated and the ashes were scattered at an undisclosed place.
"All truly creative minds go beyond the limitations of space and time and the commonally dysfunctional nature of the human mind. Albert clearly recognised his 'mystical' abilities in the sphere of science, as revealed in many quotations from his writings. He remained humble, despite becoming one of the most famous people, and spoke of "a grotesque contradiction between what people consider to be my achievements and abilities and the reality of who I am and what I am capable of." [Translation by Eckhart Tolle from the Source reference.]
The Early Years
1879 Albert was born March 14 at 11:30 AM in Ulm, Germany.
1896-1900 Student at the Polytechnic (later the Federal Institute of Technology), Zurich. Swiss National Polytechnic in Zurich, Switzerland (later the Federal Institute of Technology graduating in 1900.
1901 Acquires Swiss citizenship. Completes his first scientific paper.
1901-1902 Temporary teaching position at school in Schaffhausen, Switzerland.
1902 Daughter, Lieserl, born to Mileva Maric in Novi Sad, Hungary. Appointed as technical expert third class at the Swiss Patent Office in Bern.
1903 Marriage to Mileva Maric in Bern. Founds "Akademie Olympia" with Conrad Habicht and Maurice Solovine. Daughter, Lieserl, probably put up for adoption.
1911-1912 Predicts bending of light. Professor of theoretical physics at German University of Prague.
1912-1914 Professor of theoretical physics at the Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich. Appointed director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics in Berlin, Germany in 1913.
The Berlin Years
1914 Appointed Professor at University of Berlin (without teaching obligations) and Member of Prussian Academy of Sciences. Separates from his wife, Mileva Maric - she returns to Zurich with the two sons. Signs anti-war "Manifesto to Europeans".
1915 Joins pacifist "New Fatherland League". Completes logical structure of the General Theory of Relativity.
1916 Publication of the General Theory of Relativity.
1917 Writes first paper on cosmology. Appointed Director of Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics in Berlin.
1917-1920 Suffers from a liver ailment, a stomach ulcer, jaundice and general weakness - his cousin Elsa Einstein Loewenthal takes care of him.
1918 Supports the new Weimar Republic in Germany.
1919 Divorces his first wife, Mileva Maric. Bending of light observed during solar eclipse in West Africa and Brazil. First discussions on Zionism with Kurt Blumenfeld. Marries his cousin Elsa. Announcement at joint meeting of Royal Society and Royal Astronomical Society that Einstein's theories have been confirmed by eclipse observations. Sensational headlines in The Times and The New York Times : Einstein becomes a world figure.
1920 Mass meeting against the general theory of relativity in Berlin. Appointed special visiting professor at Leiden University.
1921 First visit to the U.S. with Chaim Weizmann: fund-raising tour for The Hebrew University. Lectures at Princeton University on theory of relativity. Awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics.
1922 Completes first paper on unified field theory. Visit to Paris contributes to normalization of French-German relations. Joins Committee on Intellectual Cooperation of the League of Nations. Lecture tours in Japan and China.
1923 Visit to Palestine: holds inaugural scientific lecture at future site of The Hebrew University in Jerusalem, named first honorary citizen of Tel Aviv. Visit to Spain. Lecture in acknowledgment of Nobel Prize in Göteborg, Sweden. Edits first collection of scientific papers of The Hebrew University.
1924 The "Einstein-Institute" in Potsdam, Germany, housed in the "Einstein-Tower" starts its activities.
1925 Trip to South America: Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. Signs manifesto against obligatory military service. Joins Board of Governors and Academic Council of The Hebrew University.
1927 Begins intense debate with Niels Bohr on the foundations of quantum mechanics.
1928 Suffers temporary physical collapse - enlargement of the heart is diagnosed.
1930-1932 Three trips to U.S.: stays mainly at the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, during winter semesters.
1932 Supports conservation of the Weimar Republic Public. Correspondence with Sigmund Freud on the nature of war. Appointed Professor at The Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton University. Plans to divide his time between Berlin and Princeton. Leaves Germany for the last time.
The Princeton Years
1933 Flees Germany in 1933 and declares that he will not return to Germany. Resigns from Prussian Academy of Sciences. Spends spring and summer in Belgium and Oxford. Emigrates to U.S. in September. Accepts a position at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. "Why War?" published.
1934 Collection of essays entitled "The World As I See It" published.
1935 "The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox" is published.
1950 Signs Last Will and Testament: Otto Nathan and Helen Dukas named co-trustees. The Hebrew University named as the ultimate repository of his personal papers. Collection of essays, "Out of My Later Years", published.
1952 Offered presidency of the State of Israel.
1953 Public support for individuals under investigation by the House Un-American Activities Committee.
1955 Co-signs the "Russell-Einstein Manifesto" warning of the nuclear threat. Rupture of the aortic aneurysm leads to his death.
↑ 1.01.11.21.3 "United States World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/X55P-HMD : 7 April 2016), Albert Einstein, 1942; citing NARA microfilm publication M1936, M1937, M1939, M1951, M1962, M1964, M1986, M2090, and M2097 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
↑ 4.04.14.2 "United States Census, 1940," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/K4R1-Z3D : accessed 7 May 2017), Albert Einstein, Princeton Borough, Mercer, New Jersey, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 11-64, sheet 10B, line 66, family 267, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 - 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 2357.
"California, Los Angeles Passenger Lists, 1907-1948," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/KZQ3-8Q5 : 28 November 2014), Albert Einstein, 1932; citing Immigration, ship name Oakland, NARA microfilm publication M1764 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 42; FHL microfilm 1,734,646.
"New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/24V6-J3B : 2 October 2015), Prof Elbert Einstein, 1935; citing Immigration, New York, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
"California, Los Angeles Passenger Lists, 1907-1948," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/KZQS-VP9 : 28 November 2014), Albert Einstein, 1931; citing Immigration, ship name Portland, NARA microfilm publication M1764 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 37; FHL microfilm 1,734,641.