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Joseph Elder (1731 - 1800)

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Joseph Elder
Born in Farnham, Richmond, Virginiamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 1760 [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Campbell County, Virginia, USAmap
Profile last modified 22 Jul 2018 | Created 9 Jan 2009
This page has been accessed 1,089 times.

Contents

Biography

BIRTH

Joseph Elder
Birth: 6 Sep 1731 in Richmond Co., Virginia, per North Farnham Parish records
FamilySearch.com, Virginia, Births and Christenings, 1853-1917
Name: Joseph Elder
Gender: Male
Christening Date: 06 Sep 1731
Christening Place: NORTH FARNHAM PARISH,RICHMOND,VIRGINIA
Father's Name: William Elder
Mother's Name: Ann
Indexing Project (Batch) Number: C50538-1 , System Origin: Virginia-ODM , GS Film number: 975.523 V2K

DEATH

Death: 1800 in Campbell Co., Virginia, per his Last Will and Testament.
Joseph Elder Will
Campbell County, Virginia, Will Book 2, pages 1-2
dated 16 Jan 1800, proved 8 Sep 1800
Elder’s Will
In the Name of God Amen. I Joseph Elder of the County of Campbell being sick but perfect sound sense and memory thanks be to God for the same do make and appoint this to be my last will and Testament. Item I give and bequeath my soul to almighty God who gave it to me and my body to be buried in decent manner at the discretion of my Executors hereafter named. Item I give and bequeath to my loving wife Mary Elder my whole and sole estate during her natural life and after her decease to be equally divided among my children viz Joshua and David and James and John and Polly and Betsy and Jeremiah Elder after giving five pounds to my granddaughter Winnifret Biggs. I appoint my wife and my son John Elder Executors of this my last will and Testament In witness whereof I have set my hand and seal this sixteenth day of January one thousand eight hundred.
Test: James Hancks Senr James Hanks Junr
Signed: Joseph Elder [his X mark]
At a Court Held for Campbell County September 8th 1800
The within Last will and testament of Joseph Elder Deceased was proved by the oath of James Hanks Senr and James Hanks Junr witnesses whose names are thereunto subscribed and ordered to be Recorded. And on the motion of John Elder the Executor in the said Will named who made oath thereto according to Law certificate is granted him for obtaining probate thereof in due form giving security whereupon he together with John Morris his security entered into and acknowledged their Bond in the penalty of one thousand Dollars conditioned as the Law directs for the said Executor due and faithfull administration of the said decedents Estate and performance of his will, Liberty being reserved the Executrix in the said will named to Join in the probate thereof when she shall think fit.
Teste: R. Alexander C. C. C.

PARENTAGE

Parents: William Elder and Ann
Joseph's parents are listed in his Christening record (see birth)
Joseph is was named in his father's Will, written 24 Apr 1754. Joseph was given 100 acres of land in Dinwiddie County, Virginia, part of the 400 acres patented by his father in 1746.
Reference profile of father, William Elder, for entire Will transcript.

MARRIAGE

Joseph Elder and Mary Mathews were married about 1760, based on birth of 1st child Joshua Elder (born about 1761)
Note: Joseph Elder and Mary were first listed together on a 1762 land purchase.

WIFE

Mary Matthews, assumed daughter of Samuel Matthews and Ann
Birth: between 1731-1748, based on the following:
1) Birth on/after 1731, assume Mary is same age or younger than husband
2) Birth on/before 1748, based on age 13+ at birth of Joshua (b. 1761)
Birth average = 1740
Note: A better birth estimate may be determined by researching her father and siblings
Death: after 1800, based on mention of Mary in husband's Will dated 1800.
That is the last reference of wife Mary.

CHILDREN

Joseph Elder mentioned these children in his will:
Joshua Elder
David Elder
James Elder
John Elder
Polly (Mary) Elder
Betsy (Elizabeth) Elder
Jeremiah Elder
Nancy is also a confirmed daughter via Joseph's consent on Nancy's marriage record. Nancy died before his Will, but Nancy's daughter Winnifret Biggs is in the Will.
Note: the order of children listed in his Will may imply the birth order of children.

TIMELINE

1731: birth of Joseph Elder, in Richmond Virginia
1754: Joseph was listed in his father's Will.
1755: Joseph Elder's debt to James Brannan's estate was recorded about 1755 in Richmond County, Virginia
[Sparacio, Account Book Abstracts of Richmond County, Virginia, Part II, 1751-1783, pages 18-19]
1762: Joseph Elder and wife Mary of Dinwiddie Co., VA, sold 150 acres of land in Brunswick Co., VA
1764: Joseph Elder and wife Mary of Brunswick Co., VA, sold 153 acres of land in Brunswick Co., VA
1771: John and Mary Hicks of Cumberland County sold 185 acres to John Edmundson of Dinwiddie County, in Brunswick County adjoining Benjamin Jones, Joseph Elder, Jesse Jones, John Lambert, and Joel Biggs, 20 Dec 1771 [Bradley, Brunswick County, Virginia, Deed Books, Volume 5, 1770-1775, page 27]
1774: Jesse Jones, wife Sarah and mother Sarah of Brunswick County sold 188 acres of land on the South side of Red Oak Creek, adjoining Joseph Elder and others, to David Roper 28 Feb 1774 [Bradley, Brunswick County, Virginia, Deed Books, Volume 5, 1770-1775, page 71]
1779: Joseph Elder of Brunswick Co., VA, sold 75 acres of land in Brunswick Co., VA
1783: Joseph Elder appeared as father in marriage record of daughter Nancy Elder in Brunswick Co. VA .
[Vogt and Kethley, Brunswick County Marriages, 1750-1853, pages 44 and 185]: 7 Apr 1783 (bond) – Joel Biggs and Nancy Elder, consent by father Joseph Elder; surety Joel Biggs and John Latimer
1785: Joseph Elder appeared as father in marriage record of son David Elder in Brunswick Co. VA.
[Vogt and Kethley, Brunswick County Marriages, 1750-1853, pages 44 and 185]: 22 Aug 1785 – David Elder and Polly Read; consent by fathers Joseph Elder and William Read; surety David Elder and Joel Biggs; witness Nancy Biggs; minister Thomas Lundie, Rector, St. Andrew's Parish
1787: Joseph Elder was paid 5 Pounds by St. Andrew's Parish for maintenance of David Vaughan, "bastard child of Mary Vaughan" 23 Mar 1787 [St. Andrew's Parish Vestry Book, 1732-1798, Brunswick County, Virginia, pages 173-174, Microfilm Reel 54, Library of Virginia]
1787: Joseph Elder and wife Mary of Brunswick Co. VA sold 122 acres of land in Brunswick Co. VA.
1787: Joseph Elder and wife Mary of Brunswick Co. VA sold 50 acres of land in Brunswick Co. VA.
1782-1787: Joseph Elder appeared in Land Tax lists of Brunswick Co. VA.
[Land Tax Records, 1782-1799, Brunswick County, Virginia, Microfilm Reel 45, Library of Virginia]
1788-1798: Joseph Elder appeared in Personal Property Tax lists of Campbell Co., VA
[Land Tax Records, 1782-1806, Campbell County, Virginia, Microfilm Reel 56, Library of Virginia]
1789 : Joseph Elder of Campbell Co., VA, purchased 145 acres of land in Campbell Co., VA.
1790: In Nov 1790 Court of Dinwiddie County, John Edmundson assignee of Joel Hardaway, who was assignee of Sarah Elder administratrix of Edmund Elder deceased, petitioned against David Elder, Claiborne Elder and Joseph Elder. Suit dismissed against David Elder and Joseph Elder
[Dinwiddie County, Virginia, Order Book, 1789-1791, Microfilm Reel 15, page 279, Library of Virginia]
1792: Joseph Elder appeared as father in marriage record of daughter Polly M. Elder in Campbell Co. VA.
[Campbell County, Virginia, Marriage Register I, 1782-1853, page 36; Microfilm Reel 36, Library of Virginia]: Jun 1792 (bond) – Joseph Crews and Polly M. Elder, daughter of Joseph; married Jul 1792 by Rev. Charles Cobbs [record]
1797: Francis M. Pettey sold 81 acres in Campbell County to John Elder, bounded by Joseph Elder, James Elder, and Jesse Mason, 1 Feb 1797
[Campbell County, Virginia, Deed Book 4, 1796-1799, page 199, Microfilm Reel 2, Library of Virginia]
1800: Joseph Elder sold 145 acres of land in Campbell County

LAND TRANSACTIONS

The following Deeds were abstracted by Bob Elder.
1762 Deed Abstract: Joseph & Mary Elder, land sale:
Deed Book 6, Brunswick County, Virginia, pages 171-173;
Microfilm Reel 4 (Brunswick County, Virginia) – Library of Virginia
Grantor: Joseph Elder and Mary his wife of Dinwiddie County
Grantee: Richard Littlepage of the same county
Date: 23 August 1762
Terms: 25 pounds current money of Virginia
Description: 150 acres in the County of Brunswick; beginning at Richard Berry’s line thence along Berry’s line to Benjamin Jones’ line at a corner thence from Benjamin Jones’ corner to Henry Parrish’s line thence along Parrish’s line to John Lambart’s line across a larger tract of land out of which the above 150 acres of land is to be laid off to Nicholas Lewis’ line thence to the beginning
Witnesses: Wood Tucker, Charles Clayton, and John Short
Signatures: Signed and Sealed by Joseph Elder and Mary Elder (no marks indicated)
1764 Deed Abstract: Joseph & Mary Elder, land sale:
Deed Book 7, Brunswick County, Virginia, pages 483-484;
Microfilm Reel 4 (Brunswick County, Virginia) – Library of Virginia
Grantor: Joseph Elder and Mary his wife of Brunswick County, and Richard Littlepage and Elizabeth his wife of Dinwiddie County
Grantee: John Lamberth and Jesse Jones of Brunswick county
Date: 25 June 1764
Terms: 26 pounds 5 shillings and 6 pence current money of Virginia, “also for diverse other good causes and considerations”
Description: 150 acres of land in the County of Brunswick; beginning on Chamberlayn’s patent line on a branch the upper side of the said Elder’s plantation thence up the said branch to the fork thence up the east fork to the head thence by a line of marked trees to Centell’s line thence up Centell’s ? several courses to a corner pine thence up the said line to a corner white oak thence by a line of marked trees including part of the land in Henry Parrish’s patent to a corner white oak joyning of Lamberth’s Hickory Run land thence up Lamberth’s line to Centell’s patent line to Black Jack corner thence along Centell’s patent line to the dividing line of Centell and Swanson thence along the said line to Samuel Chamberlayn’s patent line thence down the said line to the beginning; including 153 (sic) acres more or less with all buildings, gardens, orchards and other improvements
Witnesses: Lwelling Jones, Hukey Williams, and William Averis
Signatures: Signed and Sealed by Joseph Elder and Mary Elder (mark +) and Richard Littlepage
1779 Deed Abstract: Joseph Elder, land purchase:
Deed Book 13, 1777–1780, Brunswick County, Virginia, pages 269–270;
Microfilm Reel 7 (Brunswick County, Virginia) – Library of Virginia
Grantor: James Vaughan and wife Lucy of Brunswick County and St. Andrew Parish Grantee: Joseph Elder of said county and parish
Date: 13 May 1779
Terms: 150 pounds
Description: 75 acres in Brunswick County, on the grate (Great) branch, adjoining Isaac Reed’s line, James Vaughan’s land
Witnesses: Joseph Lyell, Richard Lenorer, Joshua Elder, and Sloman Wynne
Signature: Signed and Sealed by James Vaughan and Lucy Vaughan
Date Recorded: 28 June 1779
1787: Deed Abstract: Joseph & Mary Elder, land sale:
Deed Book 14, 1780–1790, Brunswick County, Virginia, pages 320–321;
Microfilm Reel 8 (Brunswick County, Virginia) – Library of Virginia
Grantor: Joseph Elder and Mary his wife of Brunswick County
Grantee: Joshua Lucy of the same county
Date: 3 August 1787
Terms: 50 pounds current money of Virginia
Description: 122 acres in the County of Brunswick; “beginning at a pine on Mary Walker’s line, on the great branch, thence along the said Walker’s line to a corner hickory, thence along the said Walker’s line to a corner sweetgum on Fisher’s line, thence along the said Fisher’s line, to the great branch, thence along the great branch to the said pine began at.”
Witnesses: John Judd, Joseph Fisher, and Joshua Hightower
Signatures: Signed and Sealed by Joseph Elder and Mary Elder (her mark X)
Date Recorded: 22 October 1787
1787: Deed Abstract: Joseph & Mary Elder, land sale:
Deed Book 14, 1780–1790, Brunswick County, Virginia, pages 318–320;
Microfilm Reel 8 (Brunswick County, Virginia) – Library of Virginia
Grantor: Joseph Elder and Mary his wife of Brunswick County and St. Andrew Parish
Grantee: Joseph Lyell of the same county and parish
Date: 22 October 1787
Terms: 50 pounds current money of Virginia
Description: 50 acres in the County of Brunswick; “beginning at a corner red oak of Benjamin Jones’s, Rolley Hightower’s and Samuel Dameron’s, thence along the said Dameron’s and Joseph Lyell’s lines to Thomas Ball’s corner on a branch, thence up the same as it meanders to the said Ball’s corner, thence along Samuel Senter’s line to a large willow oak in a branch, thence to the beginning.”
Witnesses: Thomas Gholson (?), Isaac Hicks, and Joshua Lucy
Signatures: Signed and Sealed by Joseph Elder and Mary Elder
Date Recorded: 22 October 1787
1789: Deed Abstract: Joseph Elder, land purchase:
Deed Book 4, 1796–1799, Campbell County, Virginia, pages 198–199;
Microfilm Reel 2 (Campbell County, Virginia) – Library of Virginia
Grantor: Francis M. Pettey of Halifax County
Grantee: Joseph Elder of Campbell County
Date: 9 June 1789
Terms: 50 pounds lawful money of Virginia
Description: 145 acres in Campbell County; “on the South side of Hatt Creek Road, on the waters of Austins branch... beginning at Mitchell’s corner white oak, ... to Willson’s line, ... to Hatt Creek Road, ... to Mitchell’s line...”
Witnesses: Nathl Rogers?, Jeffery Jefferys, and Ann Jefferys
Signature: Signed and Sealed by Frs M. Pettey
Date Recorded: 12 June 1797
1800: Deed Abstract: Joseph Elder, land sale:
Deed Book 5, 1799–1802, Campbell County, Virginia, pages 137–138;
Microfilm Reel 2 (Campbell County, Virginia) – Library of Virginia
Grantor: Joseph Elder of Campbell County
Grantee: James Hanks Junior of Campbell County
Date: 15 Jan 1800
Terms: 33 pounds current money of Virginia
Description: 145 acres in Campbell County; “on the waters of Austins branch... beginning at Mitchell’s corner white oak, ... to Willson’s line, ... to Hatt Creek Road, ... to Mitchell’s line...”
Witnesses: James Hancks Senior, William Weaver, and Thomas Hancks
Signature: Signed and Sealed by Joseph (X his mark) Elder
Date Recorded: 8 Sep 1800

Sources

Acknowledgments

Thanks to Donna Kunkle for starting this profile. Click the Changes tab for the details of contributions by Donna and others.



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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Joseph by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Joseph:

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Joseph is 22 degrees from Cari Starosta, 17 degrees from Marie-Antoinette d'Autriche and 13 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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