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Claiborne Elder (abt. 1810 - abt. 1845)

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Claiborne Elder
Born about in Charlotte County, Virginia, USAmap
Ancestors ancestors
Brother of
Husband of — married in Obion, Tennessee, USAmap
Descendants descendants
Father of
Died about in Obion County, Tennessee, USAmap
Profile last modified | Created 1 Dec 2018
This page has been accessed 104 times.


Claiborn Elder was born abt. 1810 in Charlotte County, Virginia. His parents were James Elder and Polly Mason. He was included in the 1820 Census, but not shown in 1830. It is believed that his family removed to Obion county around 1837 when his older brother, James, went to Obion county.

Claiborn married Mary Ann Foster on 29 Apr 1840 in Obion County, Tennessee. She was born abt. 1820. Her parents are unknown.

The 1840 Census for Obion County lists Claiborn, age between 20 and 30; his wife Mary Ann, age 20 to 30 and one other female age 20 to 30. Claiborn and Mary Ann had a daughter, Susan Jane in 1842. They had a second daughter, Mary Elizabeth, around 1843. Claiborn died sometime in 1844 in Obion county. The exact date or details are not known. The Obion County Will Book E, for 1845, Page 68 has an entry dated 2 December 1844, which appointed James Elder as an Administrative Bondsman for Claiborn Elder. The two daughters were placed under guardianship to Joshua Elder in Rutherford County. In 1850, they were living with Joshua’s sisters, Nancy and Susan Elder, in Rutherford County.

It is not known what happened to Mary Ann. However, since she isn’t mentioned in Claiborn’s will, it can be assumed that she died shortly after her last child’s birth, 1843.

Sources Tennessee, Marriage Records, 1780-2002 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2008. Name: Claiborn Elden Gender: Male Marriage Date: 29 Apr 1840 Marriage Place: Obion, Tennessee, USA Spouse: Mary Ann Foster

Year: 1840; Census Place: Obion, Tennessee; Page: 131; Family History Library Film: 0024547 Name: Claiborne Elder Home in 1840 (City, County, State): Obion, Tennessee Free White Persons - Males - 20 thru 29: 1 Free White Persons - Females - 20 thru 29: 2 Persons Employed in Agriculture: 1 No. White Persons over 20 Who Cannot Read and Write: 2 Free White Persons - 20 thru 49: 3 Total Free White Persons: 3 Total All Persons - Free White, Free Colored, Slaves: 3

Claiborne Elder estate sale 1844. Obion, Tennessee, USA. James Elder administrator; Susan Elder among buyers. Record Book 6, Wills, Inventories and Settlements of Estates, Dec 1844 – May 1846, pages 68-69 [Tennessee Probate Court Books, 1795-1927, Obion County, Inventories, Settlements, Wills, 1844-1853, pages 68-69, image 40,]

Joshua Elder guardian of Claiborne Elder orphans Court records connecting Claiborne and Joshua Elder: "Claibourn Elder Decd. It is ordered by the Court that the Clerk notify Joshua Elder, the Guardian for Susan Jane and Elizabeth Elder, minor heirs of Claibourn Elder Decd, to be and appear before the County Court of Rutherford County Tenn. at the Feby Term thereof and show cause if any why he shall not be removed as such Guardian. And also to appear before the Clerk of said Court previous to that time and render an account to said Clerk of the Estate of said wards." In margin: "Issd 10th Jany 1860 to Shff" [Rutherford County, Tennessee, Minute Book DD, page 231]

Claibourn Elder deceased. A settlement made with Joshua Elder Guardian of Susan Jane and Elizabeth Elder minor heirs of Claibourn Elder decd. by me John Jones Clerk of Rutherford County Court. I am informed by said Guardian that he has never received a means of said wards but that he has paid out for guardian and board 50 cents. And also for the record of said bond $1.00. Amount due guardian from ward $1.50. witness my hand at office this 27th day of January 1860 [Rutherford County, Tennessee, Record Book 20, page 369]

The Elder Family web site

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Claiborne by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Claiborne:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.


On 2 Dec 2018 at 12:50 GMT Nancy Elder wrote:

ELDER Y-DNA kit #35714 (WIKI Elder-2044) posted at

More “PETER ELDER” Y-DNA category matches in "ELDER DNA RESULTS CHART" at

ELDER DNA Home page --

"Documents for "PETER ELDER" group posted by Robert Elder of Annandale VA at

“Peter Elder lived in North Farnham Parish in Old Rappahannock County, in the Northern Neck area of Virginia. The locality is now in Richmond County, Virginia. He first appeared as witness to a power of attorney in 1664.”

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Claiborne is 16 degrees from Alexis Nelson, 19 degrees from Gregory Peck and 15 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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