Philip James "Jim" Elliot (October 8, 1927 – January 8, 1956) was an evangelical Christian who was one of five missionaries killed while participating in Operation Auca, an attempt to evangelize the Huaorani people of Ecuador.
Jim was born in Portland, Oregon, to Fred and Clara Elliot, Plymouth Brethren evangelists. The Elliot parents encouraged their three children to be adventurous, and encouraged them to "live for Christ."
Elliot used his speaking ability regularly. A classmate recounts how Elliot quoted the Bible to the president of his school's student body as an explanation for his refusal to attend a school party. Another time, Elliot risked expulsion from the public-speaking club by refusing to give a political speech, believing that Christians were not to involve themselves in politics. A pacifist, he rejected the idea of using force to eliminate slavery in Africa, and he was prepared to stand as a conscientious objector had he been drafted to serve in World War II.
While at Camp Wycliffe, Elliot practiced the skills necessary for writing down a language for the first time by working with a former missionary to the Quechua people. The missionary told him of the Huaorani – also called the "Auca", the Quichua word for "savage" – a group of Ecuadorian indigenous people considered violent and dangerous to outsiders.
Elliot and Pete Fleming arrived in Ecuador on February 21, 1952, with the purpose of evangelizing Ecuador's Quechua Indians. While working with Quechua Indians, Elliot began preparing to reach the Huaorani. Elliot and four other missionaries – Ed McCully, Roger Youderian, Pete Fleming, and their pilot, Nate Saint – made contact from their Piper PA-14 airplane with the Huaorani using a loudspeaker and a basket to pass down gifts.
A group of about 10 Huaorani warriors killed Elliot and his four companions on January 8, 1956. Elliot's body was found downstream, along with those of the other men, except that of Ed McCully which was found even farther downstream. 
Jim Elliot's journal entry for October 28, 1949, expresses his belief that work dedicated to Jesus was more important than his life (Luke 9:24). "He is no fool who gives what he cannot keep to gain that which he cannot lose." 
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