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Hendrick (Enloos) Enloes (abt. 1632 - 1708)

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Hendrick Enloes formerly Enloos aka Inloes, Inlows, Enloe
Born about in Duisburg, Hertogdom Kleef, Verenigde Provinciënmap
Husband of — married about in Nieuw Amstel, Delaware, Verenigde Provinciënmap [uncertain]
Descendants descendants
Died in Baltimore County, Province of Maryland, United Kingdom of Great Britainmap
Profile manager: Jana Shea private message [send private message]
Enloos-1 created 19 Aug 2016 | Last modified
This page has been accessed 455 times.

Categories: Dutch Immigrants to America.

Contents

Disputed Origins

A long-standing belief held by numerous researchers and proliferated all over the internet is that Hendrick Enloes' parents are Joris Kindlosson and Fijtgen Hendrix. However, there has yet to be any evidence to support this claim.

Reportedly, there is a marriage notation for the couple in the book, De huwelijksintekeningen van Schotse militairen in Nederland, 1574-1665. While possibly serving as proof the couple married, it still offers no connection between the couple and Hendrick Enloes or his siblings.

Hendrick Enloes is believed to have come to Nieuw-Amstel (now New Castle, Delaware) from Amsterdam together with his brother, Pieter Enloes in 1657. Pieter was a silversmith who was originally from Duisburg, Germany.[1]

Before he left Amsterdam, Pieter Enlos was a witness to his brother, Jan Enloos' marriage in 1656. Jan was also a silversmith whose place of origin was listed as Duisburg and Pieter Enlos was clearly named as his brother in the record.[2]

In 1663, this same Jan Enloos was baptized as a 32-year old man in Amsterdam. His parents' names were given as Antonij Enloos and Gritie Livens.[3] Antonij Enloos was a goldsmith.[4]

Antonij Enloos was also named as Pieter Enloos' father in his civil marriage register entry.[5]

Though definitive proof that Hendrick Enloes was indeed Pieter Enloes' brother is still lacking, it is certain that the Pieter Enloes who came to Nieuw-Amstel is Jan Enloos' brother and the son of Antonij Enloos.

Therefore, it can be concluded with confidence that Antonij Enloos and Gritie Livens are the correct parents of Hendrick Enloes.

(NOTE: Proof of some blood relationship between Hendrick and Pieter is evident in land records pertaining to a tract of 100 acres of land on Back River in Baltimore County, acquired via the headright system by Pieter's son, Abraham, that were somehow transferred to Hendrick. This same parcel, later named "Inloes Loyce" was sold by Hendrick Enloes to John Boaring in 1679.)


Biography

Research Notes

Hendrick Enloes stated in a 4 January 1670 deposition that he was age 38.

Naturalized 6 Jun 1674.

FAMILY:

Likely married wife, Christiann in Nieuw Amstel. Was married before 1661. 5 Known children: Hester, Henry, Margaret, John, Abraham.

LAND:

Baltimore County

3 Mar 1661- received by headright 200 acres of land "Sawyer's Choice", for transportation of self, wife, John Alkmore and Henry Abraham into Maryland.

7 Nov 1664 - John Collett sold to "Hendrick Enloes" and John Alkmore for 300 acres "Elk Neck". The indenture stipulated that payment of 3500 tobacco was to take place over a period of three years and failure to make payment would result in the land reverting back to Collett. This appears to have occured, as only later record of the tract showed it in possession of Collett's decedents.

2 May 1673 - acquired 100 acres called "Dutch (or Duck) Neck".

3 May 1673 - acquired 100 acres called "Tryangle Neck" and another 100 acres called "Swallow Fork" on Middle River.

5 Nov 1679 - sold to John Boaring 100 acres "Inloes Loyce". Same tract of land was originally patented for Abraham Enloes (via headright).

28 Aug 1682 - sold to John Fuller 100 acres "Swallow Fork".

7 Mar 1687 - acquired 33 acres called "The Low Lands" between the Middles River and Seneca Creek.

20 Jun 1687 - acquired 150 acres in the same area(between the Middles River and Seneca Creek) called "The Oblong".

4 Aug 1702 - sold to William Holland 150 acres "Oblong".

OTHER:

Unlike his older brothers, Hendrick Enloos was not a silversmith. It is likely that he was intending to become a silversmith by apprenticeship under his eldest brother, Pieter.

Pieter was still an apprentice when he married at age 22. Jan will still an apprentice when he married at age 25. If Hendrick was in his early to mid-20s (keeping in mind that Dutch age of majority was 25) when he came to Nieuw-Amstel, it is possible that he, too, was an apprentice (under his brother). Researchers of the New Netherland colony have identified Pieter as the only known silversmith. Either that's because surviving records aren't so great or maybe because Hendrick was not yet considered a silversmith in his own right (still an apprentice).

After the two brothers immigrated to the New Netherland colony, Pieter was busy being sent on supply missions to aid the Nieuw-Amstel colony (per letters written by Jacob Aldrich in 1658 to Peter Stuyvesant).

It's very possible that once in Nieuw-Nederland, Pieter had little time to train Hendrick or even his own sons. He also died when his sons were still young. This is likely the reason why Pieter's son, Abraham, became a cooper.

As for Hendrick, it would seem that the challenges of life in a 17th-century colony prevented him from finishing his apprenticeship. So, too, Pieter's early death. If Pieter was the only silversmith in the colony, Hendrick (and Pieter's sons) would have no way to continue their apprenticeship (besides returning to Europe). Pieter's tools , etc. may have also been sold to pay his debts and passage.

Hendrick, too, may have found himself sent on missions to support the colony, such as sawing wood. Thus, his stated occupation of "sawyer".

Within a few short years, the brothers had also left the colony for Maryland.

In Baltimore County, Maryland, Hendrick had quite a lot of land. This was something that no silversmith (or other guildsman) in Amsterdam (or Duisburg) had any opportunity of having. For Hendrick, clearing the land likely led to a nice bit of lumber which he could sell to others.

Later establishing a plantation on the land became his stated occupation. Many plantation owners had other trades or skills they were known for, but "planter" signified their sizable real estate holdings.

FURTHER RESEARCH NEEDED:

? first wife Elizabeth died 10 Dec 1707 ?

He first appeared in the 1658 tax records of "New Netherlands" (now Delaware).

Sources

  1. Craig, Peter Stebbens, "1671 Census of the Delaware", (Philadelphia: Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, 1999), p. 59
  2. "Banns Registers 1565-1811", jpeg image, Stadsarchief Amsterdam (Online: Stadsarchief Amsterdam, 2008-2016), <https://archief.amsterdam/indexen/index.nl.html>
  3. "Doopregisters voor 1811", jpeg image, Stadsarchief Amsterdam (Online: Stadsarchief Amsterdam, 2008-2016), <https://archief.amsterdam/indexen/index.nl.html>
  4. "Poorters 1531-1652", jpeg image, Stadsarchief Amsterdam (Online: Stadsarchief Amsterdam, 2008-2016), <https://archief.amsterdam/indexen/index.nl.html>
  5. "Netherlands, Noord-Holland, Church Records, 1523-1948, Alle Gezindten, Amsterdam, Huwelijksaangiften 1642-1650", jpeg image, FamilySearch (Online: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., 2010), <https://familysearch.org>
  • Skinner, V.L., "Abstracts of the Testamentary Proceedings of the Prerogative Court of Maryland: Volume II: 1670-1674. Libers: 5, 6", (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2005), p. 5
  • "Maryland, Wills and Probate Records, 1604-1998", Ancestry.com (Online: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015), [Original source: Maryland, Orphans' Court (Baltimore County), Will Book 1, 1666-1721, p. 17], <http://www.ancestry.com>
  • Barnes, Robert W., "Baltimore County Families, 1659-1759", (Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1989), p. 204
  • Lyda, Forrest Edgar, "The Ancestry of Abraham Enloe," Bulletin of The Genealogical Society of Old Tryon Co., N.C., Vol. XVI, August 1988, No. 3,(Forest City, NC: Genealogical Society of Old Tryon Co., N.C, August 1988), p. 103.
See also


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No known carriers of Hendrick's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Images: 1
Will of Hendrick Enloes
Will of Hendrick Enloes

Collaboration

On 19 Aug 2017 at 12:20 GMT Chet Snow wrote:

Enloe-122 and Enloos-1 appear to represent the same person because: they have the same birth and death information; both married Christiana or Christian and both had daughter Hester. Clearly they are the same man. Please merge into PPP Enloos-1 as that was original Dutch spelling.

On 15 May 2017 at 14:51 GMT Christine Henderson wrote:

Wonderful work! Thank you Thank you!



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