Margaret Eriksdatter
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Margrete Eriksdatter (1283 - 1290)

Margrete (Margaret) "Jomfruen av Norge, Maid of Norway" Eriksdatter
Born in Bergen, Hordaland, Norwaymap
Ancestors ancestors
Sister of [half]
[spouse(s) unknown]
Died in Kirkwall, Orkney, Scotlandmap
Profile last modified | Created 20 May 2011
This page has been accessed 1,316 times.
Preceded by
Alexander III
Queen of Scots
19 March 1285/6 - abt. 26 September 1290
Succeeded by
THE FIRST INTERREGNUM

Biografi

European Aristocracy
Margaret Eriksdatter was a member of the aristocracy in Europe.

Margrete eller Margareta, også kjent som Jomfruen av Norge (engelsk: Maid of Norway).

Hun var født 9. mai 1283 i Bergen, datter av den 16 år gamle Eirik II Magnusson av Norge och Margaret av Skottland.

I en alder av tre var hun den eneste arving til den skotske tronen, hun var dronning av Skottland fra 1286 til sin død i 1290.

Margrete blev forlovet med prinsen av Wales, den kommende Edvard II.

I september 1290 reiste unge Margrete over Nordsjøen på et norsk fartøy. Reisen ble besværlig, s kipet seilte rett inn i en heftig storm og ble ført langt ut av kurs inntil det klarte å kjempe seg inn til Kirkwall på Orknøyene. Margretes helse hadde aldri vært robust og anstrengelsene under sjøfarten ble for mye for henne. Hun ble «grepet av sykdom til sjøs», ifølge biskop Narve, og hun døde i armene hans kort tid etter at de var kommet i land på Kirkwall, knappe syv år gammel.

Margretes legeme ble ført tilbake til Norge hvor liket ble «nøye undersøkt» av hennes mistenksomme far, kong Eirik av Norge. Den lille piken ble deretter gravlagt i murveggen på nordsiden av koret i Kristkirken i Bergen ved siden av graven til sin mor.

Biography

Margrete, Norwegian princess, also called "Girl from Norway," daughter of Eirik Magnusson and Margrete. The small Margrete should take over the Scottish throne as the next heir after her maternal grandfather (died 1286), and a marriage between her and the English Prince Edward (later Edward II) was agreed. On the journey Margrete was ill and died in Orkney 1290. Ten years later appeared a German woman up in Bergen and pretended to be Margrete. She was burned at Nordnes in 1301. Many thought she was wrongly convicted and worshiped her as a saint. The events gave rich nourishment to the popular imagination and forms the historical core of several Margreteviser.

Sources

  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. IV p. 595
  • Isl.Ann.
  • RN, Vol. 2 and 4
  • A. Orr. Anderson: Early Sources of Scottish History, Vol. 2, Edinburgh 1922/1990, pp. 694-696
  • NFH, part 4, vol. 2, 1859
  • H. Koht: biography in NBL1, Vol. 9, 1940
  • R. Nicholson, Scotland. The Later Middle Ages, Edinburgh 1974
  • K. Helle: Bergen city's history, Vol. 1, 1982
  • N. Reid: "Margaret 'Maid of Norway' and Scottish queen ship", in Reading Medieval Studies, Vol. 8, 1982
  • GWS Barrow, K. Helle, M. Prestwich and BE Crawford: "Studies Commemorative of the Anniversary of the Death of the Maid of Norway ', in Scottish Historical Review, Vol. 69, 1990, pp. 120-184 (four separate stories)
  • N. Bjørgo: "Power and powerlessness" in Norwegian foreign policy history, Vol. 1, 1995
  • https://snl.no/Margrete/prinsesse


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Margaret is 24 degrees from Jaki Erdoes, 20 degrees from Wallis Windsor and 11 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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Categories: Scottish Nobility | Norwegian Nobility