||Gustav (Eriksson) Vasa was a member of aristocracy in Europe.|
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|King of Sweden
1521 - 1560
Gustav Eriksson was probably born May 12, 1496, at Rydboholm. He was the son of the noble man Erik Johansson (Vasa) and Cecilia Månsdotter (Eka). His mother's sister was married to the head of the nation Sten Sture (junior) and Gustav served at his court. In 1518 he took part in the battle of Brännkyrka against the Danish king Kristian who wanted the Swedish crown and the restoration of the union. In October of the same year negotiations were held between the Swedes and the Danes. Gustav was one of the six people who were given as hostage .to the Danish king, who against his word sent the hostage to be held prisoners at Kalö in Denmark. The young noble man Gustav managed to escape (September 1519), first to Lübeck, and then to Kalmar, Sweden (May 1520) before hiding at the family estate Räfsnäs in Södermanland. The Danish king was crowned king of Sweden in November 1520 and soon thereafter he staged the Bloodbath of Stockholm, executing Gustav's father and several other relatives. When Gustav heard about the deed he went to Dalarna in order to raise a rebellion against the king. Others had already started a rebellion and they joined Gustav. By new year of 1522 all of Sweden except for Finland, Kalmar and Stockholm had fallen. In order to conquer the remaining cities Gustav hired mercenaries from Lübeck. June 6, 1523, Gustav was elected king of Sweden.
The debt to Lübeck had to be paid so taxes were raised. Friends of Kristian tried to undermine the new king and the former fellow rebels from Dalarna protested the new taxes. A new religious teaching was preached by Laurentius Andreae and Olaus Petri who had studied in the city of Wittenberg where they had met Martin Luther. The king saw the benefits of the new teaching and at the Council of Västerås in 1527 the first steps to a reformation was taken when the riches of the church fell under the crown. Gustav stripped the church of its wealth and used it to repay the debt to Lübeck.
The first twenty years of Gustav's reign were filled with different uprisings against him. The king learnt from his mistakes and at the Council of Västerås in 1544 several important decisions were made which helped forge the faith of Sweden. The crown became heredetary, the military was reorganized so that larger forces could more quickly come to the king's aid and the earlier decision that the Church of Sweden would be evangelical was finalized together with other rules for the chuch. The king's sons were given dukedoms that would support their living expences.
Gustav Vasa was married three times.
With Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg:
With Margareta Eriksdotter Leijonhuvud:
Gustav died September 29, 1560, at Stockholm Castle. He was buried in Uppsala Cathedral.
Gustav was 173 cm tall and stout. He had a low forehead that leaned backwards, his hair was gingery and he also had a fiery temperament.
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On 29 Sep 2016 at 23:32 GMT C (Sälgö) S wrote:
Gustav is 24 degrees from Sharon Caldwell, 23 degrees from Burl Ives and 8 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.