He was recorded in Claiborne, Tennessee in 1850, 1860 and 1870. 
On October 5, 1865, just six months after being released on the north side of the Ohio River, John Y. Estes did a very unusual thing. He deeded his property, mostly kitchen items and livestock, to his son Lazarus who was about 17 years old and lived in the family home.
John died on September 19, 1895 in Nocona, Montague, Texas aged 76.
"John probably joined when the regiment was formed on August 10, 1862, although he may have been participating in the unofficial unit since 1861.  The Fulkerson’s in Tazewell, his near neighbors, were instrumental in raising Confederate volunteers in Claiborne County. John Y. Estes fought and served until he was either injured or a previous condition became so serious in 1864 that he could not function, although he participated in some of the worst fighting and most brutal battles of the war. John is reported to have been admitted to the hospital in Charlottesville, VA on June the 12th, transferred to a convalescent camp on June 19th, and deserted at Staunton, Va. on June the 30th. In October, 1864 records say he was accounted for, but absent. By March 6th of 1865, he was in prison, captured as a deserter, transferred to Chattanooga, signed the allegiance oath and by the end of March, had been taken to Louisville before being deposited on the north side of the Ohio River, having agreed to stay there for the duration of the war."
He left a wife and 6 children at home ranging in age from Lazarus born in 1848, so 13, to newborn at the time of his enlistment.
↑1830 Census: "1830 United States Federal Census" Year: 1830; Census Place: Claiborne, Tennessee; Series: M19; Roll: 180; Page: 107; Family History Library Film: 0024538 Ancestry Sharing Link • Ancestry Record 8058 #744055 (accessed 15 October 2021) John Estes.
↑Marriage: "Tennessee, U.S., Marriage Records, 1780-2002" Tennessee State Library and Archives; Nashville, TN, USA; Tennessee State Marriages, 1780-2002 Ancestry Sharing Link • Ancestry Record 1169 #1343072 (accessed 15 October 2021) John Y Ester marriage to Ruthy Dodson on 1 Mar 1841 in Claiborne, Tennessee, USA.
↑1850 Census: "1850 United States Federal Census" Year: 1850; Census Place: Subdivision 7, Claiborne, Tennessee; Roll: 874; Page: 271b Ancestry Sharing Link • Ancestry Record 8054 #6018798 (accessed 15 October 2021) John Ester (30), Laborer, in Subdivision 7, Claiborne, Tennessee, USA. Born in Tennessee.
↑1860 Census: "1860 United States Federal Census" Year: 1860; Census Place: Subdivision 9, Claiborne, Tennessee; Page: 330 Ancestry Sharing Link • Ancestry Record 7667 #19010657 (accessed 15 October 2021) John Y Easter (40), Shoemaker, in Subdivision 9, Claiborne, Tennessee. Born in Tennessee.
↑1870 Census: "1870 United States Federal Census" Year: 1870; Census Place: District 8, Claiborne, Tennessee; Roll: M593_1518; Page: 276A Ancestry Sharing Link • Ancestry Record 7163 #11916097 (accessed 15 October 2021) John Y Estes, Farm Laborer, in District 8, Claiborne, Tennessee. Born in Tennessee.
↑Confederate Military Record:
"U.S., Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-1865"
Historical Data Systems, Inc.; Duxbury, MA 02331; American Civil War Research Database Ancestry Record 1555 #188641 (accessed 18 October 2021)
Name: John Y Eastice; Enlistment Date: 14 Nov 1862; Enlistment Rank: Private; Muster Date: 14 Nov 1862; Muster Place: Tennessee; Muster Company: F; Muster Regiment: 1st Cavalry; Muster Regiment Type: Cavalry; Muster Information: Enlisted; Side of War: Confederacy; Title: Index to Compiled Confederate Military Service Records.
Probate: "Tennessee, U.S., Wills and Probate Records, 1779-2008" Will Books, 1837-1865, Claiborne County, Tennessee; Author: Tennessee State Library and Archives (Nashville, Tennessee); Probate Place: Claiborne, Tennessee Ancestry Sharing Link • Ancestry Record 9176 #4135209 (accessed 15 October 2021) John Y Estes probate.
Find a Grave, database and images (Find A Grave: Memorial #16976254 : accessed 14 October 2021), memorial page for John Younger Estes (29 Dec 1818–19 Sep 1895), Find a Grave Memorial ID 16976254, citing Boren Cemetery, Ringgold, Montague County, Texas, USA ; Maintained by BigBigTex (contributor 48680123). Find A Grave: Memorial #16976254
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with John by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: