Note: Roy advises that census records all say born Scotland, and that burial record has William Fairbairn Wakefield Quebec d- 6 b- 8 Feb 1872 in his 82nd year,so 1790 Scotland seems to be accurate. The April comes from Reby's death date, which, although it has the incorrect year, would fit with William not yet being 82 when he died in Feb.
Date: 06 FEB 1872
Place: Wakefield, Quebec, Canada
Note: NB this contradicts a previously published (by Reby DODDS) date of Apr 1867. Reby both wrote the book and erected the tombstone, but William's burial record clearly places his death in 1872.
Note: Although William was supposedly born Scotland to William FAIRBAIRN & Ayslie ELLIOT, this baptism is yet to be found, as is any trace of a couple of this name.
Another candidate is the William baptised over the border in Wooler, William to William and Ann (BROWN) FAIRBAIRN, which parish coincides with the baptism of eldest son Archibald in Wooler (as well as in Yetholm)
Note: "William Fairbairn, a Scot from Roxburghshire and a millwright by trade, came to Canada in 1820. (actually a little earlier than that) With his mason's skills, he found ready employment in the construction of locks on the Rideau Canal. In 1838, Fairbairn asked permission to establish a mill on the 'petite riviere Lapeche'. There was no grist mill within sixty kilometres of the farming community in the new township. The substantial waterfall on the Lapeche was a perfect site. It was two kilometres south to the farm Fairbairn had established four years previously on the Gatineau River"
Date: DEC 1813
Place: Par. of Alderton (Ilderton?), Northumberland, England
Note: "moved up the Ottawa River from project to project"
Note: By 1838 William was farming in the same area, with his son William. He was living with 2 of his sons, and 7 grandchildren. YTey built a frame house on the west side of the river. The family occupied this house till the early 1900's. Several descendants, including a William, live in Wakefield to this day"
Note: "It is said he may have lived on the site where the Supreme Court of Canada now stands but he does not appear on any list of lot holders in Upper Town. However, William Fairbairn may not have been a landowner at this time, he may have rented his accomodations instead. It is known that he was a member of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church and that he was employed as a builder of the locks of the Rideau Canal.
William Fairbairn learned the trade of milling in Britain with his cousin who was also named William Fairbairn. The latter Fairbairn became known for his text, "Treatise on Mills and Millwork" (1878) that was said to be only second to Oliver Evan's "The Young Millwright and Miller's Guide", as a bible for millers in Britain, Europe and North America.
(NB this "cousin"-ship has been disproved)After his work on the Rideau Canal, William Fairbairn purchased farmland north of the village of Wakefield, being Lot 1, Range 3."
Occupation: "He (William) and others of the Fairbairn name found work building the locks of the Rideau Canal in Bytown, now Ottawa.... In Bytown they lived in a house near where the Justice Building stands today. The cows were pastured on what is now Parliament Hill, and their drinking water flowed from a spring where the "Hill" slopes to the Ottawa River."
Note: Tombstone: "In honored memory of the pioneer William Fairbairn, millwright, and his wife Jean Wanless, nurse of Roxburghshire, Scotland 1790-1867 - They builded better than they knew who builded for posterity."
Burial Cert (from Gordon Roy): Jean (Jane) Fairbairn (Wanless) Wakefield Quebec d-3 Jun b- 5 Jun 1868 aged 78 years 21 days and signed by her husband William Fairbairn.
Note: Entry for Dec 25th 1813 reads: William Fairbairn parish of Alderton, & Jean Wanless of this parish were married irregularly. Janry 9th 1814 confirmed by the Session"
Place: Wakefield, Ottawa Co, Quebec, Canada
Note: FAIRBURN: Willm, carpenter, 60; Jane 62, both b Scotland; Willim Jnr, labourer, 24, Mary 20, both b Canada; All Presbyterian (no date on page, or first page, census not completed until 1852, often known as "the census of 1852"
Place: Wakefield, Ottawa Co, Quebec, Canada
Note: FAIRBURN: William 69 farmer; wife Jane 71 both b Scotland; Willm 30 farmer b U.C.; wife Martha Jane 25 b Ireland; William 7, Mary Anne 5, Martha Jane 3, James 1 (born 1860), all b L.C.; Ellen 37 "wife of John Fairn b SCT; Frances 13, William 11, Jane 9 all b L.C. All Presb. F.C. Living in a "tide? log" building, 3 families, 1 hse being built
↑ Fairbairn-651 was created by Lorna Henderson through the import of HendRichFBDNA4WTMay2014Final.ged on May 3, 2014. This comment and citation can be deleted after the biography has been edited and primary sources are included.
↑ Source: #S1038 Page: Bur. William FAIRBAIRN (8 Feb 1872) Jean WANLESS (Jun 1868), Hall's Cem, Wakefield, rcvd Jan 2003
↑ Source: #S1597 Page: Birth 4th Feb Bap. 15 Feb 1815 Archibald s/o William & Jane FAIRBAIRN, WUnited Presb. Cheviot St, N(on) C(onformist), Wooler, Northumberland, from England, Births and Christenings, 1538-1975 batch P00454-1 film 87986, re-checked Mar 2012
↑ Source: #S1700 Page: From Descendant List for Wm F/Jean WANLESS rcvd Jan 2003 Sourced from Wakefield and its People - Tours of the Village by Norma GEGGIE
↑ Source: #S55 Page: Marr. 25 Dec 1813 William FAIRBAIRN (Par. of Alderton) & Jean WANLESS (Yetholm), Yetholm Dist 811, copy d/loaded Mar 2008
↑ Source: #S1127 Page: 1851/2 Census: Willm Jane FAIRBURN, Wakefield, Quebec, from Article by Gordon Roy FAIRBAIRN "A Tale of Two Sisters" Issue #49 Jun 2002 extracted Jan 2003
↑ Source: #S809 Page: 1851 Wakefield, Ottawa Cty, Canada East (Quebec), Dist 20, Sub Dist 278 Pg 15 Roll: C_1132 Sched A, from the Census of Canada East, Canada West, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia, via ancestry.com, hsehold of William & Jane FAIRBAIRN, extracted Aug 2007
↑ Source: #S1127 Page: 1861 Census, Canada, hsehold of William & Jean FAIRBAIRN, Article by Gordon Roy FAIRBAIRN "A Tale of Two Sisters" Issue #49 Jun 2002 extracted Jan 2003
↑ Source: #S809 Page: 1861 Ottawa, Quebec; Roll: C-1304, hsehold of William & Jane FAIRBURN, extracted Aug 2009
↑ Source: #S1960 Page: Marr. William FAIRBAIRN & Aylsie ELLIOTT, from Reby Dodds, "Who's Which?", rcvd c 2000?
↑ Source: #S1038 Page: Family of William FAIRBAIRN & Elsie/Ayslie ELLIOTT, taken from email to Sanna G from Roy, Jan 2003, copy rcvd Jan 2003, extracted Apr 2008
Source: S1038 Title: Corres. FAIRBAIRN/WANLESS, Quebec ex G Roy & Pat F. (BRC, CAN), Recipient: Lorna Henderson (NZ)
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with William by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: