Son of Edward Boyd Fawcett and Myra Elizabeth MacDougall.
Birth: Aug. 18, 1867 Torquay Torbay Unitary Authority Devon, England Death: 1925, Brazil
Lt. Colonel (United Kingdom) Percival Harrison Fawcett (18 August 1867 – in or after 1925) was a British artillery officer, archaeologist and South American explorer. Along with his eldest son, Fawcett disappeared under unknown circumstances in 1925 during an expedition to find "Z" – his name for what he believed to be an ancient lost city in the uncharted jungles of Brazil.
Percy Fawcett was born on 18 August 1867 in Torquay, Devon, England to Edward Boyd Fawcett and Myra Elizabeth (nee Macdougall). He received his education at Newton Abbot Proprietary College alongside Bertram Fletcher Robinson, a future friend of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Percy Fawcett's Indian-born father was a Fellow of the Royal Geographic Society (RGS). His elder brother Edward Douglas Fawcett (1866–1960) was a mountain climber, Eastern occultist and popular writer of adventure novels. In 1886, Percy received a commission in the Royal Artillery and he served in Trincomalee, Ceylon, where he also met his wife. He joined the RGS himself in 1901 in order to study surveying and mapmaking. Later, he worked for the British Secret Service in North Africa while pursuing the surveyor's craft. He became friends with authors H. Rider Haggard and Arthur Conan Doyle; the latter used Fawcett's Amazonian field reports as an inspiration for his novel, The Lost World.
In 1925, with funding from a London-based group of financiers called The Glove, Fawcett returned to Brazil with his elder son Jack for an exploratory expedition. He had studied ancient legends and historical records and was convinced a lost city existed somewhere in the Mato Grosso region, a city Fawcett named "Z." Fawcett left behind instructions stating that if the expedition did not return, no rescue expedition should be sent lest the rescuers suffer his fate. Fawcett was a man with years of experience travelling with all the handpicked necessities, things such as canned foods, powdered milk, guns, flares and of course a sextant and a chronometer for gathering latitude and longitude. Also handpicked were his travel companions, both chosen for their health, ability, and loyalty to each other—his oldest son Jack Fawcett and Jack's long time friend Raleigh Rimell. Fawcett chose only two companions, so they could travel lighter, and so they would travel with less notice from the tribes of the jungle, some being hostile towards explorers; many tribes at the time still had not come into contact with white men. On 20 April 1925 his final expedition departed from Cuiabá. In addition to his two principal companions, Fawcett was accompanied by two Brazilian labourers, two horses, eight mules, and a pair of dogs. The last communication from the expedition was on 29 May 1925, when Fawcett telegraphed his wife that he was ready to go into unexplored territory with only Jack and Rimmell. They were reported to be crossing the Upper Xingu, a southeastern tributary of the Amazon River. A final letter, written from Dead Horse Camp, gave their location and was generally optimistic. Many presumed that local Indians had killed them, several tribes being posited at the time—the Kalapalos, who last saw them, or the Arumás, Suyás, or Xavantes tribes whose territory they were entering. Both of the younger men were lame and ill when last seen, and there is no proof they were murdered. It is plausible that they died of natural causes in the Brazilian jungle. In 1927, a nameplate of Fawcett was found with an Indian tribe. In June 1933, a theodolite compass belonging to Fawcett was found near the Baciary Indians of Mato Grosso by Colonel Aniceto Botelho. But actually the name plate was from Fawcett's expedition 5 years earlier and had most likely been given as a gift to the chief of that Indian tribe. In case of the compass, it was proven that it was left behind before he entered the jungle on his final journey.
Burial: Body lost or destroyed Specifically: disappeared under unknown circumstances in 1925 during an expedition
Created by: harder Record added: Apr 09, 2012 Find A Grave Memorial# 88252871
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