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John Fenwick (abt. 1618 - bef. 1684)

John Fenwick
Born about in Northumberland, Englandmap [uncertain]
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married before 10 May 1644 in Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died before in Salem, Province of New Jerseymap [uncertain]
Profile last modified | Created 22 Jan 2013
This page has been accessed 3,830 times.
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This profile is in a Magna Carta trail that is pending
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Contents

Biography

John was a Friend (Quaker)

John Fenwick was the younger son of William Fenwick Esq. and Elizabeth Gargrave.[1][2] His date and place of birth are unknown and are estimates.

He was admitted to Gray's Inn 15 March 1638/9 and was later a cavalry major under Cromwell.[1]

Marriages and Children

He married first to Elizabeth Covert before 10 May 1644 (date of lawsuit), and they had three daughters.[1][2]
John's wife, Elizabeth, died and was buried at Thakeham, Suffolk, on 30 August 1654.[1]
He married second to Mary Marten, widow of Sir Richard Rogers and sister of Sir Henry Marten, on 5 May 1655 at St. Bride's Fleet Street in London, England. They had no children.[1][2]

Quaker

John Fenwick joined the Society of Friends and was a supporter of establishing a Quaker colony in America.[1] He and Elizabeth joined the Friends in 1665,[citation needed]

Immigration

John immigrated to New Jersey aboard the Griffin in 1673 and founded Fenwick's Colony at Salem, New Jersey.[1]

Death

John Fenwick, Esq., died between 7 August 1683 and 16 April 1684 (dates his will was made and proved).[1][2]

Chronology

The following chronology for John Fenwick was extracted from the database New Jersey Historical Society Manuscript Collection:[3]

1649: February 11 - certificate of church membership (Quaker) to Major John Fenwick
1651: September 4 - Commission to Major John Fenwick to be Capt. of a troop of horse
1675: arrival of the ship Griffin in New Jersey, with John Fenwick, family and settlers
1675: November 17 - grant from the Indians to John Fenwick for first tract of land
1675: February 6 - grant from the Indians to John Fenwick for Little and Great Cohansey
1675/6: January 8 - Indians agree with John Fenwick to relinquish all claims for first land purchase
1676: March 2 - grant from the Indians to John Fenwick for lands along Salem Creek
1676: March 14 - grant from the Indians to John Fenwick for lands between Salem Creek and Cohansey
1678: August 27, August 31, February 7 - letters from John Fenwick to his wife Mary in London
1682: March 23 - William Penn signs his counterpart of deed from John Fenwick for lands in West Jersey
1684: April 13 - will of John Fenwick, one executor was Smith-68161
1684: April 13 - copy of an agreement between William and the executors of John Fenwick

Sources

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 Richardson, Douglas. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 4 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham. 2nd edition. (Salt Lake City, UT: the author, 2011), vol. II, page 150, FENWICK 16.ii.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Richardson, Douglas. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham. (Salt Lake City, UT: the author, 2013), vol. II, page 559.
  3. New Jersey Historical Society Manuscript Collection
  • Richardson, Douglas. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 4 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham. 2nd edition. (Salt Lake City, UT: the author, 2011). See also WikiTree's source page for Magna Carta Ancestry.
  • Richardson, Douglas. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham. (Salt Lake City, UT: the author, 2013). See also WikiTree's source page for Royal Ancestry.
See also:
  • A Sketch of the Life & Character of John Fenwick, online database, Google Books, John Clement, (Philadelphia, PA: Friends' Historical Association, 1875).
  • Shourds, Thomas. History and Genealogy of Fenwick's Colony, New Jersey. (Bridgetown, NJ: George F. Nixon, 1876), online at GoogleBooks, page 2.
  • Wikipedia: John Fenwick.
  • Early Settlement in Cumberland County, database, Cumberland County, New Jersey.
  • Colonial History, database, Salem County.

Acknowledgements

Click the Changes tab to see the edits on this profile. Thanks to everyone who contributed.

Magna Carta Project

John Fenwick is listed in Magna Carta Ancestry as a Gateway Ancestor (vol. I, page xxv #95) in a Richardson-documented trail to Magna Carta Surety Baron William de Mowbray (vol. II, pages 148-150 FENWICK), through his father. The Magna Carta Project identified an additonal trail from John, through his mother, to surety barons Hugh le Bigod and Roger le Bigod. Another trail, through the Savages, leads to Saher de Quincy. All three trails need development on WikiTree and are outlined below.
  • Needs Development: This profile was reviewed against the Magna Carta Project's checklist and Magna Carta Ancestry citations were added in Jan 2020. Sources under "see also" still need to be checked/added as inline citations. ~ Thiessen-117 18 January 2020
See Base Camp for more information about identified Magna Carta trails and their status. See the project's glossary for project-specific terms, such as a "badged trail".

Magna Carta Trails

Unbadged Richardson-documented trail to Mowbray (MCA II:148-150 FENWICK):
Gateway Ancestor John Fenwick (trail pending/5-star needs development)
1. John is the son of William Fenwick (trail pending/needs development)
2. William is the son of Richard Fenwick (trail pending/needs development)
3. Richard is the son of Ralph Fenwick (trail pending/needs development)
4. Ralph is the son of John Fenwick (trail pending/needs development)
5. John is the son of Ralph Fenwick (trail pending/needs development)
6. Ralph is the son of Agnes Harbottle (trail pending/needs development)
7. Agnes is the daughter of Bertram Harbottle (trail pending/needs development)
8. Bertram is the son of Margaret Ogle (trail pending/needs development)
9. Margaret is the daughter of Maud de Grey (trail pending/5-star needs development)
10. Maud Gray is the daughter of Joan de Mowbray (badged/100% 5-star)
11. Joan Mowbray is the daughter of John de Mowbray (badged/100% 5-star)
12. John is the son of John de Mowbray (badged/100% 5-star)
13. John is the son of John de Mowbray (badged/100% 5-star)
14. John is the son of Roger de Mowbray (badged/100% 5-star)
15. Roger is the son of Roger de Mowbray (badged/100% 5-star)
16. Roger is the son of Magna Carta Surety William de Mowbray
Unbadged Richardson-documented trail to Saher de Quincy through the Savages:
Gateway Ancestor John Fenwick (MCA II:148-150 FENWICK, to Mowbray) / (trail pending/5-star needs development)
1. John is the son of Elizabeth Gargrave (MCA II:242-243 GARGRAVE, to Quincy) / (NO PB*/needs development)
2. Elizabeth is the daughter of Anne Waterton (MCA IV:296-297 WATERTON to Huntingfield) / (NO PB/needs development)
3. Anne is the daughter of Thomas Waterton (trail pending/needs development)
4. Thomas is the son of Thomas Waterton (NO PB/needs development)
5. Thomas is the son of Muriel Leeke (NO PB/needs development)
6. Muriel is the daughter of Elizabeth Savage (MCA III:488-494 SAVAGE to Quincy) / (NO PB/needs development)
7. Elizabeth is the daughter of John Savage (NO PB/needs development)
8. John is the son of John Savage (trail pending/needs development)
9. John is the son of Maud Swinnerton (badged Apr 2020)
10. Maud is the daughter of Robert de Swinnerton (badged Apr 2020)
11. Robert is the son of Maud de Holand (badged/100% 5-star)
12. Maud is the daughter of Maude la Zouche (badged/100% 5-star)
13. Maude is the daughter of Alan la Zouche (badged/100% 5-star)
14. Alan is the son of Roger la Zouche (badged/100% 5-star)
15. Roger is the son of Ellen de Quincy (badged/100% 5-star)
16. Ellen is the daughter of Roger de Quincy (badged/100% 5-star)
17. Roger is the son of Magna Carta Surety Saher de Quincy
Unbadged trail to the Bigods (Note: Richardson does not cover the Bolling-Calverley section (RA 2013 5:325) in the trail below:
1. John is the son of Elizabeth Gargrave (NO PB*/needs development)
2. Elizabeth is the daughter of Anne Waterton (NO PB/needs development)
3. Anne is the daughter of Thomas Waterton (trail pending/needs development)
4. Thomas is the son of Joan Tempest (NO PB/needs development)
5. Joan is the daughter of Rosamund Bolling (NO PB/needs development)
6. Rosamund is the daughter of Beatrice Calverley (NO PB/needs development)
7. Beatrice is the daughter of Walter Scot Calverley (trail pending/needs development)
8. Walter is the son of Joan Bigod (trail pending/needs development)
9. Joan is the daughter of John Bigod (trail pending/needs development)
10. John is the son of Roger Bigod (badged/100% 5-star)
11. Roger is the son of John Bigod (badged/100% 5-star)
12. John is the son of Ralph le Bigod (badged/100% 5-star)
13. Ralph is the son of Magna Carta Surety Hugh le Bigod
14. Hugh is the son of Magna Carta Surety Roger le Bigod
* NO PB = The Magna Carta Project does not yet manage this profile. There is no project box or project section on the profile. If you're interested in developing this trail, please contact a project leader.


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Comments: 6

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If anyone is interested, his Magna Carta trail needs development.
posted by Traci Thiessen
edited by Traci Thiessen
This profile is being developed as part of a trail identified by the Magna Carta Project.
posted by David Michaelis
I second the nomination for a Fenwick's Colony category. As a Quaker tributary to the Province of West Jersey, I don't know if it should go under New Jersey Founders or Quaker Migration to America? New Jersey Founders seems mostly to consist of East Jersey information? Either way, it seems reasonable to make have such a category.
posted by Daphne Maddox
His birthplace is now a hotel: http://www.stantonmanor.co.uk/
posted by Heather Husted
Not sure about the New Jersey Founders category; should we create a category for Fenwick's Colony?
posted by Heather Husted

Rejected matches › John Fenwick (bef.1757-1823)