Richard FitzAlan KG

Richard FitzAlan KG (1346 - 1397)

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Sir Richard "11th Earl of Arundel, 10th Earl of Surrey" FitzAlan KG
Born in Arundel, Sussex, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Englandmap
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Cheapside, London, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 21 Mar 2011
This page has been accessed 10,272 times.

Categories: Hundred Years' War | Prisoners of the Tower of London | Knights Companion of the Garter | Magna Carta | Bigod-2 Descendants | Bigod-1 Descendants | Quincy-226 Descendants | De Vere-309 Descendants.

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Richard FitzAlan is a descendant of a Magna Carta surety baron.
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Sir Richard FitzAlan is a descendant of Magna Carta surety barons
Roger le Bigod, Hugh le Bigod, Saher de Quincy, and Robert de Vere

This link thinks the picture is his father

Contents

Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, 9th Earl of Surrey

Vitals

Richard Fitzalan[1][2]
born: 25 MAR 1346 Arundel, Sussex[1]
died: 21 SEP 1397 Beheaded Tower of London[1][3]
buried: Church of the Augustin Friars, Bread Street, London

Titles

  • 4th or 11th Earl of Arundel
  • 9th Earl of Surrey
  • 1386: Knight of the Garter (KG)[4]
  • one of the Lords Appellant (clique of nobles opposed to Richard II's favourites)

Early Life

parents: Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster.[6] Issue.
brother: Thomas Arundel, Bishop of Ely 1374 to 1388; Archbishop of York 1388 to 1397, Archbishop of Canterbury.

Marriage

05 FEB 1344/5 Ditton[1]
Married first, 9 Sept 1359 Elizabeth Bohun daughter of William Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton [7] of the March 1336/7 creation
Married second, 15 Aug 1390 Philippa Mortimer, daughter of 3rd Earl of March by Philippa,[8] only daughter of Lionel Duke of Clarence (2nd son of Edward III), and widow of 5th Lord (Baron) Hastings.
He was attainted, his titles and lands being forfeited, and beheaded 21 Sep 1397 for his opposition to Richard II, having had no issue by her [Philippa].[9]

Timeline

At coronation of Richard II, in 1377, FitzAlan carried the crown. [10]
1377: Admiral of West and South.
1378: attacked Harfleur at Whitsun 1378, but forced to return to his ships by the defenders. Later, he and John of Gaunt attempted to seize Saint-Malo but were unsuccessful.
closely aligned with Thomas, Duke of Gloucester -- uncle of King Richard II. Thomas opposed Richard II's desire for peace with France in the Hundred Years War and a power struggle ensued with Gloucester.
1386: Richard II named him Admiral of England, as well as being made a Knight of the Garter.
Aug 1386: King dismissed Gloucester and FitzAlan from Council[11]
late 1386: Gloucester forced Richard II to name him and Richard FitzAlan to Richard's Council -- a Regency Council for Richard II -- but Richard limited duration of Council powers to one year.
Mar 1387: As Admiral of England, he defeated a Franco-Spanish-Flemish fleet off Margate, along with Thomas de Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham.
King summoned Gloucester and FitzAlan to meeting, but instead of coming, they raised troops and defeated the new Council at Radcot Bridge, taking the favorites prisoner. The Merciless Parliament the next year condemned the favorites. FitzAlan was one of the Lords Appellant who accused and condemned Richard II's favorites. He made himself particularly odious to Richard by refusing, along with Gloucester to spare the life of Sir Simon Burley who had been condemned by the Merciless Parliament, even though the queen, Anne of Bohemia went down on her knees before them to beg for mercy.
1394: antagonized King by arriving late for queen's funeral ... Richard, in a rage snatched a wand and struck him in the face and drew blood. Shortly after, Richard feigned reconciliation.
1388: named Governor of Brest
1389: Peace with France, but FitzAlan followed Gloucester and stated he would not agree.

Links

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Weis, F.L. (1999). The Magna Charta Sureties 1215, (5th ed, pp.19-7,121-6, 134-7). Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, ed. n.p.
  2. Ancestral File Number: 8JDQ-LQ
  3. On 12 July 1397 he was arrested for his opposition to Richard II, as well as plotting with Gloucester to imprison the king. He stood trial at Westminster and was attainted. He was beheaded on 21 September 1397 and was buried in the church of the Augustin Friars, Bread Street, London. Tradition holds that his final words were said to the executioner, "Torment me not long, strike off my head in one blow". In October of 1400, the attainder was reversed, and Richard's son Thomas succeeded to his father's estates and honors.
  4. Knights of the Garter (Heraldica list)
  5. 1377: Admiral of the West and South 1377; 1386: all England
  6. succeeded father 24 Jan 1376
  7. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, vol II, page 610
  8. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, vol II, page 611
  9. Burke's Peerage
  10. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, vol II, page 611
  11. replaced them with his favourites - including Archbishop of York, Alexander Neville, Duke of Ireland Robert de Vere, Michael de la Pole the Earl of Suffolk, Sir Robert Tresilian who was the Chief Justice, and the former Mayor of London Nicholas Brembre.
  • ROYAL ANCESTRY by Douglas Richardson Vol. IV page 175
  • Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants to the American Colonies: Roberts' Royal Descents. Gary Boyd Roberts. Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore
  • Weis, F.L. (1999). The Magna Charta Sureties 1215, (5th ed). Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, ed. n.p.
  • Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999. Page: 2098


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Richard by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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Images: 4
Richard FitzAlan
Richard FitzAlan

Arundel, Gloucester, Nottingham, Derby, and Warwick before the King
Arundel, Gloucester, Nottingham, Derby, and Warwick before the King

Memorial plaque
Memorial plaque

Le Conte d'Arondell et de Warren
Le Conte d'Arondell et de Warren

Collaboration

On 9 Jun 2018 at 16:26 GMT Robin Anderson wrote:

Fitz Alan-31 and FitzAlan-197 appear to represent the same person because: No data except note saying Earl of Arundel, no PM. No relatives. Should be merged away.

On 15 Jan 2018 at 02:45 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

MedLands also has him/his father as FitzAlan - Richard (d 1376)

See Naming Standards on the Magna Carta Project page.

On 15 Jan 2018 at 02:41 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

The Magna Carta project follows EuroAristo naming guidelines... "de Arundel" was more place than surname for him. And from Richardson's Magna Carta Ancestry, Vol III, p 336 "...by Eleanor, daughter of Richard Fitz Alan (or de Arundel), Knt., 8th Earl of Arundel."

On 15 Jan 2018 at 01:25 GMT William Collins wrote:

Royal Ancestry gives him as Richard de Arundel, not as Richard FitzAlan. It also gives his father as Richard de Arundel.

On 2 Jan 2017 at 07:04 GMT Rae (Redford) Santema wrote:

19th great grandfather :)

On 13 Apr 2016 at 08:03 GMT RJ Horace wrote:

Link doesn't work now try this [1]

On 9 Apr 2016 at 03:56 GMT Donnie Blackstone wrote:

Blackstone-170 20th Great Grandfather Richard FitzAlan KG

On 6 May 2015 at 23:36 GMT Donna (McGill) Thompson wrote:

omg my cousin looks just like him.



Richard is 26 degrees from Rosa Parks, 23 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 15 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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