Richard FitzAlan, Knt., was the son and heir of Edmund de Arundel (or Fitz Alan), Knt., 9th Earl of Arundel, and Alice Warenne, daughter of William de Warenne and Joan de Vere. Richard was born about 1314 (aged 7 in 1321).
Titles: 10th Earl of Arundel, Chief Butler of England, and 9th Earl of Surrey
Lands: the Castle and Honour of Arundel, Sussex, and Oswestry, Shropshire
Richard married first to Isabel le Despenser on 9 February 1320/1 at the King's Chapel at Havering-atte-Bower, Essex. Isabel, daughter of Hugh le Despenser, Knt., 2nd Lord Despenser and Eleanor, daughter of Gilbert de Clare was born about 1313. Her father settled manors in Wiltshire and Buckinghamshire on the couple immediately after their marriage. The marriage cemented the alliance between Richard's father and favorites of Edward II. They had one son:
Edmund, Knt., married Sibyl de Montagu, daughter of William Montagu, Earl of Salisbury, before July 1349. Edmund was said to have been aged 20 in 1347, was knighted in 1352, was living in 1377 and had daughters: Alice, who married Sir Leonard Carew, Phillipe, who married wife of Richard Sergeaux, and Katherine, who married ____ Deincourt and died before 12 February 1381/2.
Richard and Isabel's marriage was annulled by papal mandate dated 4 December 1344 on the grounds of his minority and of his never willingly consenting to the match. Richard and Isabel claimed conception of their son was a result of being forced by violence to cohabit. Their child/children were bastardized as a result of the annulment. "In none of the documents bearing on the [annulment] case is there a mention of daughters", however two have been proposed and disproved: Phillipe and Isabel (see Research Notes below).
Richard married second in Ditton, Buckinghamshire on 5 February 1344/5, in the presence of King Edward III, to Eleanor of Lancaster, widow of John de Beaumont, Knt., 2nd Lord Beaumont, and daughter of Henry of Lancaster, Knt., Earl of Lancaster and Leicester, and Maud Chaworth. Richard had previously cohabitated with Eleanor, before his annulment and while her first husband was still living. They received papal dispensations dated 4 March 1344/5 and 6 July 1345 as they were related in the 4th degree of kindred. They had three sons and two daughters:
Richard, K.G., 11th Earl of Arundel, 10th Earl of Surrey, born about 1346, beheaded at Cheapside on 21 September 1397, married first Elizabeth de Bohun and second to Phillipe Mortimer.
John, Knt., 1st Lord Arundel, married Eleanor Mautravers and died at sea 15 December 1379; he was Marshal of England 1377 and summoned to Parliament 4 August 1377 by writ Johanni de Arundell, where by he became Lord Arundel.
Thomas, born 1352/3, died 19 February 1413/4, Bishop of Ely 1373, Lord Chancellor of England, Archbishop of York 1388, he crowned King Henry IV in Westminster Abbey in 1399 and crowned Henry V in Westminster Abbey in 1413.
Joan, married Humphrey de Bohun, K.G., Earl of Hereford, Essex and Northampton. Joan was born ca. 1347 and died 7 April 1419.
Alice, married Thomas de Holand, K.G., 2nd Earl of Kent. Alice was born ca. 1350 and died 17 March 1416.
Richard also had at least two children with an unknown mistress or mistresses:
Eleanor, married about 1348 to John de Bereford and had no children. Eleanor died before her husband, who died in 1356.
Ralph, possible illegitimate son, married Juliane ______.
Death and Burial
Richard's wife, Eleanor, Countess of Arundel and Surrey, died at Arundel on 11 January 1371/2. Sir Richard died at Arundel on 24 January 1375/6, leaving a will dated 5 December 1375 and proved 22 October 1376. Richard and Eleanor were buried at Lewes Priory, Sussex.
Richard's will directed that his body should be buried in Lewes priory, near his wife Eleanor. He left property to “Richard my son...my son Thomas Bishop of Ely...John my son...Joane my daughter [...Countess of Hereford]...Alice my daughter...the eldest daughter of my said son John...Henry and Edward the younger sons of my said son John...William another son of my said son John...my nephews and nieces sons and daughters of Roger le Strange and to my sister Dame Alaine le Strange wife to the said Roger...my...uncle John Arundell”.
When he succeeded to the earldom of Surrey, Richard gained vast wealth. He frequently aided Edward III in financial difficulties by giving hime large advances and, by 1370, Edward was more than twenty thousand pounds in his debt. At his death Arundel left behind over ninety thousand marks in ready money, nearly half of which was stored up in bags in the high tower of Arundel.
"The Arundel Tomb in the North Aisle of Chichester Cathedral was brought from Lewes Priory after its dissolution in 1537. It is a tomb chest, with on top the recumbent figures of Richard Fitzalan, earl of Arundel and his second wife, Eleanor of Lancaster. On the side of the tomb are shields. Originally the whole tomb was probably painted, with the figures resplendent and the shields showing the coats of arms of the couple." The memorial effigy of Eleanor and Richard Fitz Alan was the inspiration for Philip Larkin's "An Arundel Tomb" written in 1964 (this blog has "An Arundel Tomb" and several images; see also Chichester Cathedral's page on the Arundel Tomb).
1326: His father's execution and attainder for supporting King Edward II against the Queen and Mortimer deprived Richard of succession to the Arundel title and estates.
1330: Richard conspired to overthrow Mortimer through a rising of men in Shropshire and Staffordshire, but his plot was uncovered. A warrant was issued for his arrest 4 June 1330 but Richard was able to flee, returning to England before 8 December 1330, when he was ordered to furnish men for an enquiry.
1330 - 1331: After the fall of Mortimer (ca. October 1330), Richard petitioned to Parliament that the proceedings against his father be reversed, the king granted his request and Richard was "fully restored in blood and honors" but he was forbidden to avenge his father by private war against John Charlton, first lord Charlton of Powys. By December, he obtained restitution of the Castle and Honour of Arundel from widow of John, Earl of Kent, becoming Earl of Arundel.
1333: Constable of Chirk Castle, a property that was formerly held by Mortimer. His large estates in that region gave him considerable local influence.
1334: Chief Justiciar of North Wales for life; and Privy Councillor.
24 June 1340: Conducted himself "loyally and nobly" at the Battle of Sluys, and was one of the commissioners sent by Edward in July to parliament. Later the same year he took part in the siege of Tournay.
1342: Joint Warden of the Marches toward Scotland, with William de Clinton, Earl of Huntingdon, securing a one year truce with the Scots. Attended feast given by Edward III in honor of Countess of Salisbury.
October 1342: Accompanied Edward to Brittany, and was left to besiege Vannes while the bulk of the army advanced to Rennes.
January 1343: A truce put an end to the siege and, in July, he was sent on a mission to Avignon.
March 1344: Appointed with Henry de Lancaster, Earl of Derby, as Joint Lieutenants of Aquitaine and given the authority to make treaties with Alfonso XI, King of Castile.
30 June 1347: Inherited the Warenne family estates after the death of his maternal uncle John, Earl of Surrey and Sussex, but not the title, gaining estates in Sussex, Surrey, Norfolk and other counties.
1348: Appointed Joint Ambassador to treat at Avignon with the Pope.
1349/50: Settled the Castle, town, and manor of Arundel on himself and his wife, Eleanor, by fine levied 1349/50.
1350: Appointed Joint Ambassador to treat at Avignon. Took part in the famous naval battle with the Spaniards off Winchelsea.
1351: Employed in Scotland to arrange for a final peace and the ransom of King David. Appointed Joint Commissioner to treat with Scotland.
1352: Chief Warden for the counties of Surrey and Sussex.
1353: Did homage for the barony of Bromfield and Yale.
1354: Appointed Joint Ambassador to treat at Avignon. Negotiator of a proposed truce with France, at a conference mediated by the pope at Guines, but it was found that no real settlement had been arrived at, and Innocent VI was accused of treachery.
1354/1355: Parliament passed an act annulling the 1327/8 proceedings touching his father, Edmund, restoring Richard as if the earlier proceedings had not taken place.
1355: Joint Guardian and Lieutenant of England, serving as one of the regents during the king's absence from England.
1357: Appointed Joint Commissioner to treat with Scotland.
1358: Appointed Chief Plenipotentiary to treat with the Duke of Luxembourg.
August 1360: Joint commissioner to treat with France and complete the ratifications of the treaty of Bretigny.
1361: On the death of Joan of Bar, the widow of his uncle, John, Earl of Surrey, he assumed the title of Earl of Surrey.
1362: Commissioner to prolong truce with Charles of Blois.
1365: Richard was maliciously cited to papal court by William de Lenne, foreign bishop of Chichester, with whom he was on bad terms. His resistance to the bishop was supported by Edward and it was about this time, he perhaps enlarged the castle of Arundel.
12 April 1366: Settled the Warenne estates on his children.
1372: Richard's last military exploit was perhaps his participation in the expedition for relief of Thouars. At that same time he also became, with Bishop William of Wykeham, a general attorney for John of Gaunt during his journey to Spain.
Formerly attached as children of Richard and his first wife, Isabel, from an early volume of The Complete Peerage, which was amended in 1998 and later (profiles were disconnected 6 December 2019):
Philippe, wife of Richard Sergeaux (died 1393) and mother of Alice, who married first to Guy St. Aubyn and second to Richard de Vere, Earl of Oxford who is the daughter of Richard's son Edmund.
Isabel, married John, 4th Lord Strange of Blackmere, is really Mary, daughter of Edmund, 9th Earl and not this Richard, 10th Earl. Cawley calls her Mary, incorrectly naming her as Richard's daughter.Isabel removed as his daughter.
These two children were proposed to be the children of Richard and his second wife, Eleanor, but are not recognized as such by Richardson and have been disproved:
Mary (see Isabel above), is actually Richard's sister and married John, Lord Strange, of Blackmere.
Eleanor, married Robert, son of William de Ufford, Earl of Suffolk is Richard's granddaughter, daughter of his son Richard.
↑ Wikidata says c1313, citing his article by C. Given-Wilson on ODNB: Fitzalan, Richard, third earl of Arundel and eighth earl of Surrey (c. 1313–1376).
↑ 5.05.1 Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham (Salt Lake City, Utah: the author, 2013), Vol. II p. 606-610; Vol. III p. 486.
Richardson, Douglas. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 4 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham. 2nd edition. (Salt Lake City, UT: the author, 2011). See also WikiTree's source page for Magna Carta Ancestry.
Richardson, Douglas. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham. (Salt Lake City, UT: the author, 2013). See also WikiTree's source page for Royal Ancestry.
Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry (2011), vol. I, pages 157-158: BEAUMONT, John de Beaumont (1st husband of Eleanor of Lancaster).
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Richard by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: