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George Fitzroy (1665 - 1716)

George "Duke of Northumberland" Fitzroy aka Palmer
Born in Oxford, Oxfordshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married Mar 1686 in Englandmap
Husband of — married 1715 [location unknown]
[children unknown]
Died at age 50 in Epsom, Surrey, Englandmap
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Profile last modified | Created 23 Nov 2008
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European Aristocracy
George Fitzroy was a member of the aristocracy in British Isles.


George Fitzroy, was the third and youngest son of Barbara Villiers Palmer, Countess of Castlemaine, later Duchess of Cleveland, and Charles II, King of England and Scotland. He was born at Merton College, Oxford on 28 December 1665. He was baptised privately on 1 January 1666 at Merton College, with the name George. (The baptism was recorded in the register of the parish of St John the Baptist, the parish church of which was used as Merton College Chapel.) [1]

Also as George Palmer, he was second in remainder to his mother's titles, of Duchess of Cleveland, Countess of Southampton, and Baroness Nonsuch, created 3 August 1670. However there never seemed any doubt that he was the King's son.

He was created Earl of Northumberland, Viscount Falmouth, of county Cornwall, and Baron Pontefract, of county York, at the age of 8 years, on 1 October 1674, and Duke of Northumberland on 6 April 1683. He was granted the title of Northumberland, in the possible expectation of his marrying Lady Elizabeth (Betty) Percy, the heir to the Percy estates, but both she and her paternal grandmother objected to him as a bastard.


  1. The baptism record also provides the birth date and his parentage: note that since the surviving record was compiled by Anthony Wood, it is not a completely pure contemporaneous document: St John the Baptist, Oxford, parish register: Oxfordshire History Centre: reference MCR_2_11: Ancestry Record 61056 #545030
  • J. M. Rigg and Matthew Kilburn. "FitzRoy [formerly Palmer], George, duke of Northumberland (1665–1716), courtier and army officer" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, published in print and online 23 September 2004, revised 3 January 2008) (subscription or UK public library membership required)

See also:

  • Memorial: Find a Grave (has image)
    Find A Grave: Memorial #203535403 (accessed 6 May 2023)
    Memorial page for George “1st Duke of Northumberland” FitzRoy (28 Dec 1665-28 Jun 1716), citing Westminster Abbey, Westminster, City of Westminster, Greater London, England; Maintained by Mizzizzippy (contributor 48842038).

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Comments: 1

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I think that a strict application of WikiTree naming rules would require his Last Name at Birth to be Palmer, and that FitzRoy should be his Current Last Name.

I would say the only name that he definitely acquired through his baptism was "George". The ODNB says that he was initially treated as his mother's husband's son, which would make his surname Palmer.

Since he clearly was later known as the king's son, it's reasonable to say his name became FitzRoy.

posted by Paul Betteridge

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Categories: Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex