George Fitzroy, was the third and youngest son of Barbara Villiers Palmer, Countess of Castlemaine, later Duchess of Cleveland, and Charles II, King of England and Scotland, and was born at Merton College, Oxford on 28 December 1665. He was baptised on 1 January 1666 at St John the Baptist in Oxford, possibly as George Palmer.
Also as George Palmer, he was second in remainder to his mother's titles, of Duchess of Cleveland, Countess of Southampton, and Baroness Nonsuch, created 3 August 1670. However there never seemed any doubt that he was the King's son.
He was created Earl of Northumberland, Viscount Falmouth, of county Cornwall, and Baron Pontefract, of county York, at the age of 8 years, on 1 October 1674, and Duke of Northumberland on 6 April 1683. He was granted the title of Northumberland, in the possible expectation of his marrying Lady Elizabeth (Betty) Percy, the heir to the Percy estates, but both she and her paternal grandmother objected to him as a bastard.
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with George by comparing test results with other carriers of his ancestors' Y-chromosome or mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: