|John B. Floyd
24th United States
Secretary of War
Lawyer; member of Virginia state house of delegates, 1847-48; Governor of Virginia, 1849-52; U.S. Secretary of War, 1857-60; general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. Died near Abingdon, Washington County, Va., August 26, 1863. Interment at Sinking Spring Cemetery, Abingdon, Va.
Floyd was born at Smithfield estate, Blacksburg, Virginia. He was the son of John Floyd (1783–1837), who served as a representative in Congress from 1817 to 1829 and Governor of Virginia from 1830 to 1834.
After graduating from South Carolina College in 1826 (by some accounts 1829), Floyd practiced law in his native state and at Helena, Arkansas, where he lost a large fortune and his health in a cotton-planting venture.
In 1839, he returned to Virginia and settled in Washington County, which he represented in the Virginia House of Delegates in 1847–49 and again in 1853. From 1849 to 1852, he was Governor of Virginia.
As Governor, he recommended to the legislature the enactment of a law laying an import tax on the products of states that refused to surrender fugitive slaves owned by Virginia masters.
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