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Pierre Fontenot (abt. 1726 - 1811)

Pierre "Bellevue" Fontenot
Born about in Fort Toulouse, Nouvelle-Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married about 1755 [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Opelousas, St. Landry, Orleans Territory, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 17 Aug 2009
This page has been accessed 1,775 times.
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Pierre Fontenot lived in Louisiana.
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Contents

Biography

Pierre Fontenot has French origins.

Pierre "dit Bellevue" Fontenot, son of Jean Louis dit Colin Fontenot and Louise Angelique Perigaud Henri, was born c.1727 at French Fort Toulouse, "des Alibamons"-- where the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers join the Alabama River in south central present-day Alabama.[1] He was counted on a census in 1771 as 39 years old,[2] and in 1777 as 50. [3]These documents date of birth at 1732 and 1727, respectively.

He married Marie Louise Doucet at Fort Toulouse c.1755, the date estimate based on the age of their oldest child listed on the 1771 census.

They migrated west to Louisiana, probably to avoid the British takeover of the fort, which began in 1763. In 1771 they were counted on the Spanish Louisiana census of the Opelousas Post, with five children.

Census: 1771 Opelousas, St. Landry, Louisiana[2]

Pierre FONTENO, 39;
wife, 33;
one daughter, 15;
one son, 12;
one son, 5;
one daughter, 7;
one daughter, 2.
There were 30 cattle, 3 horses, on 6 arpents without title.

They were counted again in Opelousas in 1777 with seven children and one slave.

Census: May 1777 Opelousas, St. Landry, Louisiana [3]

Household # 22:
Pierre FONTENAUT, 50, with 34 cattle, 5 horses, 10 hogs;
Louise DOUCET, wife, 40;
Garcons [boys]
Simon, 18;
Henry, 10;
Laurent, 4;
Julien, 3.
Filles [girls]
Felicite, 14
Francoise, 7
Zaire, 1
Slaves: 1

Children

See here for more children. Also refer to the two censuses above this list.
  1. Marie Angelique (dit Bellevue) Fontenot (c.1757) married Noël Ètienne Soileau
  2. Simon (c.1759) married Marie Louise Moreau
  3. Marie Felicite Fontenot (c.1763)
  4. Jean Baptiste Fontenot (1764)
  5. Marie Francoise (c.1770) m. (1) George Demarets. m. (2) Jean Baptiste Dupouey
  6. Henri (c.1767) married Eugenie Soileau.
  7. Laurent Fontenot (c.1772) married Mare Jeanne Brignac.
  8. Marie Louise (1777) married Francois Brignac.
  9. Isabelle (c.1780)[4]
  10. Pierre (1782) married Francoise Roy.
  11. Genevieve (c.1780) m. Antoine Lambert.

Pierre died on 15 September 1811.[5]

Research Notes

Two Fontenot brothers, Henri (b.1742) and his older brother, Pierre, (b.1726) married two sisters, Marie Louise (b. 1752) and her older sister, Louise, (b. 1726). It was not uncommon for siblings of one family to marry siblings of another. It was not uncommon for siblings to share part of a prenom. I would like to discover the elder Louise's entire prenom.

Sources

  1. Edmund West, comp. Family Data Collection - Individual Records. Preire Fontenot.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Winston De Ville, Opelousas Post: The Census of 1771 (Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Claitor's Publishing, 2010) p. 15
  3. 3.0 3.1 Winston De Ville, "Southwest Louisiana Families in 1777: Census Records of Attakapas and Opelousas Posts" (Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Claitor's Publishing, 2010) p. 18; Note: (Cites Papeles Procedentes de Cuba, at the General Archives of the Indies in Seville, Spain; legajo 2358, folios 258 -300)
  4. Hebert, SWLR CD:
    FONTENOT, Isabelle (Pierre & Marie Louise DOUCET) bt. 14 May 1780 Spons: Jacques DESHOTEL & Marie Louise FONTENEAU. Fr. L.M. GRUMEAU (Opel. Ch.: v.1-A, p.22)
  5. Hébert, SWLR CD:
    FONTENOT, Pierre dit Bellevue bur. 15 Sept. 1811 at age 85 yrs. Fr. Louis BUHOT (Opel. Ch.: v.1, p.119)

See also:

Acknowledgments

  • WikiTree profile Fontenot-747 created through the import of Rider_Deshotel Family 040809.ged on Jul 21, 2011 by Nadine Rider.
  • Fontenot-919 was created by Simone Soileau through the import of Noel Soileau GEDCOM.ged on Sep 3, 2014.


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Pierre by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Pierre:

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Comments: 6

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I wish I'd done more homework on these before merging. Looking more closely at the 1777 Census entries, there appear to have been neighboring households of father and son-- or two brothers, both with wives named Louise --there's a 15 year age difference in both husbands and in wives. The death records are also confusing, but while the priests were often way off on age of the deceased, they didn't usually bury the same man twice. 21 different children is also a big red flag. Ugh.
posted by Stephanie Ward
edited by Stephanie Ward
Ugh, you may be on to something here. I've spent some time this morning looking at the SWLR records for Henri/Pierre Fontenot and Louise Doucet. They appear to be two separate families, one headed by Henri and one headed by Pierre, with a lot of same-named children. There so far is no such person as Henri Pierre Fontenot - he is conflated.

When I'm finished going through the records, I can send you my Word document that shows my analysis of which records go with who. I'm about halfway through them and will try to get it done by this afternoon. I don't see a father/son relationship yet, but still looking...

Fontenot-919 and Fontenot-2 appear to represent the same person because: They have the same names, spouses, and children mostly. I believe they are the same person.
posted by Tris Douget
Yes, as Danielle says, it's wrong to speak of Ft. Toulouse as being in "Alabama" until statehood in 1819. At the time covered in this profile, Ft. Toulouse was a French outpost in Louisiana defending the French-allied Choctaws against the British-influenced Creeks. It also helped define the boundary between French Louisiana and Spanish Florida. Until the Alabama statehood, it would have been in either Louisiana, West Florida or the Mississippi Territory. The issue of shifting nomenclature might be handled by just calling it "Ft. Toulouse (current Alabama)".
posted by Morris Simon III
Alabama appears to be anachronistic for this era, the territory was known as Louisiane back then as far as I know.
posted by Danielle Liard
Several years ago I visited the memorial for Pierre Fontenou. It was a moving experience for me to realize the hardships that our pioneers went through at Fort Toulouse, Al. They have a replica of the fort and the village were they lived. If any gets a chance to visit it, don't pass it up.
posted by [Living Fontenot]