Josiah Franklin was born on December 23, 1657 in Ecton, Northamptonshire, England, the ninth child of Thomas and Jane (White) Franklin. 
Josiah was first married to Anne Child in 1677, who bore seven children. Elizabeth, Samuel, and Hannah were born in England; Josiah Jr., Ann, Joseph I, and Joseph II, born in Boston. Anne died from childbirth complications in 1689 after giving birth to Joseph II. 
Josiah arrived in Boston from Banbury, Oxfordshire in about 1682, hoping to be able to be able "to exercise their religion with freedom. Josiah learned the trade of dyer in England, but when he arrived in New England, there was so little need for dyers that he gave it up and subsequently he made his living as a candle and soap maker, supporting his family on a very modest income.
Josiah married, second, Abiah Folger (daughter of Peter Folger)  in November of 1689. Josiah and Abiah were the parents of ten children; four daughters and six sons, one of whom was Benjamin Franklin.  Because he made a very modest income, Josiah could not afford to send his sons to school for more than two years. So, he commanded his sons to learn a skill or trade. This insistence is what prompted young Benjamin Franklin to become an apprentice printer to his older brother, and quite possibly helped foster his love for knowledge and learning.
Josiah, the man
"He had an excellent constitution, was of a middle stature, well set, and very strong." He drew, played the violin and sang with an agreeable voice. He had some mechanical knowledge, and could work with the tools of other trades. He had "sound understanding" and "solid judgement." He was frequently visited by leading men of public affairs and of the church, and by private individuals, all "who showed a great respect for his judgment and advice."
Death and Burial
Josiah Franklin died on January 16, 1745 at age 87 and was buried with his wife in Granary Burying Ground, Boston, Massachusetts.
His monument placard reads simply Born: 1655 Died:1744 Aged: 89
Josiah Franklin and Abiah his wife lie here interred. They lived lovingly together in wedlock fifty-five years. Without any estate, or any gainful employment, by constant labor and industry, with God's blessing, they maintained a large family comfortably, and brought up thirteen children and seven grandchildren reputably. From this instance reader, be encouraged to diligence in thy calling and distrust not Providence. He was a pious and prudent man; she, a discreet and virtuous woman. Their youngest son, in filial regard to their memory places this stone.
1689: Josiah Franklin & Abiah Foulger were married by the Rev. Samuel Willard Nov. 25. (p.186)
1685: Josiah of Josiah & Ann Franklin born Aug. 23. (p. 165)
1686: Ann of Josiah & Anne Franklin born Jan. 5. (p. 169)
1687: Joseph of Josiah & Ann Franklin born Jan. 5. (p. 174)
1689: Joseph of Josiah & Anne Franklin born June 30. (p. 184)
1690: John of Josiah & Abia Franklin born Dec. 7. (p. 189)
1692: Peter of Josiah and Abia Franklin born Nov. 22. (p. 201)
1694: Mary of Josias and Abiah Franklin born Sept. 26. (p. 214)
1696: James of Josiah and Abiah Franklin born Feb. 4. (p. 226)
1699: Sara of Josiah and Abiah Frankling born July 9. (p. 247)
1701: Ebenezer son of Josiah Frankling and Abiah his wife, born Sept. 20, 1701. (p. 7)
1703: Thomas son of Josiah Frankling and Abia his wife born December 7, 1703. (p. 21)
1706: Benjamen son of Josiah Frankling and Abiah his wife born January 6, 1706. (p. 46)
1708: Lydia daughter of Josiah Frankling and Abiah his wife born August 8, 1708. (p. 55)
1712: Jane daughter of Josiah Franklin and Abiah his wife born March 27, 171. (p. 82)
DartmouthVR list Abel as son of James Franklin.
FRANKLIN, Abel, s. James, May 18, 1690. (p. 89)<ref>Vital Records of Dartmouth Massachusetts to the Year 1850, NEGHS, Boston, Massachusetts, 1929</ref>
Franklin-5400 and Franklin-2 appear to represent the same person because: It's appears these are the same person. Please merge the profiles so that we can work towards the wikitree goal of one single family tree.