Flavius Richomeres "Richomer" (living ante 377 - after 15 May 392), was a Frankish officer of Rome. He was head of the Domestici [Imperial Bodyguard], Magister Militum (Master of the Militia) and Consul of Rome in 384. According to Wikipedia, he died around 393 AD.
The date and location of Richomere's birth is unknown.
According to Eugen Ewig (German historic Institute and Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres), he could be the son of Teutomer, a Frankish officer of Emperor Julian the Apostate. Karl Ferdinand Werner agrees, but Christian Settipani is reserved, deducing that it is difficult to conclude as long as the tribal origin of Teutomer remains unknown.
He married Ascylla, mother of his son Théodomir, king of the Franks (Gregory of Tours).
Fredegar, tries to make him a possible ancestor of the Merovingian dynasty, (Chonicle of Fredegaire, 660 AD).
A Frank in the 4th century who became a Supreme Commander in the Eastern Empire. Fought against the Romans and the Goths. Founded Brandenburg.
In 378, Emperor Gratian sends him East at the head of an army to help Co-empereur Valens fight the Goths, but the Romans are defeated at the Battle of Andrinople on 9 August 378. While Valens is killed in the battle, Richomer survived and remained in the East, where he was second to Theodosius I, the new Caesar of the East. Again at the head of a Frankish and Roman army, he is ordered to march against his nephew Arbogast (possibly son of Bauto) to quell his rebellion. Theodosius names him Master of the Militia for the East in 383, and then Consul of Rome in 384.
In 388, Theodosius sent him to the West to fight the usurper Magnus Maximus, and he defeats him at the Battle of the Save (River), and forces his surrender at Aquilea, after which he executes him. After the assassination of one of the co-Emperors Valentinien II (15 May 392), Arbogast places Eugenius on the throne and Theodosius sends Richomer to fight them, but he dies shortly after his departure, leaving it to Stilicho, the Vandal general, to defeat Eugenius and Arbogast at the Battle of Frigidus (present Slovenia) on 6 September 394.
He not only pursued a military career, but was very interested in the arts and letters, and corresponded with the rhetorician Libanios, and the theologian St. Augustine.
The existence of a Ricimer (or Richomer), a Roman patrician in 457-472, led Helmut Castritius (Germany) to propose that a daughter of Richomer had married Wallia, King of the Visigoths and grandmother of the Patrician Ricimer.
1.↑ Eugen Ewig, Spätantikes und fränkishes Gallien, 1976-1979 (Werner 1984, p. 297).
2.↑ Werner 1984, p. 296-297.
3.↑ Settipani 1996, p. 28
4.↑ Werner 1984, p. 297-298.
5.↑ Rouche 1996, p. 73.
6.↑ Riché et Périn 1996, p. 288, notice « Richomer ».
7.↑ Werner 1984, p. 298-299.
8.↑ Werner 1984, p. 299-300.
9.↑ Grégoire de Tours, Histoire des Francs, Livre 2, chapitre 9.
10.↑ Kurth 1896, p. 152.
11.↑ Rouche 1996, p. 83.
12.↑ Helmut Castritius, « Zur Sozialgeschichte der Heermeister des Westreichs nach der Mitte des 5. Jh.: Flavius Valila qui et Theodovius », dans Ancient Society, vol. 3, 1972, p. 233–243.
13.↑ Settipani 1996, p. 32
Ammien Marcellin, Histoire de Rome, livre XXXI.
Grégoire de Tours, Histoires, livre II.
Godefroid Kurth, Clovis, le fondateur, Éditions Tallandier, 1896 (réimpr. 2000) (ISBN 2-235-02266-9).
Karl Ferdinand Werner, Les Origines, avant l'an mil, Livre de Poche, coll. « *Histoire de France (sous la direction de Jean Favier) », 1984 (réimpr. 1992) (ISBN 2-253-06203-0) [détail des éditions].
Pierre Riché et Patrick Périn, Dictionnaire des Francs - Les temps Mérovingiens, Bartillat, 1996, 370 p. (ISBN 2-84-100008-7).
Christian Settipani, « Clovis, un roi sans ancêtre ? », dans Gé-Magazine, no 153, octobre 1996 .
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On 30 Mar 2015 at 04:35 GMT Betty (Lockwood) Warner wrote:
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