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Johann Martin Fritzler (abt. 1741 - abt. 1817)

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Johann Martin (Martin) "Homarda" Fritzler
Born about in Kleingartach, Neckarkreis, Württemberg, Germanymap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married before 1767 in Denmarkmap [uncertain]
Husband of — married before 1798 in Grimm, Saratov, Russiamap
Descendants descendants
Died about in Grimm, Saratov, Russiamap
Profile last modified 8 Jul 2019 | Created 5 May 2016
This page has been accessed 300 times.

Contents

Biography

Volga German
Martin Fritzler is a Volga German.
Martin Fritzler has German Roots.

Germany-Denmark-Russia

A24-9 in The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766.

B-427 in The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766.

Rus14-13 in The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766.


Family #11 in 1775 Grimm census.
Family #8 in the 1798 Grimm census appendix.
Family #62 in the 1834 Grimm census.


Birth Date and Place

  • 28 Sep 1741
  • Kleingartach, Neckarkreis, Württemberg, Germany

Parents

Immigration

  • From Germany to Denmark: Arrived 30 June 1761
  • From Denmark to Russia: Arrived 1765-1767

Marriage

Children

Death Date and Place

  • 1817
  • Grimm, Saratov, Russia




Johann Martin Fritzler was the first child of Jacob and Catharina Fritzler.


Birth Record #1 [1]

Name: Johann Martin Frutzler
Event Type: Geburt (Birth)
Birth Date: 28 Sep 1741
Birth Place: Kleingartach, Württemberg, Deutschland (Germany)
Father: Jung Jacob Frutzler
Mother: Francisca Frutzler
Page Number: 109
Author: Evangelische Kirche Kleingartach (OA. Brackenheim)
City or District: Kleingartach


Birth Record #2 [2]

Name: Johann Martin Fritzler
Gender:Male
Birth Date: 28 Sep 1741
Baptism Place: Evangelisch, Kleingartach, Neckarkreis, Wuerttemberg
Father: Jacob Fritzler
Mother: Francisca
FHL Film Number: 1184796


Martin was born in Württemberg, Germany during a time when many families in that area were struggling to survive. The economic conditions in Württemberg mid-1700s were poor, due to war, famine, high taxes and burdensome tithing expected by the local Church. As a farmer, his father had difficulty feeding his children and poor prospects for the future.

In 1759, the Danish government offered these disadvantaged Germans a chance for a new life in Denmark, helping to farm what was currently unfarmable land. [3] Those who chose to immigrate would be given an opportunity for a brighter future via homesteaded land or through a land lottery.

Johann Martin's parents and six of his siblings arrived in the city of Altona, the processing site for Germans immigrating to Denmark, on 30 June 1761. [4] They arrived in the town of Schleswig in Denmark on 04 July 1761. Seven days later, his youngest sister was born.[4]

His parents and oldest brothers took their oath of allegiance to Denmark on 24 July 1761.[4] In December of that year, the family lived at 3 Christianshof, Christians Thal, in the district of Flensburg.[4] After nearly four years of unsuccessful farming and after Catherine the Great issued her invitation for Germans to immigrate to Russia, Johann Martin's father requested to leave Denmark on 24 April 1765.[4]

Since they arrived in Russia earlier than 1766, they were first settled in one of the existing Volga colonies, like Dobrinka. Those first few years were very rough on the settlers. Cossacks, bandits, and other migratory people routinely plundered the new villages and killed many of the villagers. The villagers' plight did not improve until after 1765 when the Cossack bandit Pugachev was captured and hung. The arrival of additional immigrants also helped the villagers be better able to defend their property and lives.


1775 Grimm Census [5]

Family # 11
Head of the Household Martin Fritzler, age 34
Wife Christina Fritzler, age 35
Child #1 Martin Fritzler, age 5 years 6 months
Child #2 Michael Fritzler, age 1 year 6 months
Child #3 Sabina Katarina Fritzler, age 7


By the time the 1775 census was taken for the village of Grimm, his mother was listed as a widow with four older children still living with her. It is not clear at this point whether three of his siblings perished, or if they were old enough to be married and/or given property separate from their mother's land. His father died prior to 1775, but the manner of death is not given. There are several ways he may have perished:

  • Did not survive the journey to the Volga Region
  • Was killed by marauding bandits or Cossacks during a raid on their village
  • Contracted an illness which resulted in his death
  • Died due to age-related causes

In the 1798 census, he is one of 14 immigrants who is listed as having paid his debts and could live freely in Russia, anywhere. He chose to remain in Grimm.


1798 Grimm Census [6]

Family # 8 in the appendix of the 1798 census
Head of the Household Martin Fritzler, age 55
Wife Anna Maria Kunau Fritzler, age 55
Child #1 Martin Fritzler, age 23
Wife of Child #1 Anna Margareta Schaefer Fritzler, age 28
Grandchild #1 Anna Regina Fritzler, age 8
Grandchild #2 Katarina Fritzler, age 2
Grandchild #3 Katarina Elizabeta Fritzler, age 3 months


Also by the time of the 1798 census, his first wife Christina had passed away and he had remarried Anna Maria Kunau. Anna Maria does not appear in the 1834 census and most likely passed away before that year.

According to the 1834, Martin Fritzler had adopted a son into his family, Valentin Werd. Valentin's wife, however, was Anna Regina Fritzler, Martin Fritzler's granddaughter through his son Martin Jr. The most likely scenario is that Martin Jr., passed away before 1816, pre-deceasing his father. There must have been no other male heirs, so Martin Sr.'s oldest granddaughter, by that time married to Valentin Werd, moved into her grandfather's household and she and her family helped care for the Fritzler land. After Johann Martin Sr.'s death, her husband Valentin Werd became the head of the Fritzler household #62.

Johann Martin Fritzler remained in Grimm until his death in 1817.


1834 Grimm Census [7]

In this census, it says that Valentin Ward was Martin Fritzler's son. Unless Martin Fritzler adopted him, he was actually Martin's son-in-law, married to his daughter Anna Regina. All of their children are actually Martin's grandchild. I have made the corrections to the layout of this census entry here so there is less confusion regarding the people in the household and their relationship to Martin Fritzler.

Family # 62
Head of the Household Martin Fritzler, age 75 in 1816, deceased 1817
Child #1 Anna Regina Fritzler Ward, age 45
Husband of Child #1 Valentin Ward, age 48, adopted son [sic]
Grandchild #1 Friedrich Ward, age 20, adopted son's child [sic]
Grandchild #2 Elisabeth Margaretha Ward, age 18, adopted son's child [sic]
Grandchild #3 Charlotta Ward, age 13, adopted son's child [sic]
Grandchild #4 Christina Margaretha Ward, age 11, adopted son's child [sic]
Grandchild #5 Christian Jakob Ward, age 8, adopted son's child [sic]
Grandchild #6 Katharina Margaretha Ward, age 5, adopted son's child [sic]


Sources

  1. Lutherische Kirchenbücher, 1500-1985. Johann Martin Fritzler, born 28 September 1741 in Kleingartach, Württemberg. Ancestry.com. Württemberg, Germany, Lutheran Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1500-1985 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2016. See: https://ancstry.me/2CG3qCs.
  2. Germany, Births and Baptisms, 1558-1898. Salt Lake City, Utah: FamilySearch, 2013. Johann Martin Fritzler, born 28 Setember 1741, Kleingartach, Neckarkreis, Württemberg. Ancestry.com. Germany, Select Births and Baptisms, 1558-1898 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. See: https://ancstry.me/2QZrDws.
  3. Eichhorn, Alexander, Dr., and Dr. Jacob and Mary Eichhorn. The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766, Druck and Bindung: Druckerei and Verlap Steinmeier GmbH & Co. KG, 86738, Deiningen, Germany; Published 2012; pages 25.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Eichhorn, Alexander, Dr., and Dr. Jacob and Mary Eichhorn. The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766, Druck and Bindung: Druckerei and Verlap Steinmeier GmbH & Co. KG, 86738, Deiningen, Germany; Published 2012; page 409, family #427.
  5. The 1775 and 1798 Census of the German Colony on the Volga, Lesnoy Karamysh, also known as Grimm; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA; Published date: 1995; family #11 in the 1775 Grimm census, Martin Fritzler family.
  6. The 1775 and 1798 Census of the German Colony on the Volga, Lesnoy Karamysh, also known as Grimm; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA; Published date: 1995; family #8 in the appendix of the 1798 census, Martin Fritzler family.
  7. 1834 Census of Grimm in the District of Saratov, Russia, dated 2 February 1835; Translated by Brent Mai, Concordia University, Portland, Oregon; Published by Dynasty Publishing, Beaverton, OR, USA; Published 2011; page 19, family #62, Martin Fritzler family.

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Martin by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Martin:

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Martin is 25 degrees from T S Eliot, 26 degrees from Walter Howe and 25 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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Categories: Grimm | German Roots