Samuel Fuller came on the Mayflower with his parents.
He was orphaned shortly after landfall and was raised by his uncle, Dr. Samuel Fuller, the physician of the Pilgrims.
He was admitted a freeman in Plymouth Colony in 1634, and moved to Scituate in 1635, where he built a house. He joined the Scituate church on 7 Nov 1636 and and was elected constable there in 1641.
Sometime later he moved to Barnstable, to which his father-in-law had moved in 1638.
Samuel was the only Mayflower passenger to settle permanently in Barnstable, and was one of the last surviving Mayflower passengers.
He owned an Indian slave named Joell, whom he bequeathed to his son John upon his death.
The will of Samuel Fuller Sr. of Barnstable names eldest son Samuel, son John, daughters Elizabeth Tayler, Hannah Bonham, Mary Williams and Sarah Crowe, his Indian, Joell; sons Samuel and John as executors." MF-4 p 7
Samuel Fuller is believed to be buried either on the grounds of his estate, or the ancient burial grounds on Lothrop's Hill in Barnstable (known today as Lothrop Hill Cemetery).
Transcribed from the original records, by George Ernest Bowman.
Samuel2 Fuller (Edward1) died at Barnstable, 31 October (10 November), 1683. His will and inventory are recorded in the Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories, Volume IV, Part II, pages 138 and 139.
[p. 138] The last Will and Testament of Samuell ffuller of Barnstable Late Deceased Exhibited to the Court held att Plymouth the fift of June 1684 on the oath of Capt: Josepth Laythorp and Mr Samuell Allin as followeth
The nine and twentyeth Day of October in the yeer of our Lord one thousand six hundred eighty and three; I Samuell ffuller senir of the Towne of Barnstable in the Govrment of New Plymouth being ancient and very weake in body but of good and Compitent memory thankes be unto allmighty God; and Calling to remembrance the uncertaine state of this transitory life and that all fflesh muste yeild unto Death when it shall please God to Call, Doe make ordaine and & Constitute & Declare this my last will and Testament in Manor and form following;
Revoking and Anulling by these presents all and every Testament and Testaments will and wills heertofore by mee made and declared either by word or "righting; and this to be taken onely for my last will and Testament and none other; and first I give and Comitt my soule unto almighty God my Saviour in whom and by the merritts of Jesus Christ I trust and beleive assuredly to be saved; and my body to the earth; from whence it was taken to be buried in such Decent and Christian manor as to my executors heerafter Named shalbe thought meet and Convenient; and Now for the settleing of my temporall estate and such goods Cattles and Debts as it hath pleased god farr above my Deserts to bestow upon mee; I Doe order Give and Dispose the same in Manor and forme following; That is to say first I will that all those Debts and Dutyes as I owe in right or Consience to any manor of prson or prsons whatsoever shalbe well and truely Contented and payed or ordained to be payed within Convenient time after my Decease by my executors heerafter Named;
Item I Give and bequeath unto my eldest son Samuell ffuller two prsells of Marsh one of them I bought of mr Samuell house Deceased and the other I bought of Captaine Matthew ffuller Deceased that hee had of mr John ffreeman;
Item I Give and bequeath to my son John ffuller four acrees of Marsh and one halfe which I bought of Peter Blossome
Item I Give and bequeath that prsell of Marsh that lyes by Ralph Jones, his Marsh, To my two sones Samuell ffuller and John ffuller to be equally Devided betwixt and one prsell of Marsh that lyeth on this side Scoton ffeildes to be Devided as abovesaid and the angle Lotts of Marsh att Scoton point to be equally Devided between them alsoe and alsoe the Eelcreik Lott of Marsh to be alike Devided as above specifyed and the Lott of Marsh att Sandy neck upon the same accoumpt alsoe; and all my upland upon Scoton Neck to be equally Devided betwixt them as the other above Mensioned
Item I Give to my son Samuell ffuller all my upland that lyeth above my uppermost ffeild and to range quite Crosse my land upon one and the same lyne as the uppermost ffence as my upmost feild Now ranges, but alwaies to allow Cart wayes to the Comons into the Comons for his brother John ffuller his heires and assignes
Item I Give and bequeath unto my son John fuller my now Dwellinghouse orchyard and all outhousing and all the rest of my upland wherever it doth lye, but alwaies to allow a Cart way into the meddowes for his brother Samuell ffuller his heires and assignes
Item I Give and bequeath to my son John ffuller one three yeer old horse runing in the woods;
Item I Give and bequeath to my son Samuell ffuller two mares runing in the woods;
Item I Give unto my Daughter Elizabeth Tayler five pound in Mony and two Cowes;
Item I Give unto my Daughter Hannah Bonham four pounds in Money and two Cowes;
Item I Give unto my Daughter Mary Williams four pound in Money and two Cowes
Item I Give and bequeath unto my Daughter Sarah Crowe four pounds in Mony and two Cowes
Item I Give and bequeath unto my four Daughters Hannah Bonham Mary Williams Elizabeth Tayler and Sarah Crow all my houshold Stuffe to be equally Dvided betwixt them
Item I Give and bequeath to my son John ffuller the Indian Joell; my prte in the oxen the Cart and plow and the Cart and plow Geares and working tooles and one fatt Cow that is to kill and my bald faced horse; and my Great bible;
Item I Give and bequeath to my two sones Samuell ffuller and John ffuller all the rest of my Neat Cattle to be Devided To my son Samuell one third prte; and to my son John ffuller the other two third prtes therof; and all my sheep to be equally Devided betwixt them;
Item I Give and bequath to my son Samuell ffuller ten pounds in mony which hee now owes to mee and hath now hath it alredy; and all the rest of my estate in what kind soever it be I Give and bequeath it to my two sones Samuell ffuller and John ffuller; to be Devided to my son Samuell ffuller one third prte therof and to my son John ffuller the other two third prtes therof, and by these prsents make ordaine & Declare the above said Samuell and John ffuller the executors of this my last Will and Testament; In Witness wherof I the said Samuell ffuller have heerunto sett my hand and seale the Date above written;
Witnesse Samuell ffuller and a seal Joseph Laythorp
Captaine Joseph Laythorpe made oth as a witnes to this will before the Court held att Plymouth the fift of March 1683/84
Mr Samuell Allin Made oath as a witnes to this Will above written this 10th of March 1683/84 before mee Barnabas Laythorpe Assistant
From Plymouth Colony: Its History and People 1620-1691 Part Three:
A son of Edward, Samuel accompanied his parents on the 1620 Mayflower to Plymouth. He married Jane Lothrop, daughter of Rev. John Lothrop (MD 16:129). Though the 1627 cattle division list should have covered the senior Samuel Fuller plus two second generation Samuel Fullers, the son of the senior Samuel and the son of his brother Edward, only one second generation Samuel is actually on the list, and this most likely is Samuel, son of Edward, who was indisputably living in 1627. The evidence for Samuel, son of Samuel, being in Plymouth in 1627 is the inscription on his gravestone, which shows him dying in his seventy-first year on 17 August 1695, thus having him born ca. 1624. However, gravestone inscriptions frequently contain some error, and if this one overstated his age by a few years, he might not even have been born by the 1627 division. Samuel Fuller, the son of Edward, died at Barnstable 31 October 1683. He dated his will 29 October 1683, inventory 14 November 1683, and in it he named his sons Samuel and John, and his daughters Elizabeth Taylor, Hannah Bonham, Mary Williams, and Sarah Crowe (MD 2:237). He had other children who died young. His daughter Hannah, who married Nicholas Bonham, moved with her husband to Piscataway, New Jersey, thus bringing the Edward Fuller line there at an early date.
(as quoted from pages 6-7 of Mayflower families through five generations)
3. SAMUEL FULLER (Edward) b. prob. England ca. 1608; d. Barnstable 31 Oct. 1683.
He m. Scituate 8 April 1635 JANE LOTHROP, bp. Edgerton, co. Kent, England 29 Sept. 1614; d bef. her husband; dau. of the Rev. John and Hannah (Howes) Lothrop, his first wife. The will of John Lothrop, paster of the Church of Christ at Barnstable dated 10 Aug. 1653, probated 7 March 1653/4, names daughter Jane as already having her portion.
After being left an orphan shortly after arriving in Plymouth on the MAYFLOWER, Samuel was brought up by his uncle, Dr. Samuel Fuller, the physician of the Pilgrims. Samuel was admitted a freeman in Plymouth Colony in 1634, moved to Scituate in 1635 where he built a house; he joined the Scituate church on 7 Nov. 1636; and was elected constable there in 1641. Sometime later he moved to Barnstable, to which his father-in-law had moved in 1638. Samuel was the only MAYFLOWER passenger to settle permanently in Barnstable and was one of the last surviving MAYFLOWER passengers.
The will of Samuel Fuller Sr. of Barnstable dated 29 Oct. 1683, exxhibited 5 June 1684, names eldest son Samuel, son John, daughters Elizabeth Tayler, Hannah Bonham, Mary Williams and Sarah Crowe, and his Indian, Joell (bequeathed to son John); sons Samuel and John as Excutors.
No probate record for Jane Fuller in Barnstable.
Samuel Fuller's wife Jane was baptized at Edgerton, Kent, England. Edward Fuller, Samuel's father seems to have been baptized at Redenhall, Norfolk, England. Samuel may have been born in England, or born while his parents were living with the English separatist in Holland. The date of his birth is also unknown. He married in 1635. If he was the usual age at marriage, 22, he may have been born by 1613. He became a freeman in 1634 at age at least 21. The range of 1608 to 1612 seem reasonable for his birth.
DNA Results R-Y85916
Previous Y-STR testing through the Mayflower Society DNA Project, including descendants of both Edward and Samuel Fuller, has found where the Mayflower Fuller lineage belongs to the R1b-U106 Y-DNA haplogroup, which is quite common in Northwestern Europe. NGS/WGS testing will be able place the Fuller lineage more precisely within the broader R1b-U106 haplogroup and may be able to identify individual-level markers that indicate descent from either Edward or Samuel. NGS/WGS testing As of 21 May 2021, the Mayflower DNA Project and the Fuller - Family Finder Project are displaying nine individuals as patrilineal (all male line) descendants of Edward Fuller, two additional individuals as patrilineal descendants of his brother Samuel, as well as a total of twelve individuals who likely descend from Robert Fuller of Salem & Rehoboth. These results document where the Fuller family of Redenhall, Norfolk fall under U106>>S12025>FGC12021>S17339>FGC53777>S25007>FGC31905>FGC53757>BZ3170>Y85916. In addition, they document where some descendants of Edward Fuller fall under a subclade of Y85916, namely FT14518.
↑ The Mayflower descendant a quarterly magazine of Pilgrim genealogy and history (1901). Volume IV, Part II, pages 138 and 139.
Cutter, William Richard. Genealogical and Personal Memoirs Relating to the Families of the State of Massachusetts, Volumes 1-4, published online by Google Books, 2006 Cutter: Massachusetts Families 1910; original publisher: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, New York, 1910.
Dunham, Isaac Watson. Deacon John Dunham of Plymouth, MA 1589-1669 and His Descendants. Hartford, Connecticut. 1907.
Keller, James Callow. Fuller: From the Mayflower...to Michigan. jowest.net/genealogy/jo/ November 19, 2010
MacGunnigle, Bruce Campbell, Mayflower Families for Five Generations: Edward Fuller, volume 4 (Plymouth: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1990).
MacGunnigle, Bruce Campbell. "Mayflower Families Through Five Generations Descendants of the Pilgrims who landed at Plymouth, Mass, December 1620, Volume Four, Third Edition, Family of Edward Fuller." Plymouth, MA: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 2006, pp 3, 6-8.
MacGunnigle, Bruce Campbell; Sherman, Robert M. and Wakefield, Robert S.; "Was Matthew Fuller of Plymouth Colony a Son of Pilgrim Edward Fuller?", The American Genealogist 61(1986):194-199
Robinson, Ida May. Items of Ancestry by a Descendant. Privately Printed, Boston, David Clapp & Son 1894.
Roman, Michael J. The Lathrop Family. 1968-2000
Stratton, Eugene Aubrey Plymouth Colony: Its History and People 1620-1691. , FASG. Ancestry Incorporated, Salt Lake City, UT, 1986. True to its name, this book includes a history of the Plymouth colony along with biographical sketches of important colony members. Also included are lists of others who also arrived in the early days of the settlement.
Stratton, Eugene Aubrey, Plymouth Colony: Its History and its People, 1620-1691 (Ancestry Publishing: Salt Lake City, 1986).
Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories
U.S., Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970. Ancestry.com. Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.
Wikipedia. Note that Wikipedia lists Edward Fuller as "Planters recruited by London merchants". It lists Dr. Samuel Fuller as a pilgrim.
Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation (Massachusetts Historical Society, 1856) "Edward Fuller, and his wife, and Samuell, their sonne." p. 449p. 454 "Edward Fuller and his wife dyed soon after they came ashore; but their sone Samuell is living, & maried, and hath 4. children or more."
Bradford, William, 1590-1657. Of Plimoth Plantation: manuscript, 1630-1650. State Library of Massachusetts "List of Mayflower Passengers." In Bradford's Hand.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Samuel by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: