Edmund Gaines

Edmund Pendleton Gaines (1777 - 1849)

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Maj. Gen Edmund Pendleton Gaines
Born in Culpeper County, Virginia, USAmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married (to ) in Mississippi Territorymap
Husband of — married (to ) in Knoxville, Tennesseemap
Husband of — married (to ) in New York City, New York, New Yorkmap
[children unknown]
Died in New Orleans Orleans Parish Louisiana, USAmap
Profile last modified | Created 24 May 2015
This page has been accessed 626 times.

Categories: Congressional Gold Medal | 8th Regiment, United States Infantry, War of 1812 | Notables.

Edmund Gaines was awarded a Congressional Gold Medal in the War of 1812.

Maj. Gen Edmund Gaines served in the 8th Regiment, United States Infantry in the War of 1812
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For defeating the British Army at Ft. Erie during a battle of the War of 1812 he was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal.
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Biography

Edmund Pendleton Gaines, United States soldier, was born in Culpeper County, Virginia, on March 20, 1777, the son of James and Elizabeth (Strother) Gaines. The family moved to North Carolina at the end of the American Revolution and soon thereafter to Tennessee.

Gaines was married 3 times. His first marriage was to Frances Toulmin (1788–1811), daughter of Harry Toulmin, who died while giving birth to their only child. His second marriage was to Barbara Blount (1792–1836), daughter of Tennessee statesman William Blount.[2] His last marriage was to Myra Clark (1806–1885), daughter of Louisiana politician Daniel Clark.


After service as a lieutenant in a local militia company, Gaines was commissioned as an ensign in the Sixth United States Infantry (Tennessee) on January 10, 1799. In March of that year he was promoted to second lieutenant; he was honorably discharged on June 15, 1800.

He rejoined the army as a second lieutenant in the Fourth United States Infantry on February 16, 1801, and transferred to the Second Infantry in April 1802. He was promoted to first lieutenant that month and to captain on February 28, 1807.

During this period he surveyed a road from Nashville to Natchez, served as military collector of Mobile, and commanded the garrison at Fort Stoddert.

He was involved in the arrest of Aaron Burr and presented testimony for the prosecution at his trial.

Gaines took an extended leave of absence and began practicing law in Mississippi Territory but returned to the army at the beginning of the War of 1812.

On March 24, 1812, he was appointed major of the Eighth Infantry and on July 6, 1812, lieutenant colonel of the Twenty-fourth Infantry. From March 1813 until March 1814 he was colonel of the Twenty-fifth Infantry. His regiment especially distinguished itself at the battle of Chrysler's Field in 1813.

He served as adjutant general of the army from September 1, 1813, through March 9, 1814, and at the same time was commander of Fort Erie, Upper Canada. For his successful defense of the post on November 3, 1814, he was promoted to brigadier general.

On August 15, 1815, he was brevetted to the rank of major general for his "gallantry and good conduct in defeating the enemy" at Fort Erie, and he received the thanks of Congress and a gold medal "for repelling with great slaughter the attack of the British veteran army superior in numbers" during the American victory at Erie. He was seriously wounded in the fighting and took no further part in the war.

He was given command of Military District Number Six, which comprised Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee. He maintained this assignment until May 17, 1815. In 1817 he was sent south to treat with the Creek Indians and when diplomacy failed joined Andrew Jackson's campaign against them and the Seminoles.

From 1821 until May 1823 Gaines commanded the Western Department of the United States Army, with headquarters in Louisville, Kentucky, and from December 1823 until December 1825 he commanded the Eastern Department.

He was reassigned to the command of the Western Department on December 9, 1825, and served until January 31, 1826. He fought in the Black Hawk War of 1832 and commanded an expedition against the Florida Seminoles, in which he was wounded in the mouth.

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DNA
No known carriers of Edmund's ancestors' Y-chromosome or mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests and no close relatives have taken a 23andMe, AncestryDNA, or Family Tree DNA "Family Finder" test.

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Images: 6
Edmund Gaines Image 1
Edmund Gaines Image 1

Gaines Congressional Gold Medal
Gaines Congressional Gold Medal

Gaines Congressional Gold Medal Reverse
Gaines Congressional Gold Medal Reverse

Edmund P Gaines Grave
Edmund P Gaines Grave

Edmund P Gaines Grave Site
Edmund P Gaines Grave Site

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Collaboration

Edmund is 20 degrees from Walter Morrison, 25 degrees from Alison Wilkins and 14 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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