Thomas is the son of George Galphin and Rachael Dupre.
Thomas Galphin was one of three sons, and two nephews who George Galphin turned his mercantile business over to in 1773. A letter dated the 27th of Aug 1773 from Silver Bluff near Augusta, Georgia addressed to Messr. Greenwood & Higginson, Gentlemen stated that "with this you will please received a letter from Mr. George Galphin informing you that he has declined all his mercantile business in favor of us vizt. his three son's, George, Thomas & John Galphin, his nephew's David Holmes and John Parkinson, and you will understand by the same that he has guaranteed all our dealings with you... The busness was then known as Galphin Holmes & Co. according to the letter, and subesequent documents.
George Galphin made a deed of Trust on the 2nd day of Feb 1775 to the trustees named as Locklin McGillvery, John Parkinson, John Graham, Alexander Wyly, George Galphin the younger, and Thomas Galphin in consideration of the love and affection which he hath and beareth unto John son of "Matormey" a Creek Indian woman which also noted In trust for his the said John brother and sister George and Judith, and also Thomas & Martha son and daughter of Rachael Dupee to be shared in manner following: That is to say, the lands to fall to the above named George and Thomas and their heirs forever, also the said cattle horses mares and colts with the future issue and increase of the females thereof, to be shared equally share & share alike. This document proves George Galphin's children by Rachel Dupree were Thomas and Martha.
On the 6th of April 1776, George Galphin wrote his Last Will and Testament. He gave to Thomas Galphin, son of Rachel Dupee, and his sister, Cowpen in Ogechee, horses, cattle, etc. Also grist mill and saw mill situated on the north side of Town Creek. Also land from Mr. Shaw's lower line upon Savannah River at the Spanish Cutoff, down the said river to Mr. McGilvery's lower line, containing about 1300 acres in the Province of Georgia. Also 350 acres of land upon Ogechee, which he bought of Patrick Dennison. His father died in December of 1780.
Thomas was perhaps still in the household of his mother, Rachel, in 1790. The 1790 Census for Orangeburg District enumerated the household of Rachel Galphin with one male over 16, one female, and five slaves. In 1794 Thomas Galphin and Sarah his wife of South Carolina sold to Hezekiah Beal of the county of Richmond, in consideration of the sum of 62 pounds, all that tract or parcel of land containing 31 acres lying and being in the county of Richmond bounded north by Savannah river and beginning on said river at the upper line of a tract of land granted to Alexander Shaw.
By 1804, Thomas Galphin was one of the only Galphin brothers who was still part of Galphin Holmes & Co. Two judgements were attached against William Dunbar and Thomas Galphin, Executors of the last will and testament of George Galphin Esquire deceased, and against Thomas Galphin as surviving copartner of Galphin Holmes and Company. The lands sold at public outcry to recover the debt due Greenwood & Higginston of London were 469 acres in Richmond County, Georgia on the Savannah river part of a tract originally granted to Alexander Shaw and conveyed by him to the late George Galpin beginning at the mouth of the Sapinsh cut-off. The other tract sold at public outcry was 400 acres of land in Richmond County on Savannah river granted to George Galphin Esquire deceased and bounded on all side by Savannah River, and a gutt or gully called the Spanish cut-off.
Thomas Galphin of Barnwell District, South Carolina wrote his Last Will and Testament on the 15th day of May 1812 noting wife Rebecca...children Barbarra, Ann, Milledge, Thomas and George...Appoint Executors John Milledge, Barna McKinne, and Milledge Galphin...settle all affairs appertaining to the last will and testament of my deceased father, George Galphin. It was recorded on the 9th of October 1812.
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