Luke Gardiner was married twice; first to Elizabeth Langworth, daughter of James Langworth and Agatha, and second, after 1662, to Elizabeth Hatton, who was mother of one child, Thomas, who became a Jesuit and died at the College of St Omer in Flanders (now Belgium).
Emigration to America
Luke Gardiner was born about 1622 in England, the son of Richard Gardiner. His parents appear to have settled in Virginia before 1637 at which time Maryland patent records show they moved to Maryland. Richard Gardiner claimed land for transporting himself and his wife Elizabeth Gardiner. He also mentioned two sons: Richard Jr. 21, and John 4; and two daughters - Elizabeth 19, Julian 6. Two servants Elias Beach 23, and Mary Derrick 19 were also mentioned.  The family was forced out of Maryland during a period when Puritan rebels took over the colony often known as the plundering time. In 1647 Luke Gardiner returned to Maryland with his sister Julian and made his home in Newtown Hundred in St. Mary's County. By 1650, his sister, Julian, married Richard Lustwick (or Lustick?) who was deceased (but whom she had survived) and his mother, Elizabeth, the wife of Richard, Sr. was also deceased. Richard Lustwick may be the same as Richard Lusthead and Richard Lushead who immigrate d in 1633  (There was also a Richard Lusthead on the Ark and Dove) It appears that Luke Gardiner began his life in Maryland as the servant of the Jesuit mission run by Father Thomas Copley, but he soon began to claim land as a planter.
The first patent records states:
Luke Gardiner demandeth land as due to him for the transportation of Richard Gardiner (Luke's father) and his wife (Luke's mother), both deceased, for Richard, himself, and John Gardiner, his son; Elias Beach, their manservant; Elizabeth and Juliana Gardiner, their daughters, and Mary Derrick in Anno 1637 and for the transportation of Luke himself and Julian, his Sister, after they were forced out Anno 1647 . . and 50 acres and to Richard Lustick, Servant to Mr. Copley who married Luke Gardiner's sister deceased who survived her said husband. 
Luke returned to St. Mary's County, MD to find that the manorial rights to St Richard's Manor' and Sacaweykitt had been usurped. Luke took steps to recover the property and did so on 26 Aug. 1651 when the Gov. William Stone received a letter from Cecilius, Lord Baltimore in London, England which included the following directive:
'And also to pass another grant to Luke Gardiner and his heir (he being the son and heir of Richard Gardiner), of the manor of St. Richard's containing 1,000 acres which we find was formerly passed by patent to said Richard Gardiner and his heirs, by the name of Richard Garnett, his name being mistaken in the said grant. . .' 
Luke Gardiner claimed land in St. Mary's County under Lord Baltimore's rules of plantation. This usually involved bringing more people into the colony as servants. Gardiner made the following claims.
1652 - 200 acs. called Gardiner's Creek
1652 - 1000 acs. called St. Richards
1653 - 200 acs. called St. Johns
Marriage & Family
He married first to the daughter of James Langworth (no children). Second to Elizabeth Hatton, after 1662.
1659-1662 - elected to the Lower House of the General Assembly as burgess representing St. Mary's County
1661 JUN 19 - commissioned justice for St. Mary's County and received subsequent commissions in 1664 and 1666. 
1662 SEP 23- conveyed the property of St. Richard's Manor to Dr. Luke Barber in exchange for Warbleston Manor 
1662 - was an overseer of Thomas Turner's Will. Thomas Turner of St. Winifred's, St. Mary's wrote his will on 2 Oct 1662, it was probated on 21 Jan 1663.
1664 - made a Captain in the local militia. He was still serving in 1670.
1671 - was re-elected to the Lower House of the General Assembly as burgess representing st. Mary's County.
1672-1674 - was the Sheriff of St. Mary's County.
1672 APR 26 - As justice, he presided over the court at St. Marys and was styled 'Gentleman Sheriff' in court proceedings.
Luke Gardiner, the sheriff of St. Mary's Co., MD, was charged to imprison John Maltby. Gardiner confined Maltby to his plantation, Cannon Neck. After Maltby escaped, Gardiner was charged with allowing him to make his escape. He was sued for damages but was acquitted. 
During his life, Luke Gardiner was a Catholic. Mass was said at the home of Luke Gardiner. 'At the head of St. Clement's Bay Father Copley gathered his flock at the hospitable home of Luke Gardner. . . 
Father: Richard Gardiner b: 29 APR 1592 in Basing, Peckham, Surry, England Mother: Elizabeth Hume b: 1595 in England
"Colonial Piscataway", published @ 1962 The Alice Ferguson Foundation MD-Accokeek copy in PGCGS library #134 MD-Bowie-Belair
In the spring of 1654 a complaint was lodged against Luke Gardner, "who ... did in a refractory and insolent manner detain Eleanor Hatton," niece of Secretary Hatton (a Protestant), "endeavoring to train her in the Catholic religion contrary to the will of her mother and uncle." Lt. Richard Bankes, who had married Eleanor's widowed mother, was authorized to go and take the girl from Gardner. (Gardner, then or later, was the husband of Eleanor's sister Elizabeth.)
Gardner, Luke,St. Mary's Co.,4th Dec., 1673; 12th Aug., 1674. To wife Eliza: execx., home plantation. To eld. son Richard and hrs., "Barberton Manor," Chas. Co. To next son John and hrs., part of "St. John's." To son Luke and hrs., 300 A. of "St. John's," "Hillilee," "Gardner's Land," St. Mary's Co., and "Grimditch," Chas. Co. To young. son Thomas and hrs., 800 A. on Piscataway Ck., adjoining brother-in-law Zacharay Wade's. Child. to be of age at 18 yrs. In event of death of any child or child. without hrs., survivors to inherit deceased's portion. Should all die without hrs., wife Eliza: to inherit all real estate; residue of personalty to be for the Roman Catholic Church and the poor. In event of death of wife and child. without hrs., land afsd. to pass to child. of brother-in-law Major Thomas Brooke, and ? of personalty to goddau. Mary Brooke. Test: Robt. Carvile, Clement Smith, Eliza: Rider, Richard Lanckford. 1. 631.
William & Edward Cole 1.61 A Mar 24 1674 AdminiStrator/Executor: Luke Gardner,
Capt. Luke Gardner 1.148 I SM #28645 Appraisers: Thomas Brooke, Zachary Wade, Chanreell Henson.
Capt. Luke Gardner 1.111 I SM #123233 (among entries for 1674) Servants mentioned (at estate): John Singwell, Richard Lanck, William Hunter (aged 5 years), Elisabeth Cooke. Servants mentioned (at St Clement's Island), Owen Noone, James French, William Walker (boy), Paul Pea (boy). Servants mentioned (at St John's Quarter): James Moody. Appraisers: Thomas Brooke, Zacharias Wade, William Hatton, Randolph Henson, List of debts: Mr. Daniell Clarke, Mr. Robertt Toat, William Simpson, Mr. John Shanks, John Standley, Mr. George Tule, Francis Johnson, John Elms. List of bad debts: Thomas Cakly, Dennis Madear, Mathew Smith and Thomas Pritchett, Bartholomew Slaghter, Thomas Waters, George Bancks, Robertt Sampson. List of debts due by account: John Standley, Mr. John Shancks, Richard Hort, William Simpson, Thomas Davis, Joseph Furnell, John Robisson, Thomas Oably, Secretary Calvert, William Cole, Joseph Fowler, Edward Williams, Edward Connery, Justinian Tennisson, estate of William Cole and Edward Cole, William Fletcher, Robertt Solomon. Administratrix: ---- (relict, name not given).
William & Edward Cole 1.61 A Mar 24 1674 AdminiStrator/Executor: Luke Gardner
Gardiner Family : Register of Maryland's Heraldic Families
Lineage: A Justice of Peace for St. Mary's CO., Memb. Of Gen. Assembly was RICHARD GARDINER, who d-1649. His son, Dr. Luke, b-in Eng., demanded lands for the family claiming ST. Richard's Manor. This he received but during Claybourne's Rebellion with Ingell, LEONARD CALVERT as well as DR. LUKE GARDINER took refuge in Va. When the peace was restored LUKE GARDINER claimed lands for his return to Md. From Va. CECILIUS CALVERT granted this. He named this smaller Plantation "Sacaweykitt"; this was in 1650. He lived at Newton, a strong Catholic settlement. LUKE became capt. And Lieut. Of Foot Artil. Of Wiccomake and Bretton's Bay; he m-ELIZ. HATTON, dau--of RICHARD HATTON, of the same family as the Secretary, THOMAS HATTON of the province, her uncle, who came wth him to Md., 1649, she was a protestant and LUKE GARDINER tried to force her to Catholicism, which she refused, so he returned her to her uncle THOMAS HATTON, this was a court trial, she was delighted to be released from him and when he died she married CLEMENT HILL (Sr.) She had issue by LUKE GARDINER, whose son RICHARD, became justice, 1677-1686: he married ELIZABETH WEIRE, daughter of MAJ. JOHN WEIRE of the Rappahanoch River, Va., and his wife, HONORIA JONES, then RICHARD died 1687. HONORIA JONES WEIRE secondly married GEORGE JONES.
Dr.Luke Gardiner born abt 1622 who married 1st to a daughter of James Langworth. The 1st wife died without heirs. he then married Elizabeth Hatton daughter of Richard Hatton (brother of Secretary Thomas Hatton)
Editors: Luke Gardner, a freeholder of St. Clement's Manor, was the son of Richard and Elizabeth Gardner (or Garnett) who immigrated to Maryland in 1637 with sons, Luke, Richard (then 21 years of age), John (then age 4), and daughters Elizabeth (then 19) and Julian (then 6). (Patents 1:17, 25, 38-9, 61-62, 1:167-8, AB&H:60-66) Richard Gardner, Sr. was deceased by 1651 when his son and heir, Luke Gardiner was "of St. Richards Manor" (Patents AB&H:206). According to Patents 167-8, the family immigrated a second time, in 1647 from Virginia, and by 1650 Julian had married Richard Lustwick (or Lustick?) who was deceased (but whom she had survived) and Elizabeth, wife of Richard, Sr. was also deceased. Richard Lustwick was probably the same as Richard Lusthead (Patents 1:20, 37) and Richard Lushead (Patents ABH:65) who immigrated in 1633 (Gibb and Skorda) See also Richard Lusthead of the Ark and Dove
Luke Gardner married Elizabeth Hatton, daughter of Richard and Margaret Hatton, and niece of Thomas Hatton, former Secretary of the Province. Elizabeth (Hatton) Gardner's sister, Elinor, married (1) Thomas Brooke and (2) Henry Darnell; and her sister Mary, Zachary Wade.
Father: Richard Gardiner b: 29 APR 1592 in Basing, Peckham, Surrey, England Mother: Elizabeth Hame b: ABT 1595 in England
Father: Richard Gardiner b: 29 APR 1592 in Basing, Peckham, Surrey, England Mother: Elizabeth b: ABT 1595 in England Marriage 1 dau of James Langworth b: 1623 Married: BEF 1649
Colonial Settlers of St. Clement's Bay, 1634-1780, St. Mary's County, Maryland, p. 94: "Luke Gardiner was transported to the Provance on 8/9/1637 with Rev. Thomas Copley, S.J." The rest of his family had come over on another ship and landed one day before. "Luke Gardiner was completing his education with the Jesuits before joining his parents in the new colony of Maryland." [p. 95] "During his lifetime Luke Gardiner maintained four plantations. The Gardiners, like other Catholic Lords who held manorial privileges, maintained private chapels on their estates. Mass was said at the home of Luke Gardiner. 'At the head of St. Clement's Bay Father Copley gathered his flock at the hospital home of Luke Gardiner...' [Old Catholic Maryland and Its Early Jesuit Missionaries by Rev. William P. Teacy, p. 59]." [p.97] His will make bequests to the pastors of three churches "in token that I died a Roman Catholic and do desire the prayers of the Roman Catholic Church." [p. 97" Luke Gardiner, from various records, appears to be a gentleman of winning personality and strong character. He was certainly strong when it came to his Catholic religion. He served in almost every office in the county. He became a large land holder and a very well-to-do man by the time of his death."
A chronology of records concerning him is as follows:
1. 1673 Luke, the sheriff of St. Mary's Co., Maryland, was charged to imprison John Maltby, and Luke confined him to his plantation, Cannon Neck. After Maltby escaped, Luke was charged with allowing him to make his escape. He was sued for damages but was acquitted. (Provincial Court Deeds, Liber MM, ff 146-151, Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland.)
2. 1673: Luke had his home plantation at 'Cannon Neck' near Newton, Maryland and other land which he owned included Hillilee, Gardiner's Land and Grimditch. (: Genealogical History of Our Ancestors, page 200, by William Kenneth Rutherford, located at the Arkansas History Comission, #1 Capitol Mall, Little Rock, AR.)
1672: As justice, he presided over the court in St. Mary's County, Maryland and was styled 'Gentleman Sheriff' in court proceedings 26 April 1672. (Chancery Records, liber CD, f. 63, Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland.) :
1671: Luke Gardiner was re-elected to the Lower House of the General Assembly as burgess representing St. Mary's County, Maryland in 1671. (Assembly Journal, Liber 1649-1669, ff. 119, Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland.) 1668: Luke was one of the wealthy landowners of Maryland with title of gentleman. 'St. John's Manor' in St. Mary's County, Maryland was surveyed for Luke on 28 Aug 1668. (Sidelights of Maryland History, 1913, p. 292.)
1662: Luke Gardiner conveyed the property of St. Richard's Manor to Dr. Luke Barber in exchange for Warbleston Manor on Sept. 23, 1662. (p. c. r. bb fol 35). (Across the Years in Prince George's County, Some County and Allied Families,pg 474, by Effie Gwynn Bowie.)
1662: Luke Gardiner was an overseer of Thomas Turner's Will. Thomas Turner of St. Winifred's, St. Mary's Co., Maryland wrote his will on 2 Oct 1662, it was probated on 21 Jan 1663. (St. Mary's Co., Maryland Wills, Book 1, page 169, Maryland Calendar of Wills, From 1635-1685, Vol. 1, page 23, by Jane Baldwin Cotton.) 1662: Luke Gardiner was re-elected to the Lower House of the General Assembly as burgess representing St. Mary's County, Maryland in 1662. (Assembly Journal, Liber 1649-1669, ff. 81, Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland.) During his life, Luke Gardiner was a Catholic Lords who held manorial privileges, maintained private chapels on their estates. Mass was said at the home of Luke Gardiner. 'At the head of St. Clement's Bay Father Copley gathered his flock at the hospitable home of Lukk Gardner. . . (Old Catholic Maryland and Its Early Jesuit Misssionaries by Rev. William P. Treacy, page 59.) 1661: Luke was commissioned justice for St. Mary's Co., Maryland 19 June 1661 and received subsequent commissions in 1664 and 1666. (Council Proceedings, Liber HH, ff. 105, 211, 255, Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland.) 1661: Luke Gardiner was re-elected to the Lower House of the General Assembly as burgess representing St. Mary's County, Maryland in 1661. (Assembly Journal, Liber 1649-1669, ff. 81, Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland.) 1660: Luke was commissioned as a lieutenant in charge of a Company of Foot. The following year he received a commission as captain. (Genealogical History of Our Ancestors, page 200, by William Kenneth Rutherford] 1659: Luke Gardiner was elected to the Lower House of the General Assembly as burgess representing St. Mary's County, Maryland in 1659. (Assembly Journal, Liber 1649-1669, ff. 80, Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland.) 1651: Luke Gardiner demandeth land as due to him for the transportation of Richard Gardiner (Luke's father) and his wife (Luke's mother), both deceased, for Richard, himself, and John Gardiner, his son; Elias Beach, their manservant; Elizabeth and Juliana Gardiner, their daughters, and Mary Derrick in Anno 1637 and for the transportation of Luke himself and Julian, his Sister, after they were forced out Anno 1647 . . and 50 acres and to Richard Lustick, Servant to Mr. Copley who married Luke Gardiner's sister deceased who survived her said husband. (Maryland Patents, Liber 1, f. 65 & 165-167, Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland.) 1647: Luke, his sister, Juliana as well as other followers of Calvert sought refuge in VA during Claiborn's Rebellion. Luke returned to St. Mary's County, Maryland to find that the manorial rights to 'St Richard's Manor' and Sacaweykitt had been urusped. Luke took steps to recover the property and did so on 26 Aug. 1651 when the Gov. William Stone received a letter from Cecilius, Lord Baltimore in London, England which included the following directive 'And also to pass another grant to Luke Gardiner and his heir (he being the son and heir of Richard Gardiner), of the manor of St. Richard's containing 1,000 acres which we find was formerly passed by patent to said Richard Gardiner and his heirs, by the name of Richard Garnett, his name being mistaken in the said grant. . .' (Maryland Patents, Liber ABH, f. 206, Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland.) 1637: Luke Gardiner was transported into the Province of Maryland by Thomas Copley on 8 Aug. 1637. (Maryland Patents, Liber 1, f. 17, Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland.) He had been in school, was a servent or apprentice to Thomas Copley in that year as planter.
As indicated above, Luke Gardiner was a stong Catholic. During the period of Puritan government in the 1650's, he was in trouble for talking disrespectfully to a councillor; attempting to raise a Protestant orphan as a Catholic; for neglecting service in the St. Clement's Manor court; receiving stolen livestock; giving firearms to Indians; obtaining a patent by collusion; mistreating a servant; and trespassing on a neighbor's land. His attempt to convert his young sister-in-law, Eleanor Hatton, to the Catholic faith resulted in in the following Court order: 1654, St. Mary's Co ., Maryland. "Whereas I am given to understand that LUKE GARDINER doth in a uncivil refractory insolent manner detain at his house one Eleanor Hatton, a young girl daughter to the wife of Lieutenant Richard Bankes and niece to Mr. Thomas Hatton, his Ldps Secretary endeavoring (as is probably suspected) to train her up in the Roman Catholic religion contrary to the mind and will of her said mother and uncle who have often demanded her of the said LUKE, who refuseth to return her to either of them. Standing upon an audacious pemptory terms, the said girl being by her father (brother to the said Mr. Hatton) a little before his death recommended to the care and tuition of her said uncle, who had been a gr eat charge about her transportation and otherwise as he can make appear, the which unsufferable dealing of the said LUKE GARDINER is (as I apprehend) not only a great affront to the Government and an injury to the girl's mother and uncle , but likewise of very dangerous and destructive consequence in realcon to the peace and welfare of this province. These are therefore in the Lord's Proper Name to authorize and require the said Lieutenant Richard Bankes, Commander of N wtowne hundred either by himself or together with such other of the inhabitant s of this Province whom he shall require for his assistance herein (and who are hereby required to be aiding and assisting to him upon this occasion as they w ill answer the contrary) by force of arms or otherwise as he shall see cause to seize upon the person of the said Eleanor Hatton, and to bring her before me and the counsel at St. Mary's to be disposed of as shall be fit, and in case of her concealment to search the house of the said, LUKE GARDINER, of any other p lace within this Province where he the said, Lt. Bankes, shall suspect she may be hidden so as she may be produced for the purpose aforesaid. As also to arrest the said LUKE GARDINER and to bring him likewise before me and the counsel t o answer unto such things as shall be objected against him by the said Mr. Hatt on either as Attorney General for his Ldps or on his own behalf and to stand to the abide the order of court thereupon hereof you are not to fail. Given at St. Mary's, this 3rd day of April 1654. Signed William Stone
Written: 4 Dec 1673 Probated: 12 Aug 1674
In the name of God amen. I, LUKE GARDINER of St. Mary's County in the Province of Maryland being in perfect health and memory thanks be to God, but yet Calling to mind the uncertain Condition of the Transitory Life Do make ordain and Declare this my Last Will and Testament by these presents. Revoking annulling and makeing void all wills by me formerly made whither by word of mouth or in writing. Imprimis I give and bequeath my Soul unto the hands of Allmighty God that gave it, and my Body to be Decently buried in the Earth according to the Ceremonies of the holy Roman Catholic Church believing assuredly that I shall be Saved by the merits Death and passion of my Redeemer and Saviour Jesus Christ and that at the General Day of Judgment my Soul Shall be united with joy Eternally to possess the Kingdom of Heaven prepared for the Elect and Chosen of Allmighty God. Item my will is that all those Debts and Duties that I owe in Right or Conscience to any person or persons whatsoever be well and truly Satisfied and paid or ordered to be paid in Convenient time after my Decease.
Item I give and bequeath unto the Pastor of the Church at Newtown one Thousand pounds of Tobacco and unto the Pastor of the Church at Port Tobacco four hundred pounds of Tobacco and unto the Pastor Living at the Governors by name Mr. Massey four hundred pounds of Tobacco and unto Mr. Carew Living at the Chancellors four hundred pounds of Tobacco in Token that I died a Roman Catholic and do desire the prayers of the holy Roman Catholic Church.
Item I give and bequeath unto my Ever Loving Wife ELIZABETH GARDNER my plantation and housing and all that Tract of Land of mine at Canoe neck for ever and St. Clement's & Land the term of time that I have at my Decease in it.
Item I give and bequeath unto my Eldest Son RICHARD GARDNER all that Tract of Land Lying on the north Side of Piscadaway Creek in Charles County Called by the name of Barberton Manor & with all the houseing thereon to him and his heirs for Ever and likewise one of my horses the which my said Son RICHARD GARDNER Shall Choose out of all my Stock of horses to him for Ever.
Item I give and bequeath unto my next Eldest Son JOHN GARDNER all that houseing and Land of mine Lying in the Woods in St. Mary's County Called St. John's to him and his heirs for Ever. Except three hundred acres thereof which I give and bequeath unto my Son LUKE GARDNER to him and his heirs for Ever Injoining my Said Son LUKE GARDNER to take his said Three hundred acres of Land on the west Side of a main branch Running by the Said Tract of Land Called St. John's unto the head of St. Clement's Bay but at which End of the Said Land the Said LUKE GARDNER please to take it.
Item I give and bequeath unto my son JOHN GARDNER all my right Title and Interest in a tract of Land Lyeing at the head of St. Clement's Bay Called St. John's Landing to him & his heirs for Ever.
Item I give and bequeath unto my Son LUKE GARDNER all that Tract of Land of mine Lying near the head of Chaptico Bay Called Hillilee and the landing by Chaptico Bay Called Gardners Landing Containing about two acres of Ground with all the Marsh that Lyeth opposite to and bequeath unto my Son LUKE GARDNER to him & his heirs for Ever all that Tract of Land of mine Called Grimditch with the Land thereunto belonging Situate Lying and being in Charles County near Mattawoman.
Item I give and bequeath unto my youngest Son THOMAS GARDNER to Him and his heirs for Ever all that Tract of Land of mine that Lyeth up the branch of Piscadaway Creek the which I have a Warrant to resurvey and to make it up Eight hundred acres and likewise my half of a tract of Land that is Betwixt my Brother in Law MR. ZACHARY WADE and to him and his heirs for Ever.
Item my will is that immediately after my Debts that I owe and my Legacies aforesaid are paid that then my Ever Loving Wife ELIZABETH GARDNER and my fours sons RICHARD, JOHN, LUKE and THOMAS GARDNER make Choice of four Sober honest men of their Relations which shall divide all my personall Estate whatsoever they Can or may come to the knowledge of into five Equall parts all Except that horse afore mentioned which I have given unto my Son RICHARD GARDNER.
Item my will is that immediately after the Division of my personall Estate as aforesaid that my Ever Loving Wife ELIZABETH GARDNER have her fifth of my personall Estate the which I give and bequeath unto her for Ever and that my Eldest Son RICHARD have immediately his par t being the fifth part of my personall Estate so divided as aforementioned the which I give and bequeath unto him and his heirs for Ever.
Item I give and bequeath unto my three Sons JOHN GARDNER, LUKE GARDNER, and THOMAS GARDNER to Each and Every of them his fifth part of my personall Estate aforesaid to them and their heirs for Ever.
Item my will is that my Children be not of age until they attain unto the age of Eighteen Years and that they be not of age to Sell or give any part of parcell of Land until they attain unto the age of twenty and five years.
Item my Will is that Each of my Sons know his own particular Estate but not to possess any part of his Estate until he attain unto the age of Eighteen Years and not to dispose of or Sell any part of his Land until he attain unto the Age of Twenty five Years as aforesaid.
Item my Will is that if any of my aforesaid Children Should Chance to dye before he attain unto the age of Eighteen Years that then his part of Land and goods shall be Equally divided among the rest of his brothers which are alive to them and their heirs for Ever.
Item I do Constitute and appoint my Son RICHARD GARDNER Overseer over the Estate of my Son THOMAS GARDNER in the behalf and for the profit of him the Said THOMAS GARDNER Until the Said THOMAS GARDNER attain unto the Age of Eighteen Years and then the Said THOMAS GARDNER to have his Estate in his own possession.
Item I do Constitute and appoint my Son JOHN GARDNER overseer over the Estate of my Son LUKE GARDNER when my Son JOHN GARDNER do attain unto the age of Eighteen Years and that then he Oversee and Manage his Said Brother LUKE GARDNER'S Estate until his Said Brother LUKE GARDNER Do attain unto the age of Eighteen Years and then his Said Brother to have his Estate in his own possession.
Item my Will is that my Ever Loving Wife ELIZABETH GARDNER and my Son RICHARD GARDNER be Guardians over the Estates of my Sons JOHN and LUKE GARDNER until my Said JOHN GARDNER attain unto the age of Eighteen Years and then the Said JOHN GARDNER to have his Estate in his own possession and be Guardian over his brother LUKE GARDNER as aforesaid.
Item my Will is that my three Sons JOHN, LUKE and THOMAS GARDNER be kept at School and have Such Education as this Country and their Estates afford them Until they Successively attain unto the Age of Eighteen years.
Item my Will is that if in Case my Eldest Son RICHARD GARDNER Should dye before my youngest son THOMAS GARDNER cometh to Age that then the next Eldest Son with his Mother shall be guardians over the Younger and So Successively and if the Mother and all the Elder Brothers should dye before the Younger Come to age Aforesaid then I Constitute & appoint My Brother in Law Major THOMAS BROOKE to be Guardian over the Estate of my Youngest Son until he attain unto the age of Eighteen Years.
LUKE GARDNER wrote the following codicil to his will:
Item my Will is and I Command all my Children that they be obedient to their mother and to ask her advice in all their undertakings that are of any Consequence and of any Difference should arise amongst them that they Choose some Sober honest men among their own Relations to End all Differences betwixt them that in no ways they go to Law one with another.
Item my will is that if any of my Children before he Cometh unto age of Twenty and five years, should prove Irreverent and Stubborn and Change his Religion that he be no Roman Catholic that then that part of his Land and Goods that doth appear of what I gave him shall be divided Equally amongst his Brothers to them and to their heirs for Ever.
Item My will is that if my Sons should Chance all to dye before they come to age then I give and bequeath unto my Ever Loving Wife ELIZABETH GARDNER all my Land and half the moveables belonging before to my Said Children to her for Ever and the other half the moveables to be given as followeth (viz) one moiety to the Church the other moiety to poor people Such as my said wife shall think Convenient to give it unto and if my wife and Children should all be dead before any of my Children Shall Come to Age then I give and bequeath all my Land aforesaid unto my Brother in Law Major THOMAS BROOKE'S his Children and the half of my Moveables unto my God Daughter MARY BROOKE and the other half of my Moveables to be divided as followeth (vis) one moiety to the Pastor of New Town Church and the pastor of St. Mary's Church the other moiety to be Divided amongst poor people to whom the Said Pastors Shall See fitt. In Testimony of this my Last Will and Testament I hereunto put my hand and seal the fourth day of December in the year of our Lord God One Thousand Six Hundred Seventy and Three. <Prerogative Court Wills LIber 1/631
Luke Gardiner Test. Proc. 6, 263
Elizabeth his wife Administration Bond
August 12, 1674 Double value of estate
As no executor named in will, dead as intestate.
Thomas Brooke, Zachary Wade, William Hatton and Randall Hanson or any 2 apprs.
Benjamin Solley or John Stone to swear, Widow unable to travel so far as St. Marys.
Thomas Solley and Benjamin Solley to administer the oath to her.
Nov 11, 1674
Richard Gardner son and heir of Luke exhibits an inventory for his mother.
More time asked as there is one Plantation mofre not brought to the iew of the apprs. yet.
November 14, 1674 Test. Proc. t6, 319-20
Thomas Notley returnes bond he took of Elizabeth in 200,000 lbs. tob.
↑ Old Catholic Maryland and Its Early Jesuit Misssionaries by Rev. William P. Treacy, page 59.
On Monday, February 10, 2014 8:08:02 PM UTC-7, William Good wrote:
I just came across the thread for this topic on the GEN-MEDIEVAL list
from last July. There is a common misconception that Francis Scott Keys & F. Scott Fitzgerald descend from the Hattons of Maryland. They do indeed descend from Richard, son of Luke Gardiner, husband of Elizabeth Hatton (1635-1702), but Richard was Luke Gardiner's eldest son by his first wife Elizabeth Morris who died in about 1663.
I have also identified the paternal grandfather of Thomas Hatton,
Secretary of Maryland, and his brother Richard. He was William Hatton of Hellesby, Frodsham, Cheshire, who died in 1611.
These text seems to belong on the profile of a Robert Cole who d. 1663
Catholic??1661-1663 (St. Mary's MD Admin. Accts., p. 49-67) The acct of Luke GARDINER, Gent., the sole surviving executor of the will of Robert COLE, late of St. Clements Hundred, in SM, as it stands allowed, by the judge for probate of wills and granting administration after exceptions made by Robert COLE, son and heir of the testator & Ignatius WARREN, who married Mary, the dau of the Testator. The acct. stands charged with all the goods and chattels of the decd, according to an inventory made by sd Robert COLE and left in the hands of the accountant by sd testator at his departure for England, which is as follows… [18 pp of items] … divers sums of tobacco by him deceived, due to sd estate in the year 1662, viz. tobacco recived of: … Richard BENNETT, Colo EVANS, Joseph ALVEY, Matthew ROSE, Richd SHIPPEY, Doctor LUMBROZIO, John SHANK… Capt. COOK for Mary COLE'S passage 4 £ sterling… 1662 [nb: should be 67 or 68?] Tobacco was paid to: Joseph ALVEY for 6 barrels of corn… 1669… Capt. Matthew BARNES for Edward COLE'S passage to England… s/14 Feb 1673. Luke GARDINER. (St. Mary's Administrative Accounts, TLC Genealogy, Miami Beach, 1994, p. 136)??Both Luke GARDINER and the late Robert COLE were freeholders of St. Clements Manor. Luke had married Elizabeth HATTON, daughter of Richard and Margaret HATTON (later wife of Richard BANKS), the niece of Thomas HATTON, Secty of the Province. Robert COLE, son of Jane of Heston, Middlesex, England, by 1652 had married a widow, mother of Francis KNOTT, born 1649 (per 1663 inventory of Robert COLE). By 1668, Joseph ALVEY had had surveyed the tract Knotting in St. Clements Hundred, named after his birthplace, Knotting, Bedfordshire, England.??19 Jul - 9 Oct 1678. St. Mary's Co, MD Chancery Court Proceedings. Clement HILL and Richard GARDNER seated "twelve good and lawfull men" for a jury in the case of the land ownership of John WARREN, they being: Abraham COMBE John NEVITT John HEARD Tho: KINSLEY William COLE Jno FOSSEY John BAILY Mich. RYLY Wm LANGWORTH Ignatius WARREN Robert COLE John BAYLY??This was an Inquisition regarding several tracts of land in New Town Hundred that had been owned variously by John SHERCLIFFE, Henry SPINK, Edward COTTON, John WARREN, John NUNN, William NEWGENT, Richard HILL, William ASSITER and Henry LEE (although not in that order). It is interesting that Ignatius WARREN (h/o Mary COLE, d/o Robert of St. Clements Manor) is on the jury given that it is the determination as to his father's interest in the land that is the question (Edward COTTON having made bequests to both John WARREN and his son, Ignatius).??19 Apr 1687 - 3 Dec 1687. Will of Richard GARDNER, St. Mary's Co. To son Luke and hrs., all lands on both sides of the run. To son John and hrs., "Barberton Manor," Chas. Co. To wife Eliza: and hrs., plantation in Va., and certain personalty during minority of son Luke. To brother Luke, by agreement, "St. John's." To sd. sons, Luke and John, and hrs., residue of land equally. To father-in-law Clement HILL and his wife, to niece and goddau. Eliza: GARDNER, dau. of Luke GARDNER, to Monica, wife of Luke GARDNER, and to priests of Catholic Church, personalty. [p.20] Exs.: Uncle, Col. Henry DARNALL, father Clement HILL, brother Luke GARDNER.. Test: Wm. LANGWOORTH, Jno. HERD, Thos. MATTINGLY, Charles CARLES, Wm. DENT. 4. 276. Maryland Calendar of Wills, Volume 2) SW: LANGWORTH, CARROLL??Richard GARDINER was the son of Luke GARDINER whose wife, Elizabeth HATTON (d/o Richard and Margaret HATTON (Banks) married second Clement HILL, Sr., who married second Ann, daughter of Col. Henry and Elinor HATTON Darnell, the latter also a daughter of Richard and Margaret HATTON (Banks).?
I have made an attempt to organize this profile by adding heading, deleting duplicate information and formating the sources in standard Wikitree format. Some of it is still repetitive. I got tired of working on it. I apologize if I've offended anyone who's worked on this. This is an important early settler of Maryland and I think we should make sure this is correct.