Richard Gardner Sr.

Richard Gardner Sr. (abt. 1622 - 1688)

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Richard Gardner Sr.
Born about in Sherborne, Dorset, Englandmap [uncertain]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married 1652 in Salem, Essex, Massachusettsmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Nantucket, Nantucketmap
Profile last modified 11 Apr 2019 | Created 14 Sep 2010
This page has been accessed 3,072 times.
The Puritan Great Migration.
Richard Gardner Sr. migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).
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Contents

Biography

There is a baptismal record of Richard Gardner, son of Thomas, on 20 July 1622 in Sherborne, Dorset, England. [1] This record is available for viewing on ancestry.com if you have a paid subscription (international required for U.S. accounts).

Richard arrived in Massachusetts aboard the ship Zouch Pheonix in 1624. [2] After a few years at Cape Ann, his family settled in Salem.

Richard's first grant of land was from Salem in 1642, a "10 acre lott nere Mackrell Cove next to Mr. Thorndike playne to be laid by the towne.," He retained possession of this lot until May 2, 1659 when he sold it to Samuel Corning. In 1643, he was granted 20 acres at Jeffrey's Creek. He sold this on Sep. 19, 1667 to John West.[3] His dwelling house was on the eastern side of what is now Central Street, not far from the present corner of Essex Street. Richard sold his home on Aug. 25, 1667 to Edward Mould. He had a shop on the same lot, but he kept this for "my owne p'p'use."[4]

On May 5, 1669, Richard Gardner, "late of Salem" sold to Edward Mould, fisherman, "All that my dwelling-house which I lately lived in," with shop etc., and all the ground "that I have adjoining thereunto, containing aboute sixteen rod or pole of ground."[5]

In the County Court Records at Salem, Case No. 5 on the "28, 4th mo. 1664," Richard Gardner, defendant, Nathaniel Pitman plaintiff "in an action of trespass on the case for romeing upon ye plts ground fencing it and occupying it to his great damage." "The court doe order that this case in difference, be referred to ye selectmen of ye Towne of Salem, to be ended in a month, cost of court & all included, which was consented to by both pties."[6]

In the record of the same session, Case No. 60, Richard Gardner and others "are convicted of theire absenting themselves from the publick ordinances."[7]

From Salem to Nantucket

Richard removed to Nantucket not long afterward and purchased land there at Wesko on Feb. 15, 1667 from John Bishop. On the next page is recorded a list of cattle ear marks; "Richard Gardner his mark, a swallows taile on ye left ear and a half penny under ye right."[8]

Although Richard is called "of Salem" in a deed dated Aug. 25, 1667, the Nantucket Deeds record "Mr. Richard Gardner his house lot is that which was layd out to William Worth at Wesquo pon according to ye record & also a ten acre lot according to ye same record & also an acre & half more added to it" dated Feb. 15, 1667.[9]

On Mar. 22, 1666-7, "At a Meeting of the Inhabitants a Grant was made to Richard Gardner, halfe Accommodacons, According to the Grants made to Seamen and tradesmen, upon condition that hee exercise himself as a Sea-man and that hee come to inhabit here with his family before the End of May -68- And after that his Entrance here not to depart the Island in Point of dwelling, for the Space of three years upon the Forfeiture of the Grant aforesaid."[10]

In 1669, he received many additional land grants that included an acre for a mill and another acre of meadow.[11]

On Feb. 13, 1672, Richard was chosen by the town to "proceed to New York with the town's fish and to act as the town's messenger or agent in such business of the town as shall be expressed in this order." The fist was sent as the town's tax to the Government at New York. At this time, Nantucket was a part of New York state. Resulting from this mission, an order from Gov. Francis Lovelace named the town "Sherborne upon Nantucket." This order was sent with other instructions on Apr. 18, 1673 by Mr. Richard and Capt. John Gardner. The fact that these two men brought this name from the Governor has led some to believe that it was their own request honoring their ancestral home near Sherborne in England.[12]

Governor Lovelace commissioned Mr. Richard Gardner as Chief Magistrate of "Nantucket and Tuckanuckett." He also brought with him a license issued to his brother John and himself "to buy some land by the Sea Side or else where of the Indyan Natives." Richard's brother John was next selected Chief Magistrate in June 1680.[13]

From W. C. Folger's article in the Nantucket Inquirer, dated Jun. 4, 1862, "Richard was a man of very good abilities, he was called long-headed by his brother John, from his sense of the profoundness of his Judgment. he held a prominent place among the people of the island, was at one time Chief Magistrate. His residence was about half way between the house of our present worthy Sheriff, (1862) and the Eliphalet Paddack house. It has been taken down many years and the locality is very much altered in its appearance. The Gardners owned formerly much of the land adjacent to and surrounding the Lily pond, extending beyond Gardner's Burial Ground and around the swamp on the North Shore Hill, also extending through Egypt (so called) to the present Town Hall, embracing some of the best meadows and grass lots on the island. A part of this territory was called Crooked Records from the lines of the survey not coming together. The Gardner family although not the first family to settle here have always been reckoned among the First Families of the Island. Richard Gardner Sen'r, and his brother Capt. John, exercised much influence in the community here while they lived and they died respected."[14]

Family Life

Richard Gardner married Sarah Shattuck, daughter of widow Damaris Shattuck who married Thomas Gardner Sen'r as his second wife. Since their eldest son, Joseph, was married in 1670, it is estimated that Richard and Sarah must have been married prior to 1652 in Salem.[15]

For information regarding their children, see page 49, page 50, page 51 and page 52.

Like nearly all of her Shattuck relations, Sarah was attached to the Society of Friends and suffered much in consequence. In the County Court Records at Salem, Case 57, "5th mo., 1658" "The wife of Richard Gardner was convicted of her frequent being absent from the public ordinances on the Lord's Day, fees of court, 30 shillings." She was brought before the court several times in the next few years, either for neglecting to attend the services at the First Church in Salem or for being present at a "Quaker Meeting."[16]

In 1662, she was excommunicated from the First Church in Salem for attending the assemblies of the Friends.[17]

He died "1st mo. 23rd, 1688" (Mar. 23, 1688). His widow died in 1724 in her 93rd year.[18]

Note About Text From Great Migration Begins

"vii. Richard, b abt 1632 (d. Nantucket 1724, aged 92); m. about 1652 Sarah Shattuck, daughter of his stepmother Damaris (_____) Shattuck Gardner (TAG 30:168)."[19]

NOTE: But this Anderson entry is incorrect! He mis-read his source (TAG 30:168) and did not check the source that source used! (Nantucket Vital Records). Examination of TAG 30:168 (Anderson's source for the 1724 death) implies the 1724 death applies to Richard's wife Sarah (Shattuck) Gardner, not to Richard! And then, analysis of the (published) Nantucket vital records to which the TAG article refers finds this:

"Gardner, Richard, Mr., Jan. 23, 1688. [Richard, "1st of Nantucket, Came in 1666 from Salem," h. Sarah (sister of Samuel Shattuck), Mar. 23, 1686 [dup. 1688], P.R. 38. 234d 1mo. 1688, P.R. 63.][20]

And on page 318 of the Nantucket vital records, we find:

"[Gardner,] Sarah, w. Richard "1st of Nantucket," sister of Samuel Shattuck, ____, 1724, a. 92, P.R. 38"[21]

Therefore:

Richard (2) Gardner, was born in 1626, and died January 23, 1688. [Anderson says 1724.] In 1652 he married Sarah Shattuck, daughter of _____ Shattuck and Damaris Shattuck. Following her father's death, Sarah's mother Damaris married Thomas Gardner, her son-in-law's father.

Sources

  1. Dorset History Centre; Dorchester, England; Dorset Parish Registers; Reference: PE/SH:RE1/1
  2. http://www.weymouth-dorset.co.uk/ships.html
  3. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 40
  4. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 41
  5. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 41
  6. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 42
  7. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 42
  8. Nantucket Registry of Deeds, Book I, p. 10
  9. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 42
  10. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 43
  11. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 43
  12. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 43
  13. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 44
  14. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 46
  15. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 47
  16. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 47
  17. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 47
  18. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 49
  19. Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Begins, p 734
  20. Vital records of Nantucket, Massachusetts to the year 1850. Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1925-1928. Volume 5, p 317
  21. Vital records of Nantucket, Massachusetts to the year 1850. Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1925-1928. Volume 5, p 318


  • Edward Norris Wentworth, Jr, The Genealogy of Edward Norris Wentworth Junior," Chicago, IL: June 1928. NOTE: This genealogy does not include source citations.
  • Alexander Starbuck, History of Nantucket, F72.N257 1969
  • Vital records of Nantucket, Massachusetts to the year 1850. Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1925-1928. Volume 5, p 317-319
  • The American Genealogist, 30 (1953):168.
  • Coffin, Allen, 1881. The Coffin Family: the life of Tristram Coffyn, of Nantucket, Mass., founder of the family line in America. Hussey & Robinson, publishers, Nantucket, Mass., page 56
  • Source: S-133955642 Repository: #R-793443391 The New England Historical & Genealogical Register, 1847-2011 Ancestry.com Publication: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.
  • Source: S-133993637 Repository: #R-793443391 U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 Yates Publishing Publication: Ancestry.com Operations Inc
  • Source: S-133993909 Repository: #R-793443391 North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000 Ancestry.com Publication: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.
  • Source: S-134171546 Repository: #R-793443391 Millennium File Heritage Consulting Publication: Ancestry.com Operations Inc
  • Source: S-134171646 Repository: #R-793443391 Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988 Ancestry.com Publication: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.

Acknowledgements

  • Ancestry.com member family trees
  • Millenium File @ ancestry.com


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Memories: 1
Enter a personal reminiscence or story.
Birth: 1626

Death: Mar. 23, 1688 Nantucket County Massachusetts, USA


Family links: Parents: Thomas Gardner (1592 - 1674)

Spouse: Sarah Shattuck Gardner (1632 - 1724)*

Children: Sarah Gardner Folger (1660 - 1729)* James Gardner (1662 - 1723)* Nathaniel Gardner (1665 - 1706)* Miriam Gardner Worth (1665 - 1702)*

  • Calculated relationship


Burial: Founders Burial Ground Nantucket Nantucket County Massachusetts, USA

Created by: Greg Derylo Record added: May 02, 2005 Find A Grave Memorial# 10904499

posted 24 Feb 2012 by Lois Hirsch   [thank Lois]
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Comments: 11

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Just f.y.i., Nantucket was part of the New York colony until 1692., so his death location isn't time-appropriate.
posted by Bobbie (Madison) Hall
Gardner-6583 and Gardner-127 appear to represent the same person because: Gardner-6583 has no info or profile manager. Merging will delete an empty profile.
Gardner-6583 and Gardner-540 appear to represent the same person because: Dates, locations, relationships are same
Elizabeth White Gardner was born in 1582, and there is no Richard listed among her children by her biographers, either Rose Troup or Michael Russell. See sources on her parent's profiles.
Gardner-4022 and Gardner-540 appear to represent the same person because: Look at the families. We have birth as before 1924.
posted by Marnie Hall
Does anyone have any interest in participating in a Nantucket project? I descend from these families and am trying to drum up interest so that we can form the project. I'm a Wikitree leader & can set it up, but I need at least four other people as participants. Thanks.
Gardner-540 and Gardner-3661 appear to represent the same person because: These obviously are the same person. I have just examined online databases in RootsWeb about this man and his family (of which there are hundreds), and most researchers have settled on 1621, England as DPOB, and 23 Mar 1688 as death date in Nantucket.
posted by Bob Nichol
I am not sure if Gardner-540 and Gardner-366 are the same person. I will need to dig into it.
Gardner-540 and Gardner-3661 are not ready to be merged because: More research is needed on birth and death differences
posted by Lydia Vierson
Gardner-540 and Gardner-3661 appear to represent the same person because: Looks like same person, some assembly required....
posted by Bob Nichol

Richard is 16 degrees from Donald Howard, 9 degrees from Julia Howe and 11 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.