Thomas Gardner, yeoman, of Little Bourton, Oxfordshire (d. abt. 1633), was the first husband of Elizabeth White (b. abt. 1581 - d. abt. 1646), sister of John White, Rector of Trinity College (b. c. 1575 – d. 21 Jul 1648). She remarried to William Allen.
Josiah Gardner of London, (will 1650, proved 1656).
Wikipedia -- "White himself never sailed to America. About 1623 he interested himself in sending out a colony of Dorset men to settle in Massachusetts, allowing nonconformists to enjoy liberty of conscience. The attempt by the Dorchester Company to plant a colony at Cape Ann with Thomas Gardner, planter (b. c. 1592 – d. 1674), as Overseer, at what would become Gloucester, Massachusetts, did not prove at first successful; in the previous decade, only about 500 English colonists had established a foothold, and this Company was wound up by 1625. White then recruited emigrants from the western counties of Dorset, Somerset and Devon, who set sail a few years later as a better-supported expedition and organized church aboard the ship Mary and John."
FindAGrave claims that Thomas Gardner was an immigrant to Salem, Massachusetts. There is no record of this Thomas Gardner in Salem, only the man reputed to be his son, who is of unknown origins. (There are other more likely theories for his parents) The information below should be confirmed and the immigration to Salem disregarded.
Thomas Gardner was married to Elizabeth White (b. abt. 1581 - d. abt. 1646), sister of the Rector of Trinity College at Oxford, Rev John White. She remarried to William Allen.
"Rev. John White (b. c. 1575 - d. c. 1648 Dorchester, Dorset), Patriarch of Dorchester and Founder of Massachusetts, was born in 1575 in Stanton St. John, Oxfordshire."
John White (1575 – 21 July 1648), was son of John White, yeoman & Isabel, dau. of John Bawle of Lichfield. He was born in the manor house at Stanton St. John, Oxfordshire.
White was a major force behind the establishment of both the New England and Massachusetts Bay Colonies-- and more to the point for our family, the Dorchester Company, for which he obtained an exclusive personal charter. Though Rev White did not cross the Atlantic, he entrusted the establishment of his plantation to Thomas, who emigrated to Boston Bay with his wife Elizabeth. Both the plantation and the Company failed in short order, but Thomas and Elizabeth remained in the New World to become the progenitors of our Gardner and Colton ancestors.
Thomas was christened in St Mary's Parish, Ipswich, but may have been born in the Border Counties where his family originated. He died in Salem by 1635 and was buried on his son's farm not far west of Salem-- it is possible his remains were moved to the family burial ground in Peabody, but no proof exists of this. His wife Elizabeth returned to England and lived another 15 years -- she was buried in a different parish from her birth family, indicating she may have remarried.
Sidney/Thomas was born about 1565. He passed away in 1635.
↑ "Josiah Gardner of London," in The Victoria History of the County of Oxford, 1972, 10, p. 178. University of London. Google Books.
Colvin, Christina, Janet Cooper, N H Cooper, P D A Harvey, Marjory Hollings, Judith Hook, Mary Jessup, Mary D Lobel, J F A Mason, B S Trinder, and Hilary Turner. "Parishes: Great and Little Bourton." A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 10, Banbury Hundred. Ed. Alan Crossley. London: Victoria County History, 1972. 175-184. British History Online. Web. 29 November 2020. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/oxon/vol10/pp175-184.