Thomas1 Gardner was born about 1560 in England, and died about 1635 in England. He married Elizabeth White.
Child of Thomas Gardner and Elizabeth White was: Thomas2 Gardner, b. 1591, Dorsetshire, England; d. October 29, 1674, bur Gardner burying ground, Salem MA.
Thomas Gardner was married to Elizabeth White, sister of the Rector of Trinity College at Oxford, Rev John White. White was a major force behind the establishment of both the New England and Massachusetts Bay Colonies-- and more to the point for our family, the Dorchester Company, for which he obtained an exclusive personal charter. Though Rev White did not cross the Atlantic, he entrusted the establishment of his plantation to Thomas, who emigrated to Boston Bay with his wife Elizabeth. Both the plantation and the Company failed in short order, but Thomas and Elizabeth remained in the New World to become the progenitors of our Gardner and Colton ancestors.
Thomas was christened in St Mary's parish, Ipswich, but may have been born in the Border Counties where his family originated. He died in Salem by 1635 and was buried on his son's farm not far west of Salem-- it is possible his remains were moved to the family burial ground in Peabody, but no proof exists of this. His wife Elizabeth returned to England and lived another 15 years -- she was buried in a different parish from her birth family, indicating she may have remarried.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Thomas by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: