Thomas Gardner

Thomas Gardner (abt. 1591 - 1674)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Thomas Gardner aka Gardiner
Born about in Sherborne, Dorset, Englandmap [uncertain]
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married in Sherborne, Dorset, Englandmap
Husband of — married about in Salem, Essex, Massachusettsmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Salem, Essex, Massachusettsmap
Profile last modified | Created 27 Sep 2010 | Last significant change: 11 Oct 2018
20:44: Cheryl (Crooke) Bostrom edited the Biography for Thomas Gardner. [Thank Cheryl for this]
This page has been accessed 4,633 times.

Categories: Salem, Massachusetts | Puritan Great Migration.

The Puritan Great Migration.
Thomas Gardner migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).
Join: Puritan Great Migration Project
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Contents

Pending Information on Origins

See this article: http://thomasgardnerofsalem.blogspot.com/2014/09/thomas-and-margaret.html which explains that information found in 2014 that may explain that Margaret Friar was the first wife of Thomas Gardner and the mother of all of his children, and that he only had one other wife, Demaris ____ (widow Shattock). Pending further information from the Thomas Gardner Society, all of Thomas' children will be left attached to Margaret, not to an unknown first wife, which was the conclusion of Robert Charles Anderson in "The Great Migration Begins" page 735. The Thomas Gardner of Salem article indicates that Margaret's parents were Walter Friar and Grace Mullins and also states "...there is a record that may show Thomas' parents: Thomas Gardner and Christine Saule."

Origins

There is no documented proof of his origins or parentage, including no proof that he was the son of Thomas Gardner and Elizabeth White.

"Banks states without authority that Gardner might have come from Hurst, Martock parish, Somersetshire [Topo Dict 143], and other origins have been claimed. An origin in the West County is certain, but the name is common and none of the suggestions made to date has a firm foundation.
"George McCracken suggested that the unusual name of the Gardner's last child, Seeth, was an indication that in previous generations there had been a marriage to someone with that surname [TAG 30:157]

More recent research[1] has discovered the marriage of Thomas Gardiner and Margaret Frier on April 28, 1617 in Sherborne, Dorset, followed by baptisms of sons Thomas and George-- known to be the two oldest sons of the later Salem couple. There is a 1591 Sherborne baptism of a Thomas Gardiner that would fit this Thomas and a 1598 baptism of Margaret Frier; unfortunately neither baptism lists the parents. That said, there is a Sherborne marriage record for a Walter Frier and Grace Mullins in the right time frame to be Margaret's parents.[citation needed]

Question: Can we confirm that this Sherborne family (Thomas and Margaret with sons Thomas and George) disappear from Sherborne records after 1624, known migration year of the Salem, Massachusetts family?

Biography

From Great Migration Begins (pp 731-737)

He was born about 1592 (deposed age 68 on 26 Nov 1661) [EQC 2:320], origins unknown.

He married first by 1614 ___ ___; she probably died in Salem in 1636, perhaps at the birth of the youngest child.

He arrived in 1624, initially residing in Cape Ann, removing to Salem by 1626.

He married 2 (probably) by 1639 Margaret ____, who joined the church at Salem 24 Mar 1639/40 [SChR 8]. See TAG 30:156 for discussion of yet-to-be-confirmed claims she was Margaret Friar.

He married (3) Damaris (_____) Shattuck. She was "widow Shattock" when she joined the Salem Church 2 Jul 1641 [SChR 11]; she died Salem 28 November 1674, one month before her husband. (See TAG 30:165-68 for discussion of this woman and her many connections to the Pope and Gardner families.)

He was an innkeeper, repeatedly licensed during the 1660s to retail strong drink, but in June 1667, the license was amended to allow him to sell only to "strangers" and not to townsmen. [EQC 3:339, 431, 4:36, 37, 161, 269, 397].

He served as deputy for Salem to the General Court 26 Sep 1637 [MBCR 1:204]. He served on several juries in the 1640s and 1650s. He was also Salem selectman, constable, fenceviewer, highway surveyor, and rater in Salem.

"The wife of Thomas Gardner Sr" was fined for frequent absence from the public ordinances on Lord's days, along with a number of other Quakers, November Term 1660 [EQC 2:265]. This was merely the beginning of a long string of such fines and official harassment that eventually convinced several of the sons to move with their families away from Salem. Thomas Gardner Sr. is never named as having absented himself from public worship, and history is silent on his opinion on the matter."[2]

He died in Salem 29 Dec 1674, "husband of Damaris."

Last Will & Testament

  • Thomas made his will on 7 Dec 1668. It was proved 29 Mar 1675 [EQC 6:31]. Inventory was taken 4 Jan 1675 (see below for details).
  • His will reads (spelling is as shown in will):
  • "Weighing the uncertainty of man's life I doe therefore in the time of my health, make this my last will as followeth:
  • First, I leave unto my wife Damaris, all that estate shee brought with her according to dower agreement: likewise I give unto her eight pounds, by the year during her life, to be pd her by my six sonns out of that estate I shall leave with them, which eight pounds I give on this condition, that shee give up to them her right to the third pt of my housing and lands during her life.
  • 2---I give to my daughter Sara Balch: fifteene pounds.
  • 3---I give to my daughter Seeth Grafton fifteene pounds.
  • 4---I give to my daughter Miriam Hills two daughters, Miriam Hill and Susanna Hill to each of them five pounds to be pd to them, when they shall accomplish the age of eighteen yeares, or at theire marriage.
  • I give unto my sons George & John Gardner that pt of my salt meddow, lying on the west side of Capt. George Corwin's meddow, which I value at twenty pounds.
  • I give unto my sonns Samuell and Joseph Gardner, the other pt of my salt meddow lying on the east side of Capt. Corwin's meddow, wch I do likewise value at twenty pounds.
  • My will is further that my houseing with the rest of my lands & goods & estate with the meddow before mentioned, shall be divided into seaven equall pts: which I doe give to my six sons, as followeth: first I give to my son Thomas two pts of ye seaven, he paying to his mother in law forty-six shillings by the yeare, during her life.
  • 2nd. I give to my son George Gardner one pt of the seven, he paying to his mother in law 23 shill. by the yeare during her life.
  • 3rd. I give to my son Richard ..." (as above; also John, Samuel and Joseph have similar bequests in the order named).
  • "I doe appoynt my sons George and Samuell to be the executors of this my will & doe desire my loveing friends Mr. Joseph Grafton Sen and Deacon Horne to be my overseers to see this my will performed."
  • Signed: Thomas Gardner

The 7:10:68

  • Wit: Robert Pease, Samuell Goldthrite.
  • "On the 29 March 1675: Robert Pease & Samuell Goldthrite came before the worshipfull Edward King Esq. and Maj. Hathorne Esq. & Hilliard Veren clearke of the court at Salem, being present & gave oath that the above written was assigned to & declared the last will and testament of ye sd Tho: Gardner & that there is no latter will of his that they know of. Attest Hilliard Veren clerk."

Synopsis:

  • to my wife Damaris [still living at time he wrote the will, although she died one month before he did]
  • my six sons
  • my daughter Sara Balch
  • my daughter Seeth Grafton
  • my daughter Mirian Hills (and her daughters Miriam and Susanna Hill)
  • sons George and John Gardner
  • sons Samuel and Joseph Gardner
  • my son Thomas

Estate

  • An inventory of the goods & estate of Thomas Gardner was taken 4 Jan 1675 by Hilliard Veren, Sr. and John Pickering and totalled £274 16s., including real estate valued at £201: "an old dwelling house with about 10 acres of land adjoining with the orchard, fences &c.," £31; ten acres of ground in the Northfield, £27; about 100 acres of upland and meadow, £100; about 20 acres of land lying in the woods, £3; and about 2 3/4 acres of salt marsh lying above the mill," £40. The inventory also included "2 old barrels of guns" valued at 5s.
  • Following Thomas Gardner's probate, at the November 1677 term of Essex court his sons George ("now of Hartford, Connecticut") and Samuel sued John Pudney of Salem, husbandman, over a farm let to Pudney by lease dated 1 March 1672 and described as Gardner's now dwelling house in Salem, with all his land in Northfield, about 20 acres, also his 10 acres of meadow ... for seven years from Apr. 15, 1672 at £11 per year, and two barrels of cider, said Gardner furnishing the cask, of which £4 were to be paid in wood at 8s. per cord, 40s. in butter and cheese, with one firkin of butter, 40s. in pork, and the remainder in corn. Said Pudney was not to remove any muck, and Gardner reserved the right to take the meadow near Needham's if he so desired.
  • On 2 September 1678 Lt. George Gardner, late of Salem & now of Hartford, merchant, and Samuel Gardner of Salem, mariner, joint executors of the last will of Mr. Thomas Gardner deceased, sold to John Swinnerton of Salem, physician, "all that part of the estate that said Gardner died possessed of and which the said executors have power to sell," including a dwelling house and ten acres in the North Field, another ten acres in the North Field, about an acre of upland by the Strongwater Brook, a farm containing one hundred acres of upland and meadow, and twenty acres of upland and meadow.
  • Thomas' son, Samuel, presented the will to the clerk of court and it was proven on 29 Mar 1675.
  • Samuel and Lieut. George Gardner, the executors, sold to Job Swinnerton, physician, 19 Jul 1678, the following: "10 acres of land with housing in north field by land of John Pease. 10 acres of land in north field by land of Robert Stone. 1 acre of land by 'Strong water brooke, adjoining to ye medow formerly of ye sd Thomas Gardner deceased,' called 'ye salt meddow.' 100 acre farm more or less in town of Salem by land of Anthony Needham. 20 acres in Salem by land of Widow Pope. 'alsoe all debts dues or demands owing or in anywise belonging to ye estate of ye sr. Tho. Gardner deceased." (Ref. Essex Registry of Deeds, book 5, leaf 3.)
  • All of the above property with exception of the ten acre lot in the north field by land of Robert Stone was bought back by Samuel on 22 July 1678, with Thomas Gardner Sen'r his brother being one of the witnesses.

(Source: County Court records, Case no. 54, March 1675)

Children

Anderson claims that all Thomas' children were by a first, unnamed wife, and NOT of Margaret:

"In the Salem land grant of 1637 Thomas Gardner received acreage for a household of seven. His sons Thomas and George were already old enough to receive grants of their own and be considered separate households. Seven younger children of Thomas Sr were still under age and presumably residing at home, which would make a household of eight. One or more of the children could have been serving in another family, but this accounting raises the possibility that Thomas did not have a wife living in 1637. This hypothesis is supported by the admission to church membership of a Margaret Gardner on 24 Mar 1639/40; had she been with Thomas Gardner since his arrival in New England, we would expect that he would appear in the list of church members compiled in late 1636 at the reorganization of the church. Consequently, we propose that Thomas Gardner had three wives, the first of them of unknown name, who died at the birth of the youngest child Seeth, whose baptism is one of the first recorded in late 1636.[3]
  1. Thomas, b abt 1614 (adult in 1637); eldest son with a double share in his father's will; m1 by 1643 Hannah Hapscott[?]; m2 Elizabeth Horne, dau of John Horne; died 1682.
  2. George, b abt 1616 (adult in 1637); made free 27 Dec 1642; m1 by 1644 Hannah ____; m2 by 1654 Elizabeth (Freestone) Turner, bp Horncastle, Lincolnshire, 17 Oct 1619, dau of Richard and Margery (Freestone) Freestone, and widow of Robert Turner, shoemaker, of Boston; m3 after 1663 Elizabeth (Allen) Stone, widow of Rev. Samuel Stone. (For the identity of these three wives, Anderson followed the work of George E. McCracken [TAG 30:158-66].) Died 20 Aug 1679 in Kingston, Rhode Island.
  3. John, b abt 1624 (d Nantucket 6 Jul 1706, aged 82); m 20 Feb 1653/4 Priscilla Grafton [NanVR, citing "William C. Folger genealogical records in the possession of the Nantucket Historical Association"; this marriage probably took place in Salem.] Known as Captain John Gardner. He died May 1706 in Nantucket and is buried in the old burial ground on "Forefather's Hill." The original gravestone is still in existence, the only original gravestone of any of the early settlers. At present, it is kept in the old Coffin House (horseshoe house). A granite stone stands in its place at the grave, upon which is inscribed: "Here lyes buried ye body of John Gardner, Esq., age 82, who died May 1706. This stone erected in 1881 replaces one removed for preservation, which marked this spot for 175 years." His will was dated 2 December 1705 and probated on 2 October 1706.
  4. Sarah, b abt 1627; abt 1650 as first of his three wives Benjamin Balch, son of John Balch. Sarah died 15 Apr 1686 in Massachusetts.
  5. Samuel, b abt 1629 (aged 50 in 1680); m1 bef 1658 Mary White, dau of John and Elizabeth (____) White; m2 Salem 2 Aug 1680 Elizabeth _____ Paine.
  6. Joseph, b abt 1630 (age 16 in 1645/6); m Ann Downing,, dau of Emmanuel Downing; she m2 6 Jun 1676 Simon Bradstreet. Samuel died c Oct 1689 in Essex, Massachusetts.
  7. Richard, b abt 1621; d 23 first month (March) 1688 in Nantucket. [Anderson claims born 1636 having died 1724 age 92, BUT Anderson did not examine the sources cited in his source; it was Richard's wife who died in 1724; Nantucket VR clearly lists a 1688 death for Richard and a 1724 death for his wife.] He married about 1652 (probably in Salem) Sarah Shattuck, daughter of his stepmother Damaris (_____) (Shattuck) Gardner. [TAG 30:168]
  8. Miriam, b abt 1636; m by 1657 as his first wife John Hill; he m2 Salem 26 Aug 1664 Lydia Buffum. Miriam died before Aug 1664.
  9. Seeth, bp Salem 25 Dec 1636 [SChR 16]; m1 Joshua Conant, son of Roger Conant; m2 1 Dec 1659 John Grafton, son of Joseph Grafton. She died 17 Apr 1707.

Thomas II Gardner. [4] Gardner*. [5] Found multiple versions of name. Using Thomas II Gardner.

Born 1592 Sherborne, Dorset, England. Map: Latitude: N50.9471. Longitude: W2.5259. [6][7] 1592 Lymington, Hampshire, Southampton, England. [8] Found multiple copies of birth date. Using 1592

Died 29 DEC 1674. Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, USA. Map: Latitude: N42.5195. Longitude: W70.8967. [9]

Residence 1627 Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, USA. Map: Latitude: N42.5195. Longitude: W70.8967.

Occupation: Innkeeper. 1627 Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, USA. Map: Latitude: N42.5195. Longitude: W70.8967. Source: Source: Representative to General Court. 1637[10] Governor of the Cape Anne Colony. Source:

Buried Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, USA. Map: Latitude: N42.5195. Longitude: W70.8967. [11][12][13]

Event: The Charity. Ship 1624 Cape Ann(e) Colony, Massachusetts, USA. II. Suffix

Immigration: 1624 Cape Ann(e) Colony, Massachusetts, USA. Source: Source:

Caste: Selectman in 1636. Source: Source:

Marriage Husband @I473@. Wife @I417@. Child: @I467@. Marriage 1615 Hampshire, England. Map: Latitude: N51.0437. Longitude: W1.277. [14]

Sources

  1. Sherborne, Dorset, Thomas Gardner Society
  2. GMB, pp 735-736
  3. GMB, p 735
  4. Source: #S222 Record for Thomas Gardner Link: http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=9840&h=743559&indiv=try
  5. Source: #S1 Database online. Record for Margaret Friar*
  6. Source: #S27 http://troutwind.tripod.com/gardner.html THOMAS GARDNER, was born in England about 1592. His place of birth has been given as being Sherborne, Co. Dorset, Eng. however Anderson ascribes his origin simply as the West Country of England. He died on 29 Dec 1674 in Salem, Essex Co., MA. There is a great deal of confusion concerning the wives of Thomas Gardner. Most older sources assign only two wives with the first, the mother of his children, given as Margaret Fryer. However Robert Charles Anderson in his highly respected "The Great Migration Begins" assigns three wives to Thomas as follows: the name of his first wife, the mother of all of his children is unknown. She came with him to New England, (while Anderson doesn't say when it probably wasn't when Thomas first arrived at the Cape Ann Colony, but later, after he had removed to Naumkeag (Salem)). Wife #1 died, probably in Salem, before 1639. Thomas married (2) Margaret (_____) by 1639; and after her death married (3) the wid. Damaris (_____) Shattuck.[6] Thomas arrived first on Cape Ann in 1624, as part of the Cape Anne Colony, and removed to Naumkeag (Salem) in 1626. He was an innkeeper in Salem and was apparently literate as he signed his name to several petitions and inventories.[6] Tradition holds that Thomas was the Governor of the Cape Anne Colony, at least for a time. Farmer confused Thomas with his son Thomas Jr. and mistakenly stated that he came from Scotland. He says of him in part, "an overseer of the plantation at Gloucester 1624, and removed thence Salem, was admitted freeman 1636, representative 1637.." "united. with the Church 1639, freeman 1641, was a selectmen, and d. 1674. His last wife was Damaris Shattuck"[5/117] " In ordinary affairs Roger Conant next to Endecott, was perhaps still the most important,,and held a more important position in the community than any of the other old Planters, though John Woodbury, Thomas Gardner and Peter Palfrey were sent as deputies to the General Court"[4] Thomas was a selectman in 1636.[4] "In 1640 Mr. Hathorne, Robert Moulton and Thomas Gardner furnished bulls to go with the Salem Herd at 20 shillings a season."[4] "In 1658 Thomas Gardner was on a jury to hear complaints of a disorderly meeting at which two Quaker missionaries were present. Most of the people present were women. The Shattuck family was represented. Samuel Shattuck was fined and imprisoned. He was whipped in Boston where he was imprisoned."[4] CHILDREN: 1. George Gardner, b. England, m. Hannah Shattuck [1] joined the Salem Church in 1637; selectman 1662. Hannah was presumably the "Hannah Gardner" who joined the Salem Church in 1639.[4] 2. John Gardner, b. about 1624, poss. in Naumkeag (Salem, Essex Co, MA), and d. 6 May 1706 on Nantucket, Nantucket Co., MA[1]. He joined the Salem Church in 1643[4] He married Priscilla Grafton 20 Feb 1653/54 on Nantucket.[1] 3. Sarah Gardner , born about 1627, died 5 Apr 1686 at Beverly, Essex Co., MA. She married Benjamin Balch about 1650 as his first wife. He was the son of John Balch and Margery Lovett. Ch: Samuel, Benjamin, John, Joseph, Freeborn, Sarah, Abigail, Ruth, Mary, Jonathan, David.[1][6] Benjamin married (2) Abigail Clarke on 5 Feb 1688/9 in Marblehead (she d. 1 Jan 1690), and married (3) Grace Mallett on 15 Mar 1691/2.[6] 4. Samuel Gardner married Mary White[1] "born ab. 1627, freeman 1675, representative, 1681 and 1682."[5] Joined Salem Church in 1649.. selectman in 1676-77, and "Capt. Samuel Gardner" selectman "1697".[4] 5. Joseph Gardner died on 19 Dec 1675. He married Anne Downing bef. Aug. 1656. She was born about 1634 and died on 19 Apr. 1713 age 79. She was the daughter of Emanuel Downing.[1][2] Joseph and Ann had no children. Anne Downing Gardner married (2) Governor Simon Bradstreet. He was at that time a man in his late 70's. They had no children. Joseph was involved in the civic affairs of Salem, holding a number of positions. He joined the Salem Church in 1649. He was also a large landowner, owning most of the land between St. Peter's St. and Brown St. in Salem.(4) In May, 1672, he was appointed Lieutenant in the Company of Salem Foot, under command of Capt. William Price.[1][3] Three years later in May the Salem Militia was increased to two companies and Joseph Gardner was appointed Captain of the 1st Co. of Salem Foot. During King Phillip's War he was appointed on 3 Nov. 1675 to command a company of men which was subsequently raised at Salem, Marblehead, Topsfield, Andover, Gloucester, Beverly and Lynn.[4] They mustered at Dedham Plain on 10 Dec. following with a total force of 95 then proceeded to Wickford. During the march they were involved in a number of incidents with groups of hostile Indians losing several men. He was killed storming a breech in the Narragansett's stockaid at Swamp Fort Dec. 19, 1675[5], And the manner of his death was described in Church's History of the War. "Mr. Church spying Capt. Gardiner of Salem amidst the Wigwams at the east end of the Fort, made towards him; but on a sudden while they were looking each other in the face, Capt. Gardiner settled down, Mr. Church stepped to him, seeing the blood run down his cheek lifted his cap and calling him by name, he looked up in his face but spake not a word, being mortally Shot through the head."[7] 6. Seeth Gardner was b. 25 Oct 1636 at Salem, Essex Co., MA and was baptized on 25 Dec. 1636 in Salem. She died on 17 Apr.1707 in Salem. Savage indicated she married Joseph Grafton, however, another source states that she married (1) Joshua Conant and (2) John Grafton on 1 Oct. 1659 in Salem.[1] 7. Miriam Gardner was born in about 1632, Salem and died in about 1664 in Salem, she married John Hill.[1][Vitals not sourced so regard as tentative dates only] 8. RICHARD GARDNER 9. Thomas Gardner Jr. [4][5], joined the Salem Church in 1637; selectman 1682; with his brother John was the most heavily involved in the family shipping interests. The family had "financial interest" in the Ketches 'Mary' and 'Expectation' about 1689.[4] James Savage, "A Genealogical Dictionary of New England" V.2 p. 228-230 New England Historic and Genealogical Register, v.38, p. 199 Mass. Colony Records, V5 p.517 James Duncan Phillips, "Salem In the 17th Century" John Farmer, "Register Of The First Settlers Of New England", p. 117
  7. Source: #S27 http://troutwind.tripod.com/gardner.html THOMAS GARDNER, was born in England about 1592. His place of birth has been given as being Sherborne, Co. Dorset, Eng. however Anderson ascribes his origin simply as the West Country of England. He died on 29 Dec 1674 in Salem, Essex Co., MA. There is a great deal of confusion concerning the wives of Thomas Gardner. Most older sources assign only two wives with the first, the mother of his children, given as Margaret Fryer. However Robert Charles Anderson in his highly respected "The Great Migration Begins" assigns three wives to Thomas as follows: the name of his first wife, the mother of all of his children is unknown. She came with him to New England, (while Anderson doesn't say when it probably wasn't when Thomas first arrived at the Cape Ann Colony, but later, after he had removed to Naumkeag (Salem)). Wife #1 died, probably in Salem, before 1639. Thomas married (2) Margaret (_____) by 1639; and after her death married (3) the wid. Damaris (_____) Shattuck.[6] Thomas arrived first on Cape Ann in 1624, as part of the Cape Anne Colony, and removed to Naumkeag (Salem) in 1626. He was an innkeeper in Salem and was apparently literate as he signed his name to several petitions and inventories.[6] Tradition holds that Thomas was the Governor of the Cape Anne Colony, at least for a time. Farmer confused Thomas with his son Thomas Jr. and mistakenly stated that he came from Scotland. He says of him in part, "an overseer of the plantation at Gloucester 1624, and removed thence Salem, was admitted freeman 1636, representative 1637.." "united. with the Church 1639, freeman 1641, was a selectmen, and d. 1674. His last wife was Damaris Shattuck"[5/117] " In ordinary affairs Roger Conant next to Endecott, was perhaps still the most important,,and held a more important position in the community than any of the other old Planters, though John Woodbury, Thomas Gardner and Peter Palfrey were sent as deputies to the General Court"[4] Thomas was a selectman in 1636.[4] "In 1640 Mr. Hathorne, Robert Moulton and Thomas Gardner furnished bulls to go with the Salem Herd at 20 shillings a season."[4] "In 1658 Thomas Gardner was on a jury to hear complaints of a disorderly meeting at which two Quaker missionaries were present. Most of the people present were women. The Shattuck family was represented. Samuel Shattuck was fined and imprisoned. He was whipped in Boston where he was imprisoned."[4] CHILDREN: 1. George Gardner, b. England, m. Hannah Shattuck [1] joined the Salem Church in 1637; selectman 1662. Hannah was presumably the "Hannah Gardner" who joined the Salem Church in 1639.[4] 2. John Gardner, b. about 1624, poss. in Naumkeag (Salem, Essex Co, MA), and d. 6 May 1706 on Nantucket, Nantucket Co., MA[1]. He joined the Salem Church in 1643[4] He married Priscilla Grafton 20 Feb 1653/54 on Nantucket.[1] 3. Sarah Gardner , born about 1627, died 5 Apr 1686 at Beverly, Essex Co., MA. She married Benjamin Balch about 1650 as his first wife. He was the son of John Balch and Margery Lovett. Ch: Samuel, Benjamin, John, Joseph, Freeborn, Sarah, Abigail, Ruth, Mary, Jonathan, David.[1][6] Benjamin married (2) Abigail Clarke on 5 Feb 1688/9 in Marblehead (she d. 1 Jan 1690), and married (3) Grace Mallett on 15 Mar 1691/2.[6] 4. Samuel Gardner married Mary White[1] "born ab. 1627, freeman 1675, representative, 1681 and 1682."[5] Joined Salem Church in 1649.. selectman in 1676-77, and "Capt. Samuel Gardner" selectman "1697".[4] 5. Joseph Gardner died on 19 Dec 1675. He married Anne Downing bef. Aug. 1656. She was born about 1634 and died on 19 Apr. 1713 age 79. She was the daughter of Emanuel Downing.[1][2] Joseph and Ann had no children. Anne Downing Gardner married (2) Governor Simon Bradstreet. He was at that time a man in his late 70's. They had no children. Joseph was involved in the civic affairs of Salem, holding a number of positions. He joined the Salem Church in 1649. He was also a large landowner, owning most of the land between St. Peter's St. and Brown St. in Salem.(4) In May, 1672, he was appointed Lieutenant in the Company of Salem Foot, under command of Capt. William Price.[1][3] Three years later in May the Salem Militia was increased to two companies and Joseph Gardner was appointed Captain of the 1st Co. of Salem Foot. During King Phillip's War he was appointed on 3 Nov. 1675 to command a company of men which was subsequently raised at Salem, Marblehead, Topsfield, Andover, Gloucester, Beverly and Lynn.[4] They mustered at Dedham Plain on 10 Dec. following with a total force of 95 then proceeded to Wickford. During the march they were involved in a number of incidents with groups of hostile Indians losing several men. He was killed storming a breach in the Narragansett's stockaid at Swamp Fort Dec. 19, 1675[5], And the manner of his death was described in Church's History of the War. "Mr. Church spying Capt. Gardiner of Salem amidst the Wigwams at the east end of the Fort, made towards him; but on a sudden while they were looking each other in the face, Capt. Gardiner settled down, Mr. Church stepped to him, seeing the blood run down his cheek lifted his cap and calling him by name, he looked up in his face but spake not a word, being mortally Shot through the head."[7] 6. Seeth Gardner was b. 25 Oct 1636 at Salem, Essex Co., MA and was baptized on 25 Dec. 1636 in Salem. She died on 17 Apr.1707 in Salem. Savage indicated she married Joseph Grafton, however another source states that she married (1) Joshua Conant and (2) John Grafton on 1 Oct. 1659 in Salem.[1] 7. Miriam Gardner was born in about 1632, Salem and died in about 1664 in Salem, she married John Hill.[1][Vitals not sourced so regard as tentative dates only] 8. RICHARD GARDNER 9. Thomas Gardner Jr. [4][5], joined the Salem Church in in 1637; selectman 1682; with his brother John was the most heavily involved in the family shipping interests. The family had "financial interest" in the Ketches 'Mary' and 'Expectation' about 1689.[4] James Savage, "A Genealogical Dictionary of New England" V.2 p. 228-230 New England Historic and Genealogical Register, v.38, p. 199 Mass. Colony Records, V5 p.517 James Duncan Phillips, "Salem In the 17th Century" John Farmer, "Register Of The First Settlers Of New England", p. 117
  8. Source: #S1 Database online. Record for Margaret Friar*
  9. Source: #S222 Record for Thomas Gardner Link: http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=9840&h=743559&indiv=try
  10. Source: #S1 Database online. Record for Margaret Friar*
  11. Source: #S1 Database online. Record for Margaret Friar*
  12. Source: #S1 Database online. Record for Margaret Friar*
  13. Source: #S222 Record for Thomas Gardner Link: http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=9840&h=743559&indiv=try
  14. Source: #S1 Database online. Record for Margaret Friar*

See also:

  1. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907
  2. Gardner, Benjamin Hard. Genealogy of the Gardner Family, publ. 1953 in Aiken, South Carolina.
  3. Essex, Massachusetts probate records, book 301, leaves 62-63.
  4. Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Begins, pp 731-734.
  5. Edward Norris Wentworth, Jr, The Genalogy of Edward Norris Wentworth Junior, Chicago, Cook, Illinois, USA; June 1928
  6. Family Bible of Glen McTaggart

Footnotes

  • Source: S1 Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.; Repository: #R6
  • Repository: R6 Ancestry.com
  • Source: S222 Ancestry.com England, Select Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991 Publication: Name: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2014; Repository: #R6
  • Source: S27 Gardner Webpage NOTEhttp://troutwind.tripod.com/gardner.html


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Memories: 3

On 15 Sep 2018 John M. Switlik wrote:

Frank A. Gardner, M.D., author of the Gardner books, editor of The Massachusetts Magazine, and more.

We have both his paternal and maternal tree filled in (profile focus) and are working on editing for format (sources, et al) plus completeness.

His maternal tree was accomplished by using his personal notes (ca 1907).


On 11 Aug 2018 John M. Switlik wrote:

New view, lots of new research opportunities: The remains of Thomas? We do not know.

His stone was moved to Harmony Grove. Grandson Abel, son of son Samuel (ancestor), and his wife were of those whose stones were moved, as well.

It is unclear how many gravestone were moved, whose bodies may have been re-interned, or just how many graves were left to be scraped by the road work or to be covered over by the progress of building. More research is to be done. Dr. Frank talked to George Augustus Gardner about, and read the, notes that George had that had been written by Samuel Pickering Gardner (grandfather of George Augustus) who had visited the 'old burial ground' (on Gardner Hill) sometime prior to the period of the road work and reported his observations.


On 8 Dec 2011 Lois Hirsch wrote:

Buried in Harmony Grove Cemetery, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts.



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No known carriers of Thomas's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Images: 21
Thomas Gardner, Planter
Thomas Gardner, Planter

Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 2
Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 2

Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 3
Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 3

Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 4
Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 4

Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 5
Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 5

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Collaboration

On 1 Aug 2018 at 17:46 GMT John M. Switlik wrote:

Sherborne, Dorset study: post and details (including images from digitized records).

Original note that precipitated discussion about the records (which I just verified that I have, on our server).

On 31 Jul 2018 at 23:25 GMT John M. Switlik wrote:

I just started a Profile for first cousin, Dr. Frank.

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Gardner-11627

Right now, I point to his Gardner tree via an ahnentafel (sourced) on the profile. I have his handwritten lineage for his mother which I will be adding in the next week.

On 21 Dec 2015 at 04:12 GMT Marnie Hall wrote:

We have he married Damaris Shattuck second.

On 3 Oct 2014 at 14:55 GMT John M. Switlik wrote:

Recently, the marriage record, in 1617, for Thomas Gardner and Margaret Friar of Sherborne, Dorset, England was observed by John Cook of Minneapolis. It turns out that the transcription project in Sherborne had already published the fact (see the following link to a post at the Thomas Gardner Society, Inc. blog).

Thomas and Margaret

Besides other marriage records of interest and Wills, there were birth records for Gardner boys named Thomas, George, Richard and John.

There is further transcription work pending.

Also, one task is to tie this couple to Thomas of Salem. The major clue, though, was Folger's comment about the motivation for Gov. Lovelace to introduce the name of Sherborne into Nantucket to the chagrin of some.

Sherborne Files at Dorset OPC.

Are they looking for help and motivation?

On 1 Mar 2014 at 15:42 GMT Darlene (Athey) Athey-Hill wrote:

I paid to get a copy of the will of Thomas Gardner, husbandman, of Sherbourne, Dorset, England, dated 1623. I believe this may be Thomas' father's will. I could use help in deciphering the handwriting. It mentions sons Thomas, John & Robert and daughters Margaret & Catherine. If there are any descendants that are good at reading 17th century English handwriting, let me know! Thanks.

On 30 Jan 2014 at 17:40 GMT Darlene (Athey) Athey-Hill wrote:

According to "Nantucket Genesis" by Mary Barnard, publ. 1988 by Breitenbush Publications, P.O. Box 02137, Portland, OR 97202, Thomas' third wife was Damaris SIBLEY.

On 27 Apr 2013 at 21:18 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:

Please read the opening narrative and biography before adding any spouses or parents to this profile (Thomas Gardner). Unless someone has more recent, and more direct evidence than that discussed in Anderson's Great Migration Begins (and if you do, be sure to site it), please do not add any parents or additional spouses to Thomas Gardner, or change the spelling of last names at birth. Thank you.

On 27 Apr 2013 at 13:03 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:

The merging of duplicates and resulting cleanup related to this family has been long and difficult and continues. I could use some help merging the children and their families, and cleaning up the resulting narratives. Thank you so much!



Thomas is 15 degrees from Elinor Glyn, 18 degrees from Frances Weidman and 15 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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