Correct naming of the Thomas Gardner line is as follows:
1) Thomas Gardner of Roxbury, wife unknown.
2) Thomas Gardner and Lucy Smith - can be known as Thomas II or Thomas Jr or as plain “Thomas who married Lucy Smith” but in sources etc. the immigrant Thomas I, wife unknown, is called “Thomas Gardner of Roxbury”. NOT Thomas Gardner who married Lucy Smith. This is Thomas II or Thomas Jr.
3) Thomas Gardner III. He married Mary Bowles, sister of Elizabeth (Bowles) White.
This Thomas is NOT an ancestor of John Adams.
Thomas Gardner his father and Lucy Smith his mother are direct ancestors to President John Adams.
The President Project had this Thomas as John Adams direct ancestor until I corrected it.
Ezra Stiles information on this family is mostly incorrect. Many other sources exist. Further reading will clear any confusion such as it exists currently on WikiTree.
This Thomas is Thomas Gardner III, grandson of Thomas of Roxbury and unknown, and son of Thomas Gardner and Lucy Smith. His SISTER Mary Gardner married Thomas Boylston.
Thomas Gardner and Lucy Smith are direct ancestors of John Adams and John Quincy Adams.
Bowen, Edward Augustus. Lineage of the Bowens of Woodstock, Connecticut. (Cambridge, Mass.: Riverside Press, 1897) 221. Thomas Gardner, s/o Thomas Gardner and Lucy Smith, b. Muddy River (Brookline) 25 May 1645, d. abt 1724, m. 17 Nov 1673 Mary Bowles. Farmer, physician, lieutenant of militia and deacon of the church. Representative to General Court 1718.. https://books.google.com/books/about/Lineage_of_the_Bowens_of_Woodstock_Conne.html?id=sTE3AAAAMAAJ
NOTE: The Gardner family of Roxbury is not the Gardner family of Salem. This Thomas Gardner is not the Thomas Gardner born May 25, 1645 in Salem. Please do not merge.
Often referred to as "Deacon," Thomas Gardner, son of Thomas, married Mary Bowles on Nov. 17, 1673 and had the following children; Sarah, Thomas, Mary, John, Caleb, Peter, Isaac, Richard, Solomon and Benjamin. Thomas resided in Roxbury but removed to Brookline. Some sources say he died there in 1725.
Thomas Gardner's name is one of the first on the petition for a separation of Brookline from Boston. He was evidently a man of property and much influence.
Thomas Gardner, junior, was admitted to the Roxbury Church 11 May 1684.
In 1718, Thomas built a home that was successively owned by his three sons, Solomon, Caleb and Benjamin. It stood at the curve of the old Sherburne road and once had only green fields and thick woods lying about it with the only other house in sight being that of Nathaniel Gardner. For a description of his home, where a secret room was discovered containing an ancient sword, see Woods, Harriet F. Historical Sketches of Brookline, Mass. Boston. 1874; page 291. Another surprise was a cannon ball, imbedded between the chimney and the beams that was discovered during some alterations done after a century had passed, (see page 292.)
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