Thomas Gardner III

Thomas Gardner III (abt. 1617 - 1682)

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Lieut Thomas Gardner III aka Gardner Of Salem
Born about in Sherborne, Dorset, Englandmap [uncertain]
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Salem, Essex, Massachusettsmap
Husband of — married about in Salem, Essex, Massachusettsmap
Descendants descendants
Father of
Died in Salem, Essex, Massachusettsmap
Profile last modified | Created 3 Apr 2011
This page has been accessed 1,670 times.

Categories: Salem, Massachusetts | Puritan Great Migration.

The Puritan Great Migration.
Thomas Gardner III migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).
Join: Puritan Great Migration Project
Discuss: pgm

Note: Do not merge the Gardner family of Roxbury with the Gardner family of Salem. If there is a connection between these two families, it is England, not in America.

Contents

Biography

There is a baptismal record of Thomas Gardner son of Thomas on 8 Mar 1617 in Sherborne, Dorset, England. [1]

Thomas Gardner[2] arrived in 1624 aboard the ship Zouch Phoenix [3], settling in Cape Ann and removing to Salem by 1626.

Thomas was first mentioned in the Town Records of Salem in 1637 when "it is ordered that Tho. Garner Junor shall have 5 acres of land for a great Lot." Over the course of his life, he received many land grants from the town.[4]

Thomas became a member of the First Church in Salem in 1639. He was admitted as Freeman of the Massachusetts Bay Colony on Jun. 2, 1641.[5]

Civic Duties and Other Court Documents

In 1649, he along with his brothers, George, Samuel and Joseph, were ordered to survey and measure from the meeting house to a meadow along the river Westerly from Salem and were allowed a portion of the meadow "for theire paynes."[6]

In 1670, he was chosen to serve on the "Jury of Trials" and in the following year, he was a member of the Grand Jury.[7]

In 1671, Thomas bought a dwelling house from John and Hannah Buttolph which bordered land owned by Joseph Gardner and Samuel Gardner.[8]

On May 3, 1672, Thomas Gardner, "cordwinder," bought of John Grafton and Seeth, his wife (sister of Thomas Gardner, Jr.) for 10 pounds, a piece of land containing 26 rods.[9]

There are many land transactions made by Thomas Gardner, Junior (see the Essex Registry of Deeds, books 3 & 4) as well as appearing in the County Court Papers as a witness to land records and administration of wills.

Thomas Gardner, Junior, made his home on a lane known as Higginson Square which was situated on the east side just off the Main Street. The estate was occupied by his widow after his death and later by his son, David.[10]

Thomas kept a merchandise store and the 10 pages of inventory made at his death show that he also sold shoes which would account for his being referred to as "shoemaker" and "cordwinder" in the records. He also owned a ketch which he used in the cod-fishing industry.[11]

The Death of Lieut. Thomas Gardner, Junior.

Thomas died in 1682[12] and the "worshipfull William Browne and Bartholomew Gedney Esq. and assistants, Granted power of the administration of all & singular, the chattels goods & estate of Mr. Thomas Gardner deceased who dyed intestate unto Mrs. Elizabeth the relict & widow of the said Thomas Gardner & to his Sonn Mr. Thomas Gardner, whoe are to bring an inventorye of the estate soe farr as they cann" etc. They gave bonds to the amount of 500 pounds.[13]

The following document was presented to the court on the "28th, 9mo. 1682:" "Whereas Mr. Thomas Gardner is returned to this court, and joined with his mother in law Mrs. Elizabeth Gardner, administrator to the estate of his father Mr. Thomas Gardner deceased his estate & both bound in 500 pounds bond, to administer according to law ct. & it sufficiently appeering, to this court, that the said Thomas Gardner did object agst his standing any further obliged, by bond then to returne an inventory to this court, which accordingly he have don upon his oath given (together with the sd Elizabeth): this court doe free the said Thomas Gardner from his said bond ct."[14]

As the estate was found to be "insolvent & not sufficient fully to satisfy the creditors" the following action was taken, "And this court doe desire & Impower Mr. John Hathorne & Mr. Hilliard Veren that as Elizabeth ye relict & administratrix of Mr. Thomas Gardner deceased, may stand in need of necessary supply for time to com till the court doe setle the estate or take further order she may by the advice of the aforenamed Hathorne & Veren, have releife & necessary supply out of the said estate."[15]

The inventory, as mentioned, contained a large quantity of dry goods, books, clothes, etc., and included his dwelling house and land and his ketch, totaling 464:11:00. Debts were enumerated amounting to 439:05:00 and funeral expenses 22:05:00. The inventory was sworn to in court at Salem on "28, 9mo. 1683" before Hilliard Veren, Clerk and was witnessed by Jno Pilgrim and Wm. Hirst.[16]

Thomas Gardner Family

Thomas married twice. His first wife was named Hannah[17] and she is found in the records when she united with the First Church in Salem in 1649. Their children were; Mary, Thomas, Eliza or Elizabeth, Abigail, Bethia, Hannah and Jonathan.[18]

His second wife was named Elizabeth and it is believed that her maiden name was Horne. Their children were; David, Susanna and Dorcas. Elizabeth, widow of Thomas, died intestate and although she lived in the home once owned by her husband, she did not own it at the time of her death as no real estate was included in the inventory, returned by John Horne and Henry West. The estate was settled on April. 15, 1695.[19]


Sources

  1. Dorset History Centre; Dorchester, England; Dorset Parish Registers; Reference: PE/SH:RE1/1
  2. Great Migration Begins, pp 733-734; Thomas, b say 1615 (adult 1637 when he received a grant from Salem [STR 1:52]; eldest son with a double share in his father's will); m1 by 1643 ____ Hapscott[?] (TAG 26:108, 30:157-58); m2 by an unknown date Elizabeth Horne, daughter of John Horne (TAG 26:108, 30:158-99).
  3. http://www.weymouth-dorset.co.uk/ships.html
  4. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 21
  5. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 21
  6. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 22
  7. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 22
  8. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 22
  9. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 23
  10. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 24
  11. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 25
  12. County Court Records, Case No. 25.
  13. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 25
  14. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 25
  15. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 26
  16. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 26
  17. G. Andrews Moriarty, in "Hannah, First Wife of Thomas Gardner Jr. of Salem, Mass.," in The American Genealogist, 26:108 says, without citing a source, that this Thomas Gardner "Jr" died before 29:9:1682 (29 Nov 1682).
  18. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 27
  19. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 27

See also:

  • Salem Town Records
  • First Church of Salem records
  • Felt's Annals, v. I., p. 173
  • Records of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • NEHGR, v. III, p. 188
  • Essex Registry of Deeds, books 3, 4 & 7
  • County Court Papers, book 25, 26, 27
  • Essex Probate Records, books 303, leaf 102 & book 305, leaf 8


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No known carriers of Thomas's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Images: 8
Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 20
Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 20

Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 21
Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 21

Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 22
Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 22

Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 23
Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 23

Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 24
Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 24

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Collaboration

On 31 May 2018 at 22:26 GMT Christopher Childs wrote:

Per the note on his father's page, "Pending further information from the Thomas Gardner Society, all of Thomas' children will be left attached to Margaret, not to an unknown first wife" -- "Margaret" referring to Margaret Frier -- shouldn't the mother of Thomas III be changed to Margaret Frier?

On 29 Sep 2017 at 22:11 GMT Chris Hoyt wrote:

His daughter Bethiah, born 1654 has been proven to not be the wife of Samuel Gaskill Jr. See:
  • Delory, Janet Ireland. John Woodin, Brickmaker, of New Hampshire, Massachusetts and South Carolina, Tracking an Itinerant Ancestor in: The American Genealogist, Vol. 64, New Haven, Connecticut, 1989, p. 64-74 (Online database. AmericanAncestors.org. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2009 - .)
  • Delory, Janet Ireland. John Woodin, Brickmaker, of New Hampshire, Massachusetts and South Carolina, Tracking an Itinerant Ancestor in: The American Genealogist, Vol. 64, New Haven, Connecticut, 1989, p. 238-241 (Online database. AmericanAncestors.org. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2009 - .)



Thomas is 15 degrees from Elinor Glyn, 19 degrees from Frances Weidman and 15 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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