George Gardner

George Gardner (abt. 1619 - 1679)

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George Gardner
Born about in Sherborne, Dorset, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married before [location unknown]
Husband of — married (to ) [location unknown]
Husband of — married (to ) in Hartford, Connecticutmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Hartford, Connecticutmap
Profile last modified | Created 3 Apr 2011
This page has been accessed 1,311 times.

Categories: Salem, Massachusetts | Hartford, Connecticut.

Contents

Biography

There is a baptismal record of a George Gardner on 1 Jan 1619 at Sherborne, Dorset, England. Father's name on record appears to be Thomas. [1]

There is a George Gardner listed on the passenger list of the Zouch Phoenix that arrived in 1624. [2]

George Gardner was the son of Thomas Gardner, one of the Cape Ann Planters. George was probably born in England. The earliest mention of his name in the Town Records of Salem was on the "8th of the 9th month 1637" when, along with his brother Thomas, he was granted ten acres of land. By this, we assume that he was an adult and calculate his birth year about 1616.[3] [4]

George became a member of the First Church in Salem in 1641.[5]

Civic Duties and Court Transactions

On Dec. 27, 1642, George Gardner was admitted a freeman at Salem.

From 1642 to 1671, George Gardner often appears in the Court Records as plaintiff, jury member, witness to wills, an appraiser to estates, assigning his indentured servant Baldwin House over to John Southwick, assigned to mend the "caseway," etc... seepage 28 for more details.

The court granted him a license on 10:10:1661 to retale strong waters out of the Jarrs."[6][7]

On Sept. 11, 1662, George was appointed Lieutenant of the foot company of Salem. This appointment was confirmed by the court on the 24th day of the 9 mo. 1663.[8]

George also served the town as selectman and was appointed on the 9th day of the 9 mo. with Henry Bartholomew to take the constables account. On the 22nd day of the 10th mo., the town paid him 5:00:00 for "Mr. Goold," the tenant on his farm. He served on the committee to lay out land in the last month of the same year.[9]

In 1664, John Pickering sued George and Samuel Gardner and others, owners of the mill on South river, for damages as the results of the flooding of his land and was allowed 20 pounds. That year, George was also one of the appraisers of the estate of Henry Harwood. In June, he was the plaintiff in a case in court against Joseph Williams, who was accused of stealing 41 pounds of wheat from George Gardner. On the 23rd of the 11 mo. 1664, the town paid him a bill of 5:00:00.[10]

George witnessed the will of Robert Moulton, Sr. on Sep. 5, 1665 and in that year, served on a jury of inquest in the case of James Prist who was found dead. In 1667, George was one of the selectmen of Salem and was appointed with John Corwin, to lay out the small lot of land "that belongs to the Widow Reade." He was also one of the appraisers of the estate of Job Hilliard in Nov. 1670.[11]

On Mar. 3, 1670, George was again chosen as selectman at the town meeting and was also appointed with others to lay out land for William Adams. His name appears as one of the witnesses to the will of Thomas Browning in June 1671.[12]

The following year, George removed to Hartford, Connecticut to live.[13] Amongst the County Court Papers at Salem is a letter dated Jul. 14, 1677 in which George Gardner gives power of attorney to his brother, Samuel Gardner, to represent him as the executor for his father's will, see page 30. [14]

In Hartford, Connecticut

In King Philip's War, George was a member of a committee to provide "Flankers" for the defense of Hartford. [15]

At a meeting of the Council at Hartford held May 1, 1676, George was granted permission to pass to Boston and Salem "upon his necessary occasions and to return with all conveniencie they can." [16]

George was granted 15 pounds in consideration of damage by non-payment of money due him from the country, etc. "Mr. George Gardner allowed 5 pounds additional." [17]

George owned over two hundred acres of land in Connecticut, as shown by the inventory of his estate in that colony and mny items in that document show that he had varied and commercial interests there.

Property Owned

George Gardner had extensive land holdings. His first grant of land received in 1637 was for 10 acres. In 1649, he and his brothers Thomas, Samuel and Joseph, were ordered to survey land, "for which they shall have allowance in part of the medow for theire paynes."[18]

On the 30th day of the next month, George was granted "4 acres of medow... at the 7 mens bounds," and forty acres of upland to be laid out near his meadow." This land was in West Peabody, near the Lowell road, between the Phelps' Mill station and the Lynnfield line. At an angle in the line, a short distance to the south of the road, there still stands a heap of stones placed there in early colonial times to mark the seven men's bounds.[19]

In the town records on the 27th day of the 2nd mo. in 1654, "Upon the request of Sergeant George Gardner for a small layne of upland containing about six acres lying and scituate neare to Robert Moultons jun his medow & to the round hill neare mr. Humfres farme and soe to that land that is granted to Frances Perries: Accordingly it is granted."[20]

in 1662, "Granted to Sergeant George Gardner that he shall have a lott next to the land that runeth to his house by those lotts alredie laide out and of the same size he paying five pounds as others have done."[21]

George's name appears in the records on the 24th of the 12 mo. 1662, "Town Credit 5:00:00, for a house lott. and on the 27th day of the 11th mo., "granted to Sergt. George Gardner to have a lott next to that lott laide out for a tailere lining at good wollans hie paying for it 5 pounds as others have done."[22]

In the Book of Grants, p. 155, "By virtue of an order from the Selectmen of Salem, directed unto Jeffrey Massey, Lit George Gardner, and myself or unto any two of us to lay out unto Several persons several parcells of land between Humphries Farm & the farm formerly belonging to Phelps on this side Ipswich River so called near the seven men's bounds: We accordingly laid out unto Lt. George Gardner One hundred & ninety acres of said lande which was for several grants, which he bought of several persons amounting unto soe much adjoining unto his own land and is bounded as followeth viz: to the widow Pope, Geoyles Corey, Humphres Farm and to Lynn bounds and the Seven Men's bounds; Lt. Gardner Forty poles by the river unto Samuel Gardner's bounds; Samuel Gardner and John Robinson's land on the East unto a Pine Tree on the head of John Robinson's land and a little red oak & a great White Oak, between John Rubton & John Robinson & Lt. Gardner's a little walnut, John Rubton on the East, an oak standing near Lt. Gardner's meadow. The return of the laying out of this land I formerly gave in unto the Selectmen of Salem. Attest Nathaniel Putnam, Salem, 24th of Sept. 1697."[23][24]

The above record was certified to by John Croade, Clerk, as being a copy of an entry of laying out of land which was entered in the year 1665 and ordered to be entered on Feb. 8, 1697/8. By the time of George Gardner's death, this great farm contained about four hundred acres. His son, Capt. Samuel Gardner inherited it, and upon his death, left it to his grandchildren. Grandson Daniel Gardner had deeded to him by his brothers John and Samuel, two hundred acres of land, "being 1-3 of the real estate of grandfather Samuel Gardner, bounded," etc. In his will dated July 25, 1759, Daniel gave this farm to his sons John and Samuel. This property stayed in the Gardner family until Oct. 18, 1871. The old lean-to farm house was still standing in an excellent state of preservation in 1907.[25][26]

George Gardner's house in the town was on what is now Daniels Street in the eastern side of that street, at the lower end. He left it to his son Samuel, describing it in the will as the house in which his oldest son, Samuel "now dwelleth." In 1701-2, Samuel sold it to his "sonne John Higginson, Tertius, of Salem and to his daughter Hannah Higginson, his wife." In this deed Samuel described it as "my dwelling house in Salem in which my cousin John Buttolph now dwelleth together with ye bakehouse, warehouse and outhousing and about three quarters of an acre of land." For further information about the history of this property, see page 33 [27]

Family Life

Who Were His Wives?

Many histories state that George Gardner was married three times as follows;

Eliza or Elizabeth Horne, daughter of Deacon John Horne
This is incorrect since John Horne's will dated Oct. 8, 1679 and codicil dated Feb. 27, 1683, probated in Nov. 25, 1684 makes a bequest to "my eldest daughter Elizabeth Gardner." George Gardner married his third wife about 1671 and he died in 1679. We also know that George's first wife was a Quaker, which is unlikely for a daughter of Deacon John Horne who was so prominent in the church.
Elizabeth Horne Gardner was probably the second wife of George's brother, Thomas. Thomas' widow, Elizabeth, died about 1694 and John Horne, son of Deacon John Horne, was one of the appraisers of the estate.[28] Sidney Perley, in his "History of Salem," names Elizabeth Horne, daughter of Deacon Horne, as the second wife of Thomas Gardner, Jr., not George Gardner.
Whoever George's first wife was, we know that she was convicted in the 5th mo. 1658 of "being at a disorderly quaking meeting & alsoe of her frequent absenting her selfe from the publike worship of God upon the Lord's Day; to pay 5 shillings costs." She was also fined again in 1658 and in 1669 for non-attendance at church.
  • Note: The research of George E. McCracken TAG 30:158-66 states that her name was Hannah, but no evidence was provided. It was probably deduced by the fact that his eldest daughter's name was Hannah.
Mrs. Ruth Turner, widow of John Turner, Sen., her former husband having died in 1668 at Barbados. If this is the correct 2nd wife of George, she couldn't have been the mother of any of his children since she was still married to John Turner in 1668.
  • Note: The research of George E. McCracken TAG 30:158-66 states that George married (2) by 1654 Elizabeth (Freestone) Turner, bp. Horncastle, Lincolnshire, 17 October 1619, daughter of Richard and Margery (Freestone) Fresstone, and widow of Robert Turner, shoemaker, of Boston.
Mrs. Elizabeth Stone, widow of Rev. Samuel Stone. Her maiden name was Allen and she was admitted to the Boston church in March 24, 1639. She married Rev. Samuel Stone in Boston in 1641. She died in 1681. Her will was dated Jun. 6, 1681 and probated on Jan. 4, 1682.
  • Note: The research of George E. McCracken TAG 30:158-66 states that George married (3) after 1663 (inventory of her previous husband [Manwaring 1:242]) Elizabeth (Allen) Stone, widow of Rev. Samuel Stone. This agrees by all accounts.

Children

It is not known for sure whether his first wife was the mother of all his children or if he might have had children with his second wife. If his children were not all born to his first wife, Vital Records of Salem, MA to 1849 suggest the following family grouping:

By first wife:

  1. Hannah, 15 Dec 1644 , m. Lt. John Buttolph 18 Oct 1663.
  2. Samuel, b. 14 May 1648; d. Salem Apr. 24, 1724. m (1) Apr. 24, 1673 Mrs. Elizabeth Grafton (daughter of John Browne), widow of Capt. Joseph Grafton; m.(2) Mrs. Susanna Daniel (daughter of Daniel and Elizabeth Baxter), widow of Capt. Stephen Daniel.
  3. Mary, bp 10 Jul 1653, m. Apr. 30, 1670 Habakkuk Turner, son of Robert and Elizabeth (Freestone) Turner of Boston. m.(2) Sep. 15, 1686, Deacon John Marston, son of John and Alice Marston.

By second wife:

  1. George, bp 24 Sep 1654 (birthdate not recorded); d. 21 Aug 1662
  2. Bethiah, b 3 June 1654
  3. Ebenezer, b 16 Aug 1657; d. 8 May 1685; m. 7 Nov 1681 Sarah Bartholomew, dau. of Henry Bartholomew and Elizabeth Scudder.
  4. Mehitable, b. 23 Apr 1659; d. 8 May 1659
  5. Ruth, bp. 2 Apr 1665 (birthdate not recorded) m. 21 Mar 1674, Col. John Hathorne son of Major William and Anna Hathorne.

Death and Will

George Gardner died on Aug. 20, 1679. His will was written on Jul. 21, 1679 and the inventory of his estate was presented on Oct. 17, 1679.[29]

He made the following bequests;

  1. To his wife Elizabeth, he left the income of his part of the mills in Salem, during her life. He also left her the rent of the land bought of Mr. Joseph Fitch, or the use of the money if he pay for it according to contract. She was likewise to receive the rent of the land he bought of John Terry and two cows, two calves and the swine at home. In addition she was to have the use of his household furniture during her life.
  2. To Samuel, his oldest son, he left the house in "which he now dwelleth at Salem," with all the upland and meadow in the South field. After his mother's decease he was also to have the mill property and the farm and meadow upon which Thomas Gould was at that time a tenant.
  3. To Ebenezer he gave his houses and lands at Hartford, Windsor, and Simsbury in Connecticut, after his mother's decease. He was also to have "that land lyeth by Mr. Babadg, etc. that acre of salt marsh I had of my father."
  4. To his daughter Buttolph he left 300 pounds of debts due him at Connecticut "when they are got in" and to her husband "thirty pounds he was indebted to me at our last reckening."
  5. To his daughter Turner he gave the house and land in which they lived, "to him and her, their natural lives, & then to whome of her children he shall give it after him," also three hundred pounds of debts at "coneticott, as it can be got in."
  6. To his daughter Hathorne, he left a like amount of Connecticut debts.[30]

George provided that in case his son Ebenezer should die before he married, the estate should be divided "Equally amongst the rest" of his children. Ebenezer was also to have the rent of "that farme Thomas Gold liveth on, during his mother's life."[31]

George further gave his brother Thomas Gardner twenty pounds in provisions. He remembered his "cozens, Miriam Hascall & Susana Hill," as follow: "five pounds now in household stuff to Miriam & five pounds to Susana Hill at her marriage."[32]

Samuel and Ebenezer Gardner, his sons, were named as his executors and he specified that after his debts and legacies were paid, what remained should be given to his two sons, two parts to Samuel and one part to Ebenezer.

His negro servant was remembered as follows: "To my servant Arrah (Arrow) I doe give five pounds, when he hath Served my Son Samuell five yeares & then his time to be out."[33]

He named his friend Capt. John Allen of Hartford as overseer and left him five pounds in token of his love. Then came the following: "And likewise I do intreat my friend Caleb Stanley to oversee the performance of this my will, whoe liveth at conetticott to whose two daughters I give fifty shillings apiece."

"And I desire my two loving brothers, Thomas & Samuell Gardner to oversee the performance of my will at Salem." The witnesses were Thomas Gardner, Samuell Gardner Sen., and Joseph Williams. The will was proved Sept. 1, 1679.[34]

For a list of the inventory, see page 36, page 37, page 38 and page 39.

Sources

  1. Dorset History Centre; Dorchester, England; Dorset Parish Registers; Reference: PE/SH:RE1/1
  2. http://www.weymouth-dorset.co.uk/ships.html
  3. Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Begins, Boston, MA: 1995, p 734; George, b. say 1616 (adult when "bretherin" Thomas and George Gardiner were given ten acres in Salem 8 November 1637 [STR 1:59]); made free 27 December 1642 [EQC 1:48]); m. (1) by 1644 Hannah ____; m. (2) by 1654 Elizabeth (Freestone) Turner, bp. Horncastle, Lincolnshire, 17 October 1619, daughter of Richard and Margery (Freestone) Fresstone, and widow of Robert Turner, shoemaker, of Boston; m. (3) after 1663 (inventory of her previous husband [Manwaring 1:242]) Elizabeth (Allen) Stone, widow of Rev. Samuel Stone. (For the identity of these three wives we follow the work of George E. McCracken [TAG 30:158-66]).
  4. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 28
  5. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 28
  6. County Court Records, 10:10:1661, Case No. 29.
  7. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 28
  8. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 29
  9. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 29
  10. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 29
  11. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 29
  12. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 29
  13. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 29
  14. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 30
  15. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 30
  16. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 30
  17. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 30
  18. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 31
  19. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 31
  20. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 31
  21. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 31
  22. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 31
  23. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 31
  24. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 32
  25. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 33
  26. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 33
  27. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 33
  28. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 35
  29. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 35
  30. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 36
  31. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 36
  32. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 36
  33. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 36
  34. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 36

See also:

  • Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907
  • Salem Town Records
  • First Church of Salem Records
  • County Court Records, book 2, leaf 119
  • Records of Mass. Bay Colony, also NE Hist. Gen. Reg. V.III, p. 189
  • County Court Papers, book 3, leaves 14, 16, 17


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Images: 13
Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 28
Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 28

Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 29
Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 29

Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 30
Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 30

Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 31
Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 31

Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 32
Thomas Gardner, Planter; page 32

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On 9 Jul 2014 at 18:17 GMT Bob Nichol wrote:

Gardner-613 and Gardner-3651 appear to represent the same person because: DOB and sibling names appear to match pretty well.



George is 23 degrees from Rosa Parks, 20 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 15 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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