||George Gardner migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).|
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There is a baptismal record of a George Gardner on 1 Jan 1619 at Sherborne, Dorset, England. Father's name on record appears to be Thomas. 
There is a George Gardner listed on the passenger list of the Zouch Phoenix that arrived in 1624. 
George Gardner was the son of Thomas Gardner, one of the Cape Ann Planters. George was probably born in England. The earliest mention of his name in the Town Records of Salem was on the "8th of the 9th month 1637" when, along with his brother Thomas, he was granted ten acres of land. By this, we assume that he was an adult and calculate his birth year about 1616. 
George became a member of the First Church in Salem in 1641.
On Dec. 27, 1642, George Gardner was admitted a freeman at Salem.
From 1642 to 1671, George Gardner often appears in the Court Records as plaintiff, jury member, witness to wills, an appraiser to estates, assigning his indentured servant Baldwin House over to John Southwick, assigned to mend the "caseway," etc... seepage 28 for more details.
On Sept. 11, 1662, George was appointed Lieutenant of the foot company of Salem. This appointment was confirmed by the court on the 24th day of the 9 mo. 1663.
George also served the town as selectman and was appointed on the 9th day of the 9 mo. with Henry Bartholomew to take the constables account. On the 22nd day of the 10th mo., the town paid him 5:00:00 for "Mr. Goold," the tenant on his farm. He served on the committee to lay out land in the last month of the same year.
In 1664, John Pickering sued George and Samuel Gardner and others, owners of the mill on South river, for damages as the results of the flooding of his land and was allowed 20 pounds. That year, George was also one of the appraisers of the estate of Henry Harwood. In June, he was the plaintiff in a case in court against Joseph Williams, who was accused of stealing 41 pounds of wheat from George Gardner. On the 23rd of the 11 mo. 1664, the town paid him a bill of 5:00:00.
George witnessed the will of Robert Moulton, Sr. on Sep. 5, 1665 and in that year, served on a jury of inquest in the case of James Prist who was found dead. In 1667, George was one of the selectmen of Salem and was appointed with John Corwin, to lay out the small lot of land "that belongs to the Widow Reade." He was also one of the appraisers of the estate of Job Hilliard in Nov. 1670.
On Mar. 3, 1670, George was again chosen as selectman at the town meeting and was also appointed with others to lay out land for William Adams. His name appears as one of the witnesses to the will of Thomas Browning in June 1671.
The following year, George removed to Hartford, Connecticut to live. Amongst the County Court Papers at Salem is a letter dated Jul. 14, 1677 in which George Gardner gives power of attorney to his brother, Samuel Gardner, to represent him as the executor for his father's will, see page 30. 
In King Philip's War, George was a member of a committee to provide "Flankers" for the defense of Hartford. 
At a meeting of the Council at Hartford held May 1, 1676, George was granted permission to pass to Boston and Salem "upon his necessary occasions and to return with all conveniencie they can." 
George was granted 15 pounds in consideration of damage by non-payment of money due him from the country, etc. "Mr. George Gardner allowed 5 pounds additional." 
George owned over two hundred acres of land in Connecticut, as shown by the inventory of his estate in that colony and mny items in that document show that he had varied and commercial interests there.
George Gardner had extensive land holdings. His first grant of land received in 1637 was for 10 acres. In 1649, he and his brothers Thomas, Samuel and Joseph, were ordered to survey land, "for which they shall have allowance in part of the medow for theire paynes."
On the 30th day of the next month, George was granted "4 acres of medow... at the 7 mens bounds," and forty acres of upland to be laid out near his meadow." This land was in West Peabody, near the Lowell road, between the Phelps' Mill station and the Lynnfield line. At an angle in the line, a short distance to the south of the road, there still stands a heap of stones placed there in early colonial times to mark the seven men's bounds.
In the town records on the 27th day of the 2nd mo. in 1654, "Upon the request of Sergeant George Gardner for a small layne of upland containing about six acres lying and scituate neare to Robert Moultons jun his medow & to the round hill neare mr. Humfres farme and soe to that land that is granted to Frances Perries: Accordingly it is granted."
in 1662, "Granted to Sergeant George Gardner that he shall have a lott next to the land that runeth to his house by those lotts alredie laide out and of the same size he paying five pounds as others have done."
George's name appears in the records on the 24th of the 12 mo. 1662, "Town Credit 5:00:00, for a house lott. and on the 27th day of the 11th mo., "granted to Sergt. George Gardner to have a lott next to that lott laide out for a tailere lining at good wollans hie paying for it 5 pounds as others have done."
In the Book of Grants, p. 155, "By virtue of an order from the Selectmen of Salem, directed unto Jeffrey Massey, Lit George Gardner, and myself or unto any two of us to lay out unto Several persons several parcells of land between Humphries Farm & the farm formerly belonging to Phelps on this side Ipswich River so called near the seven men's bounds: We accordingly laid out unto Lt. George Gardner One hundred & ninety acres of said lande which was for several grants, which he bought of several persons amounting unto soe much adjoining unto his own land and is bounded as followeth viz: to the widow Pope, Geoyles Corey, Humphres Farm and to Lynn bounds and the Seven Men's bounds; Lt. Gardner Forty poles by the river unto Samuel Gardner's bounds; Samuel Gardner and John Robinson's land on the East unto a Pine Tree on the head of John Robinson's land and a little red oak & a great White Oak, between John Rubton & John Robinson & Lt. Gardner's a little walnut, John Rubton on the East, an oak standing near Lt. Gardner's meadow. The return of the laying out of this land I formerly gave in unto the Selectmen of Salem. Attest Nathaniel Putnam, Salem, 24th of Sept. 1697."
The above record was certified to by John Croade, Clerk, as being a copy of an entry of laying out of land which was entered in the year 1665 and ordered to be entered on Feb. 8, 1697/8. By the time of George Gardner's death, this great farm contained about four hundred acres. His son, Capt. Samuel Gardner inherited it, and upon his death, left it to his grandchildren. Grandson Daniel Gardner had deeded to him by his brothers John and Samuel, two hundred acres of land, "being 1-3 of the real estate of grandfather Samuel Gardner, bounded," etc. In his will dated July 25, 1759, Daniel gave this farm to his sons John and Samuel. This property stayed in the Gardner family until Oct. 18, 1871. The old lean-to farm house was still standing in an excellent state of preservation in 1907.
George Gardner's house in the town was on what is now Daniels Street in the eastern side of that street, at the lower end. He left it to his son Samuel, describing it in the will as the house in which his oldest son, Samuel "now dwelleth." In 1701-2, Samuel sold it to his "sonne John Higginson, Tertius, of Salem and to his daughter Hannah Higginson, his wife." In this deed Samuel described it as "my dwelling house in Salem in which my cousin John Buttolph now dwelleth together with ye bakehouse, warehouse and outhousing and about three quarters of an acre of land." For further information about the history of this property, see page 33 
Many histories state that George Gardner was married three times as follows;
It is not known for sure whether his first wife was the mother of all his children or if he might have had children with his second wife. If his children were not all born to his first wife, Vital Records of Salem, MA to 1849 suggest the following family grouping:
By first wife:
By second wife:
George Gardner died on Aug. 20, 1679. His will was written on Jul. 21, 1679 and the inventory of his estate was presented on Oct. 17, 1679.
He made the following bequests;
George provided that in case his son Ebenezer should die before he married, the estate should be divided "Equally amongst the rest" of his children. Ebenezer was also to have the rent of "that farme Thomas Gold liveth on, during his mother's life."
George further gave his brother Thomas Gardner twenty pounds in provisions. He remembered his "cozens, Miriam Hascall & Susana Hill," as follow: "five pounds now in household stuff to Miriam & five pounds to Susana Hill at her marriage."
Samuel and Ebenezer Gardner, his sons, were named as his executors and he specified that after his debts and legacies were paid, what remained should be given to his two sons, two parts to Samuel and one part to Ebenezer.
His negro servant was remembered as follows: "To my servant Arrah (Arrow) I doe give five pounds, when he hath Served my Son Samuell five yeares & then his time to be out."
He named his friend Capt. John Allen of Hartford as overseer and left him five pounds in token of his love. Then came the following: "And likewise I do intreat my friend Caleb Stanley to oversee the performance of this my will, whoe liveth at conetticott to whose two daughters I give fifty shillings apiece."
"And I desire my two loving brothers, Thomas & Samuell Gardner to oversee the performance of my will at Salem." The witnesses were Thomas Gardner, Samuell Gardner Sen., and Joseph Williams. The will was proved Sept. 1, 1679.
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