James Abram Garfield

James Abram Garfield (1831 - 1881)

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President James Abram Garfield
Born in Orange, Cuyahoga Co, Ohio, USAmap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married in Hiram, Portage, Ohio, USAmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Washington, District of Columbia, USAmap
Profile manager: Ray Jones private message [send private message]
Garfield-39 created 27 Mar 2011 | Last modified
This page has been accessed 3,901 times.

Categories: Namesakes US Counties | Notables | US Presidents.

Notables
James Garfield is notable.
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The Presidential Seal.
James Garfield was the President of the United States.
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Preceded by
19h President
Rutherford B. Hayes

James Abram Garfield
20th President
of the United States
Presidential Seal
Mar 4, 1881 – Sep 19, 1881
Succeeded by
21st President
Chester Arthur

Descendant of Pilgrim John Billington.

Contents

Biography

Family Ancestry

His parents were Ohio farmers. The oldest paternal ancestor in WikiTree is [1] Edward Garfield born about 1525 in Kilsby, Northamptonshire, England

Family Descendants

View all direct descendants here According to familypedia.com a great-grandson named Newell Garfield married Elizabeth Harrison a descendent of both Presidents William and Benjamin Harrison.

James A Garfield[2] was born on November 19, 1831, in Orange, Ohio. Garfield's father died in 1833, and James spent most of his youth working on a farm to care for his widowed mother. At the age of seventeen, Garfield took a job steering boats on the Ohio and Erie Canal.

Garfield received minimal schooling in Ohio's common schools. In 1849, he enrolled in the Geauga Seminary in Chester, Ohio. After briefly serving as a teacher, Garfield attended the Western Reserve Eclectic Institute (now Hiram College) in Hiram, Ohio. He transferred to Williams College, in Williamstown, Massachusetts, and graduated in 1858. He returned to Hiram College in that same year as a professor of ancient languages and literature. He also served as Hiram's president until the outbreak of the American Civil War. In 1859, Garfield began a political career, winning election to the Ohio Senate as a member of the Republican Party. During the Civil War, Garfield resigned his position at Hiram College and joined the Union Army. He began as lieutenant-colonel of the Forty-Second Ohio Volunteer Infantry and fought in the Battles of Shiloh and Chickamauga. He resigned from the army on December 5, 1863, with the rank of major general.

Garfield resigned his commission because Ohio voters had elected him to the United States House of Representatives. He served nine consecutive terms in the House of Representatives before he was elected President of the United States in 1880. In Congress, Garfield was a supporter of the Radical Republicans. He opposed President Andrew Johnson's lenient policy toward the conquered Southern states and demanded the enfranchisement of African-American men. He was appointed by the Ohio legislature to the United States Senate in January 1880. He declined the office, because he was elected president a few months before he was to claim his seat in the Senate. Garfield served for only four months before he was shot by Charles J. Guiteau. Guiteau had sought a political office under Garfield's administration and was refused. Angered by his rejection, Guiteau shot Garfield while the president waited for a train in Washington, DC. Garfield lived for two more months, before dying on September 19, 1881.

While Garfield accomplished little as president, his death inspired the United States Congress and his successor, President Chester A. Arthur, to reform the public service system with the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act in 1883. Rather than having the victors in an election appoint unqualified supporters, friends, or family members to positions, the Civil Service was created to assure that at least some office holders were qualified for their positions.

Personal Details

  • Born: James Abram Garfield, November 19, 1831, Moreland Hills, Ohio, U.S.
  • Died: September 19, 1881 (aged 49), Elberon, New Jersey, U.S., Resting place[[1]], Garfield Memorial, Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio
  • Spouse: Lucretia Rudolph (April 19, 1832 – March 14, 1918), married November 11, 1858
  • Children: Eliza Garfield, Harry Garfield, James Garfield, Mary Garfield, Irvin Garfield, Abram Garfield, Edward Garfield

Political party: Republican

  • Alma mater: Hiram College, Williams College
  • Profession: Lawyer, Teacher, Lay Preacher, Elder
  • Religion: Churches of Christ

Legacy

Six U.S. states named counties in President Garfield's honor. They are: Colorado, Montana, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Utah, and Washington.

Sources

  • Video tour of Lawnfield, Garfield's home in Mentor, Ohio [2]
  • Ohio State History [3]
  • Wikipedia President James A. Garfield [4]
  • Find a Grave Memorial #381, [5]
  1. http://www.wikitree.com/treewidget/Garfield-39/8 view paternal ancestors
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_A._Garfield From Wikipedia


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DNA
No known carriers of James's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests and no close relatives have taken a 23andMe, AncestryDNA, or Family Tree DNA "Family Finder" test.

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Images: 2
James A. Garfield 20th US President
James A. Garfield 20th US President

James Garfield Image 2
James Garfield Image 2

Collaboration

On 15 Jun 2015 at 22:43 GMT Ray Jones wrote:

Hey sounds good. I just added you.

On 15 Jun 2015 at 22:32 GMT Robin Lee wrote:

Please add wikitreepresidents@googlegroups.com to the trusted list for this profile

On 15 May 2015 at 01:14 GMT Ray Jones wrote:

Hey sounds good. Unfortunately, in my case anyway, I don't descend from his line. I am related to him through his mother's line.

On 15 May 2015 at 00:22 GMT Carleton Procter wrote:

For Pres. Garfield, and all the Presidents for that matter, can we also put all the descendants down to the present day ?

Some of Garfield's descendants live here in Townshend, Vermont, where they moved up from Greenwich, CT with their Mother, Elizabeth (Tiz) Garfield, in the 1960's, after their Father died in a tragic car accident. The kids I knew growing up were ; John (who lived out in Australia), Eliza ?, Sam (who went to Phillips-Exeter School in NH), and Robert, who now lives out in CA, He worked for Janos Optical in Townshend and now works on the lenses of many NASA space telescopes.



James is 17 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 23 degrees from Campbell Braddock, 19 degrees from George Herbert and 19 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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