Michael Garoutte Senior

Michael Antoine Garoutte Senior (1750 - 1829)

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Lieutenant Michael Antoine "Michel" Garoutte Senior aka d'Lascours
Born in Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Kingdom of Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Pleasant Mills, Burlington, New Jersey, United Statesmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Pemberton, Burlington, New Jersey, United States of Americamap
Profile manager: MG Pitts private message [send private message]
Profile last modified | Created 22 Sep 2010
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Categories: Privateers | American Revolution | NSSAR Patriot Ancestors | Notables.

Flag of Marseille, Kingdom of France
Michael Garoutte Senior migrated from Marseille, Kingdom of France to New Jersey Colony, Americas.
Flag of New Jersey Colony, Americas
Lieutenant Michael Garoutte Senior participated in the American Revolution
Michael Garoutte Senior is an NSSAR Patriot Ancestor.
NSSAR Ancestor #: P-164321
Rank: Privateer and later a Volunteer Naval Officer on the brig Enterprise and the sloop-of-war HMS RaceHorse, Pension Number: R3931

Daughters of the American Revolution, DAR Genealogical Research Databases, database online, (http://www.dar.org/), "Record of Michael Antoine Garoutte", Ancestor # A044121.

European Aristocracy
Michael Garoutte Senior was a member of aristocracy in Europe.
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Notables
Michael Garoutte Senior is notable.
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Michael is Catholic of the Latin Rite. Baptized and Chrismated in Notre Dame, Des Accoules Parish, Marseille, Kingdom of France, and was later educated for the Catholic Priesthood in the Old Provence Seminary in Provence, Kingdom of France from 1762 to 1766 but was not Ordained.
Ship at Sea by Edward Moran

Contents

Biography

Introduction

Likeness Sketch of Garoutte

(Lieutenant) Michel (Anglicized as: Michael) Antoine Garoutte (Pronounced: Guh-Roo) the Ghost of Historic Pleasant Mills, New Jersey. His Ghost can sometimes be seen in twilight and night time on the Old Pleasant Mills Tract in Historic Pleasant Mills, New Jersey by the Old Paper Mill, [1] which is where his Tavern: The LaFayette, was once located.

Garoutte was a highly intelligent and highly educated French Noble. He was described as a 6 Foot Tall Frenchman of remarkable Strength [2] and Swordsmanship.

Born April the 12th year 1750 in the Castle Garoutte in Marseille, Kingdom of France. [3] [4] Garoutte was a French Noble who fought in the American Revolutionary War.

He and his 16 years Older Sister The (Lady) Marie Magdeleine Garoutte [5] were the only surviving children of The Admiral (Sir) Antoine Garoutte and The (Lady) Anne d'Lascours.

He immigrated to the New Jersey Colony where he aided the cause for American Independence, his Sister's Family were among the first supporters of Napoleon Bonaparte, the first Noble Family to reform the French Government in The French Revolution and The (Lady) Marie Magdeleine Garoutte's Son was a (General) in The French Revolution and he was twice elected a (Deputy) of the Department of Var in France and a (Representative) in the Lower House Legislature of the Republic of France.

Napoleon Bonaparte's Older Brother The Corsican (King) of Spain and Indies for a short time, Joseph Bonaparte built a large Mansion just less than 15 miles from Michael Antoine Garoutte's Estate in South New Jersey, United States of America in about 1815. [6] The Bonaparte Mansion served as the central hub for French Expatriates in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, this mansion was burned to the ground by angered European-American Settlers a few years after its completed construction.

The (Marquis) de La Fayette was Michael Garoutte's Childhood Friend and School Fellow in France and he was his guest in 1824 in New Jersey, United States of America.

Signature of Michael Antoine Garoutte

Garoutte's Ancestry

Lavender at Banon - Provence, France

He belonged to an old Provençal family of the Nobility. His Father, Antoine Garoutte was an (Admiral) of the Royal French Navy, a wealthy Le (Capitaine) of Vessels, a Knight of the Royal and Military Order of Saint Louis, and later the (Attorney General) of the Southern Division of the Kingdom of France for a short time (Called: Provence, Pronounced: Pro-Vawn-S) and owner of a small Fleet of Merchant Ships.

Some of The Admiral (Sir) Antoine Garoutte's Merchant Shipping deals were a joint partnership of M.M. Rigaud, Vernet & Company Shipping out of Marseille, Kingdom of France and Geneva, Switzerland. This profitable Merchant Shipping Business dealt in Sugars and Tobaccos from Saint Dominique Colony. They also used their Merchant and Privateer vessels to ship Arms and Materials to French Colonies in Saint Dominique and Canada. The d'Espinassy de Venel Family also had a merchant branch to fund their estates in the Kingdom of France. Both Garoutte and d'Espinassy Families were exempted from tax.

Antoine's Father, Henri Garoutte was also the (Attorney General) of the Southern Division of the Kingdom of France before him. Michael Antoine Garoutte's Mother was The (Lady) Anne de La Scours (d'Lascours), her real name was The (Lady) Marie Anne d'Lascours of the Nobility.

The Garoutte Family were also connected to the Landed Gentry of the Kingdom of France, which is Nobility of the Land, and the Garoutte's were also Nobility of the Sword and of the Cloth. Some of them (Brothers, Sisters, Nephews, etc. of Antoine Garoutte) were untitled Nobles. The Noblesse Uterine which is the Nobility of the Female Bloodline still exists and is recognized in the Female Bloodline from the Eldest Daughter of Michael Antoine Garoutte.

The (Admiral) Antoine Garoutte's War Ship: The Great Saint Simon

Carte de la Partie Francoise - Saint Domingue

Michael Garoutte's Father, Antoine Garoutte, sailed to Saint Dominique Colony during the Seven Years War, also known as San Domingue and Saint Domingue, which was a French Colony on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola and was named after Saint Dominic, now is Haiti, on orders of The (King) Louis XV of France who was the Navy Minister, orders given on February, 17, 1753 by letter from the Royal Castle in Versailles, Kingdom of France [7] [8] when Michael was 2 years old. Antoine's Brother Jean Joseph Garoutte was appointed to (Captain) of the Royal French Coast Guard by the Navy Minister The (King) Louis XV of France on the same day Antoine Garoutte was ordered to set sail for San Domingue. [9]

Holy Chalice

Antoine Garoutte commanded the Vessel The Great Saint Simon in this departure [10] [11] and Antoine Garoutte died about 1760.

The name of the ship Great Saint Simon is probably named after Saint Simon the Zealot, who was one of the original 12 Apostles of Christ.

There is an Inlet and Town in Canada by Quebec now named Saint Simon and there are two books which describe how it came to be named Saint Simon, according to their history, a very fast 20 Gun Top Deck Sloop French Corvette War Ship, by the name of Saint Simon came through the Inlet in an attempt to escape the pursuing British Fleet about 1759 - 1760 and a battle took place there on land and water, the town was later named after this French Corvette. [12] [13]

(Seigneurs) d'Lascours and (Seigneurs) de Boisson

de Lascours

The (Lady) Marie Anne d'Lascour's Father was The (Baron) of the La Scours, (Lord) Henri d'Lascours, and his name is listed in the Dictionary of the Nobles of the Kingdom of France. Through Michael’s Mother The (Lady) Marie Anne d’Lascours, there are Lords of Boisson, Kingdom of France which connects them to the Ancient Regime of the Kingdom of France and earlier, 13th Century Nobility known simply as the Ancient Nobility, through this line, The (Lady) Anne’s Great Grandmother on her Father’s line was The (Lady) Anne de Boisson (born, 1599) and her Father was (Lord, SEIGNEUR) Louis de Boisson (born, 1570) the Chevalier (Knight, Lord) of Boisson, they lived in a Château (Castle) de Boisson. The Uncle of The (Baron) Henri d'Lascours name was Henry d'Lascours, he was a Catholic Priest and a Conseiller du Roy, which is a member of the (Royal Council) to The (King) of France.

de Boisson

The Boisson counseled the (Counts) and were allied with Bionneau, to Castellane, to Piolenc. The (Lady) Anne’s Grandfather on her Father's line was (Lord, SEIGNEUR) Louis d’Lascours (born, 1617) and he was the Mayor of Marseille, Kingdom of France. [14]

Crusader Ancestry

The Crusades

Michael Antoine Garoutte's Paternal Grandfather's name was Henri Garoutte and his wife's name was The (Lady) Angelique de Pistre. Henri Garoutte's Father was Honore Garoutte and his wife's name was The (Lady) Anne Marguerite Guinoard. All Garoutte's in this line are direct lineal descendants of French Feudal Lords and Ladies with lines to the Ancient French Nobility and thus are descendants of Charlemagne The (Emperor) of the Holy Roman Empire and The (King) of the Franks. The d’Lascours line can be traced back to about 1292, to a (Knight) of the name of Jacques d’Lascours, to what Order of Knights is not known yet.

The d'Lascours were quite possibly in the Crusades, all of them, starting with The (Lady) Marie Anne d’Lascours and upward were French Nobility, which means this family was 16 Quarterings of Nobility.

The French Nobility worked very differently than the Nobility of other countries, and the organization and arrangement of towns was very different before The French Revolution.

Ancient Garoutte's and a History of Naval Service

The direct ancestor of Michael Antoine Garoutte, another Garoutte by the name of Antoine Garoutte is referred to as: "The Master Captain Garoutte” and “Le Capitaine” and "Le Garoutte" and “Maister d'Hostel” and "Seigneur de la Maison de Garoutte" by The (Baron) of Salignac, which is a French Feudal Lord, a Master. Maistre d'Hostel means Noble Breed. [15] The passage describes Antoine Garoutte as giving advice to The (Baron) of Salignac on how to sail back to Constantinople on a faster route. [16]

The Garoutte's had a long history of Navy Service, (Sir) Antoine was an (Admiral) of the Royal French Navy and Le (Capitaine) of Vessels, Jean Joseph Garoutte was (Captain) of the Royal French Coast Guard and became an (Admiral) of the Royal French Navy, Michael Antoine Garoutte was a (Lieutenant) in the American Continental Navy.

Garoutte Coat of Arms and Insignia

Aeneas in Virgil's Poem The Golden Bough
Coat of Arms for the Garoutte Family

The Garoutte Coat of Arms features On Azure Background Three Golden Military Stars with a Silver Dove and a Golden Bough in its Beak. [17] [18] [19] [20]

Description of the Garoutte Coat of Arms:

D'azur, a une colombe d'argent, becquee et membree de gueulese, portant en son bec un rameau d'or; au chef cousu de gueules charge de trois etoiles d'or.

The Three Golden Stars symbolize Military Authority and the Silver Dove with the Golden Bough in its Beak is an allusion to the events in Virgil's Poem The Golden Bough, where Aeneas was assisted by two doves in finding a Golden Bough which was required in order for him to board a ship to the underworld and see his dead Father in Elysium. Upon Aeneas plucking the Golden Bough from the tree another one immediately sprung up in its place.

Note: Notice that the description says it is a Golden Bough and not an Olive Tree Branch.

Also important to note is the fact that only Nobility could hold rank in the Feudal Military of the Kingdom of France. Many of Michael’s ancestors were Chevaliers (Actual Knights of the Realm who were dubbed on the head and shoulders during ceremonial rites), Lords and Ladies. [21]

Blood Relation to The (King) Louis Bloodlines and The d'Espinassy Bloodlines

Michael Garoutte Ancestral Chart
Coat of Arms for the d'Espinassy de Fontanelle Family

The (Lady) Marie Magdeleine Garoutte (Michael's Older Sister) married Le Noble The (General) Cesar-Antoine de Espinassy (d'Espinassy) de Venel [22] [23] whose name and genealogy is listed in the Dictionary of the Nobles of the Kingdom of France with Illustration. [24]

The (General) Cesar-Antoine d'Espinassy de Venel is a descendant of the super wealthy (Baron) of Provence, Kingdom of France Fortune d'Espinassy and earlier The (Senator) Honorat d'Espinassy whose Nobility was unquestionable as he and his Bloodline were exempted from any tax by The (King) Henri II of France. [25]

Note: It seems that the naming of the members of these Noble Houses would depend upon the joining surnames of their parents. If the Mother was de Venel and the Father was d’Espinassy the child would be d’Espinassy de Venel and if the child would marry a member from a different Noble House that was not de Venel, their children would be named d’Espinassy without de Venel, although they still had de Venel blood. This seems to be the case with Cesar-Antoine d’Espinassy de Venel and Marie Magdeleine Garoutte’s Marriage, their Children named Garoutte d’Espinassy. The reason for this is because these Noble Houses seem to be attached to long standing Feudal Fiefs with Titles of Nobility, such is the case with Antoine Joseph Marie d'Espinassy and his Marriage to The (Lady) Marie de Fontanelle, she was the only Daughter and Child of her Father The (Marquis) de Fontanelle and thus the Title of (Marquis) and the Marquisate was inherited by their Eldest Son. This is why their Children are named d'Espinassy de Fontanelle and the Title of (Marquis) of Fontanelle was passed to their Eldest Son. The Feudal Baronial Fief and Castle attached to Antoine Garoutte was inherited by Michael Antoine Garoutte by the laws of Primogeniture, although he seems to have allowed his Sister to manage it after he left for the American Colonies.

Note: Our Modern Cousins are d'Espinassy's such as the descendants of The (Count) Auguste d'Espinassy de Fontanelle and The (Earls) of Essex who hold a Royal Peerage of England and France. Click Here

The d'Espinassy de Venel Family are also somehow related to Charles d'Anjou as he picked out the Stone for the d'Espinassy de Venel Arms design for Pierre d'Espinassy, [26] which is a Noble Gesture that indicates a close blood relation.

Note: Noble Gestures were gestures used by Gentry, a good example of a Noble Gesture is if a (Nobleman) were engaged to a Noble (Lady) and he decided not to marry the (Lady) then he was required to buy her a pair of white gloves every day for a calendar month.

Knights of the Royal and Military Order of Saint Louis

The (General) Cesar-Antoine d'Espinassy de Venel was a Chevalier (Knight) of the Royal and Military Order of Saint Louis, (Captain) of a French War Vessel and was very wealthy, owning immense property in Marseille, Kingdom of France as were the Garoutte Family. [27]

This d'Espinassy de Venel Bloodline are direct lineal descendants of The (King) Louis XIII of France. [28]

Family Castles

Marie Magdeleine and Cesar-Antoine stayed behind in the Kingdom of France and ran their Estates living in Château Garoutte in Marseille, Kingdom of France, Château de la Jaconnière in Signes, Kingdom of France and other French Castles.

There is a Château Garoutte that is a Stone Mansion with acres of rolling land, iron fenced and is described as habitable by the gods. The Castle is located in Marseille, France close to Signes, France. [29] [30] This Castle is now occupied by the descendants of Elzeard Garoutte who was a Great Great Grand Nephew of The (Admiral) of the Royal French Merchant Marines Jean-Joseph Garoutte.

Side View of the Château de la Jaconnière

The Château de la Jaconnière is located in Signes, France and is a Castle that was built on the ruins of an earlier Castle. [31] [32]

Front Door of the Château de la Jaconnière

Part of the Château de la Jaconnière now lies in ruin and only the foundation remains, but it can still be seen in Signes, France.

Ruined Part of The Château de la Jaconnière

Note: The address for the Château de la Jaconnière is: 18 Rue Briançon, Signes, France. If viewing the ruined Castle from Google Earth Street View, turn to the right.

The (Lady) Claire Charlotte d'Espinassy

Apparently the descendants of Cesar-Antoine d'Espinassy de Venel Cousin bought the Château de la Jaconnière after Claire Charlotte d'Espinassy (de Venel) died. Claire Charlotte d'Espinassy (de Venel) was Marie Magdeleine Garoutte and Cesar-Antoine d'Espinassy de Venel's Daughter, she lived in the Château de la Jaconnière most of her adult life and she was highly respected in the Community, known as a great Lady, she wrote numerous notable books there such as Advice for Young Ladies and others.

The Garoutte Family, D'Espinassy de Venel Family, Napoleon Bonaparte and The French Revolution

The (Lady) Marie Magdeleine Garoutte's Son was Antoine Joseph Marie d'Espinassy (de Venel) (de Fontanelle) who married The (Lady) Marie Guillaume de Tholome de Fontanelle, the only Child and Daughter of The (Marquis) de Fontanelle.

Antoine Joseph Marie d'Espinassy (de Venel) came into early service in the French Colonial Army as a Captain of the Royal Artillery and when he showed great enthusiasm for this and after coming up with brilliant ideas he was then elected to the Legislative Assembly on September 12, 1791. He was reelected to the Convention on September 5, 1792.

He was sent on a mission to Perpignan on September 22, 1792 with his colleagues Aubry and Carnot the elder and on November 23, 1792 he announced to the Convention Sospello's decision and informed the Convention about the deprevation of the troops.

Trial of The (King) Louis Capet of France

In the Trial of Louis XVI in January of 1793, he voted for the death, dismissing the appeal to the people and the stay.

He was then sent on another mission to the Army of the Alps where he joined with General Brunet and went on a mission to Barras, Freron, and Salicetti. He was accused of having abandoned his post in Nice and was escorted to a Public Committee in Paris where they recognized his innocence.

He was one of the 73 Signers of the Gironde Party Protest on May 31, 1793 and he withdew to the south. He was recalled to the Convention on December 8, 1794 and on this occasion he wrote to his colleagues the following letter:

Espinassy, Representative of the people to his colleagues:

Fellow citizens, your virtues have never shone with more luster than when you were reminded of your unfortunate colleagues. Our innocence demands justice! I will join with you and continue our work, spend the rest of my days with you in the happiness of my country, and die if necessary to fulfill this sacred duty.

Hi and Fraternity,

- Despinassy.

He was then appointed Colonel of the Artillery Regiment on May 21, 1795. On May 30, 1795 he was sent on a mission to Toulon and on June 12, 1795 he was sent to Lyon to appease the religious passions that were aroused in Gevaudan.

Napoleon Bonaparte Surrounded by His Generals in The Council of Five Hundred

He was called back to the Convention on October 16, 1795 and he resumed his place there on October 26, 1795. On May 20, 1797 he entered the Council of Five Hundred as ex-Conventional. He was promoted to General on April 28, 1797 and he retired by Lyon on April 1, 1811.

Napoleon Bonaparte Exiled to the Island of Elba

When Napoleon Bonaparte was Banished to the Island of Elba in 1814, and after the Restoration of the House of Bourbon under The (King) Louis XVIII of France, The (Lady) Marie Magdeleine Garoutte, her Son Joseph and his wife The (Lady) Marie de Fontanelle became Enemies of the State for their support of the French Revolution as they had been among the first to reform the French Government, and they fled to Switzerland and they took the name of Joseph's wife (de Fontanelle) while there to evade detection and capture.

Napoleon Bonaparte Escapes the Island of Elba, Marches on Paris and Rallies the Nation of France Behind Him

Napoleon Bonaparte later escaped the Island of Elba with the assistance of some French Nobles and he Returned to France and Marched on Paris, at this point the Supporters of Napoleon who remained hidden in their Noble Families emerged to assist Napoleon Bonaparte and he again rallied the Nation of France behind him, later fighting in the Waterloo Campaign.

Battle of Waterloo

Napoleon Bonaparte and his Military Forces were defeated by The (Duke) of Wellington at the Battle of Waterloo and he was Exiled Permanently to Saint Helena Island where he died there May of 1821.

Napoleon Bonaparte wrote in his Last Will and Testament:

I recommend to my son never to forget that he was born a French prince, and never to allow himself to become an instrument in the hands of the triumvirs who oppress the nations of Europe: he ought never to fight against France, or to injure her in any manner; he ought to adopt my motto: “Everything for the French people.” I die prematurely, assassinated by the English oligarchy and its assassin. The English nation will not be slow in avenging me.

Note: All three Bonaparte Brothers, Napoleon, Joseph and Lucien curiously died of stomach cancer and it has been proved that two Bonaparte Brothers belonged to a Masonic Lodge during their lifetime.

After his return to France as ex-Conventional, Antoine Joseph Marie d'Espinassy (de Venel) was forced into Exile from France years later on January, 12, 1816 due to the laws against Regicide and he died in Exile on May, 27, 1829 in Lausanne, Switzerland, the same year his uncle Michael Antoine Garoutte died. [33]

Coat of Arms for the Capell Family

Two Sons of The (General) Antoine Joseph Marie d'Espinassy (de Venel) married Daughters of Arthur Algernon Capel, The Sixth (Earl) of Essex in England after meeting them at a Masquerade Ball that took place in Brussels the night before the Battle of Waterloo. [34] [35] His other Children married (Counts) of France and English Royalty.

Our Cousin William Jennings Capell is the Heir-Apparent to the Earldom of Essex as of 2016, and all of the descendants of Michael Antoine Garoutte are in line to numerous Hereditary Titles of Nobility in France by the rules of Absolute Legitimate Primogeniture.

During the French Revolution some branches of this family were Reformists, others Royalists and some Conventionals. The (General) Cesar-Antoine d'Espinassy de Venel was a Conventional and he was one of Napoleon's first supporters.

The (Lady) Marie Magdeleine Garoutte was probably a Royalist as she was a Lady-in-Waiting to the Throne of France and in 1787 she wrote letters to her younger Brother's wife Sophie Garoutte and sent her gifts from The (Queen) Marie Antoinette of France.

The Execution of The (King) Louis Capet XVI of France
The Execution of Louis Capet - The (King) Louis XVI of France

A newspaper named Thermomètre du jour that was operating in that time had one of their agents present at the execution of The (King) Louis Capet XVI of France and he reported that the King's last words were: HELP ME I AM LOST!. [36] Interestingly, Michael Garoutte made a trip back to France from New Jersey arriving in 1793. (See below)

Early Life of Michael Antoine Garoutte

Notre Dame, Des Accoules Church, Marseille, France

According to Historical Passages and Documentation, [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] Michael Antoine Garoutte was born into French Nobility in the Château (Castle) Garoutte in Marseille, Kingdom of France, Baptized in Notre Dame, Des Accoules Parish in Marseille, Kingdom of France [42] and was conferred Confirmation there also, which was once called Chrismation or Christening. Part of the Parish was burned in 1794 during the French Revolution for hosting political meetings, but it was rebuilt. The Baptism, Chrismation and other Records survived the partial destruction of this Church. [43]

Historical Sign Detailing Notre Dame Des Accoules Church

See this YouTube video of the Notre Dame Des Accoules Church where Michael Antoine Garoutte was Baptized Click Here.

Baptismal and Confirmation Records

Medieval Baptism

The birth of each child of Antoine Garoutte and Anne d'Lascours were recorded and these records are on file in the City Hall in Paris, France and Marseille, France. The names are: Marie Magdeleine, Rose, Mathein, Phillipe, Francois and Michael Antoine. [44] [45]

Michael's Baptismal Record:

Baptismal Record for Michael Antoine Garoutte

Extrait de Registres des Actes de l'Etat Civil

Extrait de Bapteme

Paroisse des accoules de l'anne 1750 du 12 avril, folio 42 verse Michel Antoine Garoutte, fils d' Antoine, Le Capitaine de vaisseau, absent et de Demoiselle Anne Delascour, ne aujourd' hui dans notre paroisse et a ete baptise, le parrain a ete Michel Roussin, negociant, la marraine Demoiselle Marie Bense signe avec nous Chaonoine, soussigne. [46]

Marseille le 25 Mars 1927

G Le Maire de Marseille L Adjaint Delegue

Note: "Demoiselle" and Abbreviation "Dmlle" in French (Noun) means: a Woman of Noble Birth. Damsel/Dame meant an unmarried Noble Lady. Demoiselle meant a married Lady. See the birth records of other Nobles in these decades to verify as authentic.

Inheritance of His Father's Estates

Born into French Nobility and by extension French Royalty and the youngest Son of The (Baron) and (Admiral) Antoine Garoutte and every child of Antoine and Anne died young except for Michael and his Older Sister Marie Magdeleine, her name was sometimes spelled Madeleine.

Michael and Marie Magdeleine inherited the Garoutte Estates and Offices, a Baronial Fief with a Château along with the Merchant Vessels and Merchant Business owned by his Father Antoine Garoutte as well as the other properties they owned, some of Magdeleine's Children took up the Offices, such as Francois d'Espinassy (de Venel) and his Brother.

Some of Michael Garoutte's Ancestors were like Officers to the Kings of France and in many ancient and historical passages, some of them are referred to as: "Le Garoutte" and "Le Officier Royal" where “Le” is the Nobility indicator, some of them were Prosecutors, Procurators, Procureurs.

Born the youngest Son, he began education for the Catholic Priesthood at a very young age, which is something a youngest Son would do in the Nobility if he had an older Brother that would inherit, but upon his older Brother's death, Michael inherited the Estates and Offices of his Father a (Baron) of Provence, Kingdom of France, due the rules of Primogeniture, his older Brother had no heirs of his own, so Michael exited the Priesthood Seminary and began running his Father's Estates and Businesses. Michael's Father, Antoine Garoutte, died when Michael was 10 and Michael's older Brother died in battle when Michael was 15.

Note: Another document indicates Garoutte spent some time with his Older Brother's Godfather, (Sir) Louis Fort, after the death of his Brother.

Military School

Michael later attended the same Military Schools as Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, The (Marquis) de La Fayette [47] [48] [49] and he was before childhood friends with him, Michael was 4 years older than The (Marquis) de La Fayette.

Caught Dueling

Detail from Grisier's Les Armes et Le Duel

Michael was later caught dueling, which was outlawed in the Kingdom of France at the time, and was a crime with severe penalties (usually death), but when he was brought before The (King) Louis Court, and the court seeing who it was, that it was Michael, they quickly dropped the charges and they simply waived him away not to do it again. [50] [51]

Michael was described as a full blooded, high-nettled, but good-hearted Frenchman. [52]

The American Revolution

Benjamin Franklin Approaches The (King) Louis XVI of France Court

The American Continental Establishment had a desperate need of funding for their effort of Independence from English economic oppression. In 1776 Benjamin Franklin was sent on a diplomatic mission to The (King) Louis Court to ask for French assistance in the effort for American Independence. The French were looking to help the American Colonists for many reasons, one of them namely for the war they had previously lost to the British.

The French were already allies of the American Rebels and The (King) Louis himself sent Money, Arms and Goods to his allies in the American Colonies to wage another proxy war with Britain and eventually sent his (General) The (Marquis) de La Fayette and thousands of French Soldiers to the American Colonies to assist the American Continental Establishment in the American Revolutionary War.

At the age of 25 in 1775, Michael Antoine Garoutte was inspired by the cause of the American Rebels seeking their Independence from France' greatest enemy: The English, wanting revenge and seeking glory and high adventure he fastened 2 of his Father's ships at his own expense and set sail for the American Colonies.

He secretly left his life of Noble Privilege and Fortune, bringing with him French Soldiers, Money, Guns and Goods, following Gilbert du Motier, The (Marquis) de La Fayette and landed in the New York Colony before making way to the New Jersey Colony.

Privateers in the American Revolution Were a Nightmare for the Royal British Navy

He loaned the Continental Establishment 60,000 Pounds Sterling which was a bond requirement of Servicemen on Private Vessels that were in Service to the Continental Establishment. [53] Shortly after he sold the Continental Establishment one of his Private Ships. [54] [55]

In the early years of the American War for Independence there was no official Continental Navy, their Navy was comprised almost entirely of Privateers in bond to the Continental Establishment.

HMS RaceHorse and HMS Carcass

He was later a Volunteer Naval Officer on board two different ships, [56] [57] one was named the HMS RaceHorse and was a sloop-of-war vessel, the other was named Enterprise also a sloop-of-war vessel, the Enterprise was a ship that was captured from the British by the Continental Navy under the Military Forces of The (Colonel) Benedict Arnold, the Enterprise was originally named HMS George by the British. The HMS RaceHorse was originally a fast 18 Gun French Privateer Fire Ship named The Marquis de Vadreuil that was captured by the Royal British Navy off the coast of San Domingue in 1757 during the 7 Years War, in August of 1778 this ship was captured back by the French under the Military Forces of The (Comte) d'Estaing in allegiance to the American Continental Establishment and was renamed to HMS Thunder.

Interestingly, Hector, The (Comte) d'Estaing sailed from the same French Department in Toulon, France as the Garoutte and d'Espinassy de Venel Family.

The Enterprise was later burned to prevent the British from capturing it again.

Oral Family History places another one of Garoutte's ships being sunk in Quebec.

The Battle of Chestnut Neck

Little Egg Harbor - New Jersey

Michael Garoutte was later in the Battle of Chestnut Neck about October, 5, 1778 where the British burned one of Michael's private ships in the Mullica River which was once called the Little Egg Harbor River. Little Egg Harbor, New Jersey was a secret base used by Continental Privateers to anchor their Vessels and sell off the property they seized from the British.

The British Military Forces arrived at Chestnut Neck, New Jersey with a strength of 400 men looking to neutralize the menacing Continental Privateers and burned down half the settlement along with many of the Continental Privateer Vessels, murdered many men and women and looted the property. Garoutte was vastly outnumbered by the British and he and his men ran for cover into the New Jersey Pine Barrens cutting down the British Soldiers in their way.

When the British received word that The (Count) Kazimierz Michał Władysław Wiktor Pułaski was on his way to meet them with his Military Forces the British quickly left on their ships. The British suffered huge losses a week later when confronted by The (Count) Kazimierz Pułaski.

A historical passage mentions that Michael's ship that was sunk in the Mullica River could still be seen on a low tide, near Sand Point. [58]

Another wreck, which is named the Bead Wreck Site which had countless precious Native American beads on it is possibly connected to Garoutte's activities.

One of Michael's friends in the war, John, went missing after the Battle of Chestnut Neck, and when Michael went searching for him, he received word that John was in an Inn somewhere in Little Egg Harbor, New Jersey, so he went to the Inn to see if he was there. Upon Michael's arrival, he was ambushed by 7 Hessian Troopers, the Troopers beat Michael, stabbed him in the side with a Bayonet and injured his head and then dragged him down the road and left him for dead for all to see. [59]

Laying half dead on the side of the dirt road he was discovered to be awake and breathing by a Quakeress Girl and she went back to her Father, a Quaker and Inn Owner by the name of James Smith who was secretly aiding the American Rebels, and they returned to Garoutte, saw signs of life, picked him up into his wagon and brought him home and nursed him back to health. [60] [61] [62]

Marriage

The Quakers Daughter, Sophia “Sophie” Smith, assisted her Father in healing Garoutte.

Michael later married the Quakeress on October, 25, 1778 [63] [64] [65] Garoutte and his Quakeress Bride later ran a Tavern and they built Houses in Little Egg Harbor and Pleasant Mills, New Jersey, and over the next few decades they had a total of 13 children. [66] [67] [68] [69]

Sophia Smith was born September, 8, 1759. Sophia Smith was said to be a very beautiful Quakeress. [70]

Michael Garoutte was 28 years old and Sophia Smith was 19 years old when they were married.

Pension Issue

Continental Dollars of New Jersey

Letters from the American Government to Michael Antoine Garoutte state a repayment to Michael from the American Government for his loan of 60,000 Pounds Sterling (a Bond Requirement of Servicemen on Private Vessels), the repayment was a chest full of Continental Dollars, [71] which was worthless at the time and Michael's Children were allowed to play with it. [72]

Chest of Silver Cobs

It was standard for the newly established American Government to repay their investors with Continental Dollars and then years later with goods, services and a pension. The Continental Dollars were highly inflated and they were only worth a fraction of the value of the precious metals in other currencies of that time. This is where the phrase “It wasn't worth a Continental” comes from.

Essentially the Continental Establishment, before it became organized, unified and declared as the United Colonies, they would get people to invest in their war effort with actual money that had silver and gold in it and they would pay the men in service to them with that invested money, then they would turn around years later and repay the investors with worthless stamp money crafted by the individual Colony Government and later the Congress, called Continentals, many investors were furious about this and the American Government continued doing this even after it was declared the U.S..

Without the assistance of the French the American effort for Independence would have been lost. The French Monarchy paid for almost everything and gave them almost all of the Guns, Goods, Uniforms and even thousands of French Soldiers; there is also strong evidence that the French Monarchy and French Nobles were shipping Guns and Giving Material aid to the American Rebels as early as 1774; then they were abandoned in their time of need when the French Revolution broke out and Napoleon Bonaparte came into power and was supported by many Noble French families, the U.S. at that point was heavily indebted to the French Monarchy.

Most Colonists hated Noblemen and they hated Catholics even more because most Colonists were uneducated and associated corruption with Nobility, especially the English Nobility. Their deeply rooted hate for Catholics goes back to the Protestant Reformation. Michael Garoutte was both Catholic and a French Nobleman. Privateers were also often cheated by the Continental Establishment, but the Privateers acquired vast wealth by hijacking British Navy Ships and British Merchant Vessels, usually taking the goods for themselves. It was more lucrative for men to be in service to the Continental Establishment through Privateering.

Michael applied for a Pension during the Pension Act of 1818, and after they would not allow his Pension he requested another Officer by the name of Ebenezer Tucker of Tuckerton, New Jersey to get his Pension for him.

Michael was 72 years old when the Government began Pensioning its servicemen with certain disabilities under this law. Ebenezer Tucker was an Officer that fought for The (General) George Washington in several military campaigns during the Revolutionary War and he was later in 1825 a Congressman and a representative in the U.S. House of Representatives from Burlington County, New Jersey.

Tucker wrote to the Government on behalf of Michael Antoine Garoutte in 1822, [73] and he represented him, but the pension request was still rejected because his service records were lost when the Records Department in the Court House burned during the Revolutionary War years earlier, so he was not able to prove the service.

Town Records in Pleasant Mills, New Jersey do reveal that Michael was indeed referred to as (Lieutenant) Garoutte, and the records mention that on Public Occasions he would dress up in his Continental Navy Uniform, Tucker was able to get the Continental Government to acknowledge Michael's services however, but he never received the pension.

Had Garoutte been Pensioned he would have received $5 per month from the U.S. Government.

Statements sent back by the Commissioner of Pensions Department in Washington, D.C. reveals the Continental Establishment and the then later U.S. Government claimed the Enterprise and RaceHorse never belonged to the Continental Establishment [74] and yet today the U.S. Navy Historical Department and the U.S. Government have openly wrote about the first U.S.S. Enterprise and RaceHorse as belonging to the Continental Establishment, [75] the first being a vessel that was captured by the Continental Establishment from the British and later carried 50 or more Officers through Quebec and was ultimately burned to prevent it from falling into the hands of the British again.

After the American Revolution

James Smith' Inn

Tavern in Pleasant Mills, New Jersey

Michael and Sophie inherited Sophie's Father's Inn in Pleasant Mills, New Jersey and they renamed it to: The La Fayette, the Tavern and Inn was on the road from Pleasant Mills to Indian Cabin, and interestingly the location of this Tavern is listed on an earlier map as an Inn belonging to a J. Smith. They also ran a Stage Line that ran from English's Hotel to Joseph English's Ferry, Camden to Leads Point, opposite Bearmore's Beach which is the most convenient place at all times to pass to Long Beach, Tucker's Beach or Brigantine, making multiple stops and ending at The La Fayette Tavern and Inn in Pleasant Mills, New Jersey for overnight lodging. The Service ran at 7:00 A.M. every morning and the fare was $2. [76] [77] [78]

Colonial Tavern Sketch by Edwin Tunis

Garoutte's clients would enter into his very fine Stage Coaches which were luxurious Carriages and be driven on a very scenic route all the way back to his Tavern in Pleasant Mills, New Jersey, and depending on where the client was picked up, the travel distance would be anywhere from 10 - 18 miles. The Coaches would stop at The La Fayette Tavern where the client would exit and make his way to the Tavern for overnight drinking, luxurious feasts and lodging, and, the client would be driven back to town by before noon the next day.

The Mansion of Pleasant Mills, New Jersey

See this YouTube Video of Historic Pleasant Mills, New Jersey part of Batsto, New Jersey to get a good visualization of what it looked like in the 18th Century: Historic Pleasant Mills, New Jersey (Where Michael Garoutte lived and operated his Tavern: The La Fayette).

Note: The Historic Pleasant Mills, New Jersey was a town that secretly manufactured and provided Guns and Materials for the American Revolutionary War.

Michael additionally owned 50 acres of land and a cow and he paid Taxes from 1796 to 1812 in Little Egg Harbor, New Jersey. [79] [80] which was about 12 miles away from Pleasant Mills, New Jersey.

Another Oral Family History states that Garoutte gave vast amounts of money to the New England Colony States during his lifetime spent in the Americas.

Michael made 2 trips back to the Kingdom of France, arriving in 1787 and again in January of 1793, [81] and possibly made another trip later. [82]

The (Marquis) de La Fayette Returns to America

The (Marquis) de La Fayette Returns to America

Much later when Michael's children were grown, The (Marquis) de La Fayette returned to the Americas two times, in 1784 and again in 1824, and on each of his visits he visited with Michael and his Son, the last visit was after Michael's wife died and Michael was living in an Inn so he could be cared for. [83] [84] [85] [86]

Michael continued receiving money from his Sister and Family Estate in France up until 1820 [87] [88] [89] and he applied for a Pension in 1822 at the age of 72, under the Pensions Act of 1822 with the assistance of Ebenezer Tucker.

Letters From The (Lady) Marie Magdeleine Garoutte and Gifts From Royalty

The (Lady) Marie Magdeleine Garoutte sent Michael's wife Sophie some gifts from The (Queen) Marie Antoinette of France with a separate letter addressed to Sophie in February of 1787, just 2 years before the start of The French Revolution.

The gifts were to be handed down to Michael's Eldest Daughter of the Eldest Daughter (Noblesse Uterine) to present day. The gifts were some French Silks and Velvets and a Scissors Pin with the inscription of “Her Royal Highness” which is still in the family today. [90] [91] [92]

One letter from Marie Magdeleine Garoutte addressed to Michael's wife Sophie dated February the 26th year 1787 from the Kingdom of France at Signes, and reads:

Dear Sister-in-law:

I have seen with the greatest satisfaction my brother, your husband, after an absence of twelve years, without ever having heard from him. I assure you his arrival has given us the greatest pleasure, particularly so, as he informs me he has established himself and is so happy as to possess a respectable wife. I cannot think after all my brother has said, although he sets no bounds to the praises he gives you, yet I cannot help thinking he is inwardly chagrined, particularly when he speaks of his children. Can it be that my brother is not happy? Alas! He deserves to be for the natural goodness of his heart. Since he conceals his troubles from me, I address myself to you, madam, for to beg you to form me and shall be most happy if it is the means of removing them.

I will not conceal from you that your husband belongs to the first Nobility of Provence in France and, therefore, I beg you to be well persuaded of the sincere friendship with which I am for life, madam, dear Sister-in-law,

Your very humble servant,

Magdeleine Garoutte D'Espinassy

P.S. Have the goodness to embrace for me and my husband, your dear children, in waiting until I have the pleasure of taking in my arms little Nancy, whom my brother has promised me and I agree to educate, conformable to the education of her Father. My son, who is Captain of the Corps of Royal Artillery, now is Captain Francois, is ignorant that his uncle is with us but my daughter, who enjoys with me the pleasure of her uncle's company, embraces her little cousins, waiting with impatience to see little Nancy. [93] [94]

Michael had promised his Sister Magdeleine that he would send his Daughter Nancy to Magdeleine so she could be trained in the Royal Catholic Arts. Michael did not send Nancy however, she stayed with her Family in New Jersey. [95] [96]

Another letter was sent from Claire Charlotte d'Espinassy (de Venel) from the Kingdom of France at Signes dated February the 26th, year 1787 and reads:

My dear Aunt:

I am going to assure you myself of the sincere friendship I have for you, after the praises given you by my uncle, your husband. We are enchanted with the connection which he has made. It is for this I beg you to be persuaded of the profound respect with which I am,

Your very humble servant,

Charlotte D'Espinassy

One good kiss for me to your little children and above all to the little Nancy, whom I wait for with open arms, my uncle has promised to me. [97] [98]

Claire Charlotte d'Espinassy (de Venel) was Marie Magdeleine's Daughter, and Michael's Niece.

Michael's Travels and His Descendants

Michael's Wife Sophie died on the 26th of December, 1817, [99] and after she died Michael traveled and stayed with each of his grown Children and their Families, and he wrote about these travels and visits in his Bible Notes.

Every child of Michael married into Notable Families. For instance, Sophia Garoutte, Michael's Daughter, married The (Major) John Sevier Junior, the Son of The (General) John Sevier Senior, who was the first (Governor) of the State of Tennessee and its Founding Father (3rd Marriage, 10 Children), [100] [101] Bethia Garoutte married a wealthy Blacksmith and Land Owner Archebel MacAfee and their Daughter Elizabeth married a wealthy Plantation Owner by the name of James Jennings.

The Jennings, MacAfees and Seviers were all related by marriage by each of their marriages to Daughters and Grand Daughters of Michael Garoutte, they all lived near each other, Jennings was granted 4,000 acres of land by The (Governor) John Sevier, the land bordered the present day Cherokee National Forest.

The MacAfees and Jennings later donated many acres of land to the Mount Tabor Methodist Church in Greene County, Tennessee, United States of America. The Church still stands and operates today, Archebel MacAfee and his wife Bethia Garoutte are buried there.

Michael had traveled to the Sevier and MacAfee Estates just before he traveled to the Earling Estate and the Seviers and MacAfees had apparently stole money from him.

Garoutte had written in his Bible Notes:

I left the house of the blacksmith and the Seviers, after they had served me with the greatest villainy in the world, and I am determined after my death to make them know their evil conduct, and on October 23rd I arrived at the home of my daughter Mary Earling, after 4 days of walking, because I had left without having a penny in my pocket. [102]

A week later Garoutte mentions:

I intend to gather my gold and return to France. [103]

Garoutte had written in his Journal that he felt like John Sevier stole his daughter Sophia Garoutte away from him and that he had lost hope of ever seeing her again.

Michael referred to Archebel MacAfee as The Blacksmith in the Garoutte Bible Notes and he mentions that he did not like the Seviers or the MacAfees after what they did to him. [104]

Garoutte and his Family all became Methodists.

Death

Michael died on April the 29th year 1829 at the age of 79, on the road in Pemberton, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States of America after having left the Earling Estate, determined to make his way back to France, [105] and he was buried in the Methodist Episcopal Cemetery in Batsto-Pleasant Mills, New Jersey. [106] No one has ever been able to conclude definitively how Garoutte died, but based on his Bible Notes it appears he died of a broken heart after being mistreated in his old age by his ungrateful children.

Burial

Nearly all of the headstones in the Batsto-Pleasant Mills Cemetery are worn down. We are working on locating the exact location and headstone by going though the burial records. According to the Abstract of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots he is in Plot Number: 25 in the Methodist Episcopal Cemetery in Pleasant Mills, New Jersey, United States of America.

Titles and Styles

  • Knight of the Royal and Military Order of Saint Louis
  • Baron of Marseille, Kingdom of France
  • Lord of the House of Garoutte
  • Officer
  • American Navy Lieutenant
  • Michael of LaFayette (Tavern)

Modern Hereditary Societies, Dignities and Honors

The National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution

NSSAR

The National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution have registered Michael Antoine Garoutte as an American Patriot, with NSSAR Patriot #P-164321 which can be found on the SAR Patriot Index, Edition: III, CD: PP2210.

The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution

NSDAR

The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution have registered Michael Antoine Garoutte as an American Patriot with NSDAR Patriot #A-044121.

The Society of the Cincinnati

SoC

Michael and his Sons were eligible for membership in the Society of the Cincinnati which is a society that was co-founded by George Washington. The Society of the Cincinnati Charter allows only one Direct Lineal descendant of Officers that were in the American Revolutionary War, at a time, to represent their ancestor in the Society, the Charter allows for both Commissioned and non-Commissioned Officers. Since Michael Antoine Garoutte was a (Lieutenant) in the Continental Navy, which is an Officer, he can absolutely be represented in this Society.

The Order of Founders and Patriots of America

OFPA

Direct Lineal descendants are also eligible for membership in the Order of the Founders and Patriots of America due to Sophie's Father meeting the first requirement of the Order and Michael fulfilling the rest of the requirements.

The Order of Americans of Armorial Ancestry

Garoutte Crest

Direct Lineal descendants are eligible for Membership in The Order of Americans of Armorial Ancestry since Michael Antoine Garoutte was a Member of the Nobility of Provence in France and his Family had a Coat of Arms registered in the Ville de Marseille, Kingdom of France, and, Michael Garoutte having settled in the New Jersey Colony prior to July, 4, 1776 and later aiding the cause for American Independence.

The Order of Washington

OW

Direct Lineal descendants are eligible (by invitation only) for membership in The Order of Washington since Michael Antoine Garoutte served during the lifetime of The (General) and later (President) George Washington.

The Military Order of The Crusades

MOC

Since Michael Antoine Garoutte has Ancestors who fought in the Crusades it should be possible for each Direct Lineal descendant to gain membership in The Military Order of the Crusades once some more documentation and proofs-of-parentage can be verified.

The Order of the Crown of Charlemagne

OCC

Direct Lineal descendants are also eligible for membership in the Order of the Crown of Charlemagne, since we know Michael Antoine Garoutte was born into French Nobility and it has always been a fact that all French Nobility with a direct Bloodline to the Ancient French Nobility can trace their Bloodline back to Charlemagne, who was The (King) of the Franks and was crowned (Emperor) of the Holy Roman Empire, Coronated by Pope Leo The III of the Catholic Church.

The Order of Descendants of Pirates and Privateers

Colonial Ship

Direct Lineal descendants are eligible to join The Order of Descendants of Pirates and Privateers since Michael Antoine Garoutte was first a Privateer in service to the American Continental Establishment and was later a Volunteer Naval Officer.

The Flagon and Trencher: The Descendants of Colonial Tavern Keepers

Flagon and Trencher

All Direct Lineal descendants of Michael Antoine Garoutte are eligible to join The Flagon and Trencher: The Descendants of Colonial Tavern Keepers since Michael's Wife Sophie and her Father James owned and operated an Inn in New Jersey prior to July, 4, 1776, the Inn which was later inherited by Michael and his Wife Sophie and turned into an Inn and Tavern and renamed to La Fayette Tavern.

The Association of Noble French

Middle Ages Knight

Every Direct Lineal descendant of Michael Antoine Garoutte has a thimble full of Noble French blood and can be educated about our Noble French heritage and the French Nobility by the Association of Noble French (ANF).

This was Confirmed by Guy de Richemont The (Secretary) of the ANF on September, 28, 2016. The Garoutte Family were of Noble Breed declared by The (King) Henry III of France.

Joining the Hereditary Societies

In order to join the Hereditary Societies under this Ancestor you must do the following (Joining NSDAR or NSSAR first is the best way to receive Memberships in the other Societies with ease):

  • First, print the PDF version of this essay.
  • Second, print the copy of the Garoutte Family Bible linked on this essay page.
  • Third, print the pages of the books referenced in this essay as well as the pictures of the other Bibles on this page and with a yellow marker highlight each line that proves the statements in this essay.
  • Fourth, get a copy of your certified Birth Certificate and your Mother and Father and their Mother and Father (7 Certificates in total) from the Hall of Records in the place of your birth and your Parents and their Parents as well as Census Data, Family Wills and Probates, Marriage Certificates, Death Certificates, Pictures of the Headstone of each Person in your bloodline, and all Proofs-of-Parentage that links each Generation in your bloodline to this Ancestor.
  • Fifth, contact your local NSSAR or NSDAR Chapter and speak with the Registration Officer or Registrar and get the Statement of Lineage long form from them.
  • Sixth, fill out the Statement of Lineage long form very neatly and place all of the documentation you printed along with the Certified Proof-of-Parentage neatly in a large envelope.
  • Seventh, pay the $160 fee to the NSDAR or NSSAR Registration Officer or Registrar and give him/her the envelope with the documentation. It should take anywhere from 1 - 3 months for the application to pass National Registration in Washington, D.C. after you are accepted you will be conferred a membership and be given a Certificate of Membership in a ceremony, medal, and a Membership Card then your picture will be taken and added to the Annual Membership Book.

Further Information

Inline References and Citations

  1. Primary Source (Completely Unverified, Just for fun!): First hand report by an unnamed Ghost Hunter in New Jersey
  2. Secondary Source (Publication): The Sevier Family History Book mentions it took 7 Hessians to take Garoutte down in an ambush
  3. Primary Source: Birth Record on File in City Hall of Records in Marseille, France and Paris, France; Certified by the Mayor of Marseille, France Year 1927
  4. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XX
  5. Primary Source: Birth and Baptismal Record for Marie Magdeleine Garoutte shows the same parents as on Michael Antoine Garoutte's Baptismal Record. The Birth Date on Marie Magdeleine Garoutte's Birth and Baptismal Record match the same Birth Date and name given on her Marriage Record to The (General) Cesar-Antoine d'Espinassy de Venel as announced and recorded in The Dictionary of the Nobles of the Kingdom of France.
  6. Secondary Source (Publication): Mental Floss Publication Online Click Here
  7. Primary Source: Admiralty Foundation Register, N IX B26, Folio: 1265 at Marseille, France Prefectural Office, Address: 8 Sebastian Street, Marseille, France.
  8. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXI
  9. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXI
  10. Primary Source: Admiralty Foundation Register, N IX B26, Folio: 1265 at Marseille, France Prefectural Office, Address: 8 Sebastian Street, Marseille, France.
  11. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXI
  12. Secondary Source (Publication): Treasure trove in Gaspé and the Baie des Chaleurs, Page Number: 121 Book Online Click Here
  13. Secondary Source (Publication): Proceedings of the Royal Society of Canada: Deliberations de la Société Royale Du Canada, Page Number: 134 Book Online Click Here
  14. Primary Source: List of Mayors of Marseille, Kingdom of France (Pre French Revolution)
  15. Primary Source: E-Mail From The Secretary of the Association of Noble French E-Mail Image Online Click Here
  16. Secondary Source (Publication): Ambassade en Turquie de Jean de Gontaut Biron, Baron de Salignac. 1605 - 1610, Page Numbers: 14, 15, 16, 17. Book Online Click Here
  17. Primary Source: Armorial of the Kingdom of France, Folio Number: 737
  18. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Numbers: X - XI
  19. Secondary Source (Publication): Armorial of the Village of Marseille, Page Number: 251 (For Jean-Baptiste Garoutte) Book Online Click Here
  20. Secondary Source (Publication): I.M.S., Am. Monthly, January, 1908, Page Number: 60
  21. Primary Source: Marriage Records of Michael Antoine Garoutte's Ancestors Reveal their Noble Titles were (Seigneurs, (English Language: Lords)), (Chevaliers (English Language: Knights)), (Dames and Demoiselles (English Language: Ladies)); Certified by the Mayor of Marseille, France in 1902.
  22. Secondary Source (Publication): Ancient and Notable Families of France, Page Number: 201; In French: Dictionnaire des familles françaises anciennes ou notables à la fin du XIXe siècle. XVI. Eas-Eys. - 1918 / par C. d'E.-A. [Chaix d'Est-Ange] - 1903-1929 (Can be found in the National Library of France) Book Online Click Here
  23. Secondary Source (Publication): L'armée et la révolution: Dubois-Crancé (Edmond-Louis-Alexis) mousquetaire, constituant, conventionnel, général de division, ministre de la guerre, 1747-1814, Volume: 2, Page Number: 318 Book Online Click Here
  24. Secondary Source (Publication): Illustrations européennes... Livre d'or de la Noblesse, Page Numbers: 177 - 178 Book Online Click Here
  25. Secondary Source (Publication): La Révolution française: revue d'histoire moderne et contemporaine, Volume: 17, Page Numbers: 528, 529, 530. Book Online Click Here
  26. Secondary Source (Publication): Illustrations européennes... Livre d'or de la Noblesse, Page Number: 177 Book Online Click Here
  27. Secondary Source (Publication): Ancient and Notable Families of France, Page Number: 201, In French: Dictionnaire des familles françaises anciennes ou notables à la fin du XIXe siècle. XVI. Eas-Eys. - 1918 / par C. d'E.-A. [Chaix d'Est-Ange] - 1903-1929 (Can be found in the National Library of France) Book Online Click Here
  28. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Page Number: XXII; (says Louis XIV on this page but it's incorrect, it is actually Louis XIII of France according to Genealogy which proves the parentage)
  29. Primary Source: National Register of French Castles
  30. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXI
  31. Secondary Source (Publication): Le schisme constitutionnel et la persécution du clergé dans le Var, Page Number: 189 Book Online Click Here
  32. Secondary Source (Publication): Journal de la Provence Médiévale et du comté de Nice Publication Online Click Here
  33. Secondary Source (Publication): Nationale Assemblee of France Biography For: Antoine Joseph Marie d'Espinassy de Venel de Fontanelle
  34. Primary Source: Marriage Records
  35. Secondary Source (Publication): Newspaper: Evening Standard, The Late (Marquis) Alfred d'Espinassy (de Venel) de Fontanelle. Newspaper Image Online Click Here
  36. Secondary Source (Publication): Execution of The (King) Louis Capet XVI of France
  37. Primary Source: Baptismal Certificate Certified by the Mayor of Marseille, France in 1902
  38. Primary Source: Confirmation Certificate Certified by the Mayor of Marseille, France in 1902
  39. Primary Source: Records in the City Hall of Paris, France and Marseille, France Certified by the Mayor of Marseille, France in 1902
  40. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXX
  41. Secondary Source (Publication): Aix-Marseille University of France, Record of Baptisms in 1750. Record Online Click Here (PDF)
  42. Primary Source: Record of Baptism, Archive Number: 13, Department: Bouches du Rhone, Marseille, France (Bouches-du-Rhône, France), Parish: NOTRE-DAME DES ACCOULES. Acte: Baptême, Year: 1750, Image Number: 42. Record Online Click Here
  43. Primary Source: History of Notre Dame, Des Accoules Parish in Marseille, France
  44. Primary Source: Hall of Records in Paris, France, and Marseille, France
  45. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XVIII
  46. Primary Source: Baptismal Record For: Michael Antoine Garoutte Direct Image Online Click Here
  47. Primary Source: Letter from the Military School
  48. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XX
  49. Secondary Source (Publication): Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine, Year: 1907, Volume: 31, Page Numbers: 588, 589 Book Online Click Here
  50. Primary Source: French Court Record
  51. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXXI
  52. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXXV
  53. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXX
  54. Secondary Source (Publication): Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine, Year: 1907, Volume: 31, Page Numbers: 588, 589 Book Online Click Here
  55. Secondary Source (Publication): Naval Records of the American Revolution, Library of Congress, 1775 - 1788
  56. Primary Source: NSSAR Government Patriot Record, SAR Patriot Index, Edition: III, CD: PP2210
  57. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXX
  58. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXXIII
  59. Secondary Source (Publication): Sevier Family History Book, Page Numbers: 240, 241, 524
  60. Primary Source: Michael Garoutte Bible
  61. Secondary Source (Publication): Sevier Family History Book, Page Number: 524
  62. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXX
  63. Primary Source: Michael Garoutte Bible
  64. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXX
  65. Secondary Source (Publication): DAR Publication, The Spirit of '76, Published March 1902, Page Number: 100 Book Online Click Here
  66. Primary Source: Garoutte Family Bible, Photostat copies held by the Pennsylvania State Historical Society
  67. Primary Source: Charles Lovette's Family Bible
  68. Primary Source: Sevier Family Bible
  69. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXXII
  70. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXX
  71. Primary Source: Letters from the American Government Letters Online Click Here
  72. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXX
  73. Primary Source: Letter from Ebenezer Tucker on behalf of Michael Antoine Garoutte to the Pensions Department in Washington, D.C. Letters Online Click Here
  74. Primary Source: Letters Sent Back To Michael Antoine Garoutte from Washington, D.C. Letters Online Click Here
  75. Primary Source: US Navy Historical DANFS Entry Entry Online Click Here
  76. Secondary Source (Publication): Iron in the Pines: The Story of New Jersey's Ghost Towns and Bog Iron, Page Number: 204 Book Online Click Here
  77. Secondary Source (Publication): The Wharton Ledgers, Volume: 14, Page Number: 344
  78. Secondary Source (Publication): Camden County Centennial, 1844 - 1944 Newspaper Image Online Click Here
  79. Primary Source: Land and Tax Records in Little Egg Harbor Township, Burlington County, New Jersey
  80. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXXV
  81. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXXI
  82. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXXI
  83. Secondary Source (Publication): Sevier Family History Book, Page Number: 524
  84. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXXV
  85. Secondary Source (Publication): Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine, Year: 1907, Volume: 31, Page Numbers: 588, 589 Book Online Click Here
  86. Secondary Source (Publication): B-6 Chronicle Telegram, Byrie O., Sunday, July 4, 1971
  87. Primary Source: Handwritten Letters from Michael's Sister The (Lady) Marie Magdeleine Garoutte in Signes, Kingdom of France and Switzerland
  88. Secondary Source (Publication): Sevier Family History Book, Page Number: 524
  89. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXXV
  90. Primary Source: Handwritten Letters from Michael's Sister The (Lady) Marie Magdeleine Garoutte in Signes, Kingdom of France and Switzerland
  91. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXXI
  92. Secondary Source (Publication): B-6 Chronicle Telegram, Byrie O., Sunday, July 4, 1971
  93. Primary Source: Handwritten Letters from Michael's Sister The (Lady) Marie Magdeleine Garoutte in Signes, Kingdom of France and Switzerland
  94. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Numbers: XXX - XXXI
  95. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXXI
  96. Secondary Source (Publication): The American Catholic Historical Researches, Volumes 5 - 8, Page Numbers: 271, 272 Book Online Click Here
  97. Primary Source: Handwritten Letters From Michael's Niece Charlotte d'Espinassy (de Venel) in Signes, Kingdom of France and Switzerland
  98. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXXI
  99. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXXV
  100. Secondary Source (Publication): Sevier Family History Book, Page Number: 240
  101. Secondary Source (Publication): Notable Southern Families, Volume: IV, The Sevier Family, Page Numbers: 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 194, 195, 196, 197. Book Online Click Here
  102. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXXIII
  103. Primary Source: Recovered Fragment of The Michael Garoutte Journal. Translated into English
  104. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXXIII
  105. Secondary Source (Publication): The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants, 1775 - 1975, Third Edition, Page Number: XXXIII
  106. Secondary Source (Publication): Abstract of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots; Volume: 2; Serial: 8542; Volume: 4; Book Online Click Here

Sources

Direct Sources (Primary)

Proofs of Parentage

  • Proof of Parentage of Each Generation for the Garoutte Family, d'Lascours Family, d'Espinassy de Venel Family Certified by the Mayor of Marseille, France.
  • Sevier Family History and Sevier Genealogy.
  • John Sevier Family Bible.
  • Garoutte Family History and Garoutte Genealogy.
  • Michael Garoutte Family Bible.
  • Michael Garoutte Family Bible Notes.
  • Charles Lovette Family History and Lovette Genealogy.
  • Charles Lovette Family Bible.

History

  • Lords of Boisson, France.
  • Lords of Provence, France.
  • Lords of Signes, France.
  • Lords of Marseille, France.
  • National Register of French Castles.
  • History of La Major, France.
  • History of Signes, France.
  • History of Marseille, France.
  • History of Boisson, France.
  • French Revolution History.
  • American Revolution History.
  • First Nobility of Provence, France.
  • Mayors of Marseille, France.
Government Maintained History

Certified Records

Admiralty Foundation
  • Admiralty Foundation Register, N IX B26, Folio: 1265 at Marseille, France Prefectural Office, Address: 8 Sebastian Street, Marseille, France.
Baptismal Records

Instructions for retrieving Baptism Record:

Click on: lien vers le site externm

Choose: Marseille and Registres paroissiaux et d'état civil

Click: rechercher

From the first dropdown list choose: Notre Dame des Accoules, then tick: bapteme, for date put: 1750, Click: Rechercher

Next screen tick box: binoculars

Next screen (images) type: 42 in page box, then press: Enter

It's the third entry on the left hand page.

NSSAR & NSDAR
Shipwrecks of the American Revolutionary War
Handwritten Letters
  • Letters From The (Lady) Marie Magdeleine Garoutte in Marseille, France and Switzerland.
  • Letters From Ebenezer Tucker of Tuckerton, New Jersey on behalf of Michael Antoine Garoutte to the Commissioner of Pensions in Washington, D.C. Letters Online Click Here
Government Census Rolls
  • Document: County Tax Ratables, Year: September of 1809, [New Jersey State Library], Call Number: FHL Film Number: 411291; Page Number: 11; Family Number: 8, Census Year: 1810. Washington Township, New Jersey, Page Number: 1 Record and Image Online Click Here
  • Document: County Tax Ratables, Year: September of 1809, [New Jersey State Library], Call Number: FHL Film Number: 411291; Page Number: 11; Family Number: 8, Census Year: 1810. Washington Township, New Jersey, Page Number: 2 Record and Image Online Click Here
  • Document: County Tax Ratables, Year: September of 1802, [New Jersey State Library], Call Number: FHL Film Number: 411289; Page Number: 4; Family Number: 20, Census Year: 1800. Little Egg Harbor, New Jersey. Page Number: 1 Record and Image Online Click Here
  • Document: County Tax Ratables, Year: September of 1802, [New Jersey State Library], Call Number: FHL Film Number: 411289; Page Number: 4; Family Number: 20, Census Year: 1800. Little Egg Harbor, New Jersey. Page Number: 2 Record and Image Online Click Here

Sources From Publications (Secondary)

Books

Complete History Books
  • The French and American History of Michael Garoutte and His Descendants 1775 – 1975, Second Edition, Published: 1975.
  • The Garoutte History 1775 – 1975, Third Edition, Supplemented Edition Published in 1985 by Ellan Douglas Thiesen. Book Online Click Here
  • The Sevier Family History Book, Page Numbers: 240, 241, 524. Book Online Click Here
  • Treasure Trove in Gaspe and the Baie Des Chaleurs, Page Number: 121. Book Online Click Here
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society of Canada: Deliberations de la Société Royale Du Canada, Page Number: 131. Book Online Click Here
  • The American Catholic Historical Researches, Volumes: 5 - 8, Page Numbers: 271, 272. Book Online Click Here
  • The American Catholic Historical Researches, Volume: XXVII, Page Number: 271 (Sketch of Michael Garoutte's Ancestry and Life).
  • Iron in the Pines: The Story of New Jersey's Ghost Towns and Bog Iron, Page Number: 204. Book Online Click Here
  • Heart of the Pines: Ghostly Voices of the Pine Barrens, Page Number: 195 Publication Online Click Here
  • Catholic Trails West. The Founding Catholic Families of Pennsylvania, Page Number: 126. Image Online Click Here
  • Virgil's Poem, The Golden Bough. Wikipedia Article on The Golden Bough
Nobility
  • Dictionnaire des familles françaises anciennes ou notables à la fin du XIXe siècle. XVI. Eas-Eys. - 1918 / par C. d'E.-A. [Chaix d'Est-Ange] - 1903-1929, Page Number: 201. Book Online Click Here
  • Illustrations européennes... Livre d'or de la Noblesse, Page Number: 177. Book Online Click Here
  • Ambassade en Turquie de Jean de Gontaut Biron, baron de Salignac. 1605 - 1610, Page Numbers: 14, 15, 16, 17. Book Online Click Here
  • Château (Castle) de la Jaconnière, Journal de la Provence Médiévale et du comté de Nice. Publication Online Click Here
  • Château (Castle) de la Jaconnière, Le schisme constitutionnel et la persécution du clergé dans le Var, Page Number: 189. Book Online Click Here
  • The Peerage of the British Empire, Page Number: 229. Book Online Click Here
Registered Coats of Arms

Garoutte Family:

  • Armorial de la Ville de Marseille, Page Number: 251 (For Jean-Baptiste Garoutte). Book Online Click Here
  • Noblesse de Comtat Venaissin, d'Avignon, de la Principauté d'Orange, Page Number: 251 Publication Online Click Here
  • Greater Arms of Provence, Kingdom of France, Folio Number: 737 (For Garoutte Family).
  • I.M.S., AM. Monthly, January of 1908, Page Number: 60.

d'Espinassy de Venel Family:

  • Heraldique College of France, Page Number: 177.
French Revolution
  • L'armée et la révolution: Dubois-Crancé (Edmond-Louis-Alexis) mousquetaire, constituant, conventionnel, général de division, ministre de la guerre, 1747-1814, Volume: 2, Page Number: 318. Book Online Click Here
  • La Révolution française: revue d'histoire moderne et contemporaine, Volume: 17, Page Numbers: 528, 529, 530. Book Online Click Here
  • After Waterloo: Reminiscences of European Travel, 1815-1819, Page Numbers: 157, 158, 159. Book Online Click Here
Baptisms
NSSAR & NSDAR
  • Daughters of the American Revolution Publication: The Spirit of '76, Published: March of 1902, Page Number: 100. Book Online Click Here
  • Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine, Year: 1907, Volume: 31, Page Numbers: 588, 589. Book Online Click Here
Records
  • Pennsylvania State Archives, Series: 3, Volume: 6, Page Numbers: 26, 27, 28, 29.
  • Naval Records of the American Revolution, Library of Congress, 1775 - 1788.
  • Biographical Encyclopedia of Ocean County, New Jersey, Page Number: 46.
  • Abstract of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots; Volume: 2; Serial: 8542; Volume: 4; Record and Image Online Click Here
  • The Wharton Ledgers, Volume: 14, Page Number: 344 (Proves Michael Garoutte ran a Tavern and Inn: The La Fayette, and a Stage Line).
  • Clerks Office of Gloucester County, Deede Book: A3, Page Number: 204. (Proves the Tavern was named: The La Fayette, and gives the exact location in Historic Pleasant Mills, New Jersey). Record and Image Online Click Here
Genealogy Publications
  • The Tennessee Genealogical Society, Volume: XI, Edition: January of 1964, Volume: 1.
  • Kansas Tree Searchers Quarterly, Volume: 5, Number: 3, Edition: July of 1963, Page Number: 69.
  • Notable Southern Families, Volume: IV, The Sevier Family, Page Numbers: 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 194, 195, 196, 197. Book Online Click Here
  • Genealogical Magazine of New Jersey, Volume: 42, Number: 2, Whole Number: 161.
  • Garoutte Family Bible, Photostat copies held by the Pennsylvania State Historical Society.

Newspapers

American Government Maintained History

Links

To Do List

  • Get a picture of Michael and Sophie's Headstone
  • Get a picture of where his ships were sunk
  • Get a picture of the actual Michael Garoutte Bible and the pages with his writing
  • Get a close up picture of the Scissors Pin with the inscription of "Her Royal Highness"


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Michael by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Michael:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.



Images: 88
Second Michael Antoine Garoutte Family Bible (1796)
Second Michael Antoine Garoutte Family Bible (1796)

Michael A Garoutte's children in Charles Lovett's Bible
Michael A Garoutte's children in Charles Lovett's Bible

Original Michael Antoine Garoutte Family Bible
Original Michael Antoine Garoutte Family Bible

Coat of Arms for the Garoutte Family
Coat of Arms for the Garoutte Family

Garoutte Family Insignia Crest
Garoutte Family Insignia Crest

view all


Collaboration

On 2 Nov 2017 at 02:58 GMT A Wilson wrote:

Could you correct the capitalization in the bio? For example, such things as "Older Sister" should not be capitalized.

On 19 Sep 2017 at 01:21 GMT Michael Stills wrote:

Where was Michael's Baptismal Record obtained?

On 19 Jul 2016 at 11:37 GMT Kirk Hess wrote:

My Ancient Régime History knowledge is rusty, but he was not a member of the 'Upper Nobility' - nobility (note lower case) is prob. ok since he was a member of the legal class and not a commoner. His family's relative prestige was better than most since he was noble by birth (this might be what the author meant by 'upper') not by virtue of an office or a patent and his ancestors had married other nobles and could trace their nobility back multiple generations (another form of 'upper').

That's just one problem - I would suggest withdrawing this essay and having someone in the field review it first before you try to have it published as a journal article, those editors can be very brutal!

On 28 Jun 2016 at 20:32 GMT Mister Johnson wrote:

ok so the "Antoine Garoutte" listed in some books on Google for people in the 3rd Regiment New Hampshire 1778 was auto generated and misspelled, and they found there was no Antoine Garoutte in the actual records on the actual Revolutionary War Rolls for this Regiment. There are a few other auto generated rolls that made their way into books that are badly misspelled and look like a completely different name.

On 22 Jun 2016 at 14:41 GMT Michael Stills wrote:

I believe his penison was rejected because their was no proof of service on the Ships. I know that you are working on that proof. However, it does not say that he did not serve, just that is service was not in the Continenal Army. Perhaps this is "proof of service" needed by the DAR? They recognized his service, just not in the CA. Just a thought.

On 22 Jun 2016 at 14:25 GMT Michael Stills wrote:

Can we better sort out the bibles. Give them each a distinct name and citation, what we know about them, etc.

On 1 Jun 2016 at 02:54 GMT Michael Stills wrote:

I took Naval Officer out of the Category: Privateer. I understand the Claim of both but they should be separate Categories. Privateer is existing but we may need advice on Naval Officer from the Military Category Project folks.

On 1 Jun 2016 at 02:51 GMT Michael Stills wrote:

Christopher, do we have a source for the photo of Michael's bible? We need to include that with the photo.

On 1 Jun 2016 at 02:35 GMT Michael Stills wrote:

Christopher, there is a Category for Privateers but do we have a source for this as Privateer has a specific definition. Also, I know that we only have his claim of being a Naval Officer and that his papers were lost, he was denied a pension as a result of not being able to prove his service.

On 28 May 2016 at 20:06 GMT Mister Johnson wrote:

Can someone possibly go to that graveyard in pleasent mills and get a picture of Michael and Sophie's headstone?

more comments


Michael is 26 degrees from Rosa Parks, 20 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 19 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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