Sir William Gascoigne (c. 1350 – 17 December 1419) was Chief Justice of England during the reign of King Henry IV. He was the eighth William Gascoigne in Thoresby's pedigree: "Sir William Gascoigne chief justice d 17/12/1412 married (1) Elisabeth dau of Alexander Mowbray (2) Joan dau of Sir William Pickering."
Sir William Gascoigne Kt. (c.1350 – 17 Dec 1419) === THE PEERAGE 158178, has his birthday 1335, at Gawthorpe, Yorkshire England. Mother Agnes Franke, and Elizabeth Mowbray as the daughter of Alexander of Kirklington. I believe you have an extra generation of William Gascoigne and Margaret Franke.
Chief Justice of England during reign of Henry IV. Gascoigne's. Alternately spelled Gascoyne. Reputation is that of a great lawyer who in times of doubt and danger asserted the principle that the head of state is subject to law, and that the traditional practice of public officers, or the expressed voice of the nation in parliament, and not the will of the monarch or any part of the legislature, must guide the tribunals of the country.
Descendant of an ancient Yorkshire family. ... said to have studied at the University of Cambridge but name not found in any university or college records. It appears from year-books he practised as an advocate in reigns of Edward III and Richard II. When Henry of Lancaster was banished by Richard II, Gascoigne was appointed one of his attorneys, and soon after Henry's accession to the throne was made chief justice of the court of King's Bench. After the suppression of the rising in the north in 1405, Henry eagerly pressed the chief justice to pronounce sentence upon Lord Scrope, the Archbishop of York, and the Earl Marshal Thomas Mowbray, who had been implicated in the revolt. This he absolutely refused to do, asserting the right of the prisoners to be tried by their peers. Although both were later executed, the chief justice had no part in this. It has been doubted whether Gascoigne could have displayed such independence of action without prompt punishment or removal from office.
The Gascoigne pedigree (Glover p. 384) states Elizabeth Mowbray was dau. of Roger Mowbray Lord Chief Justice ... contradicted in Ingleby/Mowbray pedigree (Glover p.282) which states she was dau and co-heir of Sir Alexander Mowbray of Kirklington and Elizabeth, dau of Henry Monasteriis, which appears more likely.
Joseph Foster's 'Pedigrees of the County Families of Yorkshire (1874)' named this second wife as Johanna Pickering, daughter of Sir William Pickering, and names their children as James, Christopher, Robert and Richard. Agnes is also believed to be of this second family.
Gascoigne pedigree in Ralph Thoresby “Ducatus Leodiensis; or the Topography of the ancient and populous Town and Parish of Leedes and parts adjacent in the West Riding of the County of York, 1715. P. 176-178 on Google Books
“The Visitation of Yorkshire in 1584/5 made by Robert Glover, Somerset Herald, and in 1612 by Richard St George, Norroy King of Arms’ (Joseph Foster ed., London, 1875)’ , “Gascoigne of Gawthorpe, Sedbury &c” pp. 384-5
Pedigrees of the County Families of Yorkshire (1874), Foster, Joseph, (2 volumes in 12. London: W. Wilfred Head, 1874), vol. 1 pt. 2 Pedigree of Gascoigne.
“Heraldic Visitation of the Northern Counties in 1520 by Thomas Tonge Norroy King of Arms’ (Surtees Society, Durham, 1862) “Vol 41 p. 14-5 Pedigree of Sir William Gascoyn of Galthrop”.
Brøderbund Software, Inc. World Family Tree Vol.3, Ed. 1 Feb 9, 1996; NOTE: Family Archive CD Customer pedigree.