"He moved with his parents and others of thier children to Long Branch, near the High Hills of the Santee in Sumter District, South Carolina some years prior to the Revolution. Tradition says he was a member of Marion's command in the revolution, was in the Battle for Eutaw Springs, 1781 and served in both the infantry and the cavalry. this information was obtained from his son, John, born in 1808. After the war he left Sumter county and settled in Edgefield County, near the Saluda River, in the vicinity of Chestnut Hill Church, this portion of Edgefield now forming part of Saluda County. Here he married Miss Frances Johnson in 1807. During the year 1821 he removed to Abbeville county and with his family located near the town of Cambridge, a place of considerable importance at that time. In 1824 the family moved to a plantation one mile from the present town of Ninety-Six. Here he died on January 17, 1827. His wife died in 1879. Both are buried in the family burying ground."
He passed away in 1827.
This profile is a collaborative work-in-progress. Can you contribute information or sources?
The Gaulden, Gauldin, Gaulding, Family History -- A Seven Hundred Year Study, Volume One, pp.44-49 Dr. Charles H. Gaulden, Self Published, April, 1999.
The History Of The Gaulden Family, P. 2, by Laura Gaulden Bailey, 1929, Washington Memorial Library, Washington, DC. Personal copy in the files of M. Gaulden
Find A Grave Memorial# 45349394, James Gaulden, Gaulden Family Burying Ground, Ninety Six, Greenwood County, South Carolina, USA. 
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with James by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: