John was born about 1665 to 1670 (1635 if William Gouldings son).
"JOHN GOLDING of Essex Co. VA - 1727 Patent in King Wm. Co, very close to New Kent Co. VA. St. Peter's Parish Register recorded children of John & Ann Gaulding that left descendants in Hanover Co. VA (MOM 86):
Register of St. Peter's Parish, p.13 - New Kent Co. VA, Anne Daughter of Jno Gauling Baptised Febr'y the 4th, 170_.
Register of St. Peter's Parish, p.13 - New Kent Co. VA Honour Daughter of Jno Gauling Born June ye 4th, ____.
Thomas Gaulding as father: John Goulding (Gaulden - modern spelling) was born in England OR New Kent County Virginia. He and his link to Thomas Gaulding as a father is a debated question between researchers.
James Gaulding as father: Another theory is John's father was James Gaulding with brothers, Edward, William and Samuel. "John, William & Edward Goulding are on the 1704 Essex Co, VA Quit Rent Rolls. John Gaulding SR later moves over into neighboring New Kent County & eventually to Amelia / Prince Edward Co, VA." 
The Rev. William Golding as grandfather: Rev. Gaulding had a son named John. It is believed that the reverend passed away in 1648 and his son John became adopted by the Ripley family, also of Hingham. The Ripleys were wealthy and decided to start a plantation in Virginia and one of the Ripley sons went to Virginia in 1651 to start the town of Gloucester and to settle a plantation which he did. His sister Elizabeth came with him as did John Golding. John's adoption is believed to have been in the form of an indenture (very common; orphans were routinely indentured; even orphaned babies were) until he reached age 21. John Golding would marry Elizabeth Ripley in 1658 and that is believed to be the start of the Golding family in Virginia and much of the American South."
On the site, WDGolden.com, Bill Golden lists all of the immigrants to America with the Golding/Gaulding names. There is definately a Ripley connection. Makes for some interesting reading. What is the answer?
Gaulding's of the Bahama Islands
"The History of Eleuthera, Bahamas:
In 1646, Capt. William Sayle, an ex-governor of Bermuda, formed a company of four directors to settle the island under the name of "The Company of Adventures for the Plantation of the Island of Eleuthera" or "Eleuthera" being the short name.
Eleuthera is the Greek word for freedom. Eleuthera was to be a republic with freedom of religion allowed.
Among the four directors was the minister Rev. Willliam Golding, a former Anglican reverend who bolted the church to become a Puritan minister. The Rev William Golding lived in the islands for several years before moving to a larger congregation in Hingham, Massachusetts.
In 1670, all of the islands in the area were consolidated by the Crown and made part of Carolina. It was at this time that the name Bahamas came into general usage.
↑ Blankenship Ancestors: Agee, Dunn Johnston, Jones, Ligon, Moseley, Perdue, White Author, Blankenship, Gayle King, P. 186 (Goulding) Family History Library, FamilySearch International;  He passed away about 1740.
↑ Source: #S00054 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: 
↑ William Golden, Facebook post the the Gaulding cousins January 31, 2015.
The Gaulden, Gauldin, Gaulding, Family History -- A Seven Hundred Year Study, Volume One, pp.21-27, Dr. Charles H. Gaulden, Self Published, April, 1999.
Register of St. Peter's Parish, pp.13,14 - New Kent Co. VA.
"Blankenship ancestors : Agee, Dunn Johnston, Jones, Ligon, Moseley, Perdue, White", Gayle King Blankenship, Book 65, 1995, self published Virginia. Geneagophers
Source: S00054 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.; Repository: #R00001 NOTE This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with John by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: