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James W Gaulding (1821 - 1878)

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James W Gaulding
Born in Hancock County, Georgiamap
Son of and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married in Monroe County, Georgiamap
Descendants descendants
Died in Arkansasmap
Profile last modified | Created 1 Jun 2012 | Last significant change: 10 Dec 2018
17:22: Liz (Noland) Shifflett posted a message on the page for James Gaulding. [Thank Liz for this]
This page has been accessed 614 times.

Categories: Noland-165 Brick Walls.



James Gaulding, born 1821 in Hancock County, Georgia, was the youngest child of John and Martha Gaulding, of Virginia.[1] There is a record of marriage between a John Gaulding and Martha Gaulding in Prince Edward County, Virginia, 14 April 1808.[2] (See below for notes about his parents.)

The following is his brief biography, from Frederick William Allsopp's History of the Arkansas Press for a Hundred Years and More:

J.W. Gaulding, one of the founders of the old Arkadelphia Standard, in 1868, was born in Hancock County, Georgia, July 14, 1821, and died February 21, 1878, of pneumonia. Major J.H. Sparks said: “He was as generous as he was good; filled with noble and ennobling impulses, broad, conservative and charitable in all his views, and in his intercourse with his fellows, always upright, earnest, candid, yet yielding ever, and generous alike to friend and foe.”

James appears in the 1870 Census as "Jas W. Gaulding", Publisher/Editor, 48 years old. He was living with 39-year-old Lucinda J., 17-year-old Mary F. and 12-year-old Willie T. in Arkadelphia, Clark County, Arkansas.[3][4]

Research Notes

Ancestor leads: See information/research on
  • Gaulding-3, "John Mathew Gaulding Sr." of New Kent County, born c1705: Perhaps one profile of two people? (John b c1705 and Mathew, baptized Feb. 1709/10[5]
  • Gaulding-14, "John Gaulding" of New Kenty County, born c1665
  • Previously this profile was attached as grandson of Archibald Gaulding-95, b 1754, but I don't see any evidence to support this. From the information available to me, it appears that all it supports is that Samuel Gaulding (Gaulding-26, b 1732, Essex Co., VA) had a son named Archibald and that it is believed to be the Archibald represented by Gaulding-95. That he (Archibald) had a son named John is not shown in anything I could access. From this page:
"Gaulden/Gaulding, Archibald: srvd as a PVT in the 5th VA Rgt.--- I bet this is William Turner Gaulding's brother. This is all that I have ever found on him. (according to Linda Lepow)"
  • The grandson of James W Gaulding, second son of James's daughter Lula, is named Alexander. This page shows a branch of Gauldings with Alexanders. I think it more likely that James Gaulding-17 is a descendant of the branch with Alexanders than a descendant of Archibald. (Samuel had a brother named Alexander, baptized 1717 in New Kent; he left two orphans in 1753/4: Jacob and Susannah.)
  • Detached profile for John Gaulding-108, son of Archibald Gaulding-95, as father, although it appears that might be the correct John to be his father, who was named John (and James's mother was named Martha in James's obituary). However, I'm not sure that there's enough support to say that his parents were John Gaulding-108 (son of Archibald) and his wife Martha Gaulding. ~ Noland-165 17:11, 30 October 2018 (UTC)
    • Update 10 Dec. 2018: Detached John Gaulding-108 as son of Gaulding-95; re-attached this profile as son of [[Gaulding-108. James's obituary says he was youngest son of John and Martha of Virginia.[1]
Mother?: Whether or not the Martha, mother of James,[1] was Gaulding-18, it does not appear that she could have been the mother of all of John's children, as more than one listed by researcher Bill Gaulding[6] is born before 1808 (when she married).
Martha was born in 1785, in Prince Edward County, Virginia where her parents Jesse Gaulding and Betty Barnett lived, and where she married her cousin John Gaulding on 14 April 1808. She died after 1870 in Troup County, Georgia.[6][7]
Being a second wife would allow Martha (Gaulding-18) to have a later birth year - 1790 or 1792 (if 18 or 16, respectively, at time of 1808 marriage), which makes her age at James's birth (1821) more likely (about 30), it does not resolve the question of location. ~ Noland-165 13:08, 9 February 2018 (EST) ... birth year update: 1795 (if she's the Martha in the household of John (b c1808) in Troup County, 1950); she gained 5 years in the 1870 Census (aged 80), so perhaps she was shaving years off when she talked to the 1850 Cenus taker.[8]
Brother? [Not, see comments.] Dr. William Gaulding. From the biography of Dr. William Gaulding, son of John and Jane Gaulding, born in "Oglethorpe county, Ga., April 15, 1833.[9] His parents subsequently removed to Troup county..." Among his 11 children: Lizzie Love, Benjamin Holmes, and Luella. James and Lucinda's daughter Lula married A.F. Watkins. Their children included Lucy Love Watkins, Benjamin Watkins, and Elizabeth Holmes Watkins.
  • Find a Grave memorial #72781734 for Dr. William Gaulding shows a picture of the back of his tombstone that lists "Our Children: Dora, Lula, Benny, Vollie, Lizzie, Robert, Exa, Odessa, Seaborn, Clyde." The images posted for the memorial include a text passage (no source) with full names of children and information on his wife: he "was married May 6, 1856, to Miss Amanda R., daughter of R. W. and Elizabeth Brown, a union which was blessed with eleven children..."
  • Bedford County, Virginia (grandfather Samuel's service sources include 1781 court record from Bedford County)
  • New Kent County, Virginia (grandfather Samuel "of" New Kent County)
  • Campbell County, Virginia (Samuel's 1785 will filed in Campbell County)
  • Prince Edward County, Virginia (location for John and Martha's 1808 marriage; Martha's 1785 birth location/residence of her parents)
  • Hancock County, Georgia (son James' birth location, 1821)
  • Mobile, Alabama (John's death location, about 1845)
  • Troup County, Georgia (Martha's death location, after 1870)

52 Ancestor Notes

Heirloom (cane carved by a fellow prisoner at Camp Chase for him)
following from Mom's Genealogy/Dates document:
"Grandmother Watkins Lula Gaulding was born in Arkadelphia, Arkansas, the daughter of a newspaper publisher. His cane from Camp Chase, Ohio, a Yankee prison camp for captured Confederates during the Civil War, was said to have been given to him by a friend in the camp. He is also said to have been put in jail by the yankees in Arkansas during reconstruction for writing uncomplimentary items about the carpet baggers. The town ladies made such a fuss over it, and brought him so much food that he was soon released. By the1880 Census, he had died. He was born and married in Georgia. Jim was named for him."
The Jim named for him was son of A.F. Watkins and Lula Gaulding. ~ Noland-165 03:25, 6 April 2018 (EDT)


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Obituary of "Col. James W. Gaulding" (Obituary), The Southern Standard, Saturday, 2 March 1878 (Arkadelphia, Arkansas).
  2. "Virginia, Marriages, 1785-1940," database, (FamilySearch: accessed 8 September 2015), John Gaulding and Martha Gaulding, 14 Apr 1808; citing Prince Edward, Virginia, reference ; FHL microfilm 33,254.
  3. Ninth Census of the United States, 1870. Washington, D.C. National Archives and Records Administration. M593, RG29, 1,761 rolls. Minnesota. Minnes, Year: 1870; Census Place: Arkadelphia, Clark, Arkansas; Roll: M593, Ancestry Image at Ancestry
  4. Names edited from "Jo" to "Jas" and "Millie" to "Willie" after inspecting image of census. The census taker made little difference between his o's and a's (he writes Lucinda with an o). The letters for James's middle initial (W) and the start of 12-year-old [W/M]illie appear to be the same while the M in Mary is different. See also Lucinda's profile, which names his two daughters born in Georgia as Fannie [Mary Frances] and Willie. ~ Noland-165
  5. "Mathew daughter of Jno Galling Baptised Feb'y ye 9th, 170_." is just a few entries before a 1710 date, so it would appear the baptism would be 9 Feb 1710 (new style). From Parish Record, page 13
  6. 6.0 6.1 Bill Gaulding, The Descendants of John Gaulding (Self-published, Kansas; courtesy of Nancy Anacker, personal Files of Mags Gaulden), page 209.
  7. From Gaulding-18's profile:
    From researcher Bill Gaulding, "She married JOHN "JACK" GAULDING, son of 2.7.2 ARCHIBALD GAULDING (John1 John2 Samuel3) and Unk (GAULDING) (p.210), GAULDING on 14 Apr 1808 in PRINCE EDWARD CO VA. He was born about 1785 in PRINCE EDWARD CO., VA. He died of YELLOW FEVER in 1845 in MOBILE, AL." ~ Source: The Descendants of John Gaulding, p. 172, , Bill Gaulden, Self Published, Kansas, courtesy of Nancy Anacker, Personal Files of Mags Gaulden
  8. "United States Census, 1870," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 12 April 2016), John Gaulding, Georgia, United States; citing p. 49, family 446, NARA microfilm publication M593 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 545,677.
  9. William, age 17, is listed in the household of John and Jane Gaulding in the 1850 census, as is a Martha Gaulding, aged 55 (so born 1795, although :
    Martha Gaulding (aged 55, born in Virginia), is listed in the 1850 Census for Troup County, Georgia in the household of John (42, Virginia) and Jane (39, Georgia) Gaulding with several children (apparently all John & Jane's, and all born in Georgia): William (17), Henry (15), Jesse (13), Martha (11), Archebald (9), Harriet (5), Mary (1)
    • "United States Census, 1850" (database with images, FamilySearch: 12 April 2016), John M Gaulding, Troup county, part of, Troup, Georgia, United States; citing family 478, NARA microfilm publication M432 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • Liz Shifflett, family knowledge and various documentation.
  • Marriage date, Monroe County, Georgia records (from his wife's profile, which also names their children)
  • FamilySearch:
    • "Georgia, County Marriages, 1785-1950," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 22 December 2016), James W. Gaulding and Lucinda J. Malone, 27 May 1849; citing Marriage, Monroe, Georgia, United States, county courthouses, Georgia; FHL microfilm 164,220.
    • "Georgia Marriages, 1808-1967," database, FamilySearch ( : 24 December 2014), James W. Gaulding and Lucinda J. Malone, 27 May 1849; citing , Monroe, Georgia; FHL microfilm 164,220.
    • "Georgia Marriages, 1808-1967," database, FamilySearch ( : 24 December 2014), James W. Gaulding and Lucinda J. Malone, 27 May 1849; citing , Monroe, Georgia; FHL microfilm 0164220 V. A-B, B2.
Profile created by Liz Shifflett, June 1, 2012. Click the Changes tab for the details of edits by Liz and others.

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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with James by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with James:

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Images: 1
1870 Census
1870 Census


On 10 Dec 2018 at 17:22 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

Gen. Bragg = Army of Mississippi.

(from this site)

On 30 Oct 2018 at 18:33 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

Dr. Gaulding cannot be brother by same parents... 1860 Census has William (25) & A.R. (23) in one household & John N. (50) and Jane (46) in another. John m Jane couldn't be a son of John & Martha either, at least not the ones who married in 1808.

"United States Census, 1860", database with images, FamilySearch ( : 13 December 2017), Wm Gaulding, 1860.

On 9 Jul 2018 at 15:50 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

see also USA History site

On 9 Jul 2018 at 15:48 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

I always thought it was at Shiloh that he was wounded & captured, but I saw an obituary that said it was the Battle of Chickamauga.

for info on the battle, see this article & this one, as well as the NPS site

see also 29th Mississippi & search results for James W. Gaulding (three listings? 2 in 29th MS Inf. - James W & J.W. & 1 in 24th MS Inf. - I.W. Gaulding... both regiments were at Chickamauga)

On 7 Feb 2018 at 19:04 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

a JSTOR search for John Mann (maybe grandfather of wife Lucinda) turned up a reference to a John Gaulding in Prince Edward County, as a private "in the command of the late Honorable William Byrd, Esqr.,"... one of several assigning Oct. 1763 land rights to Robert Goode (apparently entered in the order book in 1780). A later note says of him: "John Gualding, or one of his name, is still remembered in Prince Edward County--there is a jungle on Little Buffalo Creek that the old inhabitants cal[l] Gauldentown.J ~ Alfred J. Morrison"

pp 88-89 in this Journal Article:

"Historical and Genealogical Notes and Queries," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 21, No. 1 (Jan., 1913), pp. 81-95. (Virginia Historical Society). Stable URL:

On 7 Feb 2018 at 02:58 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

found his obit! The Southern Standard ran it 2 March 1878, saying he was youngest son of John & Martha Gaulding of Virginia; married L.J. Malone 27 May 1849, daughter of Thomas and Frances Malone of Columbus. And gave his career - established the newspaper in Oglethorpe, then went with General Jas. W. Bethune in publication of Corner Stone out of Columbus. Worked on the Columbus Sun. Moved to Enterprise, MS in 1858 & edited the East Mississippi Democrat for 2 years. Moved to Mobile AL, assoc. editor of the Mercury.

Entered service under General Johnston & Bragg; wounded at Chickamauga. 1865 to Camden, assisted with Ouachita Herald. 12 January 1868 (1867? "last January, ten years ago")... 1st issue date of Southern Standard.

Camden & 1874 Clerk of the House apparently both Ark.

On 6 Feb 2018 at 23:22 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

article of his illness says he was editor of the Mobile Register 30 years ago, so 1848 (still don't know where though). The article was in the "Public Ledger", Memphis, Tennessee 23 Feb 1878 (Sat. page 2)

On 6 Feb 2018 at 23:20 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

notes from

"Clipped from The Southern Standard, 09 Mar 1878, Sat, Page 2" - btm of page from Texarkana Democrat says he was "at one time editor of the Mobile Register" - if Mobile, AL, that's the first I heard he was in Alabama!

"... the House of Representatives in 1874, without his knowledge, elected him clerk of that body..." 2 cols (same tribute article)

died at his house Thursday the 21st

buried on the 23rd by "the Order of Odd Fellows, of which he was a worthy member."

died 21 Feb in his 57th year

obit in Gazette the 23rd? ("Star City Vidette" learned through the Gazette...)

On 9 Jan 2015 at 01:12 GMT Mags Gaulden wrote:

For the Marriage: [1]

James is 17 degrees from George Bush, 21 degrees from Rick San Soucie and 19 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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