Matthew Gilbert

Matthew Gilbert (1599 - 1679)

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Deputy Gov Matthew Gilbert
Born in Englandmap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in New Haven, Connecticutmap
Profile last modified | Created 25 Sep 2010
This page has been accessed 1,563 times.

Categories: Gilbert Name Study, Y-DNA Haplogroup R-M269, GROUP 04 - Origin in England, migrated to New Haven CT and elsewhere -A | Signers of the New Haven Fundamental Agreement | New Haven, Connecticut | Center Church on the Green Churchyard, New Haven, Connecticut | Hector, sailed 1637 | Puritan Great Migration.

The Puritan Great Migration.
Matthew Gilbert migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).
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See Gilbert DNA Study information here for descendants of Matthew with matching Y-DNA

Matthew Gilbert was the Deputy Governor of the New Haven Colony.[1]

Matthew Gilbert [2] probably arrived in New Haven (Quinipiac) with Mr. Theophilus Eaton and Mr. John Davenport, in 1638.[3] There is no record of Matthew Gilbert in Massachusetts[3] and their is no listing of those who were on the "Hector," for the short voyage from Boston to New Haven.[4] It can be assumed that he signed the Plantation Covenant in April 1638, since he was not asked to agree to it later when signing the Fundamental Agreement.[3]

On June 4, 1639, a year after the landing of the "Hector" and the settlement of New Haven, the free planters met together to settle the civil government according to God and to select people fit to begin the foundation work of the church. Matthew Gilbert signed this Fundamental agreement and was one of twelve men selected for laying the foundation of the New Haven Church. Eventually, he was chosen as one of the "seven pillars" who would run the church and the court of New Haven. He was a magistrate, the Deputy Governor, and a deacon of the church.[3]

He is on a list of free planters that was created about 1641. He has two people in his household and an estate of £600, which probably places him in the middle prosperous ranks.[3]

He married Jane Baker (died 1706.)[1]

He died 1680.[1]

Matthew Guilbert made his will Jan. 14, 1679. Legatees: wife, sons Matthew and Samuel, daughters Mary Auger and Hannah Parker, grandson John Guilbert, and to cousin Sarah How. Executrix: Wife. Witnesses: Wm. Peck and Thos. Munson. His inventory was taken July 6, valued at £502: 13: 11.[5][6] A stone on the "Green" marked "80" and the initials "MG" is believed to be his gravestone.[3]


  1. John bp Apr 1644; d 26 Nov 1673; m. Sarah Gregson
  2. Sarah bp 7 Apr 1646; died Apr 1672; m. John Todd
  3. Rebecca bp 15 Apr 1649; d 16 Mar 1670/1
  4. Mary b. 11 June 1651; bp. 22 June 1651 m. Robert Augur
  5. Hannah bp Apr 1653; m. Joseph Parker
  6. Matthew bp 12 June 1655; d 1711; m. Sarah Peck
  7. Samuel bp 4 Oct 1657; d. 12 Jan 1720/1; m. Hannah Little


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Jacobus, Donald Lines (compiler). Families of Ancient New Haven, Vol I-VIII. and Index Vol IX New Haven: 1931. Reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1974, 1981, 1997. Originally published as New Haven Genealogical Magazine, Volumes I-VIII. Rome, NY and New Haven, CT 1922-1932.
  2. "Connecticut Births and Christenings, 1649-1906," database, FamilySearch ( : 3 December 2014), Mary Gilbert, 11 Jun 1651; citing ; FHL microfilm unknown.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 History of the Colony of New Haven to Its Absorption Into Connecticut By Edward Elias Atwater, Lucy M. Hewitt, Bessie E. Beach. Meriden, Connecticut: 1902. pp 127, 100-2, 109
  4. 4.0 4.1 Olive Tree Genealogy] Hector England to Massachusetts 1637.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Early Probate Records of New Haven. New England Hist. and Gen. Register 81:125. Boston: NEHGS, 1927
  6. This abstract is unclear about dates. Jacobus says he died 1680. He is usually correct. If will was Jan 1679/80 this fits but abstract says inventory simply July 6 no year.
  7. 7.0 7.1 additional source for baptisms: Baptisms in New Haven, Conn. New England Historical and Geneaological Register 9:359. NEHGS, 1855.

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No known carriers of Matthew's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Images: 4
Matthew Gilbert Image 1
Matthew Gilbert Image 1

Matthew Gilbert Image 2
Matthew Gilbert Image 2

Matthew Gilbert Image 3
Matthew Gilbert Image 3

New Haven in 1641, Matthew Gilbert Lot
New Haven in 1641, Matthew Gilbert Lot

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On 23 Feb 2016 at 19:21 GMT JB (Muse) b wrote:

Chris has informed me there is quite a few people in the Gilbert DNA study who have researched Matthew Gilbert and a Facebook Group

On 16 Feb 2016 at 20:48 GMT Chris Gilbert wrote:

I have looked at various Matthews in England who might fit this one. At present my best guess would be one whose father was also called Matthew, a Vicar who died at Long Itchington, Warwickshire in 1628 and who names a son Matthew in his 1612 will. This son Matthew has not appeared in searches of the area, so maybe he went to America!

On 6 Jun 2015 at 12:29 GMT Anne B wrote:

I am concerned about the copyright issues of using Image 1 and image 2 on this profile. You can request to use the 2nd photo from Findagrave, most find a gravers are pleased to share. The first photo is clearly copyrighted, and without permission should not be used. It is easy enough to put a link in the bio to the photos and delete the photos from here, which is what I would suggest you do. Comments? Thoughts?

On 13 Jan 2015 at 04:51 GMT JB (Muse) b wrote:

Gilbert-4108 and Gilbert-3666 do not represent the same person because: One is the son, the other appears to be the father. Please take a closer look and see if you don't agree that this is a father/son relationship.

On 12 Jan 2015 at 11:13 GMT Gregory Rose wrote:

Gilbert-4108 and Gilbert-3666 appear to represent the same person because: Birth and death dates are close and same child Matthew.

Matthew is 18 degrees from Robin Helstrom, 21 degrees from Katy Jurado and 16 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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