US Civil War Soldiers: H. M. Gill. Side: Confederate; Regiment State/Origin: Georgia;Regiment: Phillips' Legion, Georgia; Company: F; Rank In: Private; Rank Out: Private.
American Civil War Soldiers
Side Served: Confederacy
State Served: Georgia
U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865
H. M. Gill
Regiment State/Origin: Georgia
Regiment: Phillips' Legion, Georgia
Rank In: Private
Rank Out: Private
Georgia, Returns of Qualified Voters and Reconstruction Oath Books, 1867-1869
Name: Hiram M Gill
Registry Date: 22 Jul 1867
Location: Heard County
Record Type: Oath Book
Election District: 37
1850 census lists Clement Davis, 36; Nancy Davis, 27; William Davis, 14; Joseph Davis, 17; Henry Davis, 7; Zachariah Davis, 5; John W Davis, 3; King H Davis, 1; H M Gill, 34; living in Division 59, Meriwether, Georgia,
1860 US census lists Hiram Pier (Gill), 46, farmer; Louisa Pier, 27; Georgia Pier, 6; William A Pier, 4; M V Pier, 2; James B J Pier, 5/12; n Coweta, Georgia.
1860 census: listed in Coweta, Georgia, agriculture schedule.
1867 Hiram signed the Heard County, Georgia, Reconstruction Oath. As a defeated Confederate state, Georgia underwent Reconstruction from 1865, when the Civil War (1861-65) ended, until 1871, when Republican government and military occupation in the state ended. Though relatively brief, Reconstruction transformed the state politically, socially, and economically.
1870 US census lists H M Gill, 54, farm laborer; Louisa Gill, 39; Georgia A Gill, 16; Martin V Gill, 13; William A Gill, 15; James B Gill, 10; Thomas W Gill, 8; Ella Gill, 3; in Coweta, Georgia.
1880 census lists Lavisn (Louisa) Gill, 50; Victory Gill, 23; James Gill, 20; Hiram W. Gill, 18; Eler Gill, 14; Joseph Gill, 9; Jane M. Gill, 4; in District 1163, Carroll, Georgia
CONFEDERATE GEORGIA TROOPS Phillips' Legion was organized prior to June, 1861, with a cavalry and infantry battalion. However, the legion did not serve as one command.
The cavalry battalion recruited its men in Coweta, Cherokee, Bibb, and Richmond counties. It contained six companies until June, 1864, when one company was transferred to Cobb's Cavalry Legion and the 4th Alabama Cavalry Battalion was assigned to the command. Its strength was now 463 officers and men. For a time the unit served in Georgia and along the South Carolina coast, then it moved to Virginia where it served under Generals Hampton, Butler, and P.M.B. Young. It participated in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia fromFredericksburg to Cold Harbor, then shared in the defense ofPetersburg. Later it served in T.M. Logan's Brigade, was active in the campaign of the Carolinas, and surrendered with less than 50 men in April, 1865. Its commanders were Lieutenant Colonel William W. Rich, and Majors William B.C. Puckett and John B. Wilcoxon.
The infantry battalion included men from Whitfield, Polk, and Habersham counties. There were fifteen companies when the unit was originally organized. However, during the war these companies were consolidated and by mid-1863, only nine remained. It was ordered to Western Virginia and assigned to the Army of Kanawha, then moved to South Carolina. Later it returned to Virginia and served in General Dayton's, T.R.R. Cobb's, Wofford's, and DuBose's Brigade. In November, 1862, only 101 men were fit for duty. The battalion was active from Second Manassas to Gettysburg, moved with Longstreet to Georgia, but did not fight at Chickamauga. It was involved in the Knoxville Campaign, the battles of The Wilderness, Spotsylvania, and Cold Harbor, Early's operations in the Shenandoah Valley, and various conflicts around Appomattox. The unit took 273 effectives toGettysburg, had many captured at Sayler's Creek, and surrendered with 5 officers and 88 men. The field commanders were Colonel William Phillips; Lieutenant Colonels E. Sandy Barclay, Robert T. Cook, Joseph Hamilton, and Seaborn Johns, Jr.; and Major John S. Norris.
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